Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Peace and Conflict Studies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

5,439 Full-Text Articles 3,078 Authors 855,498 Downloads 157 Institutions

All Articles in Peace and Conflict Studies

Faceted Search

5,439 full-text articles. Page 6 of 169.

“Square Peg In A Round Hole” An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Of Workers’ Experiences With Workplace Conflict, Katherine Joanna Sosa 2019 Nova Southeastern University

“Square Peg In A Round Hole” An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Of Workers’ Experiences With Workplace Conflict, Katherine Joanna Sosa

Department of Conflict Resolution Studies Theses and Dissertations

Conflict is a predictable aspect of organizational life. Research indicates that workers spend the majority of their lifetime at work and that unresolved conflict is one of the largest reducible costs in organizations. However, the majority of employee conflicts are not accurately addressed by rights-and-power based conflict management systems. This Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) study explored the experiences and perceptions of workers who had been involved in an unresolved or escalated workplace conflict that was of consequence in their lives. The study sought to learn how it impacted them and how they made sense of the conflict, their organizations, and ...


The U.S. Army In The Iraq War – Volume 2: Surge And Withdrawal, 2007-2011, Jeanne Godfroy, Matthew Zais, Joel D. Rayburn, Frank Sobchack, James Powell, Matthew Morton 2019 United States Military Academy

The U.S. Army In The Iraq War – Volume 2: Surge And Withdrawal, 2007-2011, Jeanne Godfroy, Matthew Zais, Joel D. Rayburn, Frank Sobchack, James Powell, Matthew Morton

West Point Books

The Iraq War has been the costliest U.S. conflict since the Vietnam War. To date, few official studies have been conducted to review what happened, why it happened, and what lessons should be drawn. The U.S. Army in the Iraq War is the Army's initial operational level analysis of this conflict, written in narrative format, with assessments and lessons embedded throughout the work. This study reviews the conflict from a Landpower perspective and includes the contributions of coalition allies, the U.S. Marine Corps, and special operations forces. Presented principally from the point of view of the ...


The U.S. Army In The Iraq War – Volume 1: Invasion – Insurgency – Civil War, 2003-2006, Jeanne Godfroy, Matthew Zais, Joel D. Rayburn, Frank Sobchack, James Powell, Matthew Morton 2019 United States Military Academy

The U.S. Army In The Iraq War – Volume 1: Invasion – Insurgency – Civil War, 2003-2006, Jeanne Godfroy, Matthew Zais, Joel D. Rayburn, Frank Sobchack, James Powell, Matthew Morton

West Point Books

The Iraq War has been the costliest U.S. conflict since the Vietnam War. To date, few official studies have been conducted to review what happened, why it happened, and what lessons should be drawn. The U.S. Army in the Iraq War is the Army's initial operational level analysis of this conflict, written in narrative format, with assessments and lessons embedded throughout the work. This study reviews the conflict from a Landpower perspective and includes the contributions of coalition allies, the U.S. Marine Corps, and special operations forces. Presented principally from the point of view of the ...


Liability, Responsibility, And Sexual Exploitation And Abuse: The Problematic Implications Of United Nations Discourse For Addressing Sexual Exploitation And Abuse By Un Personnel, Mallory C. Hale 2019 University of Colorado Boulder

Liability, Responsibility, And Sexual Exploitation And Abuse: The Problematic Implications Of United Nations Discourse For Addressing Sexual Exploitation And Abuse By Un Personnel, Mallory C. Hale

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this paper, I examine how the United Nations (UN) discourse regarding sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) by UN personnel constructs the problem of SEA and distances the UN from institutional liability and responsibility. The documents analyzed are from 2002 to 2018.

I make the argument that the UN discourse depicts SEA as being a problem of military personnel as opposed to civilian personnel. This attribution of the problem to military personnel is done through the deployment of racialized, gendered tropes regarding Global South masculinities. The use of tropes is made possible because military personnel are overwhelmingly men from the ...


Inclusión Laboral De Excombatientes: Una Revisión A Las Acciones De Inclusión Laboral De La Agencia De Reincorporación Y Normalización A La Luz De La Responsabilidad Social Empresarial, Natalia Zulay Rodríguez Sotaquirá, Irma Constanza Montenegro Méndez, Diana Zavala Fierro 2019 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Inclusión Laboral De Excombatientes: Una Revisión A Las Acciones De Inclusión Laboral De La Agencia De Reincorporación Y Normalización A La Luz De La Responsabilidad Social Empresarial, Natalia Zulay Rodríguez Sotaquirá, Irma Constanza Montenegro Méndez, Diana Zavala Fierro

Maestría en Estudios y Gestión del Desarrollo – MEGD

Colombia es el país del mundo con mayor tiempo, experiencia y programas de reintegración de excombatientes aplicados. Parte fundamental del proceso de reintegración consiste en la Inclusión Laboral, razón por la cual esta investigación se concentra en el análisis de las acciones de Inclusión Laboral adelantadas por la Agencia de Reincorporación y Normalización –ARN-, a fin de identificar las fortalezas y áreas de oportunidad que desde la Responsabilidad Social Empresarial pueden ser abordadas. A través de una revisión documental cuidadosa y detallada de los documentos publicados sobre la Responsabilidad social empresarial del Siglo XXI y su interés en la construcción ...


Grievance Group Index, State Legitimacy Index, External Intervention Index, And Global Terrorism, Hassan Hmoud Elkatawneh 2019 Walden University

Grievance Group Index, State Legitimacy Index, External Intervention Index, And Global Terrorism, Hassan Hmoud Elkatawneh

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The purpose of this quantitative cross-sectional study was to obtain a more accurate diagnosis of the factors that incite terrorism through examining the extent to which independent variables (the Group Grievance Index (GGI), the Legitimate State Index (LSI), and the External Intervention Index (EII)) can predict the dependent variable (the level of global terrorism (GTI)) for the period between 2006-2017. The study included data from the 162 member states of the United Nations, covering 99.7% of the world's population. Game theory and the political process theory provided the theoretical frameworks for the study. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was ...


Unmas 2018 Annual Report, United Nations Mine Action Service 2019 UNMAS

Unmas 2018 Annual Report, United Nations Mine Action Service

Global CWD Repository

The United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) works in 18 countries and territories on four continents, helping affected communities, Member States, United Nations entities and partners to reduce the threat posed by mines, explosive remnants of war, improvised explosive devices and unplanned explosions or looting of conventional weapons and ammunition stockpiles. This annual report provides an overview of the achievements of UNMAS in 2018. Its impact continues to be critical, concrete and broad. In post-conflict situations, mine action is an essential foundation for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Mine action makes it possible for displaced persons and refugees to return ...


Gichd Strategy 2019-2022, Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining 2019 GICHD

Gichd Strategy 2019-2022, Geneva International Center For Humanitarian Demining

Global CWD Repository

“A world in which communities thrive, free from risks from explosive ordnance.” This is the vision that guides the GICHD 2019-2022 Strategy. Its four Strategic Objectives: Supporting the Conventions, Protecting communities from explosive harm, The safe return of land and infrastructure to people, and Gender equality and inclusion, will guide the GICHD’s work over the next four years and enable our partners to reduce the risks of explosive ordnance.


United Nations (Un) Mine Action Strategy 2019-2023, United Nations Mine Action Service 2019 UNMAS

United Nations (Un) Mine Action Strategy 2019-2023, United Nations Mine Action Service

Global CWD Repository

The United Nations Mine Action Strategy 2019-2023 is an accountability framework for the UN system. The Strategy reflects the collective engagement of the United Nations Inter-Agency Coordination Group on Mine Action (IACG-MA). Members contribute to the objectives of the Strategy in accordance with their respective mandates and ensure the effective integration of mine action within global and country-level coordination mechanisms, including those relevant to humanitarian, peace and security, and development frameworks.


Re-Evaluating Burton’S Human Needs Approach From Critical Theory Perspectives, Gavin John Bradshaw, Casper Lötter 2019 James Madison University

Re-Evaluating Burton’S Human Needs Approach From Critical Theory Perspectives, Gavin John Bradshaw, Casper Lötter

International Journal of Peace Studies

An initial response to the thought-provoking critique of John Burton’s conflict resolution approach by Laureen Park (2010), became a substantive re-evaluation of Burton’s Human Needs approach. Her critique is based on the idea that Burton’s basic human needs approach is ‘biological’, and overly deterministic, and therefore to be rejected out of hand. We defend Burton’s position, using the ideas of the very Critical Theory/psychoanalysis and poststructuralist perspectives that she also uses, and point out that Burton’s thinking is ultimately not entirely at odds with the central tenets of the first, second and third generation ...


Redefining Protection Intervention In Humanitarian Aid Through External Factors: A Case Study Of Niger, Valerie Svobodova 2019 Walden University

Redefining Protection Intervention In Humanitarian Aid Through External Factors: A Case Study Of Niger, Valerie Svobodova

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The magnitude of internal displacement worldwide is growing every year and represents a tripling of the existing number of refugees worldwide. Internally displaced persons have specific vulnerabilities and the system of assistance to them needs to be adapted and revised. The purpose of this case study was to identify external factors that influence protection interventions for internally displaced persons in humanitarian response. Using Benet's Polarities of Democracy theory and the Theory of Change Conceptual Framework as a framework, the study sought to identify key external factors influencing protection intervention in humanitarian aid settings. Data for this study was gathered ...


International Journal Of Peace Studies Volume 24, Number 1, Summer 2019, 2019 James Madison University

International Journal Of Peace Studies Volume 24, Number 1, Summer 2019

International Journal of Peace Studies

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents, 2019 James Madison University

Table Of Contents

International Journal of Peace Studies

No abstract provided.


Eroding The Barrier Between Peace And Justice: Transitional Justice Mechanisms And Sustainable Peace, Jeffery D. Pugh 2019 James Madison University

Eroding The Barrier Between Peace And Justice: Transitional Justice Mechanisms And Sustainable Peace, Jeffery D. Pugh

International Journal of Peace Studies

The expansion of international trials over the last decades has reinvigorated the debate surrounding the efficacy of retributive justice over restorative justice in response to mass humanitarian crises. This study examines the ways different transitional justice models contribute to stable peace. It suggests that a hybrid utilization of both restorative justice mechanisms (e.g., amnesty) and retributive justice mechanisms (e.g., trials) is most effective in achieving a stable peace in a post-accord state, and that context is an important intervening factor. Using a mixed method approach, I first examine a group of 25 test cases, analyzing the relationship between ...


The ‘Evidentiary Bind’ In Postwar Land Restitution: The Case Of Sri Lanka, Jon D. Unruh 2019 James Madison University

The ‘Evidentiary Bind’ In Postwar Land Restitution: The Case Of Sri Lanka, Jon D. Unruh

International Journal of Peace Studies

The enormity of the world’s dislocated population generated by contemporary conflicts has brought significant attention to a complicated process of returning housing, land and property (HLP) to their rightful occupants once conditions permit. As the complexity of large-scale HLP restitution becomes increasingly apparent, significant obstacles emerge that require examination. This article describes how the ‘evidentiary bind’ is such an obstacle. This bind emerges when large-scale HLP restitution processes require titles and deeds to be in the possession of the population who are the least likely to have them—the forcibly displaced. The technical, legal and political inability to acknowledge ...


Puzzles, Problems And Provention: Burton And Beyond, Terry Beitzel 2019 James Madison University

Puzzles, Problems And Provention: Burton And Beyond, Terry Beitzel

International Journal of Peace Studies

The following provides a brief overview of one of the founders of conflict studies, John Burton, and his Basic Human Needs theory. Since Burton is seldomly cited in contemporary scholarship1 the following relies heavily on the reflections of David Dunn, published in 2004 and on a collection of writings written by Burton’s colleagues in 1990. While a set of questions remain incredibly important — are needs universal, how do they differ from interests and desires, do they exist in a hierarchy of importance, and, what is the relation between needs and culture? — the following concentrates primarily on two features that ...


Information About The Authors, 2019 James Madison University

Information About The Authors

International Journal of Peace Studies

No abstract provided.


Conditions Affecting The Outcome Of Peace Operations In Post-Cold War Africa, Aaron Kyle Smith 2019 University of Denver

Conditions Affecting The Outcome Of Peace Operations In Post-Cold War Africa, Aaron Kyle Smith

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

What factors have led to successful outcomes in international peace operations conducted in Sub Saharan African countries? What factors explain mission failure? I proposed a basic theory of peace operations that linked conflict conditions to mandate design to the capability of an intervening force deployed for mission implementation developed from arguments and empirical results of previous research.

Data on 86 peace operations that occurred in 23 African states covering 33 separate conflict periods between 1990 and 2015 was analyzed. My main findings showed that mandates were derived from conflict assessments and determined the size of intervening force required. The results ...


Call For Proposals 2019: The Social Practice Of Human Rights, University of Dayton 2019 University of Dayton

Call For Proposals 2019: The Social Practice Of Human Rights, University Of Dayton

Content presented at the Social Practice of Human Rights Conference

2019 marks 30 years since the end of the Cold War and the beginning of an era pregnant with promise and potential for human rights, democracy, and global governance.

Yet today, global capitalism drives widening and deepening inequalities. Its dependence on natural resource extraction and exploitation is hastening ecological collapse. Authoritarianism and populism have risen from the rubble of liberalism’s inability to deliver on its pledges. Technology, once promoted as a panacea for transnational boundary breaking and democratization, further empowers the powerful to reshape politics and upend notions of privacy, social life, information, employment, and even biology.

Critics have ...


From Inclusive Governance To Peace: Exploring African Governance Systems, Karolina Werner 2019 Wilfrid Laurier University

From Inclusive Governance To Peace: Exploring African Governance Systems, Karolina Werner

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

This dissertation defines and explores the concept of inclusive governance, highlighting linkages between inclusion in governance, legitimacy, and peace. Focusing specifically on the inclusion of traditional, local systems of governance in state government, I explore the unique role traditional institutions have as a bridge between the communities they serve and the government. I examine the relationship between governance, quality of inclusion, legitimacy, and sustainable peace through case studies, challenging prevailing narratives and conceptualizing inclusive governance through a reflexive analysis of existing literature, theory, and empirical evidence.

I offer a case study analysis of Uganda highlighting the relationship between state government ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress