Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Defense and Security Studies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

4,240 Full-Text Articles 2,268 Authors 994,764 Downloads 126 Institutions

All Articles in Defense and Security Studies

Faceted Search

4,240 full-text articles. Page 1 of 125.

Police Medical Field-Screening Proposal Plan, Logan Stevens 2019 Concordia University - Portland

Police Medical Field-Screening Proposal Plan, Logan Stevens

HSEM 494 Practicum/Capstone Project

This proposal document examines the collaboration between the Bend Police Department, Deschutes County Sheriff’s Office Jail, and St. Charles Medical Center Emergency Department and takes into consideration the professional opinions of all stakeholders who currently serve the community of Central Oregon in a variety of different capacities. The Bend Police Department (Bend PD) would like to see a solution that would benefit the citizens served by the department, while supporting the department’s core values of teamwork, integrity, and excellence. Bend PD is concerned about officer efficiency because it is critical for the department to strive to be good ...


Bandon Dunes Golf Resort Emergency Response And Preparedness Project Proposal, Georgia Williams 2019 Concordia University - Portland

Bandon Dunes Golf Resort Emergency Response And Preparedness Project Proposal, Georgia Williams

HSEM 494 Practicum/Capstone Project

Bandon Dunes Golf Resort has the priority of keeping their employees and guests safe on the property. This means the Resort must understand, plan, and respond to various threats in the area. Bandon Dunes Golf Resort is located along the Oregon coast just outside of the City of Bandon. The Resort must be prepared to respond to more common business disruptions and threats to the hospitality industry or private sector as well as infrequent catastrophic threats like an earthquake/tsunami on the Cascadia Subduction Zone. This catastrophic earthquake has been looming for years and would have a great effect on ...


Countering Violent Extremism In Trinidad And Tobago: An Evaluation, Daniel P. Aldrich, Raghunath Mahabir 2019 Northeastern University

Countering Violent Extremism In Trinidad And Tobago: An Evaluation, Daniel P. Aldrich, Raghunath Mahabir

Daniel P Aldrich

Much research has focused on explaining the very high rate of radicalization among a small number of Caribbean island nations. This paper instead investigates the history and current status of countering violent extremism policies in Trinidad and Tobago, focusing on government, international partners, and local NGO programming in the field. Through an analysis of extended interviews with grassroots organizations, politicians, and members of the security administration alongside a desk review of existing literature and evaluations of CVE programming, we seek to illuminate gaps between official policies and actual, on the ground practices. While authorities in Trinidad and Tobago have recognized ...


The Baltics And Ukraine: Geopolitical Hotspots, Bert Chapman 2019 Purdue University

The Baltics And Ukraine: Geopolitical Hotspots, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides detailed historical overview and contemporary analysis on why the Baltics and Ukraine are historical and remain contemporary geopolitical hotspots. Provides analysis of cultural economic, environmental, and security factors influencing long-standing contentiousness over these regions. Places emphasis on how Russian behavior and policies influence this contentiousness. Concludes by noting that differences between the U.S. and its allies and conflicts within the U.S. Government may limit the ability of the U.S. to effectively respond to events in these disputed regions.


Defense Spending By State - Nevada Fiscal Year 2017, Peter Grema, Caitlin Saladino, William E. Brown 2019 The Lincy Institute & Brookings Mountain West

Defense Spending By State - Nevada Fiscal Year 2017, Peter Grema, Caitlin Saladino, William E. Brown

Economic Development & Workforce

This Fact Sheet reprints two pages from the March 2019 DEFENSE SPENDING BY STATE (FISCAL YEAR 2017) publication issued by the United States Department of Defense: Office of Economic Adjustment for the purposes of relaying information related to defense spending in the State of Nevada.1 The original report presents data from fiscal year 2017, the most recent annual data available at the time of publication.


Good For The Military - Bad For The Nation?, George Fust 2019 United States Military Academy

Good For The Military - Bad For The Nation?, George Fust

West Point Research Papers

Has an overreliance on the military as a one-size-fits-all solution become so engrained that we no longer consider alternatives? Are domestic politics so intertwined with foreign affairs that the citizenry has no choice but to accept veterans to fill the ranks of the executive branch? Is there hope for the future? Can we rebalance the general orientation of our government? The outcome to all these questions can be arrived at in a favorable way if our military continues to embrace the Huntingtonian notion of objective control. If professionalism continues to guide the actions of our military’s senior leaders and ...


