Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Demography, Population, and Ecology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

4,382 Full-Text Articles 4,369 Authors 1,226,019 Downloads 145 Institutions

All Articles in Demography, Population, and Ecology

Faceted Search

4,382 full-text articles. Page 1 of 126.

Who Are Asian American Millennials?: Asian Americans Leaving The Parental Home, Phoebe Ho, Hyunjoon Park 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Who Are Asian American Millennials?: Asian Americans Leaving The Parental Home, Phoebe Ho, Hyunjoon Park

Korean Millennials Research Briefs

No abstract provided.


Strips Cooperator Survey: 2018 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle 2019 Iowa State University

Strips Cooperator Survey: 2018 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle

J. Gordon Arbuckle

The STRIPS (Science-based Trials of Rowcrops Integrated with Prairie Strips) project has developed collaborative partnerships with more than 35 farmers and landowners who have integrated prairie strips into their farm landscapes. One of the STRIPS project’s guiding principles is to “create and maintain feedback loops for information sharing among team members, farmer/farm landowner adopters, and other stakeholders.” A major goal of these feedback loops is to learn from cooperators who have adopted prairie strips so project staff can help current (and future) cooperators to successfully establish and manage prairie strips.


Strips Cooperator Survey: 2017 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr. 2019 Iowa State University

Strips Cooperator Survey: 2017 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr.

J. Gordon Arbuckle

The STRIPS (Science-based Trials of Rowcrops Integrated with Prairie Strips) project has developed collaborative partnerships with more than 35 farmers and landowners who have integrated prairie strips into their farm landscapes. One of the STRIPS project’s guiding principles is to “create and maintain feedback loops for information sharing among team members, farmer/farm landowner adopters, and other stakeholders.” A major goal of these feedback loops is to learn from cooperators who have adopted prairie strips so project staff can help current (and future) cooperators to successfully establish and manage prairie strips.


Strips Cooperator Follow-On Survey: 2015 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr. 2019 Iowa State University

Strips Cooperator Follow-On Survey: 2015 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr.

J. Gordon Arbuckle

This survey was conducted to support the STRIPS project’s guiding principle to “create and maintain feedback loops for information sharing among team members, farmer/farm landowner adopters, and other stakeholders.” The overall purpose of the feedback loop is to learn from collaborators so project staff can help current (and future) collaborators to successfully establish and manage prairie strips. The purpose of the survey was to learn about collaborating landowners’ experiences with the establishment and management of prairie strips to help project staff understand what (1) positive and negative experiences and (2) information and technical assistance needs they have. The ...


Strips Cooperator Follow-On Survey: 2016 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr. 2019 Iowa State University

Strips Cooperator Follow-On Survey: 2016 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr.

J. Gordon Arbuckle

Over the last several years, the STRIPS (Science-based Trials of Rowcrops Integrated with Prairie Strips) project has developed collaborative partnerships with an increasing number of farmers and landowners who have integrated prairie strips into their farm landscapes. One of the STRIPS project’s guiding principles is to “create and maintain feedback loops for information sharing among team members, farmer/farm landowner adopters, and other stakeholders.” A major goal of these feedback loops is to learn from cooperators who have adopted prairie strips so project staff can help current (and future) cooperators to successfully establish and manage prairie strips.


Investigating Opportunities For Enhancing Adoption Of Strategically Targeted Prairie Strips In Iowa, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr. 2019 Iowa State University

Investigating Opportunities For Enhancing Adoption Of Strategically Targeted Prairie Strips In Iowa, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr.

J. Gordon Arbuckle

It is increasingly recognized that agricultural policies and programs should strive to improve the multifunctionality and resiliency of agricultural systems by balancing crop and livestock production with the provision of ecosystem services, including soil protection, water retention and purification, pest control, and habitat (Pretty 2002; Palmer et al. 2004; Boody et al. 2005; Ruhl et al. 2007). Simultaneously, mounting evidence shows that the coordinated and targeted integration of perennial vegetation in row-cropped landscapes can provide both farmland conservation benefits and substantial increases in ecosystem services disproportionate to their spatial extent (Goldman et al. 2007; Secchi et al. 2008; Selman 2008 ...


