The Effects Of Stereotypical Cues On The Social Categorization And Judgment Of Ambiguous-Race Targets, 2019 College of William and Mary
The Effects Of Stereotypical Cues On The Social Categorization And Judgment Of Ambiguous-Race Targets, Cheryl L. Dickter
No abstract provided.
Racial Ingroup And Outgroup Attention Biases Revealed By Event-Related Brain Potentials, 2019 College of William and Mary
Racial Ingroup And Outgroup Attention Biases Revealed By Event-Related Brain Potentials, Cheryl L. Dickter, B D. Bartholow
No abstract provided.
Autistic Traits And Social Anxiety Predict Differential Performance On Social Cognitive Tasks In Typically Developing Young Adults., 2019 College of William and Mary
Autistic Traits And Social Anxiety Predict Differential Performance On Social Cognitive Tasks In Typically Developing Young Adults., Cheryl L. Dickter, J A. Burk, K M. Fleckenstein, C T. Kozikowski
No abstract provided.
Faculty Change From Within: The Creation Of The Wmsure Program, 2019 College of William and Mary
Faculty Change From Within: The Creation Of The Wmsure Program, Cheryl L. Dickter, A H. Charity Hudley, H A. Franz, E A. Lambert
No abstract provided.
Characterizing Switching And Congruency Effects In The Implicit Association Test As Reactive And Proactive Cognitive Control, 2019 College of William and Mary
Characterizing Switching And Congruency Effects In The Implicit Association Test As Reactive And Proactive Cognitive Control, Cheryl L. Dickter, J Hilgard, B D. Bartholow, H Blanton
No abstract provided.
Eeg Methods For The Psychological Sciences, 2019 College of William and Mary
Eeg Methods For The Psychological Sciences, Cheryl L. Dickter, Paul Kieffaber
No abstract provided.
The Critical Thinking Component Regarding How Mass Media Increases Our Stress Levels, 2019 Nova Southeastern University
The Critical Thinking Component Regarding How Mass Media Increases Our Stress Levels, David B. Ross, Melissa Tara Sasso
Dr. Melissa Tara Sasso
No abstract provided.
Limitations Of Sensory Systems (Loss) Assessment, 2019 Pacific University
Limitations Of Sensory Systems (Loss) Assessment, Clarissa E. Steffen Ed.D.
This checklist is designed to assess the degree of loss in families with children who experience sensory system impairments and in specific issues with limitations to insight and awareness of self and others. There are 100 items in the checklist and the lower the score the higher degree of loss experienced. This is a pilot paper for this assessment of losses experienced within families who have children with sensory limitations, and it is designed to gather input on the following factors.
Construct, Trait, Skills or Competency
- Integrative Reason
Insight, awareness, clarity of thought
- Eco-System Development
Individuation, environmental ...
Experimentally Examining The Proposed Relationships Among “Rehearsal-Based” Effects, 2019 Louisiana State University
Experimentally Examining The Proposed Relationships Among “Rehearsal-Based” Effects, Corey Ian Mcgill
LSU Doctoral Dissertations
Despite the importance of rehearsal to most models of verbal working memory, its role has been recently called into question. Much prior work in support of rehearsal models has centered on the experimental effects of word-length, phonological-similarity, and irrelevant sound on serial order recall performance and the interaction of all three with concurrent articulation. However, recent research has suggested that confounding effects of stimuli, such as orthographic neighborhood, may be the true cause of the word-length effect. While these findings alone have significant implications for modern models of rehearsal, to understand them within the context of modern theories of working ...
Working Memory And Auditory Imagery Predict Sensorimotor Synchronisation With Expressively Timed Music, 2019 Bucknell University
Working Memory And Auditory Imagery Predict Sensorimotor Synchronisation With Expressively Timed Music, Ian D. Colley, Peter E. Keller, Andrea R. Halpern
Sensorimotor synchronisation (SMS) is prevalent and readily studied in musical settings, as most people are able to perceive and synchronise with a beat (e.g., by finger tapping). We took an individual differences approach to understanding SMS to real music characterised by expressive timing (i.e., fluctuating beat regularity). Given the dynamic nature of SMS, we hypothesised that individual differences in working memory and auditory imagery—both fluid cognitive processes—would predict SMS at two levels: (1) mean absolute asynchrony (a measure of synchronisation error) and (2) anticipatory timing (i.e., predicting, rather than reacting to beat intervals). In Experiment ...