Multi-Domain Operations, Bad For Civil-Military Relations?, George Fust 2019 United States Military Academy

Multi-Domain Operations, Bad For Civil-Military Relations?, George Fust

West Point Research Papers

Is it possible that the U.S. military’s newest warfighting concept is bad for civil-military relations? The current lexicon for this new concept is multi-domain operations, or simply MDO.


Civ-Mil In Danger? Blame The Pundits, Not The Academies., George Fust 2019 United States Military Academy

Civ-Mil In Danger? Blame The Pundits, Not The Academies., George Fust

West Point Research Papers

I teach civil-military relations at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. While searching for readings for an elective course taught in the spring semester, I came across a 2010 article written in the L.A. Times, “An increasingly politicized military.” One passage stood out: “By all accounts, the curricula of the service academies and the war colleges give remarkably little attention to the central importance of civilian control. They do not systematically expose up-and-coming officers to intensive case studies and simulations designed to give them a sense of the principle’s real-world implications.” So where are we now ...


Current Military Academy Service Obligation: Good For Civil-Military Relations, George Fust 2019 United States Military Academy

Current Military Academy Service Obligation: Good For Civil-Military Relations, George Fust

West Point Research Papers

Imagine receiving a free undergraduate education at one of the best colleges in the United States. The military academies provide this. Any economist, however, will tell you that there is no such thing as a free lunch. The American tax payer foots the bill for all those who are admitted to attend one of the military’s academies. In exchange, these citizens will commission as officers and serve an obligation of five years on active duty. The most recent National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) includes a section directing the Secretary of Defense to assess if this five-year service obligation should ...


National Capacities And Residual Contamination (Croatia), Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining, Croatian Mine Action Centre 2019 GICHD

National Capacities And Residual Contamination (Croatia), Geneva International Center For Humanitarian Demining, Croatian Mine Action Centre

Global CWD Repository

Croatia is affected by explosive ordnance (EO) contamination that consists of mines and, to a lesser extent, explosive remnants of war (ERW), including cluster munition remnants, caused by the legacy of four years of armed conflict associated with the break-up of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s.

This case study documents Croatia’s experience of developing national systems and capacities to address residual contamination and to identify and present good practices and lessons learnt. In addition, this case study highlights the importance of a participatory and transparent long-term strategic planning process, including a comprehensive and ...


You Can’T Surge Trust: Lessons On Working With Allies And Partners, George Fust 2019 United States Military Academy

You Can’T Surge Trust: Lessons On Working With Allies And Partners, George Fust

West Point Research Papers

Today’s increasingly complex global operating environment can change at the speed of a tweet or viral video. It is therefore imperative for US forces to have the relationships that offer flexibility and options for any contingency—relationships established in advance of unforeseeable events. The world’s interconnectedness and US defense requirements demand partners and allies with whom we work effectively to bridge cultural gaps. Those relationships increase interoperability by creating realistic expectations and combating what can at times emerge as negative stereotypes. Further, shared experiences can help overcome misunderstandings and foster friendships that will be critical in times of ...


An Alternative Perspective Of Veteran Disapproval Of Recent Wars: The Civil-Military Health Of The Nation Is Strong, George Fust 2019 United States Military Academy

An Alternative Perspective Of Veteran Disapproval Of Recent Wars: The Civil-Military Health Of The Nation Is Strong, George Fust

West Point Research Papers

A Pew Research Center report published on July 10 suggests that most veterans of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan believe these wars are “not worth fighting.” What are the implications of these findings? What can they reveal about the health of U.S. civil-military relations? Is it dangerous for the guardians to be opposed to the mission they are directed to accomplish?


Highland Falls Is America, George Fust 2019 United States Military Academy

Highland Falls Is America, George Fust

West Point Research Papers

In 1957 Samuel Huntington published a highly influential book called the Soldier and the State. In the last paragraph he famously wrote “Highland Falls [represents] the American spirit at its most commonplace…today America can learn more from West Point than West Point from America.” This passage was controversial at the time and even cost Huntington tenure at Harvard. The book would go on to influence generations of civil-military relations scholars. While the sentiment may have been accurate in the 1950s, today’s Highland Falls represents everything America should be.


Citizen Chávez: The State, Social Movements, And Publics, Anthony Peter Spanakos 2019 Montclair State University

Citizen Chávez: The State, Social Movements, And Publics, Anthony Peter Spanakos

Anthony Spanakos

Scholars are divided over whether the emancipatory politics promised by new social movements can be attained within civil society or whether seizure of the state apparatus is necessary. The Bolivarian Revolution led by President Hugo Chávez presents a crucial case for examining this question. Chávez’s use of the state apparatus has been fundamental in broadening the concept of citizenship, but this extension of citizenship has occurred alongside the deliberate exclusion of others. This has not only limited its appeal as a citizenship project but created counterpublics that challenge the functioning of the government and its very legitimacy. Analysis of ...


