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Ending Chronic Homelessness: Cost-Effective Opportunities For Interagency Collaboration, Dennis P. Culhane, Thomas Byrne 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Ending Chronic Homelessness: Cost-Effective Opportunities For Interagency Collaboration, Dennis P. Culhane, Thomas Byrne

Departmental Papers (SPP)

Faced with a difficult economic climate with high levels of unemployment and widespread home foreclosures, the Administration of President Barack Obama has created a unique opportunity to rethink and redirect fundamental policies and practices ranging from health care to regulation of the financial industry. A similar opportunity exists to change Federal homeless assistance policies and programs.


Food Access, Availability, And Affordability In 3 Los Angeles Communities, Project Cafe, 2004-2006, Andrea Misako Azuma, Susan Gilliland, Mark Vallianatos, Robert Gottlieb 2010 Occidental College

Food Access, Availability, And Affordability In 3 Los Angeles Communities, Project Cafe, 2004-2006, Andrea Misako Azuma, Susan Gilliland, Mark Vallianatos, Robert Gottlieb

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

Introduction Racial/ethnic minority communities are at increasingly high risk for chronic diseases related to obesity. Access to stores that sell affordable, nutritious food is a prerequisite for adopting a healthful diet. The objective of this study was to evaluate food access, availability, and affordability in 3 nonoverlapping but similar low-income communities in urban Los Angeles, California. Methods Using a community-based participatory research approach, we trained community members to conduct a food assessment to 1) map the number and type of retail food outlets in a defined area and 2) survey a sample of stores to determine whether they sold ...


Where The Ends Don’T Meet: Measuring Poverty And Self-Sufficiency Among Oregon’S Families, Melissa Rowe, Sheila A. Martin, Danan Gu, Webb Sprague 2010 Portland State University

Where The Ends Don’T Meet: Measuring Poverty And Self-Sufficiency Among Oregon’S Families, Melissa Rowe, Sheila A. Martin, Danan Gu, Webb Sprague

Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies Publications

This report uses the Self-Sufficiency Standard developed by Dr. Diana Pearce at the University of Washington to analyze the extent to which Oregon households earn enough money to meet their basic needs without a public subsidy. This standard, a vast improvement on the federal poverty level, accounts for differences in the cost of living based on family structure, age of children, and county of residence. Dr. Pearce has defined the income required to meet basic needs for every county in Oregon and a number of household types. A large number of Oregon households not considered poor by the federal poverty ...


2009 Oregon Population Report, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Risa Proehl, Julia Crain 2010 Portland State University

2009 Oregon Population Report, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Risa Proehl, Julia Crain

Oregon Population Estimates and Reports

This report contains the annual population estimates for Oregon, and its counties, incorporated cities, and unincorporated areas for July 1, 2009. Included in ten tables are the estimates summarized by unincorporated and incorporated areas at the state level, as well as metropolitan areas and non-metropolitan areas. Some tables include historical estimates and Census populations.


Foreclosure Activity In The Portland-Vancouver Msa, Webb Sprague, Emily Picha, Nicole Iroz-Elardo, Tom Heinicke 2010 Portland State University

Foreclosure Activity In The Portland-Vancouver Msa, Webb Sprague, Emily Picha, Nicole Iroz-Elardo, Tom Heinicke

Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies Publications

Foreclosure activity is an important indicator of community and neighborhood health and the economic viability of households. In the Portland region, foreclosure activity is comparable to many areas of the United States, with significant segments of the population struggling to make their mortgage payments.

The foreclosure crisis continues to unfold in the United States. In 2009, RealtyTrac reported 3.9 million foreclosure filings on 2.8 million properties in the U.S., up 21 percent from the previous year. Foreclosure filings include default notices, scheduled foreclosure auctions and bank reversions. About two percent of all U.S. housing units received ...


Affordable Homeownership Policy: Implications For Housing Markets, Sock Yong PHANG 2010 Singapore Management University

Affordable Homeownership Policy: Implications For Housing Markets, Sock Yong Phang

Research Collection School Of Economics

Affordable homeownership is a policy that is often accorded a great deal of policy attention by governments of many countries. This paper aims to examine the market implications of setting a housing price to income ratio target for a market segment by the government. The policy requires active intervention by the government with regard to the targeted sector. The paper uses a simple model of the housing market with a homeownership affordability target to derive the market implications of such targets. In the presence of uncertainty and resource constraints, the objective of homeownership affordability is achieved for the targeted group ...


In Medias Race (And Class): Post-Jim Crow Ethnographies Of Black Middleclassdom, John L. Jackson Jr 2010 University of Pennsylvania

In Medias Race (And Class): Post-Jim Crow Ethnographies Of Black Middleclassdom, John L. Jackson Jr

Departmental Papers (ASC)

“Race is the modality in which class is lived” (Hall et al., 1978, p. 394). That's how Stuart Hall evocatively put it, emphasizing the extent to which class relations can actually and substantively “function as race relations” for working class Black Brits (and others). He was arguing, amongst other things, against the neatly reified distinctions scholars traditionally policed between class-based analyses and racial ones.