Who's That Knocking At My Door? Neural Bases Of Sound Source Identification, 2019 Bucknell University
Who's That Knocking At My Door? Neural Bases Of Sound Source Identification, Guillaume Lemaitre, John A. Pyles, Andrea R. Halpern, Nicole Navolio, Matthew Lehet, Laurie M. Heller
When hearing knocking on a door, a listener typically identifies both the action (forceful and repeated impacts) and the object (a thick wooden board) causing the sound. The current work studied the neural bases of sound source identification by switching listeners' attention toward these different aspects of a set of simple sounds during functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning: participants either discriminated the action or the material that caused the sounds, or they simply discriminated meaningless scrambled versions of them. Overall, discriminating action and material elicited neural activity in a left-lateralized frontoparietal network found in other studies of sound identification, wherein ...
Score One For Jazz: Working Memory In Jazz And Classical Musicians, 2019 Bucknell University
Score One For Jazz: Working Memory In Jazz And Classical Musicians, Bryan E. Nichols, Clemens Wöllner, Andrea R. Halpern
Jazz musicians rely on different skills than do classical musicians for successful performances. We investigated the working memory span of classical and jazz student musicians on musical and nonmusical working memory tasks. College-aged musicians completed the Bucknell Auditory Imagery Scale, followed by verbal working memory tests and musical working memory tests that included visual and auditory presentation modes and written or played recall. Participants were asked to recall the last word (or pitch) from each task after a distraction task, by writing, speaking, or playing the pitch on the piano. Jazz musicians recalled more pitches that were presented in auditory ...
Semantic Priming Of Familiar Songs, 2019 Bucknell University
Semantic Priming Of Familiar Songs, Sarah K. Johnson, Andrea R. Halpern
We explored the functional organization of semantic memory for music by comparing priming across familiar songs both within modalities (Experiment 1, tune to tune; Experiment 3, category label to lyrics) and across modalities (Experiment 2, category label to tune; Experiment 4, tune to lyrics). Participants judged whether or not the target tune or lyrics were real (akin to lexical decision tasks). We found significant priming, analogous to linguistic associative-priming effects, in reaction times for related primes as compared to unrelated primes, but primarily for within-modality comparisons. Reaction times to tunes (e.g., "Silent Night") were faster following related tunes ("Deck ...
That Note Sounds Wrong! Age-Related Effects In Processing Of Musical Expectation, 2019 Bucknell University
That Note Sounds Wrong! Age-Related Effects In Processing Of Musical Expectation, Andrea R. Halpern, Ioanna Zioga, Martin Shankleman, Job Lindsen, Marcus T. Pearce, Joydeep Bhattacharya
Part of musical understanding and enjoyment stems from the ability to accurately predict what note (or one of a small set of notes) is likely to follow after hearing the first part of a melody. Selective violation of expectations can add to aesthetic response but radical or frequent violations are likely to be disliked or not comprehended. In this study we investigated whether a lifetime of exposure to music among untrained older adults would enhance their reaction to unexpected endings of unfamiliar melodies. Older and younger adults listened to melodies that had expected or unexpected ending notes, according to Western ...
Recognition Of Familiar And Unfamiliar Melodies In Normal Aging And Alzheimers-Disease, 2019 Bucknell University
Recognition Of Familiar And Unfamiliar Melodies In Normal Aging And Alzheimers-Disease, James C. Bartlett, Andrea R. Halpern, W. Jay Dowling
We tested normal young and elderly adults and elderly Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients on recognition memory for tunes. In Experiment 1, AD patients and age-matched controls received a study list and an old/new recognition test of highly familiar, traditional tunes, followed by a study list and test of novel tunes. The controls performed better than did the AD patients. The controls showed the ''mirror effect'' of increased hits and reduced false alarms for traditional versus novel tunes, whereas the patients false-alarmed as often to traditional tunes as to novel tunes. Experiment 2 compared young adults and healthy elderly ...
Pitch Imitation Ability In Mental Transformations Of Melodies, 2019 Bucknell University
Pitch Imitation Ability In Mental Transformations Of Melodies, Emma B. Greenspon, Peter Q. Pfordresher, Andrea R. Halpern
Previous research suggests that individuals with a vocal pitch imitation deficit (VPID, a.k.a. "poor-pitch singers") experience less vivid auditory images than accurate imitators (pfordresher & halpern, 2013), based on self-report. in the present research we sought to test this proposal directly by having accurate and VPID imitators produce or recognize short melodies based on their original form (untransformed), or after mentally transforming the auditory image of the melody. For the production task, group differences were largest during the untransformed imitation task. importantly, producing mental transformations of the auditory image degraded performance for all participants, but were relatively more disruptive ...
Perception Of Mode, Rhythm, And Contour In Unfamiliar Melodies: Effects Of Age And Experience, 2019 Bucknell University
Perception Of Mode, Rhythm, And Contour In Unfamiliar Melodies: Effects Of Age And Experience, Andrea R. Halpern, James C. Bartlett, W. Jay Dowling
We explored the ability of older (60-80 years old) and younger (18-23 years old) musicians and nonmusicians to judge the similarity of transposed melodies varying on rhythm, mode, and/or contour (Experiment 1) and to discriminate among melodies differing only in rhythm, mode, or contour (Experiment 2). Similarity ratings did not vary greatly among groups, with tunes differing only by mode being rated as most similar. In the same/different discrimination task, musicians performed better than nonmusicians, but we found no age differences. We also found that discrimination of major from minor tunes was difficult for everyone, even for musicians ...
Perceived And Induced Emotion Responses To Popular Music: Categorical And Dimensional Models, 2019 Bucknell University
Perceived And Induced Emotion Responses To Popular Music: Categorical And Dimensional Models, Yading Song, Simon Dixon, Marcus T. Pearce, Andrea R. Halpern
Music both conveys and evokes emotions, and although both phenomena are widely studied, the difference between them is often neglected. The purpose of this study is to examine the difference between perceived and induced emotion for western popular music using both categorical and dimensional models of emotion, and to examine the influence of individual listener differences on their emotion judgment. A total of 80 musical excerpts were randomly selected from an established dataset of 2,904 popular songs tagged with one of the four words "happy," "sad," "angry," or "relaxed" on the last.fm web site. Participants listened to the ...
Musical Expertise Has Minimal Impact On Dual Task Performance, 2019 Bucknell University
Musical Expertise Has Minimal Impact On Dual Task Performance, Gianna Cocchini, Maria Serena Filardi, Marcela Crhonkova, Andrea R. Halpern
Studies investigating effect of practice on dual task performance have yielded conflicting findings, thus supporting different theoretical accounts about the organisation of attentional resources when tasks are performed simultaneously. Because practice has been proven to reduce the demand of attention for the trained task, the impact of long-lasting training on one task is an ideal way to better understand the mechanisms underlying dual task decline in performance. Our study compared performance during dual task execution in expert musicians compared to controls with little if any musical experience. Participants performed a music recognition task and a visuo-spatial task separately (single task ...
Music, 2019 Bucknell University
Music, Andrea Halpern
Neuroimaging has contributed greatly to our understanding of the sensory, motor, and cognitive systems involved in musical processing. Cortical loops connecting auditory with parietal, premotor, and prefrontal cortices are important for encoding pitch and temporal relationships from which music is built and for generating musical expectancies. These circuits are also important for holding information in working memory and for interfacing perceptual and motor representations. Musical imagery recruits auditory areas together with frontal and supplementary motor regions. Musical emotion emerges from the interaction of these systems with the reward circuit. All of these systems are modifiable functionally and structurally following training.