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A Slight Re-Telling Of The David And Goliath Story: Surprising Power Dynamics In Proxy Relationships, Ruiyang Wang 2019 Claremont Colleges

A Slight Re-Telling Of The David And Goliath Story: Surprising Power Dynamics In Proxy Relationships, Ruiyang Wang

CMC Senior Theses

This thesis discusses how local forces, despite being the weaker actor in a proxy relationship, manipulate external powers’ support to pursue their own objectives. Three factors – practical advantage, relative will, and diverging objectives – explain this counterintuitive power dynamic. First, local forces have better local knowledge, more extensive networks, and greater legitimacy, which give them leverage and make them desirable partners. Second, local forces' involvement is often existential rather than selective; unlike external powers, local forces are thus unconstrained by domestic political vulnerabilities. This enables them to close the significant power gap with external powers. Third, local forces' objectives may diverge ...


The U.S. Army In The Iraq War – Volume 2: Surge And Withdrawal, 2007-2011, Jeanne Godfroy, Matthew Zais, Joel D. Rayburn, Frank Sobchack, James Powell, Matthew Morton 2019 United States Military Academy

The U.S. Army In The Iraq War – Volume 2: Surge And Withdrawal, 2007-2011, Jeanne Godfroy, Matthew Zais, Joel D. Rayburn, Frank Sobchack, James Powell, Matthew Morton

West Point Books

The Iraq War has been the costliest U.S. conflict since the Vietnam War. To date, few official studies have been conducted to review what happened, why it happened, and what lessons should be drawn. The U.S. Army in the Iraq War is the Army's initial operational level analysis of this conflict, written in narrative format, with assessments and lessons embedded throughout the work. This study reviews the conflict from a Landpower perspective and includes the contributions of coalition allies, the U.S. Marine Corps, and special operations forces. Presented principally from the point of view of the ...


The U.S. Army In The Iraq War – Volume 1: Invasion – Insurgency – Civil War, 2003-2006, Jeanne Godfroy, Matthew Zais, Joel D. Rayburn, Frank Sobchack, James Powell, Matthew Morton 2019 United States Military Academy

The U.S. Army In The Iraq War – Volume 1: Invasion – Insurgency – Civil War, 2003-2006, Jeanne Godfroy, Matthew Zais, Joel D. Rayburn, Frank Sobchack, James Powell, Matthew Morton

West Point Books

The Iraq War has been the costliest U.S. conflict since the Vietnam War. To date, few official studies have been conducted to review what happened, why it happened, and what lessons should be drawn. The U.S. Army in the Iraq War is the Army's initial operational level analysis of this conflict, written in narrative format, with assessments and lessons embedded throughout the work. This study reviews the conflict from a Landpower perspective and includes the contributions of coalition allies, the U.S. Marine Corps, and special operations forces. Presented principally from the point of view of the ...


Feminización De Las Ocupaciones Y Diferencias Salariales Por Género Para Colombia Urbana: 2008-2016, Maria Camila Palacios Riaño 2019 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Feminización De Las Ocupaciones Y Diferencias Salariales Por Género Para Colombia Urbana: 2008-2016, Maria Camila Palacios Riaño

Economía

Evidencia empírica sugiere que, como resultado de la segregación ocupacional en la brecha salarial de género, las ocupaciones mayoritariamente desarrolladas por mujeres ofrecen salarios más bajos para ambos sexos. La concentración constante en grupos de trabajo con salarios bajos perpetúa al mismo tiempo el fenómeno de segregación y la desventaja salarial por género. El presente trabajo sigue la metodología utilizada por Isaza Castro (2013), donde se realiza una clasificación de las ocupaciones para el caso colombiano y una estimación de ecuaciones de salarios para hombres y mujeres controlando por la proporción de mujeres existente al interior de cada ocupación como ...


Inclusión Laboral De Excombatientes: Una Revisión A Las Acciones De Inclusión Laboral De La Agencia De Reincorporación Y Normalización A La Luz De La Responsabilidad Social Empresarial, Natalia Zulay Rodríguez Sotaquirá, Irma Constanza Montenegro Méndez, Diana Zavala Fierro 2019 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Inclusión Laboral De Excombatientes: Una Revisión A Las Acciones De Inclusión Laboral De La Agencia De Reincorporación Y Normalización A La Luz De La Responsabilidad Social Empresarial, Natalia Zulay Rodríguez Sotaquirá, Irma Constanza Montenegro Méndez, Diana Zavala Fierro

Maestría en Estudios y Gestión del Desarrollo – MEGD

Colombia es el país del mundo con mayor tiempo, experiencia y programas de reintegración de excombatientes aplicados. Parte fundamental del proceso de reintegración consiste en la Inclusión Laboral, razón por la cual esta investigación se concentra en el análisis de las acciones de Inclusión Laboral adelantadas por la Agencia de Reincorporación y Normalización –ARN-, a fin de identificar las fortalezas y áreas de oportunidad que desde la Responsabilidad Social Empresarial pueden ser abordadas. A través de una revisión documental cuidadosa y detallada de los documentos publicados sobre la Responsabilidad social empresarial del Siglo XXI y su interés en la construcción ...