Iowa Farmers And The Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy: 2015 Survey Results, Laurie Nowatzke, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr. 2019 Iowa State University

Iowa Farmers And The Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy: 2015 Survey Results, Laurie Nowatzke, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr.

J. Gordon Arbuckle

In 2013, the state of Iowa released the Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy (NRS) (http:// www.nutrientstrategy.iastate.edu/). The NRS is a science and technology-based approach to guide actions that reduce the amount of nutrients delivered to Iowa waterways and the Gulf of Mexico. The NRS was developed through a collaboration between Iowa State University (ISU), the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship (IDALS), and the Iowa Department of Natural Resources (IDNR), with support from the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). The strategy outlines opportunities and recommendations for voluntary efforts to ...


Least Restrictive Approaches To Supporting Individuals As Decision Makers, University of Montana Rural Institute for Inclusive Communities 2019 University of Montana, Missoula

Least Restrictive Approaches To Supporting Individuals As Decision Makers, University Of Montana Rural Institute For Inclusive Communities

Independent Living and Community Participation

Too often full guardianship is the default option for individuals who need assistance with decision-making, which is very restrictive. There are alternative approaches to guardianship that are flexible and can adapt to the changing needs an individual may experience. This fact sheet shares some alternative approaches to guardianship, defines guardianship, addresses myths about decision-making supports, and provides links to guardianship and decision-making resources for further information.


What Drives Landowners’ Conservation Decisions? Evidence From Iowa, Wendiam Sawadgo, Wendong Zhang, Alejandro Plastina 2019 Iowa State University

What Drives Landowners’ Conservation Decisions? Evidence From Iowa, Wendiam Sawadgo, Wendong Zhang, Alejandro Plastina

Alejandro Plastina

Conservation practices such as no-till and cover crops have been shown to have on-and off-farm benefits. However, underinvestment may occur when benefits of a practice do not go to the provider. A commonly cited barrier to conservation-practice adoption in agriculture is farmland-rental arrangements where tenants may not reap the benefits of conservation investments, resulting in lower adoption rates on leased land than on owner-operated fields. This issue is especially important since more than 40% of US farmland and more than half of Midwestern farmland is now rented from others. This paper examines the factors driving landowners’ decisions to adopt four ...


What Drives Landowners’ Conservation Decisions? Evidence From Iowa, Wendiam Sawadgo, Wendong Zhang, Alejandro Plastina 2019 Iowa State University

What Drives Landowners’ Conservation Decisions? Evidence From Iowa, Wendiam Sawadgo, Wendong Zhang, Alejandro Plastina

Wendong Zhang

Conservation practices such as no-till and cover crops have been shown to have on-and off-farm benefits. However, underinvestment may occur when benefits of a practice do not go to the provider. A commonly cited barrier to conservation-practice adoption in agriculture is farmland-rental arrangements where tenants may not reap the benefits of conservation investments, resulting in lower adoption rates on leased land than on owner-operated fields. This issue is especially important since more than 40% of US farmland and more than half of Midwestern farmland is now rented from others. This paper examines the factors driving landowners’ decisions to adopt four ...


Age, Income, Net Worth, Housing Quality And Satisfaction, Ethel Nellie Grant Jones 2019 Iowa State University

Age, Income, Net Worth, Housing Quality And Satisfaction, Ethel Nellie Grant Jones

Ethel G. Jones

No abstract provided.


Scoping Review Of Indicators And Methods Of Measurement Used To Evaluate The Impact Of Dog Population Management Interventions, Elly Hiby, Kate Nattras Atema, Rebecca Brimley, Alexandra Hammond-Seaman, Mark Jones, Andrew Rowan, Emelie Fogelberg, Mark Kennedy, Deepashree Balaram, Louis Nel, Sarah Cleaveland, Katie Hampson, Sunny Townsend, Tiziana Lembo, Nicola Rooney, Helen Rebecca Whay, Joy Pritchard, Jane Murray, Lisa van Dijk, Natalie Waran, Heather Bacon, Darryn Knobel, Lou Tasker, Chris Baker, Lex Hiby 2019 ICAM Coalition

Scoping Review Of Indicators And Methods Of Measurement Used To Evaluate The Impact Of Dog Population Management Interventions, Elly Hiby, Kate Nattras Atema, Rebecca Brimley, Alexandra Hammond-Seaman, Mark Jones, Andrew Rowan, Emelie Fogelberg, Mark Kennedy, Deepashree Balaram, Louis Nel, Sarah Cleaveland, Katie Hampson, Sunny Townsend, Tiziana Lembo, Nicola Rooney, Helen Rebecca Whay, Joy Pritchard, Jane Murray, Lisa Van Dijk, Natalie Waran, Heather Bacon, Darryn Knobel, Lou Tasker, Chris Baker, Lex Hiby

Andrew N. Rowan, DPhil

Background: Dogs are ubiquitous in human society and attempts to manage their populations are common to most countries. Managing dog populations is achieved through a range of interventions to suit the dog population dynamics and dog ownership characteristics of the location, with a number of potential impacts or goals in mind. Impact assessment provides the opportunity for interventions to identify areas of inefficiencies for improvement and build evidence of positive change.

Methods: This scoping review collates 26 studies that have assessed the impacts of dog population management interventions.

Results: It reports the use of 29 indicators of change under 8 ...


Prevailing Clusters Of Canine Behavioural Traits In Historical Us Demand For Dog Breeds (1926–2005), Bethany Wilson, James Serpell, Harold Herzog, Paul McGreevy 2019 University of Sydney

Prevailing Clusters Of Canine Behavioural Traits In Historical Us Demand For Dog Breeds (1926–2005), Bethany Wilson, James Serpell, Harold Herzog, Paul Mcgreevy

Harold Herzog, PhD

Drawing on American Kennel Club (AKC) puppy registration numbers for approximately 82 varieties of pedigree dogs between 1926 and 2005, the current article analyses behavioural reports on 32,005 dogs of these varieties reported through the Canine Behavioural Assessment and Research Questionnaire (C-BARQ). Cluster analysis of C-BARQ scores indicates that the 82 breeds fell into six clusters. Average scores for each of the 14 behavioural subscales and 22 miscellaneous traits in C-BARQ were calculated for each cluster, and the breeds in each cluster with average scores most similar to the cluster averages were selected as titular breeds. Titular breeds for ...


Housing Recovery Through Social Capital: Puerto Rico After Hurricane Maria, Jessica Talbot, Cristina Poleacovschi, Sara Hamideh, Carlos S. Rivera 2019 Iowa State University

Housing Recovery Through Social Capital: Puerto Rico After Hurricane Maria, Jessica Talbot, Cristina Poleacovschi, Sara Hamideh, Carlos S. Rivera

Sara Hamideh

Puerto Rico was devastated by Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017. Due to a delayed and insufficient official response from the local and federal governments and other aid agencies, the effects are still crippling more than a year after the event. When official response networks failed, communities often engaged in informal reconstruction processes to facilitate their recovery. This research seeks to explain why certain communities were effective in reconstructing on their own and uses social capital theory as the theoretical framework. This study was conducted in four municipalities in Puerto Rico (Adjuntas, Barranquitas, Loíza, and Utuado). A mixed methods approach ...


The Success Of Companion Animal Management Programs: A Historical And Statistical Review, Andrew N. Rowan 2019 Tufts University

The Success Of Companion Animal Management Programs: A Historical And Statistical Review, Andrew N. Rowan

Andrew N. Rowan, DPhil

In the early 1970's a surge of articles in the lay and scientific press brought the burgeoning problem of pet overpopulation to the attention of the American public. The spark for this concern appears to have been an article by Carl Djerassi (who was prominent in the development of oral contraceptives for humans) and his colleagues in the unlikely forum of the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists. Djerassi argued that an efficient means of birth control was also required for the pet population (Djerassi et al, 1973). In 1974, following Djerassi's article Alan Beck, in an address to city ...


