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Tapping Into Your Inner Superhero: Positive Interventions For At-Risk Youth Organizations, Chung H. Cheuk, Alexandra Bono, Henry Ritchie, Devon O'Malley 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Tapping Into Your Inner Superhero: Positive Interventions For At-Risk Youth Organizations, Chung H. Cheuk, Alexandra Bono, Henry Ritchie, Devon O'Malley

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Childhood poverty has been linked with gaps in physical, emotional, and cognitive outcomes. Previous research sheds light on potential interventions for helping at-risk youth. We combine these findings with proven positive psychology interventions to create a curriculum for an organization serving at-risk youth in Trenton, New Jersey. The workshops are geared towards teaching components that enable lasting well-being using existing positive psychology frameworks, such as Martin Seligman’s PERMA. We also adapt lessons using VIA Character Strengths and resiliency factors for an adolescent population, and leverage behavioral modeling, self-agency, and environmental mastery to create sustainable programming. If successful, these interventions ...


Adverse Childhood Experiences, Homeless Chronicity, And Age At Onset Of Homelessness, Joseph T. Tucciarone Jr. 2019 East Tennessee State University

Adverse Childhood Experiences, Homeless Chronicity, And Age At Onset Of Homelessness, Joseph T. Tucciarone Jr.

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Childhood adversity is associated with numerous negative outcomes across multiple domains, including mental and physical health, interrelationships, and social functioning. Notably, research suggests that childhood adversity has a dose-response relationship with these outcomes; that is, greater numbers of adverse experiences in childhood are associated with worse outcomes. These outcomes overlap with many risk factors of homelessness. This study sought to address two questions: 1) Does a dose-response relationship exist between childhood adversity and chronic homelessness? 2) Does childhood adversity negatively predict the age at which homelessness first occurs? Adults experiencing homeless who are accessing homeless services in the Tri-Cities area ...


Becoming A Master Manager: An Analysis Of Snap Recipient Stories Of Navigating Government Assistance, Kallie Gay 2019 East Tennessee State University

Becoming A Master Manager: An Analysis Of Snap Recipient Stories Of Navigating Government Assistance, Kallie Gay

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study examines experiences of utilizing government assistance in the United States. It focuses on the ways in which persons participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) communicatively managed their lives in relation to their role in the program. Specifically, the research reveals that SNAP recipients are master managers. After synthesizing the pre-existing body of research concerning social assistance in the U.S. and its effects on those who utilize it, the author argues that sharing the stories of marginalized groups can serve to reduce stigma surrounding government assistance participation. Employing a Feminist Standpoint Theory sensibility to elicit such ...


The Rhode Island Earned Income Tax Credit: History And Analysis, Andrew Boardman 2019 University of Rhode Island

The Rhode Island Earned Income Tax Credit: History And Analysis, Andrew Boardman

Senior Honors Projects

This paper offers a comprehensive political history of the Rhode Island Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and an analysis of Rhode Island EITC recipients. It explores the history of the Rhode Island EITC, an income subsidy available to low-income workers, from its introduction in 1975 through 2018. It details the forces behind expansions and reforms and the effects of those changes. It also analyzes microdata to construct a profile of current EITC recipients. This paper concludes that the Rhode Island EITC has historically been viewed as both a poverty alleviation program and an incentive for labor market work. The Rhode ...


Providing Social Services To Latino Immigrants - A Theological Perspective, Olivia Mahon 2019 Carroll College

Providing Social Services To Latino Immigrants - A Theological Perspective, Olivia Mahon

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Each year, thousands of people immigrate to the United States, and many are from various Latin American countries. The motivation for leaving their home is a result of economic burdens, violence, corruption and much more. For many, the experience of immigration is one filled with challenges and dire circumstances. Many families arrive in the United States with nothing. These communities are in need of support, often provided by social workers. However the diverse backgrounds and the extensive set of challenges these people face hinder social workers’ abilities to provide the necessary services. The present research looks at the approach of ...