Unmas 2018 Annual Report, United Nations Mine Action Service 2019 UNMAS

Unmas 2018 Annual Report, United Nations Mine Action Service

Global CWD Repository

The United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) works in 18 countries and territories on four continents, helping affected communities, Member States, United Nations entities and partners to reduce the threat posed by mines, explosive remnants of war, improvised explosive devices and unplanned explosions or looting of conventional weapons and ammunition stockpiles. This annual report provides an overview of the achievements of UNMAS in 2018. Its impact continues to be critical, concrete and broad. In post-conflict situations, mine action is an essential foundation for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Mine action makes it possible for displaced persons and refugees to return ...


Gichd Strategy 2019-2022, Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining 2019 GICHD

Gichd Strategy 2019-2022, Geneva International Center For Humanitarian Demining

Global CWD Repository

“A world in which communities thrive, free from risks from explosive ordnance.” This is the vision that guides the GICHD 2019-2022 Strategy. Its four Strategic Objectives: Supporting the Conventions, Protecting communities from explosive harm, The safe return of land and infrastructure to people, and Gender equality and inclusion, will guide the GICHD’s work over the next four years and enable our partners to reduce the risks of explosive ordnance.


United Nations (Un) Mine Action Strategy 2019-2023, United Nations Mine Action Service 2019 UNMAS

United Nations (Un) Mine Action Strategy 2019-2023, United Nations Mine Action Service

Global CWD Repository

The United Nations Mine Action Strategy 2019-2023 is an accountability framework for the UN system. The Strategy reflects the collective engagement of the United Nations Inter-Agency Coordination Group on Mine Action (IACG-MA). Members contribute to the objectives of the Strategy in accordance with their respective mandates and ensure the effective integration of mine action within global and country-level coordination mechanisms, including those relevant to humanitarian, peace and security, and development frameworks.


The Causes, Dynamics, And Implications Of Child Soldiering, Christopher Faulkner 2019 University of Central Florida

The Causes, Dynamics, And Implications Of Child Soldiering, Christopher Faulkner

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Child soldiers continue to be regular participants in modern conflicts in many different parts of the world. This dissertation addresses several interrelated questions about child soldiering employing large-N statistical analyses, process-tracing, and in-depth interviews. First, it asks how foreign state support and the characteristics of these donors influence rebels' recruitment of child soldiers. An important finding is that rebels supported by democratic states are less likely to employ child soldiers. It then investigates the factors and conditions that lead some groups to diversify their demographics in the types of recruits and others to not. Specifically, it considers why a rebel ...


The Operational And Administrative Militaries, Mark P. Nevitt 2019 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Operational And Administrative Militaries, Mark P. Nevitt

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This Article offers a new way of thinking about the military. The U.S. military’s existing legal architecture arose from tragedy: in response to operational military failures in Vietnam, the 1980 failed Iranian hostage rescue attempt and other military misadventures, Congress revamped the Department of Defense (DoD)’s organization. The resulting law, the Goldwater-Nichols Act, formed two militaries within the DoD that endure to this day. These two militaries – the operational military and the administrative military – were once opaque to the outside observer but have emerged from the shadows in light of recent conflicts. The operational military remains the ...


Export Control Awareness: The Initial Discussion & Necessary Considerations Of Engaging In Export Control Practices At Eastern Washington University, Michael G. Watts 2019 Eastern Washington University

Export Control Awareness: The Initial Discussion & Necessary Considerations Of Engaging In Export Control Practices At Eastern Washington University, Michael G. Watts

EWU Masters Thesis Collection

This research project examines export control policy in the United States, mainly the 1976 Arms Export Control Act (AECA) and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) as it relates to research practices in higher education. The goal of this project is to raise awareness of the current export control regulations, examine the importance of academic freedom in higher education, illustrate Eastern Washington University’s (EWU) growing research potential, and offer guidance for if or when EWU engages in export control related practices. In support of these goals, EWU’s 2018-2023 strategic plan, international student population, strength of STEM programming ...


Exogenous Shocks And Political Unrest, Didara Nurmanova 2019 University of Central Florida

Exogenous Shocks And Political Unrest, Didara Nurmanova

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores the role of exogenous shocks such as economic shocks and natural disasters in producing political unrest in the form of anti-government protests and ethnic riots. It is integrated by three articles, each covering a different topic. The first article argues that economic shocks play a crucial role in protest mobilization in rentier states conditional on weaker repressive capacity or higher taxation. Empirically, it conducts a cross-national study of high-resource dependent states in the period of 1995-2014. The second article contends that there is a variation in a degree to which a country's regions are exposed to ...


