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The Nebraska Minority Justice Committee Progress Report 2010, 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Nebraska Minority Justice Committee Progress Report 2010

Publications of the University of Nebraska Public Policy Center

The Nebraska Minority Justice Committee (MJC) is a unique statewide collaboration that works to develop and implement just and sustainable policy reforms that will not only improve the system of justice but will also strengthen public trust and confidence in our laws and court system. The Committee is a joint effort of the Nebraska State Bar Association and the Nebraska Supreme Court, appointed by the Supreme Court in May of 2003 in response to a Task Force’s two-year investigation of racial and ethnic fairness in Nebraska’s court system.

The mission of the Committee is to achieve three primary ...


Torch (January 2010), Brandon Baldwin, Civil Rights Team Project 2010 University of Southern Maine

Torch (January 2010), Brandon Baldwin, Civil Rights Team Project

Torch: The Civil Rights Team Project Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Reinventing Maine Government: How Mainers Can Shape A Sustainable Government And A New Prosperity, Alan Caron, David Osborne 2010 Envision Maine

Reinventing Maine Government: How Mainers Can Shape A Sustainable Government And A New Prosperity, Alan Caron, David Osborne

Maine Policy Review

In this commentary the authors highlight the challenges Maine faces. They suggest areas where the state could spend less, based on national comparative figures. They discuss what they call the “three ticking time bombs” in the state: the aging workforce, unfunded pension liabilities, and escalating costs of healthcare, and review what they consider to be inefficient structures in government at all levels. They argue that new thinking and new approaches are needed, and make a number of recommendations for “reinventing government” in Maine.


Putting Equity Back In Reverse Mortgages: Helping Seniors Retire With Dignity, Andrew C. Helman 2010 Andrew Helman

Putting Equity Back In Reverse Mortgages: Helping Seniors Retire With Dignity, Andrew C. Helman

Maine Policy Review

Policymakers can help some seniors age in place through policies to strengthen private-sector reverse mortgages. In reverse mortgages, individuals who may be “house rich but cash poor” can use their home’s equity to receive regular income or get money through a credit line. Andrew Helman argues that state legislatures can help seniors avoid the “tricks and traps” of reverse mortgages by estab­lishing programs in which lenders who agree to play by rules that ensure the safety and security of such mortgages are placed on a “preferred” list for seniors seeking a loan. He observes that laying the groundwork ...


Ireland: The Challenges Of Building Research In A Binary He Culture, Ellen Hazelkorn, Amanda Moynihan 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Ireland: The Challenges Of Building Research In A Binary He Culture, Ellen Hazelkorn, Amanda Moynihan

Books/Book chapters

No abstract provided.


Evaluating Strategies To Create Successful Business Incubators In Massachusetts Gateway Cities, Sonya C. Smith 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Evaluating Strategies To Create Successful Business Incubators In Massachusetts Gateway Cities, Sonya C. Smith

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This thesis evaluates economic development, planning, public policy, and business strategies to create successful business incubators in Massachusetts’ post-industrial cities. These post-industrial cities in Massachusetts are dubbed “Gateway Cities” because they were once the economic engines of the region as well as areas of entry for many foreign-born residences to live and work. These cities have been recently plagued by high unemployment, poverty, and low business investment as many businesses, especially manufacturing, have located elsewhere. Legislation and policies involving redistribution of wealth to these Gateway Cities has recently been enacted to strengthen these communities. Although there currently isn’t a ...


Panel Data Inference Under Spatial Dependence, Badi H. Baltagi, Alain Pirotte 2010 Syracuse University

Panel Data Inference Under Spatial Dependence, Badi H. Baltagi, Alain Pirotte

Center for Policy Research

This paper focuses on inference based on the usual panel data estimators of a one-way error component regression model when the true specification is a spatial error component model. Among the estimators considered, are pooled OLS, random and fixed effects, maximum likelihood under normality, etc. The spatial effects capture the cross-section dependence, and the usual panel data estimators ignore this dependence. Two popular forms of spatial autocorrelation are considered, namely, spatial auto-regressive random effects (SAR-RE) and spatial moving average random effects (SMA-RE). We show that when the spatial coefficients are large, test of hypothesis based on the usual panel data ...


Poverty, Partnership And Punctuation:The Rise Of Irish Social Partnership In Comparative Perspective, Keeley Wynne Stokes 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

Poverty, Partnership And Punctuation:The Rise Of Irish Social Partnership In Comparative Perspective, Keeley Wynne Stokes

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This study considers the development of social partnership in Ireland via a comparative analysis of institutional friction, political and economic conditions and causal ideas. Starting from the punctuated equilibrium framework as developed by Baumgartner and Jones, this work asks ― What explains episodes of dramatic policy change?‖ The analysis utilizes a mixed-methods research design to address policy change across time and space, departing from conventional explanations to focus on the role of ideas in shaping policy choices. Using original data the punctuated equilibrium framework is tested in three stages, beginning with a comparative analysis of institutional friction within social welfare policies ...


Fairness, Justice And An Individual Basis For Public Policy, Douglas R. Oxley 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Fairness, Justice And An Individual Basis For Public Policy, Douglas R. Oxley

Political Science Department -- Theses, Dissertations, and Student Scholarship

Prior models of the policy process have examined how human characteristics can affect policy decision-making in such a way that it leads to aggregate effects on policy outcomes as a whole. I develop a model of the policy process which suggests that emotions related to fair and unfair experiences in the same policy domain are utilized by decision-makers as policy criteria. In the lab, I empirically tested this, and find that emotions and experience related to fairness do influence the policy decision to move away from the status quo alternative. Based upon this result, I simulated the evolution of a ...


Bite-Sized Democracy: The Virtues Of Incremental Change, Peter Mills 2010 The University of Maine

Bite-Sized Democracy: The Virtues Of Incremental Change, Peter Mills

Maine Policy Review

In the Margaret Chase Smith Essay, Peter Mills draws on his long years of public service in both houses of the Maine Legislature to reflect on the values of gradual, incremental change in public policy.


Public Higher Education Governance: An Empirical Examination, Jacob Fowles 2010 University of Kentucky

Public Higher Education Governance: An Empirical Examination, Jacob Fowles

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

Public higher education is a large enterprise in the United States. Total state expenditures for higher education totaled nearly $152 billion dollars in FY2008, accounting for over ten percent of total state expenditures and representing the single largest category of discretionary spending in most states (NASBO, 2009). The last three decades have witnessed the introduction of hundreds of pieces of legislation across states which make structural changes to state higher education governance systems (Marcus, 1997; McLendon, Deaton, and Hearn, 2007). Despite the ubiquity of state higher education governance change much remains unknown, both in terms of why states choose to ...


Photovoice As Authentic Civic Engagement: Lessons Learned In One Immigrant Community, Meg Merrick, Angie Mejia 2010 Portland State University

Photovoice As Authentic Civic Engagement: Lessons Learned In One Immigrant Community, Meg Merrick, Angie Mejia

Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies Publications

It is widely acknowledged that equitable and sustainable public policy can only be achieved when it is informed by the concerns, hopes, and experiences of those who are affected. Public agencies wishing to engage recent immigrants can find this to be challenging, however. Effective public participation and civic engagement can be difficult when community members cannot speak English and/or come from very different cultural and political environments. The Chronic Disease Prevention Program (CDPP) of the Multnomah County Health Department and Metro, two public agencies serving the Portland, Oregon region, have actively sought to learn from the experiences of immigrant ...


The Social Security Reforms In Chile: Can A Privatized System Work?, Daniel Altman 2010 University of Redlands

The Social Security Reforms In Chile: Can A Privatized System Work?, Daniel Altman

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Chile implemented a privatized Social Security system in 1924. The system was designed to provide benefits to all individuals within the state. However inefficiency and lack of contribution hindered the state-run program from the beginning. In 1952 politicians implemented a "Pay as you go System" (PAYGO) which encouraged individuals to put their savings into a government run savings account. Once again a lack of contributions combined with government deficits and benefits received by non-contributors, hindered the system. In 1980 Chile privatized Social Security industry and required all individuals who entered the workforce after 1980 to use Administradora de Fondo de ...


Evaluation Of The Humanitarian Mine Action Activities Of Norwegian People's Aid, Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining 2010 GICHD

Evaluation Of The Humanitarian Mine Action Activities Of Norwegian People's Aid, Geneva International Center For Humanitarian Demining

Global CWD Repository

This report presents the findings, conclusions and recommendations of an evaluation of the Norwegian support to Norwegian People's Aid's mine action programmes commissioned by Norad's Evaluation Department and undertaken by COWI A/S. The evaluation provides information on the results of Norwegian People's Aid's humanitarian mine activities, and provides recommendations that can be used in future identification, design, and implementation of humanitarian mine activities.


