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The Role Of Dreams, Intuition, And Social Influences On Conscious Decision-Making Processes, Robert Bouffard 2019 University of Rhode Island

The Role Of Dreams, Intuition, And Social Influences On Conscious Decision-Making Processes, Robert Bouffard

Senior Honors Projects

The average person makes approximately 35,000 conscious decisions per day, which, accounting for the daily amount of sleep a person gets, is equivalent to a decision madeevery two seconds. Upon realizing the frequency, I sought to find a distinctive connectionbetween the conscious and unconscious when it pertains to how people make decisions. I hypothesized that people make decisions regarding their personal relationships with the help of intuition, which I considered to be the ultimate link between our dreams and our conscious thought. I also believed the concept of intuition was entirely dependent on our processing and decoding of dreams ...


The Impact Of Topic Valence On Interracial Interaction Outcomes: An Honors Thesis In Psychology, Victoria Gilooly 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Impact Of Topic Valence On Interracial Interaction Outcomes: An Honors Thesis In Psychology, Victoria Gilooly

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


When Social Media Takes Your Money: In-App Shopping And Buyer’S Remorse Study, Catie Jaffe 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

When Social Media Takes Your Money: In-App Shopping And Buyer’S Remorse Study, Catie Jaffe

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Isolation And Support Dynamics Among Concurrent Victims Of Sex Trafficking, Leslie Unger, Chitra Raghavan 2019 CUNY John Jay College

Isolation And Support Dynamics Among Concurrent Victims Of Sex Trafficking, Leslie Unger, Chitra Raghavan

Student Theses

The present study analyzed wiretap data to determine the characteristics of social support among concurrent victims of sex trafficking. Using a grounded theory approach to determine prevalent elements and themes that characterize interactions, conversations between women and conversations between pimps and women that involve concurrent victims as a topic of conversation were examined. A coding scheme was created based on the derived elements, and network patterns were analyzed. Finally, temporal patterns of conflict were examined to determine whether periods of heightened threat were used to punctuate periods of seeming calm, similar to that seen in research on coercive control and ...


Seeking And Ensuring Interdependence: Commitment Desirability And The Initiation And Maintenance Of Close Relationships, Kenneth TAN, Christopher R. AGNEW, Benjamin W. HADDEN 2019 Singapore Management University

Seeking And Ensuring Interdependence: Commitment Desirability And The Initiation And Maintenance Of Close Relationships, Kenneth Tan, Christopher R. Agnew, Benjamin W. Hadden

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

The current research offers and examines the concept of commitment desirability, defined as the subjective desire to be involvedin a committed romantic relationship at a given time. In pursuing their desire for a committed romance, how do individualshigh in commitment desirability strategically ensure success? We suggest that high perceived partner commitment is soughtby individuals who themselves desire to be involved in a committed relationship. In three studies involving individuals bothcurrently involved and not involved in a relationship, we found support for the hypothesized interactive effect of commitmentdesirability and perceived partner commitment, such that greater commitment desirability was associated with more ...


Who Needs Blame?: Answerability Without Expressed Blame, Sarah Gokhale 2019 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Who Needs Blame?: Answerability Without Expressed Blame, Sarah Gokhale

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation argues that we can hold other agents morally responsible without expressing blame and, more strongly, that doing so is preferable. I first argue that blame is fundamentally retributive, and that blame’s retributive foundation is incipiently present even in civilized guises. As such, even though some forms of expressed blame are quite civilized, expressed blame always involves a risk of emotional damage, entrenchment, and escalation. To make things worse, I argue that anger is an exacerbating feature of blame’s retributive foundation. I then argue that, generally speaking, cases of public blame involve higher stakes than cases of ...


Attitudes And Perspectives Towards Undocumented Immigration In The United States, Nicole Morgan 2019 The University of San Francisco

Attitudes And Perspectives Towards Undocumented Immigration In The United States, Nicole Morgan

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

Undocumented immigration has been a historically controversial political topic in the United States and under the Trump Administration. This study aims to look at attitudes towards immigration in the context of whether perception is related to ethnicity or rests on moral belief. It is hypothesized that individuals who score more conservative on the Moral Foundations Questionnaire (MFQ) are more likely to reflect more anti-immigration beliefs than individuals who score more liberal. It is expected that individuals who have read the Mexican vignette will reflect more anti-immigration beliefs than individuals who have read the Swedish vignette or ethnically ambiguous vignette.


Negative Emotional States As Predictors For Fomo, Kaitlyn Yuzeitis, Abbie Bliss, Taylor Sandlie, Nikki Honzel 2019 Carroll College, Helena, MT

Negative Emotional States As Predictors For Fomo, Kaitlyn Yuzeitis, Abbie Bliss, Taylor Sandlie, Nikki Honzel

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Fear of missing out (FoMO) is the feeling of being anxious, depressed, and/or angry when an event may be currently happening elsewhere. FoMO can also be defined as the fear that others may be having more rewarding experiences than you. The current study examines whether personality type or negative emotional states, like depression, anxiety, and/or stress, are greater contributors to fear of missing out in college students. One hundred eighty-one undergraduate students currently enrolled at Carroll College in Helena, Montana participated in a campus wide survey. Participants took three different questionnaires, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), The ...


Am I Graceful? The Effects Of Subtle Stereotype Threat On A Performed Soccer Dribbling Task, Tyra Rucker, Ashley Maes, Emma Hoppes, Emma Nylin 2019 Carroll College

Am I Graceful? The Effects Of Subtle Stereotype Threat On A Performed Soccer Dribbling Task, Tyra Rucker, Ashley Maes, Emma Hoppes, Emma Nylin

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

The purpose of our study was to research how various descriptions of a famous athlete could influence sports performance in undergraduates. Specifically, words such as “graceful” compared to “strong” were used to describe famous soccer player, Alex Morgan. The current research evaluated whether females would be more likely to complete a soccer dribbling task if they were given a subtle stereotype prior to the task. Participants were randomly selected to read a summary of famous female athlete, Alex Morgan that described her performance as “graceful” or “strong”. Our research expected to find that women performed with the least amount of ...


Modern Homonegativity At A Private, Catholic College: A Comparison Of Prejudice Toward Gay Men And Lesbian Women, Sydney Harris 2019 Carroll College

Modern Homonegativity At A Private, Catholic College: A Comparison Of Prejudice Toward Gay Men And Lesbian Women, Sydney Harris

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Homonegative attitudes, also known as negative attitudes toward homosexuals, are prevalent in our society. This study aims at measuring the homonegativity present among undergraduate students at a private, Catholic college using the Modern Homonegativity Scale (Morrison & Morrison, 2002). Researchers will also examine possible theoretical explanations regarding the presence of homonegativity. The Social and Economic Conservatism Scale (Everett, 2013) and the Anti-femininity Scale (Thompson, Jr. & Pleck, 1986) will be used to infer potential reasonings of homonegative attitudes. A comparison will be done between homonegativity toward gay men and homonegativity toward lesbian women in order to determine any significant differences among these ...


Racial Microaggressions Experienced By Students On Campus, Esmeralda Campos, Indy Bains, Jessica McManus PhD 2019 Carroll College

Racial Microaggressions Experienced By Students On Campus, Esmeralda Campos, Indy Bains, Jessica Mcmanus Phd

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

The purpose of this research is to examine racial microaggressions occurring on a college campus. Findings in this study wish to further enhance the capabilities of colleges and universities to assist racial minority groups on campus, thus hopefully bettering retention rates in the institution. The hypothesis is that racial minority students will see more racial microaggressions than white majority students on campus. The study recruited full-time students of Carroll College students who were recruited through promotion throughout campus. Racial and Ethnic Minority Scale (REMS) was used in the determination of students' experiences with

racial microaggression with subscales of Assumptions of ...


The Effects Of Being Labeled Smart By Friends: Burden Or Benefit?, Lauren Feldman, Isaac Abrams, Charlotte Bernot, Alexa DelMonte, Deegan Miller 2019 Ursinus College

The Effects Of Being Labeled Smart By Friends: Burden Or Benefit?, Lauren Feldman, Isaac Abrams, Charlotte Bernot, Alexa Delmonte, Deegan Miller

Psychology Presentations

No abstract provided.


Lgbtq+ Student Safety On Western Michigan University's Campus, Kaitlyn Sedorchuk 2019 Western Michigan University

Lgbtq+ Student Safety On Western Michigan University's Campus, Kaitlyn Sedorchuk

Honors Theses

Campus climate, in general, has been a popular area of research for many years, and this also includes campus climate for LGBTQ+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, plus) students. Outside of the campus climate survey done back in 2013, there has been no recent campus climate research done on Western Michigan University’s campus as of Spring 2019. This means that there has been no research focusing on queer students’ perceptions of Western’s campus, as well.

In order to help and rectify this and create a platform in which queer students attending Western Michigan University could share their experiences ...


Penn Face: Stigma And Mental Health Of Undergraduates At The University Of Pennsylvania, Rebecca Pels 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Penn Face: Stigma And Mental Health Of Undergraduates At The University Of Pennsylvania, Rebecca Pels

Anthropology Senior Theses

This thesis considers how undergraduate students at the University of Pennsylvania navigate mental health and its related struggles, considering willingness, or lack thereof, to seek help when it is needed. Focused on the nexus of mental health and minority status, the aim is to determine whether certain populations of undergraduates may be particularly reluctant to seek help or to discuss the struggles they are facing, thereby limiting the efficacy of current on-campus mental health resources such as Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS). “Penn Face” and stigmatization of mental illness are also considered. Data was obtained over the course of three ...


Domestic Violence And Women’S Mental Health, Grace T. Douglas 2019 California State University, Monterey Bay

Domestic Violence And Women’S Mental Health, Grace T. Douglas

Culture, Society and Praxis

No abstract provided.


