Aboriginal Performance Cultures And Language Revitalization: Foundations, Discontinuities, And Possibilities, 2016 The University of Western Ontario
Aboriginal Performance Cultures And Language Revitalization: Foundations, Discontinuities, And Possibilities, Remi Alie
Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology
This paper address the question of how indigenous art and performance culture(s) can contribute to institutionalized language revitalization efforts in Canada, through their use of threatened indigenous languages. Drawing from a wide range of sources published between 1988 and 2014 by scholars, the Assembly of First Nations, departments and agencies of the Canadian government, and artistic practitioners, I illustrate the absence of performance from the available literature on language revitalization. By analyzing these documents thematically, I argue that a substantial shift occurred in the public discourse surrounding language revitalization between the 1980s and 1990s, and the mid- to late-2000s ...
Who Cares How Congress Really Works?, 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Who Cares How Congress Really Works?, Ryan David Doerfler
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
Legislative intent is a fiction. Courts and scholars accept this by and large. As this Article shows, however, both are confused as to why, and, more importantly, as to what this entails.
This Article argues that the standard account of why legislative intent is a fiction—that Congress is a “they,” not an “it”—rests on an overly simplistic conception of shared agency. Drawing on contemporary work in philosophy of action, this Article contends that Congress as such has no intentions not because of difficulties in aggregating the intentions of individual members, but rather because Congress lacks the sort of ...
The Problem With Words: Plain Language And Public Participation In Rulemaking, 2016 Cornell Law School
The Problem With Words: Plain Language And Public Participation In Rulemaking, Cynthia R. Farina, Mary J. Newhart, Cheryl Blake
Cynthia R. Farina
This Article, part of the special issue commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of the Administrative Conference of the United States (“ACUS”), situates ACUS’s recommendations for improving public rulemaking participation in the context of the federal “plain language” movement. The connection between broader, better public participation and more comprehensible rulemaking materials seems obvious, and ACUS recommendations have recognized this connection for almost half a century. Remarkably, though, the series of presidential and statutory plain-language directives on this topic have not even mentioned the relationship of comprehensibility to participation until very recently. In 2012, the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (“OIRA ...
Administrative Law: The U.S. And Beyond, 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Administrative Law: The U.S. And Beyond, Cary Coglianese
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
Administrative law constrains and directs the behavior of officials in the many governmental bodies responsible for implementing legislation and handling governance responsibilities on a daily basis. This field of law consists of procedures for decision making by these administrative bodies, including rules about transparency and public participation. It also encompasses oversight practices provided by legislatures, courts, and elected executives. The way that administrative law affects the behavior of government officials holds important implications for the fulfillment of democratic principles as well as effective governance in society. This paper highlights salient political theory and legal issues fundamental to the U.S ...
Best Practices For Self-Exclusion Reinstatement And Renewal, 2016 Responsible Gambling Council
Best Practices For Self-Exclusion Reinstatement And Renewal, Alex Price
International Conference on Gambling & Risk Taking
While many studies have examined self-exclusion few have focused on the processes through which gamblers return at the end of their agreements. In 2014, the RGC Centre for the Advancement of Best Practices examined voluntary self-exclusion reinstatement and renewal in an effort to develop evidence-informed best-practices for both land-based and online gambling operations. The presentation outlines the findings of the study and the recommended best practices for reintegration and ban renewal.
The study examined a range of practices around the world. In the end the study recommended an active reinstatement process in which all participants are required to apply to ...
Better Work And Global Governance, 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York
Better Work And Global Governance, Paul Alois
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
This dissertation is a case study of Better Work, a program run by the International Labor Organization and the International Finance Corporation. It aims to improve working conditions and productivity in the apparel industry. The purpose of this case study is to examine the role that international organizations can play in global governance. The research presented here comes from interviews, document analysis, and an examination of quantitative data on factories’ working conditions. In-person interviews were conducted in the United States, Switzerland, Vietnam, and Indonesia; many phone interviews took place with individuals in other countries. Both publicly available documents and internal ...
The One Exhibition The Roots Of The Lgbt Equality Movement One Magazine & The First Gay Supreme Court Case In U.S. History 1943-1958, 2016 California State University - San Bernardino
The One Exhibition The Roots Of The Lgbt Equality Movement One Magazine & The First Gay Supreme Court Case In U.S. History 1943-1958, Joshua R. Edmundson
Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations
The ONE Exhibition explores an era in American history marked by intense government sponsored anti-gay persecution and the genesis of the LGBT equality movement. The study begins during World War II, continues through the McCarthy era and the founding of the nation’s first gay magazine, and ends in 1958 with the first gay Supreme Court case in U.S. history.
Central to the story is ONE The Homosexual Magazine, and its founders, as they embarked on a quest for LGBT equality by establishing the first ongoing nationwide forum for gay people in the U.S., and challenged the government ...
Foundling Fathers: (Non-)Marriage And Parental Rights In The Age Of Equality, 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Foundling Fathers: (Non-)Marriage And Parental Rights In The Age Of Equality, Serena Mayeri
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
The twentieth-century equality revolution established the principle of sex neutrality in the law of marriage and divorce and eased the most severe legal disabilities traditionally imposed upon nonmarital children. Formal equality under the law eluded nonmarital parents, however. Although unwed fathers won unprecedented legal rights and recognition in a series of Supreme Court cases decided in the 1970s and 1980s, they failed to achieve constitutional parity with mothers or with married and divorced fathers. This Article excavates nonmarital fathers’ quest for equal rights, until now a mere footnote in the history of constitutional equality law.
Unmarried fathers lacked a social ...
Promoting Immigrant And Human Rights At The Local Level: A Case Study Of The Welcome Dayton Initiative (Abstract), Theo J. Majka, Jamie Longazel
Hazelton, Pennsylvania and Dayton, Ohio represent contrasting examples of community reactions to increases in immigrants. Both cities have experienced de-manufacturing in recent decades. In reaction to an influx of Latinos, Hazelton enacted the 2006 Illegal Immigration Relief Act (IIRA) which placed severe restrictions on the rights of undocumenteds. In contrast, the Dayton City Commission passed the Welcome Dayton: Immigrant-Friendly City initiative in 2011 with the goal of facilitating the integration of immigrant residents.
Hazelton’s developers used tax incentives to establish warehouses, distribution centers, and a meatpacking plant, resulting in a significant demographic change.
However, in adopting a neoliberal approach ...
A 'Revolution Of Values' In Immigrant Rights Advocacy (Abstract), 2016 University of Dayton
A 'Revolution Of Values' In Immigrant Rights Advocacy (Abstract), Jamie Longazel
We have moved from the era of civil rights to the era of human rights,” Martin Luther King Jr. told Southern Christian Leadership Conference members in 1967 as they prepared to launch the Poor People’s Campaign, “an era where we are called upon to raise certain questions about the whole society.” King called for a “revolution of values” and a recognition of the interconnectedness “of racism, economic exploitation, and militarism.” The goal of the campaign was economic security for all so that poor people can maintain dignity and “control their own destiny.” This paper lays out advocacy strategies applicable ...
Changing Advocacy Practices In A Changing World: An Evaluation Of Oxfam America’S Influencing Work In A Shifting International Ngo Culture, Emily Sloe Goodman
From hunger and forced displacement to climate change and global economic inequality, society today must contend with the compounding impacts of manmade crises threatening and reshaping our planet and livelihoods in real time. As states and transnational actors approach a new era of development, the role of civil society remains critical to push decision makers and governing bodies to be accountable, inclusive, just, progressive and rights focused.
Toward this end, a growing number of civil society organizations are acknowledging that states, citizens and civil society in the Global South must lead their own development path. This is catalyzing a significant ...
Defending A Mixed Economy, 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Defending A Mixed Economy, Herbert J. Hovenkamp
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
This essay reviews Jacob S. Hacker's and Paul Pierson's very engaging book, American Amnesia: How the War on Government Led Us to Forget what Made America Prosper (2016).
Uncontrolled Experiments From The Laboratories Of Democracy: Traditional Cash Welfare, Federalism, And Welfare Reform, 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Uncontrolled Experiments From The Laboratories Of Democracy: Traditional Cash Welfare, Federalism, And Welfare Reform, Jonah B. Gelbach
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
In this chapter I discuss the history and basic incentive effects of two key U.S. cash assistance programs aimed at families with children. Starting roughly in the 1980s, critics of the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program argued that the program -- designed largely to cut relatively small checks -- failed to end poverty or promote work. After years of federally provided waivers that allowed states to experiment with changes to their AFDC programs, the critics in 1996 won the outright elimination of AFDC. It was replaced by the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program, over which states ...
Imposing Change: Analyzing Lustration Policies In Post-War Iraq And Germany, 2016 College of William and Mary
Imposing Change: Analyzing Lustration Policies In Post-War Iraq And Germany, Michael Thomas Hamilton
Undergraduate Honors Theses
This thesis studies how different domestic level variables influence post-regime change personnel reform programs. It evaluates how regime affiliation, ethnic divisions, and democratic experiences with the target society can influence whether personnel reform programs succeed or fail. I generate three hypotheses about the effects of the three domestic level variables on policy effectiveness. The validity of these hypotheses are then tested through process tracing and two in depth case studies: de-Nazification in post-WWII occupied Germany and de-Baathification in post-2003 Iraq. An analysis of these case studies prompts future research and suggestions for policy direction based on the overall conclusion that ...