Food Sovereignty: An Alternative Paradigm For Poverty Reduction And Biodiversity Conservation In Latin America, M. Jahi Chappell, Hannah Wittman, Christopher M. Bacon, Bruce G. Ferguson, Luis Garcia Barrios, Raúl Garcia Barrios, Daniel Jaffee, Jefferson Lima, V. Ernesto Méndez, Helda Morales, Lorena Soto-Pinto, John Vandermeer, Ivette Perfecto 2019 Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy

Food Sovereignty: An Alternative Paradigm For Poverty Reduction And Biodiversity Conservation In Latin America, M. Jahi Chappell, Hannah Wittman, Christopher M. Bacon, Bruce G. Ferguson, Luis Garcia Barrios, Raúl Garcia Barrios, Daniel Jaffee, Jefferson Lima, V. Ernesto Méndez, Helda Morales, Lorena Soto-Pinto, John Vandermeer, Ivette Perfecto

Daniel Jaffee

Strong feedback between global biodiversity loss and persistent, extreme rural poverty are major challenges in the face of concurrent food, energy, and environmental crises. This paper examines the role of industrial agricultural intensification and market integration as exogenous socio-ecological drivers of biodiversity loss and poverty traps in Latin America. We then analyze the potential of a food sovereignty framework, based on protecting the viability of a diverse agroecological matrix while supporting rural livelihoods and global food production. We review several successful examples of this approach, including ecological land reform in Brazil, agroforestry, milpa, and the uses of wild varieties in ...


Transformation From Within: Practicing Global Education Through Critical Feminist Pedagogy, Ann M. Oberhauser 2019 Iowa State University

Transformation From Within: Practicing Global Education Through Critical Feminist Pedagogy, Ann M. Oberhauser

Ann Oberhauser

This paper examines the transformative role of critical feminist pedagogy as it applies to global experiential learning. I argue that a feminist approach to global education challenges racialized, neoliberal, and colonizing dimensions of higher education. Global experiential learning provides the basis for an interactive or relational form of critical feminist pedagogy within cross-cultural and transnational communities. The methodology for this research is grounded in decolonizing and feminist pedagogies that address multiple levels of engagement within the education process and among students, faculty, and communities. This discussion demonstrates how critical feminist pedagogy effectively addresses societal issues concerning power, privilege, and knowledge ...


Continuing To Build A More Diverse Workforce In The Highway Trades: 2018 Evaluation Of The Odot/Boli Highway Construction Workforce Development Program, Lindsey Wilkinson, Maura Kelly 2019 Portland State University

Continuing To Build A More Diverse Workforce In The Highway Trades: 2018 Evaluation Of The Odot/Boli Highway Construction Workforce Development Program, Lindsey Wilkinson, Maura Kelly

Lindsey Wilkinson

While white men have historically dominated the highway construction trades in Oregon, this trend continues to change: of those enrolled in apprenticeships in the highway construction trades in 2005, 81% were white men; in 2017, this number was 69%. Of apprentices who completed an apprenticeship in 2010, 84% where white men; in 2017, this number was 76%. These changes are likely due, in part, to efforts by the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) and the Bureau of Labor Industries (BOLI) to diversify the skilled highway construction workforce through pre apprenticeships as well as financial and nonfinancial services to apprentices in ...


Notes From The Editorial Office, John J. Green 2019 University of Mississippi

Notes From The Editorial Office, John J. Green

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

No abstract provided.


Robert Wuthnow, The Left Behind: Decline And Rage In Rural America, Peter A. Kindle 2019 University of South Dakota

Robert Wuthnow, The Left Behind: Decline And Rage In Rural America, Peter A. Kindle

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress