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Packer Avenue Promenade Project: Sustainability Impact Assessment, Amanda Allekotte, Sara Alnajjar, Olivia Barz, Vincent Behe, David Casagrande, Jacqulyn Cook, Madeline David, Lauren Fosbenner, Eliana Ginis, Kathleen Kernan, Alexandra Kornberger, Brian Letts, Nicole McCallum, Samantha Smith, Kirstin Webb 2019 Lehigh University

Packer Avenue Promenade Project: Sustainability Impact Assessment, Amanda Allekotte, Sara Alnajjar, Olivia Barz, Vincent Behe, David Casagrande, Jacqulyn Cook, Madeline David, Lauren Fosbenner, Eliana Ginis, Kathleen Kernan, Alexandra Kornberger, Brian Letts, Nicole Mccallum, Samantha Smith, Kirstin Webb

Environmental Policy Design

Sustainability Impact Assessment (SIA) is a process for assessing the economic, social and environmental impacts of policies and projects based on the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. SIA expands public participation in the assessment process and the scope of environmental impacts included in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). An emphasis on quality of life outcomes in SIA requires the use of subjective metrics in addition to objective analyses typical of EIA. This SIA assesses the proposed closing of Packer Avenue to vehicular traffic in order to make a pedestrian walkway at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, USA. The authors analyzed potential ...


Preparing Cities For An Automated Future, Benjamin Y. Clark 2019 University of Oregon

Preparing Cities For An Automated Future, Benjamin Y. Clark

TREC Project Briefs

This report is an examination of parking, curb zones, and government service changes in the context of AVs. Given that there are very few actual AVs on the road, the analysis in this report is an attempt to project what we might see, using the current phenomenon as starting points. The report uses a mix of econometric modeling, cost accounting, and case studies to illustrate these projections. The first section of this report looks at the effects of transportation network companies (TNCs)—Uber and Lyft in particular—on parking revenue in the city of Seattle. The results of the study ...


Puerto Rico's Coffee Region: A Socio-Economic Profile, Carla B. Lee Ms. 2019 Clark University

Puerto Rico's Coffee Region: A Socio-Economic Profile, Carla B. Lee Ms.

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Using demographic, social, and economic information from the US Census Bureau, this study portrays the current conditions of Puerto Rico’s Coffee Region. There is evidence for the decline of the overall population in Puerto Rico, specifically younger groups, while women are economically disadvantaged in this region. Although there has been significant decline in the agricultural sector as a percentage of GDP, coffee holds significant potential to improve overall economic growth in the region.


The Transformational Haze: Crisis, Shadow Economies, And Global Civil War On The Venezuela-Colombia Border, Sam Kirsch 2019 Clark University

The Transformational Haze: Crisis, Shadow Economies, And Global Civil War On The Venezuela-Colombia Border, Sam Kirsch

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

This paper presents a counter-narrative to the current migration ‘crisis’ on the Venezuela-Colombia border. Its purpose is to highlight the geopolitical complexities of this event that are de-emphasized by media and neoliberal discourse. The frameworks of crisis narrative, shadow economies, and “global civil war” grants us the analytical lens that will allow us to peer further into the processes that have led to the Venezuelan migration. Through this lens, I will illuminate intricacies in the relationship between Colombia, Venezuela, and the West in a way that justifies the exploration of alternative interpretations to mainstream claims of socialism, tyranny, and intervention.


Local Front Runners: Grids In The 4 Northeast Ohio Metropolitan Areas, Merissa Piazza, Iryna Demko, Iryna Lendel, Matthew B. Ellerbrock 2019 Cleveland State University

Local Front Runners: Grids In The 4 Northeast Ohio Metropolitan Areas, Merissa Piazza, Iryna Demko, Iryna Lendel, Matthew B. Ellerbrock

Urban Publications

Northeast Ohio (NEO) is an 18-county region which encompasses four different Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs); MSAs commonly refer to the labor market of a given area (for this study: the Akron MSA, the Canton-Massillon MSA, the Cleveland-Elyria MSA, a part of the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA MSA) and remaining rural counties (“non-MSA counties”). Within NEO, these four distinct metro areas have different industry structures. Investigating the internal dynamics of each region’s economic driver industries—what we call Groups of Regional Industry Drivers (GRIDs)—can inform local leaders and economic development practitioners of expanding and emerging industries to foster regional growth.

Economic ...


Disruptive Growth Through Co-Working Industry: Economic Impact Of Potential Real Estate Market Intervention In Cleveland, Iryna Lendel, Merissa Piazza, Iryna Demko, Nick Zingale 2019 Cleveland State University

Disruptive Growth Through Co-Working Industry: Economic Impact Of Potential Real Estate Market Intervention In Cleveland, Iryna Lendel, Merissa Piazza, Iryna Demko, Nick Zingale

Urban Publications

This report reviews the current state of the co-working industry and its potential for growth according to current supply-demand relationships as it relates to larger economic movements and to the regional market for Cleveland, Ohio, and the surrounding area. The report analyzes factors that influence co-working growth and uptake and projects the likely state of the industry in coming years. The report provides a comprehensive assessment of the nature and scope of co-working supply and demand and develops a typology that can identify benefits and approaches for distinct types of co-workers and co-working stakeholders.