"Refugee Industrial Complex," Neoliberal Governance Within The Resettlement Industry And Its Effects: Is An Alternative Structure Possible?, Amira F. Al-Dasouqi
International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)
Within the current political climate and discussions surrounding displacement, refugee resettlement is a ‘hot-button’ issue. While working at one of the largest resettlement agencies in New England, the author began to analyze how power itself is structured within the Refugee Resettlement Industry (RRI) nationally. This paper argues that the RRI is embedded within neoliberal governance and can be better understood and improved with this understanding. The author argues for the term “Refugee [Resettlement] Industrial Complex,” to more adequately understand the ways that power is enacted through the current structure, and how it inhibits social justice work rooted in advocating for ...
A Constitutional Political Economy Perspective On The Colonization Of Mars, 2016 University of Pennsylvania
A Constitutional Political Economy Perspective On The Colonization Of Mars, Shashank Sirivolu
Honors Theses (PPE)
NASA has released an account of the agency's plans for a mission to Mars. Private organizations, like SpaceX, too have expressed a goal to visit or, in some cases, even establish settlements on Mars. Yet the prospect of establishing settlements, that is, colonizing - as opposed to simply exploring - raises a number of issues. The focus of this study is on the emergence of institutions and organizations on an extraterrestrial planet like Mars. Specifically, the thesis will explore the conscious design of organizations and institutions of collective action, from the Constitutional Political Economy perspective.
Disrupt, Deny, Dismantle: A Special Operations Forces (Sof) Model For Combatting New Terrorism, 2016 Liberty University
Disrupt, Deny, Dismantle: A Special Operations Forces (Sof) Model For Combatting New Terrorism, Will Gunzelman
Faculty Publications and Presentations
Terrorism in the new millennium has morphed drastically since the 1970s. The terrorist organizations of today are a hybrid between the insurgent group models of the 1960s and modern terrorist organizations such as Al Qaeda. This hybrid model has created what has become a transnational insurgency recruited, trained, and led by major terrorist networks such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). Even smaller regional groups such as Boko Haram have surpassed merely conducting terrorist attacks. These smaller groups are also focused on controlling territory. Tan (2008) refers to this change as “New Terrorism”. To combat New ...
United In Diversity? The Political Implications Of Intra- Eu Migration, 2016 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut
United In Diversity? The Political Implications Of Intra- Eu Migration, Isabel Monteleone
Senior Theses and Projects
Intra-EU migration is a phenomenon innate to the structure of the European Union. A politico-economic union of twenty-eight countries, the EU does what no other alliance of countries has endeavored before, serving as a unique product of globalization and integration, in every sense of the word. Bound almost entirely by a common currency, the European Union is established in the belief that economic cooperation in Europe can be achieved through the principle of free movement, despite each member states’ individual way of life, language, and political, religious, and cultural ideology.
Since intra-EU migration allows for the possibility of EU integration ...
Jesus With A Kalashnikov: Examining Marxist Elements In Liberation Theology And Soviet Influence On Its Origins, Todd "Cameron" Swathwood Jr
Senior Honors Theses
Liberation theology emerged as a prominent feature of religion and politics in the 1960s. Since the beginning, detractors have noted the overtly Marxist tendencies within this ideology. This thesis introduces the core concepts and presuppositions of liberation theology itself, and then focuses on specific and varied allegations concerning any influence the Soviet Union may have had on its formation and propagation. Particular weight is lent to the testimony of Lieutenant General Ion Mihai Pacepa, formerly the head of Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceauşescu’s national intelligence service and the highest-ranking defector ever received from the Soviet Bloc. Pacepa has shared his ...
Leadership And Corruption In Governance: A Case Study Of Liberia, 2016 SIT Graduate Institute
Leadership And Corruption In Governance: A Case Study Of Liberia, Theresa Okpokwu
Writers like Mutasa (2009) and Ebegbulem (2012) argues that Africa is both the poorest continent in the world and one of the richest in terms of natural resources. Consistent with this observation the history of Liberia indicates that corrupt leadership deprives the general population of its fair access to Africa’s rich resources while exacerbating ineffective government bureaucracy and underdevelopment. The bureaucratized central government in turn entrenches corrupt practices which give rise to more serious underdevelopment as well as insurgencies and a possible state failure.
Given this background, this study examines how leadership and corruption in governance affects socioeconomic development ...