Foundation For Measuring Community Sustainability, Pamela A. Mischen, George C. Homsy, Carl P. Lipo, Robert Holahan, Valerie Imbruce, Andreas Pape, Joe Graney, Ziang Zhang, Louisa M. Holmes, Manuel Reina 2019 Binghamton University--SUNY

Foundation For Measuring Community Sustainability, Pamela A. Mischen, George C. Homsy, Carl P. Lipo, Robert Holahan, Valerie Imbruce, Andreas Pape, Joe Graney, Ziang Zhang, Louisa M. Holmes, Manuel Reina

Anthropology Faculty Scholarship

In order to understand the impact of individual communities on global sustainability, we need a community sustainability assessment system (CSAS). While many sustainability assessment systems exist, they prove inadequate to the task. This article presents the results of a systematic review of the literature on existing sustainability assessment systems; offers a definition of a sustainable community; provides a multi-scale, systems approach to thinking about community; and makes recommendations from the field of performance measurement for the construction of a CSAS.


Gangs In Honduras And Containment Policy, Lauren Hiles 2019 Southeastern University - Lakeland

Gangs In Honduras And Containment Policy, Lauren Hiles

Classical Conversations

This paper outlines a plausible mechanism whereby the country of Honduras could curtail gang violence within its borders with the eventual intent of exterminating gangs in Honduras. First, the need for such a plan is presented, with current statistics on the violence in Honduras. The paper then explores the possible use of an adapted form of Cold War containment policy against Honduran gangs. This method of containment would work by hindering the activities of the gangs and more importantly by addressing the societal factors that contribute to gang proliferation. It would contain gangs ideologically, economically, and socially, inhibiting their growth ...


The Burden Of Child Care Costs: A Feminist Analysis Of The Punitive Welfare Policies On Single Mothers, Gabrielle Martello 2019 Merrimack College

The Burden Of Child Care Costs: A Feminist Analysis Of The Punitive Welfare Policies On Single Mothers, Gabrielle Martello

Community Engagement Student Work

Since Personal Responsibility and Work Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) was passed into law in 1996 under President Clinton there has been a sharp increase in federal and state rules and regulations surrounding work requirements to be able to receive financial benefits. This poses a challenge for single mothers as it requires putting their children in child care which is a notoriously expensive burden. To mitigate this problem, I propose subsidizing child care so mothers have more freedom to pursue work or education. In turn, this will have a positive impact on child development as it has been proven that children that ...


Unheard Warriors: Creating An Effective Child Welfare Workforce, Yina Cordero 2019 Merrimack College

Unheard Warriors: Creating An Effective Child Welfare Workforce, Yina Cordero

Community Engagement Student Work

As child abuse and neglect cases continue to increase in the United States, child welfare workers continue to experience challenges that have made it increasingly difficult to adequately care for the children and families in the child welfare system. Unfortunately, this has led to increased turnover rates among child welfare workers. Policy surrounding the child welfare workforce have pushed for changes that do not appropriately address issues such as the lack of education, training, and unsafe organizational environment that child welfare workers experience daily. An extensive overview of the current state of the child welfare workforce, has demonstrated a need ...


2019 Point-In-Time: Count Of Homelessness In Portland/Gresham/Multnomah County, Oregon, City of Portland, Home Forward, A Home for Everyone, Multnomah County, City of Gresham, Tiffany Renée Conklin, Cameron Mulder, Regional Research Institute, Portland State University 2019 Portland State University

2019 Point-In-Time: Count Of Homelessness In Portland/Gresham/Multnomah County, Oregon, City Of Portland, Home Forward, A Home For Everyone, Multnomah County, City Of Gresham, Tiffany Renée Conklin, Cameron Mulder, Regional Research Institute, Portland State University

Regional Research Institute

The Count provides important information on the people who were counted living unsheltered, in emergency shelter, and in transitional housing (collectively the “HUD homeless” or “literally homeless” population) the night of Jan. 23, 2019. As always, the date of the Count and the definition of homelessness that determines who is counted were set by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).

The Regional Research Institute of Human Services at Portland State University (PSU) led the unsheltered portion of the Count, which is referred to as the unsheltered count. At our request, PSU staff also conducted a separate ...


Political Activists Or Violent Fans? Understanding The Moroccan Ultras Perspective Through Social Media Discourse Analysis, Mamer Alomari 2019 SIT Graduate Institute

Political Activists Or Violent Fans? Understanding The Moroccan Ultras Perspective Through Social Media Discourse Analysis, Mamer Alomari

Capstone Collection

This paper examines the origins, traditions, reasons behind rapid numbers expansion, and violent tendencies of organized groups of young football fans called Ultras. It also sheds the light on Al Raja Ultra groups, the first Moroccan Ultras groups and the most violent who started emerging in Casablanca in 2005, and since then thrived and diversified, not only in Casablanca but in Morocco as a whole. It’s unknown where the culture was derived from due to lack of literature on this matter but speculated to be a mimicking of neighboring countries such as Spain, and Tunisia where this phenomenon has ...