Slow Job Growth And Economic Structure In Cuyahoga County, Ohio, Robert Gleeson 2019 Cleveland State University

Slow Job Growth And Economic Structure In Cuyahoga County, Ohio, Robert Gleeson

Urban Publications

In July 2019 the current U.S. economic expansion will become ten years old, plus one month. This will make it the longest U.S. economic expansion since the end of World War Two.

For counties like Cuyahoga, the prolonged national economic expansion has created favorable conditions for economic renewal after decades of painful decline and restructuring.

State and local economic development strategies in Cuyahoga County have helped many companies and workers in traditional sectors re-establish national and/or global competitiveness.


Demographic Trends Of Walkable Cities In The United States, Christine Leonhardt 2019 Montclair State University

Demographic Trends Of Walkable Cities In The United States, Christine Leonhardt

Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium

Walkable cities have become attractive places to live in recent years as they benefit resident’s well-being. Walkable cities have a positive correlation with a population that is young, educated, safe, and healthy. In cities with high-walkability, residents are encouraged to walk more, rather than use a car for each outing, which counters obesity and a sedentary lifestyle, a grim atmosphere, and unsafe surroundings. Most research on walkability and demographics is limited to case studies comparing city neighborhoods, whereas this research encompasses 108 United States cities with a population over 200,000 people. This research goes beyond a city’s ...


“Paying” The Way For A Better Bart Future: A Call For Better Enforcement Of Fare Evasion Policies And Strategic Planning At Bart, Ethan S. Tan 2019 University of San Francisco

“Paying” The Way For A Better Bart Future: A Call For Better Enforcement Of Fare Evasion Policies And Strategic Planning At Bart, Ethan S. Tan

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

The Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) system has undoubtedly shaped the way the San Francisco Bay Area operates today. BART has molded itself to becoming a popular form of transportation for citizens of the area. However, numerous problems have arisen in recent years in regard to the overall “healthiness” of the BART system with its ex-aging fleet of trains, undertrained staff, lack of BART Police presence, rampant illegal drug use, etc. which has made BART unpopular with riders. The root cause of these problems through, is the lost revenue through “stolen” rides. At any one of BART’s 48 stations ...


Measuring The Seeds Of Neighborhood Gentrification, Minkyu Yeom 2019 Cleveland State University

Measuring The Seeds Of Neighborhood Gentrification, Minkyu Yeom

Urban Publications

Cities experience constant change. Many changes need to be managed carefully because they can have serious consequences for city residents.

For many decades suburban sprawl and white-flight have caused falling property values, lower rents, lower tax receipts, lower quality public services, and sharp declines in the quality of life in many city neighborhoods. Despite these obstacles, many long-time city residents (often minorities, low-income families, and new immigrants) have worked hard to maintain a sense of community.

In recent years many younger, white, well-educated, and higher-income residents are moving back into older city neighborhoods. The influx of new residents is revitalizing ...


Game Day Alters Crime Pattern In The Vicinity Of Sport Venues In Cleveland, Oh, Brian E. Menaker, Devan A. McGranahan, Richard D. Sheptak Jr. 2019 Texas A & M University - Kingsville

Game Day Alters Crime Pattern In The Vicinity Of Sport Venues In Cleveland, Oh, Brian E. Menaker, Devan A. Mcgranahan, Richard D. Sheptak Jr.

Journal of Sport Safety and Security

Sports venues can increase opportunity for crime and public order disturbances when they are in use, but the impact of sport venues on their local communities have largely been overlooked by sport management research. Theories from criminology provide utility for local public safety officers to plan for event-specific patterns in local criminal activity, but most research of the impact of sport venues on crime has either been theoretical or applied broadly at societal or city levels. Here, we consider routine activity theory and crime pattern theory to better understand the increased frequency of crime events within the local neighborhoods of ...


Home Purchase Loans Are Denied More Often For African American Applicants Than White Applicants In Northeast Ohio, Mark J. Salling PhD, GISP 2019 Cleveland State University

Home Purchase Loans Are Denied More Often For African American Applicants Than White Applicants In Northeast Ohio, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

Housing condition and neighborhood vitality depend on investments by institutions that make purchase loans to home buyers. Without access to such credit prospective homebuyers are fewer and the value of property declines.

The Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) provides census tract level data on the number of loan applications that are submitted and the number of home purchase loans that are finalized. Data are reported by the race (and gender) of individual applicants. HMDA data on denials for conventional (1-4 unit) loan applications in 2016 are analyzed in this report for White and African American applicants in the 12-county Northeast ...


An Agent-Based Evacuation Model To Improve Safety In The Cascadia Subduction Zone, Haizhong Wang 2019 Oregon State University

An Agent-Based Evacuation Model To Improve Safety In The Cascadia Subduction Zone, Haizhong Wang

TREC Friday Seminar Series

This seminar will present ongoing research into how integrated social, natural, and engineered systems can improve life safety under threat of multi-hazards. The targeted scenario is a magnitude 9.0 earthquake and tsunami from the Cascadia Subduction Zone, threatening communities along 1,000 miles of the US Pacific Northwest coastline.

Since the mid-1980’s scientific evidence has underscored the possibility of such an extreme event, and it has taken at least another decade or more before public attitudes and policy have begun to adapt to this new hazard. Life safety is a pressing issue for the near-field CSZ tsunami hazard ...


Breaking The Chain: America's Incarceration Prevention Of Young Urban Minorities, Analiese Vasciannie 2019 SUNY Geneseo

Breaking The Chain: America's Incarceration Prevention Of Young Urban Minorities, Analiese Vasciannie

Papers, Posters, and Recordings

This research will address the detrimental system of America’s Criminal Justice System by viewing the behavior of marginalized youth in metropolitan areas. 75% of the young urban minorities imprisoned grew up in difficult circumstances where they lack equal opportunities, such as decent schooling/education, jobs, housing structures, and other socially-improving activities. Not only does the environment of the inner-city affect their life decisions, but there’s also a certain racial bias that is evident in the data as well. Some questions posed around this are “why is the U.S. prisons’ population composed of 1 in 3 black men ...


The Economic Impact Of Des Moines Parks & Recreation Services, Kristine Fleming, Oksana Grybovych, Brian Gedlinske, Wade P. Kooiman, Jill Lankford, Sam Lankford 2019 University of Northern Iowa

The Economic Impact Of Des Moines Parks & Recreation Services, Kristine Fleming, Oksana Grybovych, Brian Gedlinske, Wade P. Kooiman, Jill Lankford, Sam Lankford

Brian Gedlinske

Park and recreation programs provided by the City of Des Moines deliver services that have a range of benefits or values to residents, businesses, economy, and local government. Many of these benefits are often overlooked and rarely quantified. The purpose of this effort is to quantify the economic value received due to the operation of the City of Des Moines’ Parks and Recreation Department. These values are arranged to reflect factors that produce revenue for the city government, wealth increasing factors for citizens and businesses, cost saving factors to citizens, and cost saving factors for the city government.

Included in ...


Building An Equitable And Inclusive City Through Housing Policies: Singapore's Experience, S Y Phang 2019 Singapore Management University

Building An Equitable And Inclusive City Through Housing Policies: Singapore's Experience, S Y Phang

PHANG Sock Yong

No abstract provided.


How Space Affects Perception In St. Louis, Alexis Cushshon 2019 Kansas State University Libraries

How Space Affects Perception In St. Louis, Alexis Cushshon

Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference

Space: the distance from other people or things that a person needs in order to remain comfortable (Merriam-Webster "Space" 2018). When looking at space, especially in a neighborhood; it is important to have safe and habitable spaces to create positive social interaction and dialogue. “Our moods and emotions color the lenses—including “moral lenses”—through which we see the world … and by extension also architecture, can have a non-negligible influence on mood and emotion and…this is true not only with individual structures but with, for instance, entire layouts of a community or with landscapes” (Haji, Cuypers, & Joye 2013). In ...


Jlag International Editorial Board 2019-2021, 2019 Louisiana State University

Jlag International Editorial Board 2019-2021

Journal of Latin American Geography

No abstract provided.


Letter From The Editor, Johnny Finn 2019 Christopher Newport University

Letter From The Editor, Johnny Finn

Journal of Latin American Geography

No abstract provided.


Modeling Landowner Interactions And Development Patterns At The Urban Fringe, Jennifer Koch, Monica A. Dorning, Derek B. Van Berkel, Scott M. Beck, Georgina M. Sanchez, Ashwin Shashidharan, Lindsey S. Smart, Qiang Zhang, Jordan W. Smith, Ross K. Meentemeyer 2019 The University of Oklahoma

Modeling Landowner Interactions And Development Patterns At The Urban Fringe, Jennifer Koch, Monica A. Dorning, Derek B. Van Berkel, Scott M. Beck, Georgina M. Sanchez, Ashwin Shashidharan, Lindsey S. Smart, Qiang Zhang, Jordan W. Smith, Ross K. Meentemeyer

Jordan Smith

Population growth and unrestricted development policies are driving low-density urbanization and fragmentation of peri-urban landscapes across North America. While private individuals own most undeveloped land, little is known about how their decision-making processes shape landscape-scale patterns of urbanization over time. We introduce a hybrid agent-based modeling (ABM) – cellular automata (CA) modeling approach, developed for analyzing dynamic feedbacks between landowners’ decisions to sell their land for development, and resulting patterns of landscape fragmentation. Our modeling approach builds on existing conceptual frameworks in land systems modeling by integrating an ABM into an established grid-based land-change model – FUTURES. The decision-making process within the ...


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