Deriving A Solution To Venezuela: Civil-Military Relations Can Help, George Fust 2019 United States Military Academy

Deriving A Solution To Venezuela: Civil-Military Relations Can Help, George Fust

West Point Research Papers

How does one define “healthy” civil-military relations? The simplest definition would suggest a nation’s military is subordinate to its ruling body. In other words, the guys with all the guns listens to those without any. So how then would we evaluate this relationship in a country like Venezuela?


The Trojan Horse In Your Head: Cognitive Threats And How To Counter Them, Lora Pitman 2019 Old Dominion University

The Trojan Horse In Your Head: Cognitive Threats And How To Counter Them, Lora Pitman

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

Vulnerabilities of the human mind caused by the way it is designed to processes information have always been exploited in warfare, since the dawn of humanity. History is marked with frequent use of deceits and manipulations over the centuries, with examples ranging from the use of the Trojan Horse to Facebook’s user-profiling. While largely used over time, these tactics, that I call cognitive threats, have not been collectively examined. I hypothesize that they pose a security issue to which prevention strategies on different levels could be successfully applied. The research questions that this study asks are what the characteristics ...


Vietnam Ageing Study Management Of Explosive Remnants Of War (More), Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining 2019 GICHD

Vietnam Ageing Study Management Of Explosive Remnants Of War (More), Geneva International Center For Humanitarian Demining

Global CWD Repository

Every conflict leaves behind explosive remnants of war (ERW) in lesser or greater quantities depending upon the nature and duration of the conflict and the types and quantities of weapons used. How ERW are dealt with reflects local circumstances and conditions, as well as the influence of international humanitarian law (IHL), the availability of resources and prioritisation choices made by governments, international institutions and agencies. In many cases an initial period of proactive effort is followed, sooner or later, by the adoption of more reactive policies and practices. The duration of the transition period varies from country to country, but ...


Long-Term Risk Management Tools And Protocols For Residual Explosive Ordnance Mitigation (Vietnam), Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining, Vietnam National Mine Action Center 2019 GICHD

Long-Term Risk Management Tools And Protocols For Residual Explosive Ordnance Mitigation (Vietnam), Geneva International Center For Humanitarian Demining, Vietnam National Mine Action Center

Global CWD Repository

The Management of Residual Explosive Remnants of War (MORE) framework is a holistic long-term risk management (LTRM) approach for handling the reality of risks posed by explosive ordnance (EO). The current Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) project in Vietnam includes – amongst other objectives – the development and pilot of LTRM processes, tools and protocols in several provinces. Vietnam offers ideal preconditions for the testing of the concept.

Vietnam not being a signatory of binding conventions, yet with the recently signed national mine action decree, leaves the national authority and national mine action centre with the question of how to ...


Al-Qaeda Versus Boko Haram: Ideologies, Goals, And Outcomes, Radhika Shah 2019 Emory University

Al-Qaeda Versus Boko Haram: Ideologies, Goals, And Outcomes, Radhika Shah

International Journal of Security Studies

Since the 9/11 attacks, Islam has remained at the center of the global terrorism debate. In order to weaken Islamist terrorist groups, it is crucial to understand nuance differences in their ideologies and goals. This research focuses on two such groups, Boko Haram and al-Qaeda, and argues that despite the two groups’ Salafi-jihadist roots, the groups harbor sharply different ideologies and goals—and thus, different outcomes. The research finds that al-Qaeda adheres to a rigid organizational and goal-oriented structure, while Boko Haram’s bureaucracy is less clear and less organized. While al-Qaeda has a number of stated goals, Boko ...


Radicalization Through The Internet: How Isis Became So Successful And Why The United States Needs To Catch Up, Ana Sofia Florez 2019 Fordham University

Radicalization Through The Internet: How Isis Became So Successful And Why The United States Needs To Catch Up, Ana Sofia Florez

Senior Theses

It is no secret the Islamic State of Syria, otherwise known as ISIS, has become one of the most dangerous and brutal terrorist organizations in recent history. In recent years the Islamic State has been gaining strength and followers from around the world. Individuals from other countries will leave their homes and families after contact through social media to travel to Syria and fight alongside the organization. This thesis provides insight on the dangerous implications ISIS’s perfection on online recruitment and their successful radicalization tactics has. It will also provide an explanation as to why nations, specifically the United ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress