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Negotiated Rulemaking For U.S. Higher Education Regulatory Policy: A Process Of Deliberative Democracy?, Rebecca Natow 2019 Hofstra University

Negotiated Rulemaking For U.S. Higher Education Regulatory Policy: A Process Of Deliberative Democracy?, Rebecca Natow

Journal of Public Deliberation

The rulemaking process through which higher education regulatory policy is created in the U.S. Department of Education has received critical attention in recent years. One concern is that this important policymaking process takes place in an agency of unelected officials, sometimes with the help of select interest groups. How, then, does this process maintain its democratic legitimacy? An important aspect of the process – known as negotiated rulemaking – may help to promote democratic legitimacy through open deliberations and broad stakeholder participation. Through the lens of deliberative democratic theory, this article draws on dozens of interviews and documentary data regarding a ...


Deliberation For Development: Ghana’S First Deliberative Poll, Dennis Chirawurah, James Fishkin, Niagia Santuah, Alice Siu, Ayaga Bawah, Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Kathleen Giles 2019 University for Development Studies

Deliberation For Development: Ghana’S First Deliberative Poll, Dennis Chirawurah, James Fishkin, Niagia Santuah, Alice Siu, Ayaga Bawah, Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Kathleen Giles

Journal of Public Deliberation

This article poses the problem of public consultation in developing countries and applies a solution in Ghana as a test case. It describes the theoretical rationale for deliberative consultation with random samples, describes specific criteria for success, and then assesses an application under the challenging conditions of a developing country. It builds on notions of “deliberative democracy,” and shows how they can be practically realized in an African context through “Deliberative Polling” (DP). The challenge is that the context is one of the poorest parts of one of the poorest countries in Africa. Rather than consulting just stakeholders, or self-selected ...


Do Private Household Transfers To The Elderly Respond To Public Pension Benefits? Evidence From Rural China, Plamen Nikolov, Alan Adelman 2019 State University of New York (Binghamton)

Do Private Household Transfers To The Elderly Respond To Public Pension Benefits? Evidence From Rural China, Plamen Nikolov, Alan Adelman

Economics Faculty Scholarship

Aging populations in developing countries have spurred the introduction of public pension programs to preserve the standard of living for the elderly. The often-overlooked mechanism of intergenerational transfers, however, can dampen these intended policy effects, as adult children who make income contributions to their parents could adjust their behavior in response to changes in their parents’ income. Exploiting a unique policy intervention in China, we examine using a difference-in-difference-in-differences (DDD) approach how a new pension program impacts inter vivos transfers. We show that pension benefits lower the propensity of adult children to transfer income to elderly parents in the context ...


The Causes And Consequences Of Student Discipline Disparities, Jon Valant 2019 The Brookings Institution

The Causes And Consequences Of Student Discipline Disparities, Jon Valant

Lectures/Events (BMW)

As part of the Brookings Scholar Lecture Series, Brookings Mountain West invites you to a lecture titled "The Causes and Consequences of Student Discipline Disparities " by Fellow in Governance Studies, Brown Center on Education Policy, Jon Valant. Students of color and students from low-income families are suspended or expelled from school at much higher rates than their white and non-poor peers. This lecture presented data on discipline disparities. It considered explanations such as discrimination in how schools punish students and whether majority-minority and majority-white schools approach discipline differently. This discussion is placed in the context of local, state, and federal ...


Drugs And Society: Ethical Implications Of Medical Marijuana Legalization, Barry Lee, Hannah Faith Ahrens, Aubrey St. John 2019 Olivet Nazarene University

Drugs And Society: Ethical Implications Of Medical Marijuana Legalization, Barry Lee, Hannah Faith Ahrens, Aubrey St. John

Scholar Week 2016 - present

The duty of social workers is to advocate for a myriad of options in favor of societal well-being. Confined by its Schedule I classification, advocates of medical marijuana urge the government to reclassify the substance. Reclassification of medical marijuana sanctions broader exploration of both its benefits and ramifications.


Challenging The Politics Of The Teacher Accountability Movement: Toward A More Hopeful Educational Future, 2019 Bank Street College of Education

Challenging The Politics Of The Teacher Accountability Movement: Toward A More Hopeful Educational Future

Occasional Paper Series

No abstract provided.


Beyond The Sentimental Cliche: How Local Communities Impact Residents And Shape Public Opinion, Kate Brunk 2019 Illinois State University

Beyond The Sentimental Cliche: How Local Communities Impact Residents And Shape Public Opinion, Kate Brunk

Theses and Dissertations

The Trump administration has recently established a rule that will prohibit abortion services providers from receiving Title X funds for the non-abortion family planning services they provide. Little public opinion research has focused on family planning and reproductive health topics outside of abortion. I find statistically significant experimental evidence that increasing perceptions of local need for a local reproductive health clinic caused subjects to be more supportive of federal reproductive health funding for local clinics. I did not find statistically significant correlational evidence that objective measures of poor reproductive health at the county level influence public opinion on federal reproductive ...


High Consequence Safety Research And Policy: The Us Airline Application, Calissa Spooner, Tori Kobayashi, Brent D. Bowen 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

High Consequence Safety Research And Policy: The Us Airline Application, Calissa Spooner, Tori Kobayashi, Brent D. Bowen

Student Works

The implementation of safety programs in Flight Operations has been successful since the Federal Aviation Administration formally introduced Safety Management Systems (SMS) procedures in 2000. The addition of safety programs like SMS into aviation organizations has been confirmed to improve safety culture, communication, and overall hazard mitigation. This research explores the changes and improvements that are made in maintenance programs where an SMS is formally implemented. In the United States it is legal for children under the age of twenty-four months to fly in commercial aircraft on the lap of a parent or guardian, while being unsecured or unrestrained. Throughout ...


A Good Investment: The Updated Productivity Of Public Charter Schools In Eight U.S. Cities, Corey A. DeAngelis, Patrick J. Wolf, Larry D. Maloney, Jay F. May 2019 Cato Institute

A Good Investment: The Updated Productivity Of Public Charter Schools In Eight U.S. Cities, Corey A. Deangelis, Patrick J. Wolf, Larry D. Maloney, Jay F. May

School Choice Demonstration Project

In 2015-16, the United States spent over $660 billion on its public education system in hopes of providing children with greater opportunities to excel academically and to improve their life trajectories. While public education dollars have risen at a relatively fast pace historically, future challenges, including underfunded pension liabilities, suggest policymakers should economize wherever possible. Meanwhile, the number of public charter schools has increased exponentially. From 1991 to 2018, charter school legislation passed in 44 states and the nation’s capital, and student enrollment in charters increased to around 3.2 million.


Restraint And Seclusion In Schools: Understanding The Keeping All Students Safe Act (Kassa), 2018-2019 Cohort of New Hampshire-Maine Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental and Related Disabilities (NH-ME LEND) Program Trainees 2019 The University of Maine

Restraint And Seclusion In Schools: Understanding The Keeping All Students Safe Act (Kassa), 2018-2019 Cohort Of New Hampshire-Maine Leadership Education In Neurodevelopmental And Related Disabilities (Nh-Me Lend) Program Trainees

Policy Analysis

The use of restraint and seclusion for managing children’s behaviors in schools has led to physical and psychological harm, and, in the most extreme cases, even death. For more than a decade, the level of research and concern regarding restraint and seclusion in schools has grown. The experience of being restrained and secluded in school can be traumatizing and life-altering, particularly for children with developmental, mental health, or intellectual disabilities. While adults and children in mental health and correctional facilities are protected by law from the unnecessary use of restraints and seclusion, no federal law protects our children in ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Media And Legislative Rhetoric On Gun Control, Samyuktha Mahadevan 2019 William & Mary

A Comparative Analysis Of Media And Legislative Rhetoric On Gun Control, Samyuktha Mahadevan

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this paper, I analyze the use of language in the debates on gun laws in three different countries: the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. Through systematic analysis of both legislative debates and media coverage of gun violence and gun control, I identify the major frames utilized by these political elites and news networks when discussing the issue.My findings show that there are indeed measurable differences between the rhetoric used by both legislators and the media. Each country has both shared and unique frames that are used by both types of actors. The rhetoric in the United ...


Urban Environmental Gentrification: Evaluating The Impact Large Green Infrastructure Projects Have On Urban Residents, Maxim Maiello 2019 William & Mary

Urban Environmental Gentrification: Evaluating The Impact Large Green Infrastructure Projects Have On Urban Residents, Maxim Maiello

Undergraduate Honors Theses

With the rise of the environmental movement nationally and internationally, American cities are becoming increasingly focused on environmental initiatives to improve environmental quality, boost economic revenue, and better the quality of life for urban residents. Cities across the country have adopted the trend of implementing Large Green Infrastructure Projects, converting formerly developed but now unused areas into environment-oriented parks, based on the model project of the New York City High Line. While these projects benefit urban communities economically, socially, and environmentally, they often do so at the expense of minority and low-income residents. The Large Green Infrastructure Projects generally increase ...


The 2018 Midterms In The Mountain West, Molly Reynolds 2019 The Brookings Institution

The 2018 Midterms In The Mountain West, Molly Reynolds

Brookings Mountain West Publications

The 116th Congress has begun with a bang, with a protracted government shutdown and promises of aggressive oversight from the new Democratic House majority. To understand how we got to this point—and where we might be going in 2020—a look back at the 2018 elections is valuable. As a region, the Mountain West—Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah—provides useful insights into broader national political dynamics across all levels of government, from Congress to state legislatures.


Prosecutorial Discretion: The Difficulty And Necessity Of Public Inquiry, Bruce A. Green 2019 Penn State Dickinson Law

Prosecutorial Discretion: The Difficulty And Necessity Of Public Inquiry, Bruce A. Green

Dickinson Law Review

Prosecutors’ discretionary decisions have enormous impact on individuals and communities. Often, prosecutors exercise their vast power and discretion in questionable ways. This Article argues that, to encourage prosecutors to use their power wisely and not abusively, there is a need for more informed public discussion of prosecutorial discretion, particularly with regard to prosecutors’ discretionary decisions about whether to bring criminal charges and which charges to bring. But the Article also highlights two reasons why informed public discussion is difficult—first, because public and professional expectations about how prosecutors should use their power are vague; and, second, because, particularly in individual ...


Desegregating Schooling In Hartford, Connecticut: The 1996 Sheff V. O’Neill Court Case And Two Decades Of Integration Policy, Adam Bloom 2019 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

Desegregating Schooling In Hartford, Connecticut: The 1996 Sheff V. O’Neill Court Case And Two Decades Of Integration Policy, Adam Bloom

Senior Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


Title Ix In The Age Of Trump: An Evaluation Of Institutional Administrators’ Responses To The Proposed New Guidelines, Brooke M. LePage 2019 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

Title Ix In The Age Of Trump: An Evaluation Of Institutional Administrators’ Responses To The Proposed New Guidelines, Brooke M. Lepage

Senior Theses and Projects

This thesis examines the impact of the Title IX proposed new guidance that Secretary of Education under President Trump, Betsy DeVos, released in November 2018 as well as institutional administrator’s responses regarding how these proposed changes will impact their students and their ability to do their jobs. Ultimately, the answers to these questions are used to evaluate the level to which institutional administrators are committed to the Obama-era guidance in light of the new proposed guidance. In order to assess these questions, this thesis utilizes an IRB-approved survey about the proposed change in definition of sexual harassment, change in ...


Not In My Backyard: The Participation Of Local Governments In Federal Immigration Detention Through Intergovernmental Service Agreements, Brooke Williams 2019 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

Not In My Backyard: The Participation Of Local Governments In Federal Immigration Detention Through Intergovernmental Service Agreements, Brooke Williams

Senior Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


A New Approach To Gentrification: Using The Case Of Hartford To Discover The Reasons Certain Cities Have Not Gentrified., Matthew Boyle 2019 Trinity College

A New Approach To Gentrification: Using The Case Of Hartford To Discover The Reasons Certain Cities Have Not Gentrified., Matthew Boyle

Senior Theses and Projects

This thesis presents a new way of looking at and studying gentrification in light of the significant differences of opinion on the subject still found in scholarship roughly 50 years after it first appeared in scholarly literature. Understanding why gentrification does not occur may provide the broadly accepted insights into the phenomenon that studies so far have failed to provide. To initiate this new direction in the literature, I examine the case of Hartford, Connecticut, an old former industrial town that has not gentrified despite having a strong presence of service industry employment and many wealthy suburbs within its metropolitan ...


Arrested Development: Political Barriers To Modern Pretrial Reform, Alexander Love 2019 William & Mary

Arrested Development: Political Barriers To Modern Pretrial Reform, Alexander Love

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Across the United States, pretrial incarceration is a major driver of climbing jail populations. One specific reform, called pretrial services is being instituted to some degree all across the country; however, most Americans still do not have access to these reforms. This paper will examine the distribution of pretrial reform and the partisan factors that influence access to pretrial services. Using both state-level analysis and county-level analysis of Virginia, this paper shows that areas with higher proportions of Republican voters are less likely to have pretrial services. The final chapter shows that this effect is partially explainable in Virginia due ...


Telecommunications Regulation In The Uae: The Interconnectedness Of Better Governance And Regulatory Performance, Mahra Abdullah Ali Alghawi 2019 United Arab Emirates University

Telecommunications Regulation In The Uae: The Interconnectedness Of Better Governance And Regulatory Performance, Mahra Abdullah Ali Alghawi

Political Science Theses

This research focuses on the Telecommunications Regulation in the UAE and studies the interrelationship of ‘better public governance’ and ‘performance’ of telecommunications regulation in the UAE. The work is a reexamination of the thesis that “Countries with better (governance) institutions have better telecom regulators”, and, “Private regulated firms achieve the same public interest goals as state-owned firms”. The study analyzes public governance in the UAE using six internationally recognized criteria: ‘voice accountability’, ‘political stability’, ‘government effectiveness’, ‘regulatory quality’, ‘rule of law’ and ‘control of corruption’. It analyzes the quality of regulatory governance by the Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA) in the ...


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