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The Relationship Of Parent Involvement And Student Success In Gear Up Communities In Chicago, Wendy M. Stack 2010 Antioch University

The Relationship Of Parent Involvement And Student Success In Gear Up Communities In Chicago, Wendy M. Stack

Dissertations & Theses

Nationally, the education pipeline is not preparing enough students for success and high school dropout rates in the nation’s urban areas are alarming. This mixed methods (QUAN→qual) empirical study examines the influence of parent involvement on the academic success of 1,774 GEAR UP (Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs) students matched to their parents in 21 high schools in Chicago. The results of the regression analyses were presented to focus groups composed of GEAR UP parents and staff to assist in making meaning of the data and to gain deeper insight and understanding of the ...


Diversity Backlash: Examining The Caucasian Response In Homogenous And Heterogeneous Groups, Michael Dooney 2010 Seton Hall University

Diversity Backlash: Examining The Caucasian Response In Homogenous And Heterogeneous Groups, Michael Dooney

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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Invisible Dread, From Twisted: The Dreadlock Chronicles, Bertram D. Ashe 2010 University of Richmond

Invisible Dread, From Twisted: The Dreadlock Chronicles, Bertram D. Ashe

English Faculty Publications

This excerpt traces the issues and process surrounding the dreadlocking of an Afri­can-American professor's hair. The personal history leading up to the decision to grow locks is briefly addressed, as is the experience of getting twisted for the first time and some reactions to the new hairstyle. Twisted discusses issues of cultural authenticity and academic nonconformity. It examines dreadlocks as a pathway to explore black identity, but in opposing ways: the act of locking ones hair does dis­play unconventional blackness - but it also participates in a preexisting black style. To what extent, the excerpt asks, can the ...


Writing Southern Race Relations: Stories Ellen Douglas Was Brave Enough To Tell, Suzanne W. Jones 2010 University of Richmond

Writing Southern Race Relations: Stories Ellen Douglas Was Brave Enough To Tell, Suzanne W. Jones

English Faculty Publications

When Ellen Douglas started writing, she drew inspiration from the way William Faulkner and other southern writers whom she admired, like Eudora Welty, depicted southern places. Douglas planted all of her fiction firmly in the region of Mississippi that she knew best; her Homochitto is modeled of Natchez, where she was born, and her Philippi on Greenville, where she lived with her husband and their children. But Douglas reacted against the gothic and mythic elements in Faulkner's work and used as her first literary models the great nineteenth-century realists: Dostoevsky, Flaubert, James, and Tolstoy. She admired Eudora Welty, but ...


A Novel - The Dues Of St Fitticks: And Essay - Paying Your Dues In The Lucky Country: Anglo-Celtic Australian Attitudes To Migrants, Michael Armstrong 2010 Edith Cowan University

A Novel - The Dues Of St Fitticks: And Essay - Paying Your Dues In The Lucky Country: Anglo-Celtic Australian Attitudes To Migrants, Michael Armstrong

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Through the medium of the novel and an accompanying essay, this project explores the relationship, particularly since the end of World War II, between the dominant (Anglo-Celtic) and non-dominant Australian cultural groups. I argue that upholding the dominance of Anglo-Celtic culture, particularly as a centre or “core” of Australian identity, is discriminatory and detrimental to the development of Australian society in general and the goal of multiculturalism in particular. Moreover, I question the thesis that Australia can have a “core” culture without marginalising the groups that do not reside within it. Instead of projecting Anglo-Celtic culture as the archetypal Australian ...


Residential Segregation And Social Integration: Do Blacks And Whites Differ?, Joongbaeck Kim, Hyeyoung Woo 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Residential Segregation And Social Integration: Do Blacks And Whites Differ?, Joongbaeck Kim, Hyeyoung Woo

Sociology Faculty Publications and Presentations

While it is well known that racial residential segregation affects social behaviors and various outcomes of individuals, research about the relationship between residential segregation and social integration is limited. We examine how residential segregation is associated with three types of social integration: formal, informal, and advisory integration, and whether the associations differ for Blacks and Whites using data from the Americans’ Changing Lives survey. Our results show that residential segregation is negatively associated with advisory integration for both Blacks and Whites. It also predicts lower levels of formal integration for Blacks, but not for Whites. We did not find significant ...


Infusing Culture Into Practice: Developing And Implementing Evidence-Based Mental Health Services For African American Foster Youth, Harold E. Briggs, Bowen McBeath 2010 Portland State University

Infusing Culture Into Practice: Developing And Implementing Evidence-Based Mental Health Services For African American Foster Youth, Harold E. Briggs, Bowen Mcbeath

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

The lack of culturally appropriate health and mental health care has contributed to the large number of African American youth and families involved in the child welfare system. This article reviews the consequences of the insufficient access to culturally sensitive, evidence-supported interventions for African American foster youth. The authors describe a framework for the development of culturally appropriate mental health interventions responsive to the needs of African Americans.


Segregation And Violence: Comparing The Effects Of Residential Segregation On Latino And Black Violence, Ben Feldmeyer 2009 University of Tennessee

Segregation And Violence: Comparing The Effects Of Residential Segregation On Latino And Black Violence, Ben Feldmeyer

Ben Feldmeyer

Racial/ethnic residential segregation has been shown to contribute to violence and have harmful consequences for minority groups. However, research examining the segregation–crime relationship has focused almost exclusively on blacks and whites while largely ignoring Latinos and other race/ethnic groups and has rarely considered potential mediators (e.g., concentrated disadvantage) in segregation–violence relationships. This study uses year 2000 arrest data for California and New York census places to extend segregation–crime research by comparing the effects of racial/ethnic residential segregation from whites on black and Latino homicide. Results indicate that (1) racial/ethnic segregation contributes to ...


Diversity And Its Discontents: Ambivalence In Neighborhood Policy And Racial Attitudes In The Obama Era, Meghan Burke 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

Diversity And Its Discontents: Ambivalence In Neighborhood Policy And Racial Attitudes In The Obama Era, Meghan Burke

Meghan A. Burke

This article examines the ways that members of three adjoining stably racially diverse urban communities conceptualize and engage diversity, and the ways in which their discourse and actions are cohesive with federal policies. Making use of interviews with 41 active residents in these communities, I argue that even in liberal, pro-Obama, racially diverse communities, a considerable amount of ambivalence exists in both thought and action connected to diversity, an ambivalence which is cohesive with Obama’s own federal policies that impact neighborhoods like these. The community members define diversity broadly beyond race, are ambivalent about its presence in their community ...


Migration, Membership, And The Modern Nation-State: Internal And External Dimensions Of The Politics Of Belonging Migration And Membership, Rogers Brubaker 2009 UCLA

Migration, Membership, And The Modern Nation-State: Internal And External Dimensions Of The Politics Of Belonging Migration And Membership, Rogers Brubaker

Rogers Brubaker

No abstract provided.


Scope And Conceptual Issues In Testing The Race-Crime Invariance Thesis: Black, White, And Hispanic Comparisons, Darrell Steffensmeier, Jeffery Ulmer, Ben Feldmeyer, Casey Harris 2009 Pennsylvania State University

Scope And Conceptual Issues In Testing The Race-Crime Invariance Thesis: Black, White, And Hispanic Comparisons, Darrell Steffensmeier, Jeffery Ulmer, Ben Feldmeyer, Casey Harris

Ben Feldmeyer

Our goal in this article is to contribute conceptually and empirically to assessments of the racial invariance hypothesis, which posits that structural disadvantage predicts violent crime in the same way for all racial and ethnic groups. Conceptually, we elucidate the scope of the racial invariance hypothesis and clarify the criteria used for evaluating it. Empirically, we use 1999–2001 averaged arrest data from California and New York to extend analyses of the invariance hypothesis within the context of the scope and definitional issues raised in our conceptual framing—most notably by including Hispanic comparisons with Blacks and Whites, by examining ...


Charles Tilly As A Theorist Of Nationalism, Rogers Brubaker 2009 UCLA

Charles Tilly As A Theorist Of Nationalism, Rogers Brubaker

Rogers Brubaker

This paper considers Charles Tilly as an important but underappreciated theorist of nationalism. Tilly’s theory of nationalism emerged from the “bellicist” strand of his earlier work on state-formation and later incorporated a concern with performance, stories, and cultural modeling. Yet despite the turn to culture in Tilly’s later work, his theory of nationalism remained state-centered, materialist, and instrumentalist—a source of both its power and its limitations.


When The 5 Rights Go Wrong: Medication Errors From The Nursing Perspective, Jackie H. Jones, Linda A. Treiber 2009 Kennesaw State University

When The 5 Rights Go Wrong: Medication Errors From The Nursing Perspective, Jackie H. Jones, Linda A. Treiber

Linda A. Treiber

This study describes nurses' perceptions about how and why medication errors occur and their personal experiences with medication errors. A survey was mailed to a random sample of registered nurses. Two hundred and two responded. Of those, 158 (78%) nurses admitted making medication errors and provided details about these errors. This study, by providing the perspective of frontline nurses, contributes to the body of knowledge on medication errors.


Does Whitening Happen? Distinguishing Between Race And Color Labels In An African-Descended Community In Peru, tanya golash-boza 2009 University of Kansas Main Campus

Does Whitening Happen? Distinguishing Between Race And Color Labels In An African-Descended Community In Peru, Tanya Golash-Boza

tanya golash-boza

This article explores how race and color labels are used to describe people in an Afro-Peruvian community. This article is based on analyses of 88 interviews and 18 months of fieldwork in an African-descended community in Peru. The analyses of these data reveal that, if we consider race and color to be conceptually distinct, there is no “mulatto escape hatch,” no social or cultural whitening, and no continuum of racial categories in the black Peruvian community under study. This article considers the implications of drawing a conceptual distinction between race and color for research on racial classifications in Latin America ...


An Analysis Of Desegregation Policy And Disparities In Faculty Salary And Workload At An Historically Black And Predominantly White Institutions In Maryland, Robert T. Palmer, Kimberly A. Griffin 2009 The Pennsylvania State University

An Analysis Of Desegregation Policy And Disparities In Faculty Salary And Workload At An Historically Black And Predominantly White Institutions In Maryland, Robert T. Palmer, Kimberly A. Griffin

Robert T. Palmer, PhD

Although ambiguity exists regarding how states must respond to the mandates of Fordice to dismantle dual systems of education in previously segregated states, several scholars note Fordice should manifest itself in the enhancement of public Black colleges. Responding to Fordice, the state of Maryland entered into an agreement with the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) to make its Black colleges comparable with their White counterparts. While Maryland claims that it has satisfied its agreement with OCR, findings of this study challenge this assertion. Data from AAUP, University System of Maryland [USM], and the Morgan State Office of Institutional research show ...


Is “Race-Neutral” Really Race- Neutral?: Adverse Impact Towards Underrepresented Minorities In The Uc System., Jose Luis Santos, Nolan L. Cabrera, Kevin J. Fosnacht 2009 UCLA

Is “Race-Neutral” Really Race- Neutral?: Adverse Impact Towards Underrepresented Minorities In The Uc System., Jose Luis Santos, Nolan L. Cabrera, Kevin J. Fosnacht

Nolan L. Cabrera

Authors examine the proportion of undergraduate applications, admissions, and enrollments preceding, during, and after Proposition 209 while accounting for the relative growth in University of California eligibility for underrepresented minorities (URMs). They employed standard deviation analyses to measure dispersion of the URMs to non-URMs. Results suggest that "disparate impact" towards URMs persists, the magnitude is large, and affirmative action alone is insufficient to ensure an equitable admissions process.


Engaged Pedagogy And Critical Race Feminism, Theodorea Regina Berry 2009 San Jose State University

Engaged Pedagogy And Critical Race Feminism, Theodorea Regina Berry

Theodorea Regina Berry

The article describes the engaged pedagogy of cultural critic and scholar bell hooks in the context of the experiences that the author gained from a group of African American pre-service teachers in a social foundations course. It provides an overview of critical race feminism, which acknowledges the importance of storytelling and addresses the intersections of gender and race, and explains its significance to preparing African American pre-service teachers. It concludes with a discourse on engaged pedagogy from a critical feminist perspective which enables teacher educators to support the lived experiences of students who are socially marginalized.


Introduction: Thoughts And Ideas On The Intersectionality Of Identity, Theodorea Regina Berry, Michelle Jay, Marvin Lynn 2009 San Jose State University

Introduction: Thoughts And Ideas On The Intersectionality Of Identity, Theodorea Regina Berry, Michelle Jay, Marvin Lynn

Theodorea Regina Berry

An introduction to the journal is presented which the editor discusses an article on critical race feminism by Venus E. Evans-Winters and Jennifer Esposito, a report on critical race theory and critical pedagogy and a review of literature on the educational experiences of Latinas and Latinos in the U.S.


Exploring The Impact Of Race On Mental Health Service Utilization Among African Americans And Whites With Severe Mental Illness, Michelle D. Hampton, Linda Chafetz, Mary C. White 2009 Samuel Merritt University

Exploring The Impact Of Race On Mental Health Service Utilization Among African Americans And Whites With Severe Mental Illness, Michelle D. Hampton, Linda Chafetz, Mary C. White

Michelle DeCoux Hampton

BACKGROUND: Disparities among African Americans and Whites with severe mental illness have been identified in numerous studies. Yet it remains unknown if disparities are associated with race or other vulnerabilities common to this population.

OBJECTIVES: This study used the Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations to examine mental health service utilization among 155 African Americans and Whites with severe mental illness for 12 months after discharge from a residential crisis program.

DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was a secondary analysis of data from a randomized trial.

RESULTS: Race did not emerge as a significant predictor of mental health service utilization. Factors associated ...


Emergent Approaches To Diversity And Social Justice In Higher Education, Lori Patton, Riyad Shahjahan, Osei-Kofi Nana 2009 University of Denver

Emergent Approaches To Diversity And Social Justice In Higher Education, Lori Patton, Riyad Shahjahan, Osei-Kofi Nana

Lori Patton Davis

No abstract provided.


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