Superforecasting Or Snafu: The Forecasting Ability Of The Us Military Officer, David Raugh 2019 University of Central Florida

Superforecasting Or Snafu: The Forecasting Ability Of The Us Military Officer, David Raugh

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

What is the impact of military institutional tendencies and habits on U.S. Army senior officer forecasting accuracy and how does this forecasting ability shape success in battle? Military leaders plan operations based on the forecasted strengths and vulnerabilities of their adversary. Negative habits, such as limited option development, confirmation bias, doctrinal overreliance, and over-consideration of sunk costs, inhibit effective forecasting. The tempo of the modern battlefield, hierarchical culture, and institutional tendencies of the US Army may promote and reinforce these habits. I surveyed Colonels in US Army War College programs to measure their individual tendencies, levels of education, and ...


Terrorism In The Middle East: Implications On Egyptian Travel And Tourism, Tamer Z.F Mohamed, Tamer S. Elseyoufi 2018 Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Tainan

Terrorism In The Middle East: Implications On Egyptian Travel And Tourism, Tamer Z.F Mohamed, Tamer S. Elseyoufi

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

This paper attempts to shed the light on challenging issues affecting travel and tourism industry especially in the Middle East such as political, socio-economic and security instability. Due to its geopolitical and historical importance, the paper focuses on the situation in Egypt as a descriptive case study. The methodology relies on historical review and impact assessment to understand the roots and extended branches of instability in the Middle East that led to the Arab Spring, by focusing on the Egyptian case in the last half century. The assessment explains the negative effect of Western and Egyptian policy on extending the ...


Extended Commentary: Military Service Without The Common Rule, Harwood R. Garland II. 2018 University of North Georgia

Extended Commentary: Military Service Without The Common Rule, Harwood R. Garland Ii.

International Social Science Review

The Common Rule does not mention military service members, and hence does not protect them as a vulnerable class of people. Other laws offer protection in relations to clinical research on U.S. military service members, but they are far from the straightforward.


Tall Tales Of Danger And Security: How A Critical Human Security Approach Can Address Major Contradictions Revealed Through A Critical Narrative Analysis Of Dominant U.S. Security Strategies, Stephen Schneider 2018 The University of San Francisco

Tall Tales Of Danger And Security: How A Critical Human Security Approach Can Address Major Contradictions Revealed Through A Critical Narrative Analysis Of Dominant U.S. Security Strategies, Stephen Schneider

Master's Theses

Over many generations, humans have developed many perspectives and practices regarding the best ways to recognize and address what they perceive to be dangerous. Stories are used to help shape and narrate perceptions about the world, and they serve to pass on vital information that impacts how a society responds to threats and vulnerabilities. These narratives of danger and security are subjective to the experiences and political intentions of society, and therefore in many ways are partial and biased in their assessments and policies. This results in flawed security practices that may actually exacerbate threats or create new insecurities. What ...


Personality Profiling And Narratology: Implications For Why People Go Bad, Editor 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Personality Profiling And Narratology: Implications For Why People Go Bad, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article suggests the utility of narratology in the post-dictive profiling of political leaders.


Thoughts And Prayers, Chloe Kardasopoulos 2018 Chapman University

Thoughts And Prayers, Chloe Kardasopoulos

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Examining the symbolic Gun against its tangible counterpart illuminates abstract attachments of power and superiority this nation associates with the weapon. These elements loaded in the Gun transform the weapon into an object representative of American identity. Analyzing ideological commitments within the Gun guides a critical response to examine disproportionately increasing national gun violence against stagnant federal gun control. The ongoing gun debate must be analyzed in its entirety, beginning at its source - the Second Amendment. Scholars such as Gary Wills dissect the Second Amendment to extract its contextualized intent from modern writers’ manipulated interpretations. It is not the Amendment ...


Psycho-Political Assessment And Making People: What Can We Know?, Editor 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Psycho-Political Assessment And Making People: What Can We Know?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes foundational problems in even experts’ knowing people from formal psychological assessment to musings on human nature.


New Documents Shed Light: Why Did Peacekeepers Withdraw During Rwanda’S 1994 Genocide?, Emily A. Willard 2018 University of Washington

New Documents Shed Light: Why Did Peacekeepers Withdraw During Rwanda’S 1994 Genocide?, Emily A. Willard

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Why did the international community decide to withdraw United Nations peacekeeping troops from Rwanda during the 1994 genocide? Analysis of newly released documents and results from an international conference with former U.N. and government officials sheds further light on our understanding of what took place leading up to and during the Rwandan genocide. This article focuses on two key moments: 1) the United States’ reluctance to support the peacekeeping mission from before its mandate began and prior to the killing of U.S. troops in Somalia in autumn 1993; and the United States’ central role pushing the United Nations ...


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