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2,282 full-text articles. Page 64 of 65.

Mothers' Work And Children's Lives: Low-Income Families After Welfare Reform, Rucker C. Johnson, Ariel Kalil, Rachel E. Dunifon 2010 University of California, Berkeley

Mothers' Work And Children's Lives: Low-Income Families After Welfare Reform, Rucker C. Johnson, Ariel Kalil, Rachel E. Dunifon

Upjohn Press

This book examines the effects of work requirements imposed by welfare reform on low-income women and their families. The authors pay particular attention to the nature of work—whether it is stable or unstable, the number of hours worked in a week and the regularity and flexibility of work schedules. They also show how these factors make it more difficult for low-income women to balance their work and family requirements.


Contingent Valuation Studies And Health Policy, Matthew D. Adler 2010 Duke Law School

Contingent Valuation Studies And Health Policy, Matthew D. Adler

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Social Security Reforms In Chile: Can A Privatized System Work?, Daniel Altman 2010 University of Redlands

The Social Security Reforms In Chile: Can A Privatized System Work?, Daniel Altman

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Chile implemented a privatized Social Security system in 1924. The system was designed to provide benefits to all individuals within the state. However inefficiency and lack of contribution hindered the state-run program from the beginning. In 1952 politicians implemented a "Pay as you go System" (PAYGO) which encouraged individuals to put their savings into a government run savings account. Once again a lack of contributions combined with government deficits and benefits received by non-contributors, hindered the system. In 1980 Chile privatized Social Security industry and required all individuals who entered the workforce after 1980 to use Administradora de Fondo de ...


Happiness Research And Cost-Benefit Analysis, Matthew D. Adler, Eric A. Posner 2010 Duke Law School

Happiness Research And Cost-Benefit Analysis, Matthew D. Adler, Eric A. Posner

Faculty Scholarship

A growing body of research on happiness or subjective well-being (SWB) shows, among other things, that people adapt to many injuries more rapidly than is commonly thought, fail to predict the degree of adaptation and hence overestimate the impact of those injuries on their SWB, and, similarly, enjoy small or moderate rather than significant changes in SWBg in response to significant changes in income. Some researchers believe that these findings pose a challenge to cost-benefit analysis, and argue that project evaluation decision-procedures based on economic premises should be replaced with procedures that directly maximize subjective well-being. This view turns out ...


Prevalence, Nature, Context And Impact Of Alcohol Use In India: Recommendations For Practice And Research, S. Prabhu, David A. Patterson Silver Wolf (Adelv unegv Waya) PhD, Catherine N. Dulmus PhD, K. S. Ratheeshkumar 2010 Washington University in St Louis, Brown School

Prevalence, Nature, Context And Impact Of Alcohol Use In India: Recommendations For Practice And Research, S. Prabhu, David A. Patterson Silver Wolf (Adelv Unegv Waya) Phd, Catherine N. Dulmus Phd, K. S. Ratheeshkumar

Brown School Faculty Publications

Presently alcohol policy in India takes a moral stand rather than a scientific approach towards understanding and dealing with the problem of alcoholism. To effectively address this social problem in India, public policy must take into account the nature, extent of the problem and the context in which it occurs. This literature review examines the nature, prevalence and impact of alcohol use and misuse in India, within its historical and cultural contexts, as a beginning step to inform policy. Recommendations for practice and future research directions are suggested.


Vulnerability And Disability In Darfur, Maria Kett, Jean-Francois Trani 2010 Leonard Cheshire Disability & Inclusive Development Center, University College London

Vulnerability And Disability In Darfur, Maria Kett, Jean-Francois Trani

Brown School Faculty Publications

The difficulties faced by persons with disabilities throughout the displacement process contribute to their increased vulnerability.


Unemployment After Welfare Reform, Christopher J. O'Leary 2010 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Unemployment After Welfare Reform, Christopher J. O'Leary

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Youth With Disabilities: A Maine Workforce Development Review, Ahmen Cabral, Margaret Vishneau, Marty Zanghi MSW 2010 University of Southern Maine

Youth With Disabilities: A Maine Workforce Development Review, Ahmen Cabral, Margaret Vishneau, Marty Zanghi Msw

Children, Youth, & Families

Legislation that has occurred over many years, including the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and the Workforce Investment Act, has come together with advances in educational strategies to create a climate in which young job seekers with disabilities are able to develop their skills and advocate for necessary accommodations in the workplace. It is well known in the workforce development community that early exposure to the workplace itself and to workforce development programs can improve the employment outcomes for persons with disabilities by enabling youth to develop workforce skills and areas of career interest. However, even though knowledge and interest ...


Clean, Green, And Not So Mean: Can Business Save The World?, Andy Spackman, Celia Ross, Christy Donaldson, Louise Feldman, Patrick Griffis, Elizabeth Stephan, Laurie Bridges, Baseema Krkoska, Tony Lin, Mark Siciliano 2010 Brigham Young University

Clean, Green, And Not So Mean: Can Business Save The World?, Andy Spackman, Celia Ross, Christy Donaldson, Louise Feldman, Patrick Griffis, Elizabeth Stephan, Laurie Bridges, Baseema Krkoska, Tony Lin, Mark Siciliano

Library Faculty Publications

No matter how you define it, corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a hot topic. From community investing to business ethics to environmental sustainability and beyond, proponents of CSR view the business landscape through a lens that focuses less on profitability and more on the greater good.

“Doing well by doing good” is the business world’s new mantra. Concepts of CSR, green business, social entrepreneurship, and peace through commerce have become a focus of research and are inspiring the next generation of businesspeople. The 2010 BRASS Program gave attendees an expert’s view of certain niches within the broader realm ...


More Than Just Food: The Diverse Effects Of Food Assistance Programs, Helen H. Jensen, Parke E. Wilde 2010 Iowa State University

More Than Just Food: The Diverse Effects Of Food Assistance Programs, Helen H. Jensen, Parke E. Wilde

Economics Publications

For decades, from the 1940s to the 1970s, the goal of U.S. food and nutrition assistance programs seemed clear: to make sure low-income Americans could afford enough food. By pursuing this goal, the programs would protect program participants from hunger and also support demand for farm products. Today, about one in five Americans receives benefits from at least one of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) food programs. The major programs include the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), school meals programs—lunch and breakfast, and the Child ...


The Parent As (Mere) Educational Trustee: Whose Education Is It, Anyway?, Jeffrey Shulman 2010 Georgetown University Law Center

The Parent As (Mere) Educational Trustee: Whose Education Is It, Anyway?, Jeffrey Shulman

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The purpose of this Article is two-fold. First, the Article argues that the parent’s right to educate his or her children is strictly circumscribed by the parent’s duty to ensure that children learn habits of critical reasoning and reflection. The law has long recognized that the state’s duty to educate children is superior to any parental right. Indeed, the “parentalist” position to the contrary rests on an inflation of rights that is, in fact, a radical departure from longstanding legal norms. Indeed, at common law the parent had “a sacred right” to the custody of his child ...


The Cost Of Legal Aid, Elizabeth Lyons 2010 Pepperdine University

The Cost Of Legal Aid, Elizabeth Lyons

Global Tides

I first became aware of the British’s struggle with their Legal Aid system while interning with a nonprofit organization in London that conducted research on Legal Aid with the goal of improving individuals’ access to justice. The British have supported Legal Aid for over sixty years; however, during this time it has reached an unsustainable level its current budget being two billion pounds. Since the government simply cannot afford a program this large, it has fallen prey to periodic budget cuts within the past few decades. Many British individuals are concerned that the quality of the services will diminish ...


Communities Of Color In Multnomah County: An Unsettling Profile, Ann Curry-Stevens, Amanda Cross-Hemmer, Coalition of Communities of Color 2010 Portland State University

Communities Of Color In Multnomah County: An Unsettling Profile, Ann Curry-Stevens, Amanda Cross-Hemmer, Coalition Of Communities Of Color

Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

Existing data that informs decision making in Multnomah County inadequately captures the lived experiences of communities of color. Rarely do existing reports include dimensions of race and ethnicity. Much research has been undertaken without the involvement of those most affected by the decisions guided by the research. The impact is that communities of color are rarely visible at the level of policy. Data has been used to obscure and oppress rather than to empower communities and eliminate disparities. This is not acceptable, and leads to inequitable policy and devastating outcomes for people of color.

"Communities of Color in Multnomah County ...


Conservatism And American Political Development, Brian Glenn 2009 Wesleyan University

Conservatism And American Political Development, Brian Glenn

Brian J. Glenn

No abstract provided.


'Like A Prison!': Homeless Women's Narratives Of Surviving Shelter, Angela Moe, Sarah DeWard 2009 Western Michigan University

'Like A Prison!': Homeless Women's Narratives Of Surviving Shelter, Angela Moe, Sarah Deward

Angela M. Moe

Relying on field observation and twenty qualitative interviews with shelter residents, this article examines how the bureaucracy and institutionalization within a homeless shelter fits various tenets of Goffman's (1961) "total institution," particularly with regard to systematic deterioration of personhood and loss of autonomy. Women's experiences as shelter residents are then explored via a typology of survival strategies: submission, adaptation, and resistance. This research contributes to existing literature on gendered poverty by analyzing the nuanced ways in which institutionalization affects and complicates women's efforts to survive homelessness.


Review Of Timothy J. Sullivan. New York State And The Rise Of Modern Conservatism: Redrawing Party Lines. (State University Of New York Press, 2008), Brian Glenn 2009 Wesleyan University

Review Of Timothy J. Sullivan. New York State And The Rise Of Modern Conservatism: Redrawing Party Lines. (State University Of New York Press, 2008), Brian Glenn

Brian J. Glenn

No abstract provided.


Explaining Public Attitudes Toward Fighting Inequality In Latin America, Jana Morgan, Nathan Kelly 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Explaining Public Attitudes Toward Fighting Inequality In Latin America, Jana Morgan, Nathan Kelly

Jana Morgan

This paper uses the 2008 Americas Barometer survey data from 22 countries to explore the factors that shape Latin American attitudes about the role of the state in reducing inequality. Using multilevel analysis to properly model both the individual- and country-level predictors of these attitudes, we find that traditional explanations of public attitudes about government’s redistributive role also carry weight in Latin America. Economic evaluations, personal wealth, trust in government, and assessments of government performance are each associated in predictable ways with attitudes about redistribution. But the analysis also identifies factors that have been overlooked in previous research on ...


Through The Doughnut Hole: Reimagining The Social Security Contribution And Benefit Base Limit, Patricia E. Dilley 2009 University of Florida

Through The Doughnut Hole: Reimagining The Social Security Contribution And Benefit Base Limit, Patricia E. Dilley

Patricia E Dilley

ABSTRACT The Obama campaign proposal to address Social Security's future financing shortfalls by increasing the Social Security tax base limit only for those making more than $250,000 per year raises the broader question of the function of the base limit from a Social Security program perspective. The public supports increasing the wage base above all other possible avenues for solving long term financing issues, but the problems with the Obama "doughnut hole" proposal are substantial from several perspectives. In this article, the author suggests that the function of the base limit be reconsidered, and the benefit accrual function ...


Public Values, Health Inequality, And Alternative Notions Of A “Fair” Response, Elizabeth Rigby, Erika Blacksher, Claire Espey 2009 University of Houston - Main

Public Values, Health Inequality, And Alternative Notions Of A “Fair” Response, Elizabeth Rigby, Erika Blacksher, Claire Espey

Elizabeth Rigby

The fact that disadvantaged people generally die younger and suffer more disease than those with more resources is gaining ground as a major policy concern in the United States. Yet, we know little about how public values inform public opinion regarding policy interventions to address these disparities. This paper presents findings from an exploratory study of the public’s values and priorities as they relate to social inequalities in health. Forty-three subjects were presented with a scenario depicting health inequalities by social class and were given the opportunity to alter the distribution of health outcomes. Participants’ responses fell into one ...


How To Help Your Community Recover From Disaster: A Manual For Planning And Action, Judah J. Viola, 2009 National-Louis University

How To Help Your Community Recover From Disaster: A Manual For Planning And Action, Judah J. Viola,

Judah J. Viola, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


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