Portfolio Of Mine Action Projects 2010, United Nations Mine Action Service 2010 UNMAS

Portfolio Of Mine Action Projects 2010, United Nations Mine Action Service

Global CWD Repository

Since the anti-personnel mine-ban treaty was adopted in September 1997, mine action has helped an ever-increasing number of civilians reclaim their lives and restore their livelihoods. The treaty has helped mobilize the international community’s response to landmines and their impact on people. It is a testament to what can be achieved when we collectively take on a grave humanitarian and development challenge.

The United Nations pledges to assist mine-affected countries in meeting their obligations under the anti-personnel mine-ban treaty and other international norms related to mine action. The United Nations continues to clear areas known or believed to be ...


Jordan's National Mine Action Plan (2010-2015), National Committee for Demining and Rehabilitation 2010 James Madison University

Jordan's National Mine Action Plan (2010-2015), National Committee For Demining And Rehabilitation

Global CWD Repository

This second national mine action plan (NMAP) builds on the progress made during the 2005-2009 period. The 2010-2015 plan describes the remaining challenges and NCDR's plans and activities as it enters the final kilometres of its work to make Jordan a safer place.


Evaluation Of The United Nations Mine Action Programme In The Democratic Republic Of The Congo, Anne Capelle, Chris Lang 2010 James Madison University

Evaluation Of The United Nations Mine Action Programme In The Democratic Republic Of The Congo, Anne Capelle, Chris Lang

Global CWD Repository

The team found that mid to long term planning was insufficient to meet the changing context of the country. There team felt that there was a clear lack of congruence between mine action strategies and the countrywide priorities and strategic direction. The team believes that there is currently too much emphasis placed on creating a functional national mine action structure to the detriment to mid to long term planning for actual clearance activities in the country. The team also found that limited consideration has been placed on ensuring a long term solution to dealing with any residual mine and UXO ...


Iraq Mine Action Strategy (2010-2012), Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining 2010 James Madison University

Iraq Mine Action Strategy (2010-2012), Geneva International Centre For Humanitarian Demining

Global CWD Repository

The first draft of a mine action strategy in Iraq was formulated in 2004 in line with the urgent requirement to structure and organize mine action in Iraq in order to support national development priorities in line with the National Development Strategy (NDS).

At the time of the development of this strategy it was not clear what the role of each of the involved Ministries, civil society organizations and the United Nations support program for mine action, which made it incapable of achieving it goals in a manner consistent with that stage.

And thus the current mine action strategy was ...


The Politic 2010 Winter, The Politic, Inc. 2010 Yale University

The Politic 2010 Winter, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Changing Patterns Xvi: Mortgage Lending To Traditionally Underseved Borrowers & Neighborhoods In Boston, Greater Boston And Massachusetts, 2008, Jim Campen 2010 University of Massachusetts Boston

Changing Patterns Xvi: Mortgage Lending To Traditionally Underseved Borrowers & Neighborhoods In Boston, Greater Boston And Massachusetts, 2008, Jim Campen

Gastón Institute Publications

This is the sixteenth in the annual series of Changing Patterns reports prepared for the Massachusetts Community & Banking Council (MCBC) by the present author. The series is aptly named: mortgage lending since 1990 has indeed been characterized by “changing patterns.” In recent years, the major focus of the series shifted from concern for fair access to credit for traditionally underserved borrowers and neighborhoods to concern for access to fair credit for these same borrowers and neighborhoods. This reflects the extent to which the problem of redlining had become overshadowed by the problem of reverse redlining, whereby areas that previously had difficulty getting any mortgage loans at all became specifically targeted for higher-cost mortgage loans.

This year’s report offers information on patterns of mortgage lending during 2008, a year when there was very little subprime lending. While the limited subprime lending that remains continues to show substantial racial and ethnic disparities, this most recently changed pattern shifts attention back toward the original problem of fair access to good loans for traditionally underserved borrowers and neighborhoods.

The report presents information for the city of Boston, for Greater Boston, and for Massachusetts, as well as for each of the state’s fourteen counties and each of its thirty-three largest cities and towns. The primary data source is federal Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) data for 2008, supplemented by data on population and income from the U.S. Census Bureau and annual data on metropolitan area income levels from the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The report is restricted to first-lien loans for owner-occupied homes. It gives particular attention to higher-cost loans, identified in HMDA data as having annual percentage rates (APRs) at least three percentage points higher than the current interest rate on long-term U.S. Treasury bonds; these loans are referred to in this report as high-APR loans, or HALs.


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