Psychological Mechanisms Of Deliberative Transformation: The Role Of Group Identity, Luisa Maria Batalha, Simon Niemeyer, John S. Dryzek, John Gastil 2019 Australian Catholic University

Psychological Mechanisms Of Deliberative Transformation: The Role Of Group Identity, Luisa Maria Batalha, Simon Niemeyer, John S. Dryzek, John Gastil

Journal of Public Deliberation

Democratic deliberation has been shown to lead to shifts in people’s preferences for particular issues. The psychological mechanisms that underpin such shifts are not well understood. Against the backdrop of a deliberative forum we examined participants’ preferences for various types of political systems, how these preferences changed as deliberations proceeded and how the final preferences were associated with different levels of inclusiveness of a social identity. The results showed that at the end of the deliberations people’s preferences moved in the direction of satisfaction with the political system, and that this preference was positively associated with identification with ...


Children’S Evaluations Of Excluding An In-Group Member Who Help An Out-Group, Janel Cuevas, Lily Samiee, Makeda Mayes, Annabelle Farina, Santiago Gonzalez, Ariel Kasoff, Sabrina Ortiz, Aline Hitti Dr. 2019 University of San Francisco

Children’S Evaluations Of Excluding An In-Group Member Who Help An Out-Group, Janel Cuevas, Lily Samiee, Makeda Mayes, Annabelle Farina, Santiago Gonzalez, Ariel Kasoff, Sabrina Ortiz, Aline Hitti Dr.

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

What factors contribute to children’s exclusion of in-group members? Past research indicates that children and adolescents are often not willing to exclude in-group members, but might be more willing if in-group members challenged moral group norms (Hitti, Mulvey, Rutland, Abrams, & Killen, 2013). Additionally, it has been found that while children are more likely to help an in-group member but are willing to help an out-group member if they are in need (Sierksma, Thijs, and Verkuyten, 2015). Less is known about exclusion of in-group members who help out-groups in ways that come at a cost to one’s own group. The current study examined evaluations of excluding an in-group member who helps an out-group equally, a little, and a lot when the in-group had varying levels of need for a necessary resource

This study examined 174 responses from children (4th graders) and adolescents (8th graders) (M = 11.10, SD = 1.94), using three vignettes in which each group had varying levels of need for water: 1) both groups need the same, 2) in-group needs more water, and 3) out-group needs more water. Each participant received a scenario in which an in-group member either helped the out-group by distributing found water in ways such that he/she: 1) helped each group equally; 2) helped the out-group less than the in-group; and 3) helped the out-group more than the in-group. Three linear regression model were analyzed, for each need level, with approval of exclusion (“How okay or not okay do you think it is that the group decides that they do not want Sam in the group anymore?”, 1 = Really Not Okay ...


Do Private Household Transfers To The Elderly Respond To Public Pension Benefits? Evidence From Rural China, Plamen Nikolov, Alan Adelman 2019 State University of New York (Binghamton)

Do Private Household Transfers To The Elderly Respond To Public Pension Benefits? Evidence From Rural China, Plamen Nikolov, Alan Adelman

Economics Faculty Scholarship

Aging populations in developing countries have spurred the introduction of public pension programs to preserve the standard of living for the elderly. The often-overlooked mechanism of intergenerational transfers, however, can dampen these intended policy effects, as adult children who make income contributions to their parents could adjust their behavior in response to changes in their parents’ income. Exploiting a unique policy intervention in China, we examine using a difference-in-difference-in-differences (DDD) approach how a new pension program impacts inter vivos transfers. We show that pension benefits lower the propensity of adult children to transfer income to elderly parents in the context ...


Deaf And Hard Of Hearing Accessibility At Drive-Through Restaurants, Regina McLeod 2019 Western Michigan University

Deaf And Hard Of Hearing Accessibility At Drive-Through Restaurants, Regina Mcleod

Honors Theses

People who are deaf or hard of hearing deserve fair and accessible accommodations, which include drive-through restaurants. It is not a fair solution to force this population to go inside an establishment to order, especially due to the fact that many restaurants close the inside of their restaurants at night but will leave their drive-throughs open. According to legal cases and surveys conducted, accessibility at drive-through restaurants is a prodigious issue for members of the deaf and hard of hearing communities in the United States. Based upon these findings, there is a major lack of accessibility, in addition to discrimination ...


The Limits Of Sociality, Johnna B. McGovern 2019 University of Missouri, St. Louis

The Limits Of Sociality, Johnna B. Mcgovern

Theses

There is a longstanding tradition in Western philosophy of emphasizing the capacity for reflection in theories about humans’ characteristic nature. In Talking to Ourselves: Reflection, Ignorance, and Agency, John Doris attempts to shift the focus to an emphasis on human sociality. Particularly, Doris argues that sociality, both implicitly and in the form of collaborative reasoning, is what makes humans best equipped for moral improvement. This collaborativism possesses a defining role in his account of agency and responsibility. This thesis attempts to gain an understanding of how sociality affects moral behavior and to argue that it is not conducive to agency ...


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