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Children’S Evaluations Of Excluding An In-Group Member Who Help An Out-Group, Janel Cuevas, Lily Samiee, Makeda Mayes, Annabelle Farina, Santiago Gonzalez, Ariel Kasoff, Sabrina Ortiz, Aline Hitti Dr. 2019 University of San Francisco

Children’S Evaluations Of Excluding An In-Group Member Who Help An Out-Group, Janel Cuevas, Lily Samiee, Makeda Mayes, Annabelle Farina, Santiago Gonzalez, Ariel Kasoff, Sabrina Ortiz, Aline Hitti Dr.

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

What factors contribute to children’s exclusion of in-group members? Past research indicates that children and adolescents are often not willing to exclude in-group members, but might be more willing if in-group members challenged moral group norms (Hitti, Mulvey, Rutland, Abrams, & Killen, 2013). Additionally, it has been found that while children are more likely to help an in-group member but are willing to help an out-group member if they are in need (Sierksma, Thijs, and Verkuyten, 2015). Less is known about exclusion of in-group members who help out-groups in ways that come at a cost to one’s own group. The current study examined evaluations of excluding an in-group member who helps an out-group equally, a little, and a lot when the in-group had varying levels of need for a necessary resource

This study examined 174 responses from children (4th graders) and adolescents (8th graders) (M = 11.10, SD = 1.94), using three vignettes in which each group had varying levels of need for water: 1) both groups need the same, 2) in-group needs more water, and 3) out-group needs more water. Each participant received a scenario in which an in-group member either helped the out-group by distributing found water in ways such that he/she: 1) helped each group equally; 2) helped the out-group less than the in-group; and 3) helped the out-group more than the in-group. Three linear regression model were analyzed, for each need level, with approval of exclusion (“How okay or not okay do you think it is that the group decides that they do not want Sam in the group anymore?”, 1 = Really Not Okay ...


The Art Of Learning, Richard Rolapp 2019 Brigham Young University

The Art Of Learning, Richard Rolapp

Marriott Student Review

No abstract provided.


Increasing The Frequency Of Tutors' Reinforcement Of Compliance Behaviors, Sruthi Rameshkumar 2019 Western Michigan University

Increasing The Frequency Of Tutors' Reinforcement Of Compliance Behaviors, Sruthi Rameshkumar

Honors Theses

Abstract

Compliance behaviors occurring prior to the delivery of an instruction, such as handing over preferred items, making eye contact, and folding hands in the ready position help prepare students for success in discrete-trial training (DTT) interventions. These behaviors are usually taught in early intervention with a continuous reinforcement schedule, but once they are mastered, they are rarely revisited or maintained. Without intermittent reinforcement of these behaviors, they are likely to decrease in frequency and may lead to the use of restrictive or intrusive methods to gain compliance during DTT sessions. The current study used a multiple-baseline across participants design ...


Childhood Sleep Quality As A Moderating Variable Between Parental Influence And Child Emotional Eating, Jenna Ruedlinger 2019 Kent State University

Childhood Sleep Quality As A Moderating Variable Between Parental Influence And Child Emotional Eating, Jenna Ruedlinger

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Introduction: Emotional eating (EE) in children has been linked to childhood obesity and may be predictive of parental over-involvement. Parental over-involvement relates to lower sleep quality in children, and short sleep duration also influences overeating. The current study will examine if sleep quality moderates an association between parental over-involvement and child EE.

Methods: Parents (N=71; M age =43.4±.6.14 years) and children (N=71, M age =11.7±2.65) were recruited as part of a larger study examining neurocognitive functioning in children with and without anxiety. Child EE was measured using the Emotional Eating Scale for ...


Child Poverty, Physical & Mental Health In Maine, Katelyn Malloy 2019 University of Southern Maine

Child Poverty, Physical & Mental Health In Maine, Katelyn Malloy

Thinking Matters Symposium

Children who live below the national poverty line account for nearly one fifth of Maine’s overall population. Child poverty is a determinant of health that can lead to negative health outcomes that affect childhood development, educational achievement, as well as physical and mental health. The purpose of this study was to identify five Maine counties with the highest rates of child poverty according to the national average. Comparison of poverty rates between counties were analyzed along with two leading health indicators – mental and physical distress. This study used 2016 county-level childhood poverty estimates, assessed by the American Community Survey ...