Desegregating Schooling In Hartford, Connecticut: The 1996 Sheff V. O’Neill Court Case And Two Decades Of Integration Policy, Adam Bloom 2019 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

Desegregating Schooling In Hartford, Connecticut: The 1996 Sheff V. O’Neill Court Case And Two Decades Of Integration Policy, Adam Bloom

Senior Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


Children With Disabilities In The Foster Care System, Shayla Stogsdill 2019 Taylor University

Children With Disabilities In The Foster Care System, Shayla Stogsdill

Orphans and Vulnerable Children Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Hiv/Aids On Orphans In A South African Context, Meghan Burkholder 2019 Taylor University

The Impact Of Hiv/Aids On Orphans In A South African Context, Meghan Burkholder

Orphans and Vulnerable Children Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Childhood Abuse On Moral Development, Shayla Stogsdill 2019 Taylor University

The Impact Of Childhood Abuse On Moral Development, Shayla Stogsdill

Orphans and Vulnerable Children Student Scholarship

Moral development is a topic which has little research to accompany it. Although there is a lack of understanding of where and how children develop morals, there is clear evidence to support that abuse in any form against a child will impact the way they learn morality. Children who experience abuse will face the physical, emotional, and mental impacts which will all contribute to the way they develop. Children also learn behaviors and ideas from caretakers and when those who are supposed to protect them do not, children will become disordered on the ideas of right and wrong. Childhood is ...


Don't Shoot: Race-Based Trauma And Police Brutality, Leah Metzger 2019 Taylor University

Don't Shoot: Race-Based Trauma And Police Brutality, Leah Metzger

Orphans and Vulnerable Children Student Scholarship

With the growing conversation on police brutality against black Americans, there is an increasing need to understand the consequences this has on black children. Research is now showing that children and adults can experience race-based trauma, which can have profound effects on psychological and physical well-being, and can also impact communities as a whole. The threat and experience of police brutality and discrimination can be experienced individually or vicariously, and traumatic symptoms can vary depending on the individual. Children are especially vulnerable to the psychological and physical effects of police brutality and the threat thereof because of their developmental stages ...


Prevalence, Nature, And Prevention Of Ptsd In Refugee Children, Leah Metzger 2019 Taylor University

Prevalence, Nature, And Prevention Of Ptsd In Refugee Children, Leah Metzger

Orphans and Vulnerable Children Student Scholarship

The world today has the highest number of refugees ever recorded in history. At the end of 2017, there were 68.5 million individuals who were displaced across the globe due to persecution, conflict, violence, or human rights violations. There are three main categories of individuals within this statistic: refugees, internally displaced people, and asylum-seekers. By the end of 2017, there were 25.4 million refugees in the world (the highest ever), 40 million internally displaced people, and 3.1 million asylum seekers (UNHCR). It is currently estimated that over half of the worlds refugees are children, and 28 million ...


Modern Slavery: An Analysis Of The Kamaiya System In Nepal, Leah M. Metzger 2019 Taylor University

Modern Slavery: An Analysis Of The Kamaiya System In Nepal, Leah M. Metzger

Orphans and Vulnerable Children Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Adverse Child Experiences: An Overview With A Focus On Indiana, Meghan Burkholder, Grace Zander 2019 Taylor University

Adverse Child Experiences: An Overview With A Focus On Indiana, Meghan Burkholder, Grace Zander

Orphans and Vulnerable Children Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Services, Systems And Policies Shaping Community Mobility For People With Mobility Impairments: A Case Study From Northern Iceland, Sigrun Kristin Jonasdottir 2019 The University of Western Ontario

Services, Systems And Policies Shaping Community Mobility For People With Mobility Impairments: A Case Study From Northern Iceland, Sigrun Kristin Jonasdottir

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Community mobility, or the act of moving around within the community, can be thought of as an occupation, but also as a means to occupation, because it is essential for people to have opportunities to participate in society. People with mobility impairments do not have the same opportunities as other people to move around because of multiple challenges in the environment. This research aimed to enhance understanding of how services, systems and policies shape community mobility of people with mobility impairments in the town of Akureyri in northern Iceland. This dissertation further raises awareness about human rights, occupational rights and ...


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