Financing Mechanisms For Capacity Improvements At Interchanges, James G. Strathman, Elizabeth Simmons 2010 Portland State University

Financing Mechanisms For Capacity Improvements At Interchanges, James G. Strathman, Elizabeth Simmons

TREC Final Reports

This report examines the use of alternative local financing mechanisms for interchange and interchange area infrastructure improvements. The financing mechanisms covered include transportation impact fees, tax increment financing, value capture financing, local improvement districts, transportation corporations, state infrastructure banks, local option transportation taxes, fair share mitigation, and transportation concurrency. The financing alternatives are assessed in the context of Interchange Area Management Plans, which are required by the Oregon Transportation Commission, as well as in the context of the Oregon Department of Transportation’s responsibilities under the state’s Transportation Planning Rule.


Exploring Homeowner Opposition To Public Housing Developments, Joanna Duke 2010 Arizona State University

Exploring Homeowner Opposition To Public Housing Developments, Joanna Duke

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper examines the beliefs and attitudes of homeowners in two receiving communities of public housing units. Opposition to housing mobility programs is generally attributed to fear offalling property values and increased crime rates. Given the spatial and redistributive nature of the programs, this paper proposes and explores space and liberty-based ideologies as causes ofdormant opposition persisting beyond relocation. Survey data were collected from two neighborhoods where developments containing public housing were located. Results indicate that ideologies about space and liberty are important to understanding receiving community opposition as well as the extent to which members of the receiving community ...


Bus On Shoulder: Local Assessment Of Shoulder Transit Lane For Regional Buses In San Luis Obispo County, Jessica R. Berry 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Bus On Shoulder: Local Assessment Of Shoulder Transit Lane For Regional Buses In San Luis Obispo County, Jessica R. Berry

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The study looks at the applicability of integrating a Bus Only Shoulder (BOS) into the intermittently congested segment of US 101 in southern San Luis Obispo County. Policy, infrastructure and implementing criteria derived from case studies in Minnesota, Florida and California (San Diego) and the 2007 California Decision Document on BOS are applied to conditions in the region. One measure of performance, time savings, is projected to 2025 to determine the value of integrating the program by that horizon year. Given the substantial potential for time savings in that future year, recommendations are made to create the appropriate policy and ...


Evaluations Of Procedural Justice: Evidence Of Group-Value Issue Influence In A Planning Context, Thomas W. Hooper 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Evaluations Of Procedural Justice: Evidence Of Group-Value Issue Influence In A Planning Context, Thomas W. Hooper

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Justice research in the field of social psychology has focused primarily on situations involving legal proceedings, dispute resolution, and hierarchal relationships within organizations. This study extends the work of social psychologist Tom Tyler and others to a planning context by demonstrating that participants in a planning process use group-value criteria in addition to control over decisions and decision making processes and the favorability of outcomes to define reactions to their experiences. While certain aspects of the case study from which survey interviews were conducted limited the ability to replicate specific results of the 1989 Tyler study used as a model ...


Canby School District: Enrollment Forecast 2010-11 To 2019-20, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Charles Rynerson, Vivian Siu, David West 2010 Portland State University

Canby School District: Enrollment Forecast 2010-11 To 2019-20, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Charles Rynerson, Vivian Siu, David West

School District Enrollment Forecast Reports

The Population Research Center (PRC) has prepared district-wide and individual school Enrollment Forecasts for the Canby School District (CSD) annually for the past four years. This study includes forecasts of district-wide enrollment for the 10 years from 2010-11 to 2019-20 and forecasts for individual schools for the five years from 2010-11 to 2014-15. Previous district-wide forecasts only extended for five years; a 10 year forecast enhances opportunities for school districts to coordinate long range planning with city and county comprehensive plans, which may extend for 20 or more years. After many years of growth, K-12 enrollment in the Canby School ...


Bend-La Pine School District: Population And Enrollment Forecasts 2010-11 To 2030-31, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Charles Rynerson, Vivian Siu, Richard Lycan, David West 2010 Portland State University

Bend-La Pine School District: Population And Enrollment Forecasts 2010-11 To 2030-31, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Charles Rynerson, Vivian Siu, Richard Lycan, David West

School District Enrollment Forecast Reports

The Bend-La Pine School District (BLPSD) enrolled 15,898 students in Fall 2009, an increase of 61 students from Fall 2008. This followed a loss of 13 students between Fall 2007 and Fall 2008. These two most recent years are in sharp contrast with the previous 19 years of uninterrupted gains of more than 200 students each year. K-12 enrollment growth averaged about 350 students per year from 1990 to 2000, and about 400 students per year from 2000 to 2007. The enrollment trends align closely with the housing and employment trends described in this report. Housing growth began to ...


The Evolution Of The Theoretical Foundations Of Punctuated Equilibrium Theory In Public Policy, Michael S. Givel 2010 University of Oklahoma, Norman

The Evolution Of The Theoretical Foundations Of Punctuated Equilibrium Theory In Public Policy, Michael S. Givel

Michael S. Givel

Punctuated equilibrium theory in public policy replicated from biological punctuated equilibrium theory has concluded that public policies alternate between stasis and punctuation. However, recent research on Pacific Northwest forest policy, U.S. state tobacco policy, and U.S federal auto efficiency policy have found no punctuations despite an attempt to do so. What is the efficacy of using biological punctuated equilibrium theory to also explain punctuated equilibrium in public policy? Significant differences exist between biological and public policy punctuated equilibrium theory including time frames for change, what constitutes outside disturbances of equilibrium, venues of punctuated equilibrium, levels of analysis for ...


The Emergence Of Social Science Research In Nanotechnology, Philip Shapira, Jan Youtie, Alan L. Porter 2010 Georgia Institute of Technology

The Emergence Of Social Science Research In Nanotechnology, Philip Shapira, Jan Youtie, Alan L. Porter

Philip Shapira

This article examines the development of social science literature focused on the emerging area of nanotechnology. It is guided by the exploratory proposition that early social science work on emerging technologies will draw on science and engineering literature on the technology in question to frame its investigative activities, but as the technologies and societal investments in them progress, social scientists will increasingly develop and draw on their own body of literature. To address this proposition the authors create a database of nanotechnology-social science literature by merging articles from the Web of Science’s Social Science Citation Index and Arts and ...


Ending Chronic Homelessness: Cost-Effective Opportunities For Interagency Collaboration, Dennis P. Culhane, Thomas Byrne 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Ending Chronic Homelessness: Cost-Effective Opportunities For Interagency Collaboration, Dennis P. Culhane, Thomas Byrne

Dennis P. Culhane

Faced with a difficult economic climate with high levels of unemployment and widespread home foreclosures, the Administration of President Barack Obama has created a unique opportunity to rethink and redirect fundamental policies and practices ranging from health care to regulation of the financial industry. A similar opportunity exists to change Federal homeless assistance policies and programs.


The Portland Region In 2010: Taking Stock And Looking To The Future, Sheila A. Martin 2010 Portland State University

The Portland Region In 2010: Taking Stock And Looking To The Future, Sheila A. Martin

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

A presentation on regional demographic and economic trends made to the Multnomah County Commission in February 2010.


Las Telenovelas De Hoy, Fernando Carrión Mena 2010 FLACSO, Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales. Sede Ecuador

Las Telenovelas De Hoy, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Colombia y el Brasil produjeron desde hace algún tiempo cambios importantes dentro de la las telenovelas tradicionales en América Latina, provenientes principalmente de México y Venezuela.

Es ya un lugar común señalar -entre otras- dos de las más resaltantes innovaciones introducidas: la primera, el tratamiento de temáticas costumbristas, propias de la vida cotidiana, tanto del campo como de la ciudad, y la segunda, la producción de videos por fuera de la recreación hecha en los "sets de televisión", para conferirle un significado especial al paisaje real.

En esa tónica, Colombia ha exportado al Ecuador importantes telenovelas que han dejado su ...


Ecuador: ¿Centro Del Crimen Organizado?, Fernando Carrión Mena 2010 FLACSO, Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales. Sede Ecuador

Ecuador: ¿Centro Del Crimen Organizado?, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Desde fuera del país llega la información que Ecuador se ha convertido en el “centro” o la “base” del crimen organizado internacional. ¡Qué afirmación más fuerte para un país tan pequeño en territorio, población y economía! ¿Podrá ser cierta? No se puede negar que Ecuador -como América Latina- experimenta un cambio en el circuito de la droga; porque a sus funciones clásicas de bodegaje y tránsito ha sumado el crecimiento del consumo interno (como en el mundo) y el procesamiento.

Sin duda es preocupante, más aún si la política hegemónica antidrogas es ineficiente y la crisis económica añade nuevos elementos ...


Livable Streets: Establishing Social Place Through A Walkable Intervention, Jeffrey T. Flositz 2010 University of South Florida

Livable Streets: Establishing Social Place Through A Walkable Intervention, Jeffrey T. Flositz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Some streets tend to lack a social sense of place. Since the invention of the automotive assembly line and post World War II development, street designs have shifted from centering around people and social situations to vehicular traffi c solutions. Streets are typically not thought of as social places, but rather as a means to effi ciently move automotive traffi c. The environment of these unlivable streets discourages social interaction. The majority of buildings are disconnected from the street with often nothing more than a parking lot.

A new model of streets is necessary, one that transforms streets into places ...


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