Efficacy Of Mindfulness On Stress And Anxiety In Adolescents: A Systematic Review, Callimarie Bell 2019 Western Kentucky University

Efficacy Of Mindfulness On Stress And Anxiety In Adolescents: A Systematic Review, Callimarie Bell

Psychology Capstone Projects

Most mental health problems begin early in life, with 50% of all problems beginning by the age of 14. Thus, adolescents are a vulnerable population and factors impacting their mental health should be examined. One factor is stress. Stress has been linked to both mental and physical health problems, depression, and anxiety. Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent mental health problem among adolescents. A potential treatment is that of mindfulness. Mindfulness originated from Buddhism and is the non-judgmental acceptance of thought, feelings, and experiences. Mindfulness has been found to reduce symptoms of stress and anxiety, alleviate chronic pain, and reduce ...


Peer-Mediated Interventions For Middle School Students With High-Functioning Autism, Katelyn Birchfield 2019 William & Mary

Peer-Mediated Interventions For Middle School Students With High-Functioning Autism, Katelyn Birchfield

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Students with high-functioning autism in the general education setting may receive support in their academic development, though assistance in their social-emotional development and creation of relationships is little-to-nonexistent. In a population where social and communicative functioning is a primary deficit for labeling, it is critical that research develops evidence-based practices to support social growth. Peer-mediated interventions are a recognized practice in supporting students with severe disabilities and autism, particularly in their early elementary years and in high school (Bambara et al., 2016; Goldstein et al., 1991). The present study strove to find a connection between the utilization of peer-mediated interventions ...


Global Studies Initiatives Final Report: Psychology 2017: Introduction To Child Psychology Spring 2019, Jennifer Gleason 2019 Parkland College

Global Studies Initiatives Final Report: Psychology 2017: Introduction To Child Psychology Spring 2019, Jennifer Gleason

Global Studies Initiatives in Social Sciences 2018 - 2019

In this project report for the Global Studies Initiative at Parkland College, the instructor of Psychology 207, Introduction to Child Psychology, describes how a global perspective on current topics in child psychology was integrated into the course.


Psychology 207 Introduction To Child Psychology Syllabus Spring 2019, Jennifer Gleason 2019 Parkland College

Psychology 207 Introduction To Child Psychology Syllabus Spring 2019, Jennifer Gleason

Global Studies Initiatives in Social Sciences 2018 - 2019

This is a sample syllabus for Psychology 207, Introduction to Child Psychology, submitted as a part of the Global Studies Initiatives in Social Sciences Grant at Parkland College for the 2018-2019 academic year. Highlights indicate changes and additions made that incorporate global studies into the curriculum.


Prevalence, Nature, And Prevention Of Ptsd In Refugee Children, Leah Metzger 2019 Taylor University

Prevalence, Nature, And Prevention Of Ptsd In Refugee Children, Leah Metzger

Orphans and Vulnerable Children Student Scholarship

The world today has the highest number of refugees ever recorded in history. At the end of 2017, there were 68.5 million individuals who were displaced across the globe due to persecution, conflict, violence, or human rights violations. There are three main categories of individuals within this statistic: refugees, internally displaced people, and asylum-seekers. By the end of 2017, there were 25.4 million refugees in the world (the highest ever), 40 million internally displaced people, and 3.1 million asylum seekers (UNHCR). It is currently estimated that over half of the worlds refugees are children, and 28 million ...


Children With Disabilities In The Foster Care System, Shayla Stogsdill 2019 Taylor University

Children With Disabilities In The Foster Care System, Shayla Stogsdill

Orphans and Vulnerable Children Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Modern Slavery: An Analysis Of The Kamaiya System In Nepal, Leah M. Metzger 2019 Taylor University

Modern Slavery: An Analysis Of The Kamaiya System In Nepal, Leah M. Metzger

Orphans and Vulnerable Children Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Hiv/Aids On Orphans In A South African Context, Meghan Burkholder 2019 Taylor University

The Impact Of Hiv/Aids On Orphans In A South African Context, Meghan Burkholder

Orphans and Vulnerable Children Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Don't Shoot: Race-Based Trauma And Police Brutality, Leah Metzger 2019 Taylor University

Don't Shoot: Race-Based Trauma And Police Brutality, Leah Metzger

Orphans and Vulnerable Children Student Scholarship

With the growing conversation on police brutality against black Americans, there is an increasing need to understand the consequences this has on black children. Research is now showing that children and adults can experience race-based trauma, which can have profound effects on psychological and physical well-being, and can also impact communities as a whole. The threat and experience of police brutality and discrimination can be experienced individually or vicariously, and traumatic symptoms can vary depending on the individual. Children are especially vulnerable to the psychological and physical effects of police brutality and the threat thereof because of their developmental stages ...


