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Challenges To Coordination: Understanding Intergovernmental Friction During Disasters (Pre Print), Daniel P. Aldrich 2019 Northeastern University

Challenges To Coordination: Understanding Intergovernmental Friction During Disasters (Pre Print), Daniel P. Aldrich

Daniel P Aldrich

While idealized crisis response involves smooth coordination between relevant actors, friction between levels of government and between the state and civil society in responding to catastrophe may be more common. This article builds a theory of cross-level friction during and after crisis by analyzing the conditions when discord is most likely. With a medium-N dataset (N = 18) of disaster responses from, among other countries, Chile, Haiti, Japan, North America, the Philippines, and Somalia, I carry out quantitative and qualitative analysis of cases with a variety of levels of friction to investigate the conditions that lead to misalignment. Tobit regression, qualitative ...


Levin Regional Cooperation Survey, Roland Anglin, Rene Kizys 2019 Cleveland State University

Levin Regional Cooperation Survey, Roland Anglin, Rene Kizys

Urban Publications

For many, regionalism is the answer to managing city challenges brought about by metropolitan sprawl. Defined in many ways, proponents of regionalism tend to rest their policy recommendations on regional tax sharing or increasing local coordination and sharing of services. Northeast Ohio has seen its share of efforts to achieve both. For the most part, such efforts have not made it far on the policy agenda, mainly due to fear of the “free rider” problem in the case of regional tax sharing, and the fear of losing local autonomy with distributed governance.

But the context for local autonomy has changed ...


Kc 4.3: Rural Landscapes Of The 20th Century, Stefania Landi, Concetta Lenza, Denise Ulivieri 2019 Università di Pisa

Kc 4.3: Rural Landscapes Of The 20th Century, Stefania Landi, Concetta Lenza, Denise Ulivieri

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

During the 20th Century, rural landscapes all over the world underwent rapid transformations as a result of many factors - including new socio-political and economic conditions, new agricultural practices and the mechanization of agriculture - resulting in radical transformations of land uses and in the introduction of new infrastructures and facilities, necessary for the storage and distribution of an ever increasing amount of products. Based on the existing documents and bibliography relevant to the topic (ICOMOS-IFLA, Principles concerning rural landscapes as heritage, 2017; ICOMOS-ISC20C, Madrid-New Delhi Document. Approaches to the conservation of twentieth-century cultural heritage, 2017; Meeus, Wijermans, Vroom, 1990; Pungetti ...


Growth Without Displacement: A Test For Equity Planning In Portland, Lisa K. Bates 2019 Portland State University

Growth Without Displacement: A Test For Equity Planning In Portland, Lisa K. Bates

Lisa K. Bates

Portland, Oregon, is considered a pioneer of regionalism, integrated land-use and transportation planning, and sustainability as a criterion for planning policy. After four decades of land-use planning, Portland has a national and international reputation for urban livability and climate change mitigation. While these successes are laudable, in the past decade Portland’s underrepresented and underserved communities have been raising a voice to demand that planners address issues of income and racial inequality. In response to and in collaboration with communities, over the past five years Portland’s Bureau of Planning and Sustainability (BPS) has adopted an equity strategy with a ...


The Safe System Approach: Considerations For Developing A Multi-Layered System, Offer Grembek 2019 Safe Transportation Research and Education Center (SafeTREC)

The Safe System Approach: Considerations For Developing A Multi-Layered System, Offer Grembek

TREC Friday Seminar Series

While the overarching objective of the transportation system is to provide mobility, it should be developed and operated under the framework of a safe system with the aspirational goal to establish a system on which no road user can be severely or fatally injured. To accomplish such a safe system, it is necessary to effectively harness all the core protective opportunities provided by the system. This includes the street design and operations, user behavior, vehicle design, protection systems, and EMS. The common thread across these layers is speed. This is directly driven by the quadratic relationship between velocity and kinetic ...


The Influence Of Selected Factors Impacting The Incidence And Severity Of Accidents Involving Pedestrian/Bicyclists And Motorized Vehicles In Urban Areas Of Louisiana, Randall M. Verret Jr. 2019 Louisiana State University

The Influence Of Selected Factors Impacting The Incidence And Severity Of Accidents Involving Pedestrian/Bicyclists And Motorized Vehicles In Urban Areas Of Louisiana, Randall M. Verret Jr.

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to determine the influence of selected demographic, environmental and infrastructure factors on the incidence and severity of traffic accidents involving a motorized vehicle and a non-motorized (pedestrian or bicyclist) individual. Identification of influential factors can aid in developing more effective countermeasures, targeted education and training programs to reduce the fatality and injury risks to vulnerable road users. A total of 9,538 crash data records involving vulnerable road users and motor vehicle drivers were utilized in this study.

Overall, vulnerable road users were found to have higher incidences of impairment than motorized vehicle ...


Panel 1 Paper 1.3: Le Paysage Rural Patrimonial, Outil Et Projet Au Service De La Lutte Contre Le Réchauffement Climatique, Régis Ambroise 2019 Collectif Paysages de l'après pétrole

Panel 1 Paper 1.3: Le Paysage Rural Patrimonial, Outil Et Projet Au Service De La Lutte Contre Le Réchauffement Climatique, Régis Ambroise

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Cette intervention fait référence au paragraphe de la résolution19GA 2017/30 du Conseil International des Monuments et des Sites indiquant que « la 19° Assemblée générale de l’ICOMOS… salue l’adoption de l’accord de Paris et encourage tous les membres de l’ICOMOS à renforcer leurs efforts pour appuyer sa mise en œuvre et identifier les réponses qui s’appuient sur le patrimoine ou les paysages culturels… ». Elle prend l’exemple de la façon dont les paysages de terrasses ont été abordés ces dernières années dans trois situations différentes : en France, dans le Guizhou en Chine et dans le ...


Panel 8. Paper 8.1 Tourism, Dams And Greed: Lessons From The Destruction Of A Rural Cultural Landscape In Crete, Carla Chifos 2019 University of Cincinnati

Panel 8. Paper 8.1 Tourism, Dams And Greed: Lessons From The Destruction Of A Rural Cultural Landscape In Crete, Carla Chifos

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Four thousand years of shaping the landscape, developing sustainable agricultural practices and products, and forming a symbiotic relationship with ecological systems in the Aposelemis Valley of Crete has been disrupted due to the building of a large dam in the heart of that landscape. The politics and decision-making that resulted in the building and implementation of this dam are already documented and analyzed in a recent paper (Chifos, et al, 2019). This paper re-examines what happened in this Valley from the perspective of the cultural/heritage advocates and where the barriers to protecting and maintaining this landscape were and still ...


From Birmingham To Lima: Expanding Mobility For Persons With Disabilities, Shane Burns 2019 University of Alabama, Birmingham

From Birmingham To Lima: Expanding Mobility For Persons With Disabilities, Shane Burns

Conference: The Social Practice of Human Rights

Social issues such as resource allocation, distributive justice, and civic participation have been the hallmarks of human rights discourse. These issues are particularly salient to persons with disabilities, arguably one of the most excluded communities in the world despite representing over 15% of the global population. Inaccessibly built environments are one the key barriers for persons with disabilities because they prohibit full access to spaces and services that promote social inclusion. Additionally, persons with disabilities have drawn limited attention from the realms of urban planning and development. As a result, the importance of disability rights must be viewed as a ...


Grassroots Globalism: Human Rights Cities And Local Human Rights Implementation, Jackie Smith 2019 University of Pittsburgh

Grassroots Globalism: Human Rights Cities And Local Human Rights Implementation, Jackie Smith

Conference: The Social Practice of Human Rights

This presentation reports on how local human rights activists are mobilizing around the United States's 2019-2020 Universal Periodic Review process in the UN Human Rights Council. Organizers with the US Human Rights Cities Alliance have been promoting "UPR Cities" to engage local activists in work to document local human rights conditions and develop recommendations for a national civil society stakeholder report that will be submitted to the UN Human Rights Council. The UPR Cities serves three key purposes: First, it helps inform and inspire local and trans-local mobilization and alliance building around a human rights framework, advancing analyses of ...


Transforming An Urban 'Burb: Transportation Innovations In Vancouver, Washington, Anna Dearman 2019 City of Vancouver, Washington

Transforming An Urban 'Burb: Transportation Innovations In Vancouver, Washington, Anna Dearman

TREC Friday Seminar Series

From Complete Streets policy implementation to stronger community engagement, bus rapid transit expansion to waterfront redevelopment—and so much more!—Vancouver, Washington, is on the move. Directly across the river from Portland, Oregon, the City of Vancouver serves as the southern gateway to Washington State; the City encompasses over 50 square miles, and, with a population of nearly 185,000, Vancouver is the fourth largest city in Washington (behind Seattle, Spokane, and Tacoma and just ahead of Bellevue). As Vancouver embarks on an update to the 15-year-old Transportation System Plan, learn about how the City is striving to transform the ...


Commentary: Venezuelan Democracy: Bolivar’S Shattered Dream, Juan E. Chebly 2019 St. John's University

Commentary: Venezuelan Democracy: Bolivar’S Shattered Dream, Juan E. Chebly

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

No abstract provided.


The Forgotten Few: Foreign Professional Workers & U.S. Foreign Policy, Adrian Pandev 2019 St. John's University

The Forgotten Few: Foreign Professional Workers & U.S. Foreign Policy, Adrian Pandev

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

No abstract provided.


Corruption, Political Instability And Transnational Crime In The Country Of Guinea-Bissau, Brian K. Harte 2019 St. John's University

Corruption, Political Instability And Transnational Crime In The Country Of Guinea-Bissau, Brian K. Harte

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

No abstract provided.


Colombian Conflict: A Sociological View Of A Gendered Society, Jorge Restrepo 2019 St. John’s University

Colombian Conflict: A Sociological View Of A Gendered Society, Jorge Restrepo

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

No abstract provided.


Sisters Of The Caliphate: Media And The Women Of Isis, Kathleen German, Rosemary Pennington 2019 Miami University

Sisters Of The Caliphate: Media And The Women Of Isis, Kathleen German, Rosemary Pennington

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

No abstract provided.


Forgetting Fallujah: Covert Silence, Digital Public Memory And The Civilian Consequences Of Operation Phantom Fury In Iraq, Jason L. Jarvis 2019 Loyola Marymount University

Forgetting Fallujah: Covert Silence, Digital Public Memory And The Civilian Consequences Of Operation Phantom Fury In Iraq, Jason L. Jarvis

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

No abstract provided.


Disinformation As Warfare In The Digital Age: Dimensions, Dilemmas, And Solutions, Minna Aslama Horowitz 2019 St. John's University

Disinformation As Warfare In The Digital Age: Dimensions, Dilemmas, And Solutions, Minna Aslama Horowitz

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

No abstract provided.


Introduction: Wars, Conflicts, And The Marginalization Of Dissent, Tuija Parikka, Basilio G. Monteiro, Sejal Singh 2019 St. John's University

Introduction: Wars, Conflicts, And The Marginalization Of Dissent, Tuija Parikka, Basilio G. Monteiro, Sejal Singh

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

No abstract provided.


Toc, 2019 St. John's University

Toc

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

No abstract provided.


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