The Impact Of Childhood Abuse On Moral Development, Shayla Stogsdill 2019 Taylor University

The Impact Of Childhood Abuse On Moral Development, Shayla Stogsdill

Orphans and Vulnerable Children Student Scholarship

Moral development is a topic which has little research to accompany it. Although there is a lack of understanding of where and how children develop morals, there is clear evidence to support that abuse in any form against a child will impact the way they learn morality. Children who experience abuse will face the physical, emotional, and mental impacts which will all contribute to the way they develop. Children also learn behaviors and ideas from caretakers and when those who are supposed to protect them do not, children will become disordered on the ideas of right and wrong. Childhood is ...


Adverse Child Experiences: An Overview With A Focus On Indiana, Meghan Burkholder, Grace Zander 2019 Taylor University

Adverse Child Experiences: An Overview With A Focus On Indiana, Meghan Burkholder, Grace Zander

Orphans and Vulnerable Children Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Attentional Focus On Learning And Performance In Youth Sports, Justin Wright 2019 National Louis University

Effect Of Attentional Focus On Learning And Performance In Youth Sports, Justin Wright

Dissertations

Youth athletes are different from adult and elite athletes in several domains that include cognitive resources, working memory, automaticity of motor movements, conscious control for propensity, attentional focus, and acquisition of motor-skills. Due to significant differences between athletes, not all instructions and feedback provided by coaches are best suited for every player. Instructions and feedback may direct an athlete’s attentional focus and cognitive resources incorrectly leading to poor acquisition and performance of motor-skills. Clinical psychologists with knowledge of motor-skill acquisition, cognitive resources, learning theory, conscious control propensity, automaticity of motor movements, constrained action hypothesis, and attentional focus can follow ...


Characteristics Of Behavior Rating Scales: Revisited, Ellen Cox 2019 Western Kentucky University

Characteristics Of Behavior Rating Scales: Revisited, Ellen Cox

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

This study was a replication of a study by Hosp et al. (2003), which looked at items on behavior rating scales to determine if they can be used to plan and monitor positive behavior interventions. For this study, ten forms of commonly used behavior rating scales were selected, and the so what and dead man tests were applied on each scale. Each item on the scale was placed into one of four categories: positive action, negative action, lack of positive action, and lack of negative action. Then, these categories were used to rate each scale to determine which subscales survived ...


Forgotten Children & Bonds That Heal: The Critical Nature Of Attachment, August Ashbaker 2019 Lesley University

Forgotten Children & Bonds That Heal: The Critical Nature Of Attachment, August Ashbaker

Lesley University Community of Scholars Day

Human attachment is one of the most critical factors in proper neurological and physiological development. Attachment is built through the mutuality of emotional impact, as well as the regular reception of physical touch. Infants and children who have been deprived of these vital necessities through the lacking initiatives of their caregivers—through neglect—display visible signs of its physiological, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral impact. Research has found neglect to be the highest risk factor for permanent damage to brain development in comparison to other forms of complex trauma (i.e. chronic caregiver interpersonal trauma in childhood); it is also the ...


Experiences Of Social Inclusion And Exclusion Of Deaf Children, Nicole R. Hiebert 2019 The University of Western Ontario

Experiences Of Social Inclusion And Exclusion Of Deaf Children, Nicole R. Hiebert

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Previous research describes how Deaf children are at risk for being socially excluded from their hearing peers in mainstream classrooms. Whereas the inclusion of children with learning difficulties in typical classrooms has gained increasing advocacy, little is known about Deaf children’s views and experiences in a school for the Deaf. In this mixed methods study, interviews were conducted to investigate Deaf elementary school children’s experiences of inclusion and exclusion both at school and at home. Interviews were transcribed and through thematic analysis, four themes were developed to express these students’ experiences. The children indicated they felt included by ...


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