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Threat, Violence, And Voters: Race And Context In The 2008 Presidential Election, Matthew Fowler 2011 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Threat, Violence, And Voters: Race And Context In The 2008 Presidential Election, Matthew Fowler

LSU Master's Theses

The 2008 Presidential Election brought into office the first African-American president in U.S. history. This paper analyzes variations in White support for Barack Obama based on a number of county-level contextual factors, which are hypothesized to influence aggregate White voter support for the Democratic candidate. Based on the well-known racial threat theory, this paper will explore how racial composition and income inequality effect White support for Barack Obama. Another key explanatory variable, violence, is thought to influence White voter support because of the preconceptions some of these voters hold about African-Americans. Violence helps shape the stereotypes White voters hold ...


Rights, Needs, And The Creation Of Ethical Community, Natalie Susan Gaines 2011 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Rights, Needs, And The Creation Of Ethical Community, Natalie Susan Gaines

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Despite a half-century of dominance by the rights discourse, the supremacy of rights in theories of human obligation has recently come under attack from political theorists. Though scholars have questioned the ability of rights to explain satisfactorily the responsibility we have for the well-being of others, there are few viable alternatives offered. In this dissertation, I argue that a theory of needs provides a better explanation of the intellectual and moral foundations of obligation. Human need is deeply rooted in subjective potentiality, but studies in human psychology have also provided an increasingly universal picture of the needs human beings experience ...


Bay Area Survey: Public Attitudes About The Economy, Government And Public Policy (June 2011), University of San Francisco, Leo T. McCarthy Center for Public Service and the Common Good 2011 The University of San Francisco

Bay Area Survey: Public Attitudes About The Economy, Government And Public Policy (June 2011), University Of San Francisco, Leo T. Mccarthy Center For Public Service And The Common Good

McCarthy Center Faculty and Staff Scholarship

SURVEY OVERVIEW The Leo T McCarthy Center for Public Service and the Common Good launched its inaugural Bay Area Regional Survey in June 2011. The Center interviewed nearly 1,200 respondents over the age of 18 in eight Bay Area counties to get the current pulse of San Francisco and the Bay Area on a range of important issues.

In this first McCarthy Center survey, a baseline of opinions is established so that regional changes in perception can be measured over time. Included are such topics as concern over the economy, pension reform, and other public policy issues, and overall ...


Ranked Choice Voting In The 2011 San Francisco Municipal Election: Final Report, Corey Cook, David Latterman 2011 University of San Francisco

Ranked Choice Voting In The 2011 San Francisco Municipal Election: Final Report, Corey Cook, David Latterman

McCarthy Center Faculty and Staff Scholarship

We present here a final analysis of voters’ usage of the ranked choice ballot in the 2011 San Francisco Municipal Election. Unlike our previous report, which concentrated primarily on political outcomes, this paper focuses on voters’ usage of the ballot and tendencies to overvote, undervote, and rank candidates for three citywide offices: Sheriff, District Attorney, and Mayor. This study combines individual ballot records with county voter file data to allow for a systematic analysis of the relationship between various demographic factors and variations in observed voting behaviors. Additional data are presented in the appendix, including voter turnout by neighborhood in ...


Bay Citizen/University Of San Francisco Survey Findings Memo (Amended) October 2011, University of San Francisco, Leo T. McCarthy Center for Public Service and the Common Good 2011 The University of San Francisco

Bay Citizen/University Of San Francisco Survey Findings Memo (Amended) October 2011, University Of San Francisco, Leo T. Mccarthy Center For Public Service And The Common Good

McCarthy Center Faculty and Staff Scholarship

The Leo T. McCarthy Center for Public Service and the Common Good at the University of San Francisco, in partnership with The Bay Citizen launched its inaugural municipal election survey in October 2011 to offer an objective and independent analysis of the state of the election. The poll represents a unique snapshot in time and offers statistically significant information about likely voters interviewed at the time of the survey. It is not intended to be, nor is it capable of being, predictive of the November election. This report presents the responses of the 551 persons surveyed. The margin of error ...


November 2011 Proposition Results And Pvi Corelations, David Latterman 2011 University of San Francisco

November 2011 Proposition Results And Pvi Corelations, David Latterman

McCarthy Center Faculty and Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


November 2011 Preliminary Rcv Analysis, David Latterman, Corey Cook 2011 University of San Francisco

November 2011 Preliminary Rcv Analysis, David Latterman, Corey Cook

McCarthy Center Faculty and Staff Scholarship

We present here an initial RCV analysis of the 2011 San Francisco Sheriff, District Attorney, and Mayor race. For each race, we examine the first choice by second choice voting patterns, the frequency of slates, and the number of times a candidate is on a ballot, which is useful measure of candidate performance. We also show maps for each race's winner, with a few ethnic and Progressive Voter Index (PVI) correlations when noteworthy.

For the first time, we are also able to present cross-contest analyses at the individual voter level. The city’s ballot images maintain consistent voter identification ...


San Benito County And California's Geopolitical Fault Lines, Corey Cook, David Latterman 2011 University of San Francisco

San Benito County And California's Geopolitical Fault Lines, Corey Cook, David Latterman

McCarthy Center Faculty and Staff Scholarship

Over the past decade San Benito County has emerged as California’s textbook bellwether county, narrowly mirroring statewide election results on ballot measures and statewide candidate races. San Benito’s uncanny predictive power suggests the importance of California emerging political geography as it straddles the major political fault lines of the state. Neither northern nor southern, neither coastal nor inland, and neither urban nor rural, San Benito illustrates the broad geographic forces shaping contemporary California politics.


The Effect Of Independent Expenditures On Congressional Elections Following Citizens United V. Federal Elections Commission (2010), Kaethe Selkirk 2011 University of Redlands

The Effect Of Independent Expenditures On Congressional Elections Following Citizens United V. Federal Elections Commission (2010), Kaethe Selkirk

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Independent expenditures can greatly influence campaigns and the outcome of elections, a phenomenon that many expect will become more evident following the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Citizens United v. FEC (2010). Corporations first had the chance to flex their free speech muscle in the 2010 elections, as as expected, spending on campaigns appears to have increased. What patterns are emerging? How has increased spending influenced electoral results? In this paper I will examine this increase and the subsequent effects of corporate independent expenditures on all 2010 House races. Using multivariate analysis, I will show that corporate independent ...


Structurally Unbalanced: Cyclical And Structural Deficits In California And The Intermountain West, Matthew Murray, Susan Clark-Johnson, Mark Muro, Jennifer Vey, Brookings Mountain West, Morrison Institute for Public Policy 2011 Arizona State University

Structurally Unbalanced: Cyclical And Structural Deficits In California And The Intermountain West, Matthew Murray, Susan Clark-Johnson, Mark Muro, Jennifer Vey, Brookings Mountain West, Morrison Institute For Public Policy

Brookings Mountain West Publications

Though the Great Recession may be officially over, economic recovery is slow and tentative, particularly in California and much of the Intermountain West. Among other challenges, the protracted downturn in these states has exposed and aggravated a huge public-sector fiscal crisis—with disconcerting implications for citizens and states’ long-term economic health. This brief takes a careful look at the fiscal situation in Arizona, California, Colorado, and Nevada, examining both their serious cyclical budget shortfalls—those resulting from the recession and its aftermath—as well as the critical longer-term structural imbalances between revenues and expenditures that have developed in Arizona, California ...


Citizens For Peace Activities And Accomplishments 2010, Ann Abdoo 2011 none

Citizens For Peace Activities And Accomplishments 2010, Ann Abdoo

Citizens for Peace

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of U.S. Foreign Aid On Human Rights Conditions In Post-Cold War Era, Hyun Ju Lee 2011 Iowa State University

The Impact Of U.S. Foreign Aid On Human Rights Conditions In Post-Cold War Era, Hyun Ju Lee

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

During the Cold War, U.S. foreign aid was mainly used to fight against the potential Soviet military threat and to support allies. Containing Communism was the non-negotiable goal in U.S. foreign policy. With the end of the Cold War and the rising force of globalization, aid-providing developed countries in the West, including the United States, emphasized political conditionality attached to aid in order to encourage political reforms, such as democratic political process and securing human rights, in aid-recipient developing countries. This study uses pooled cross-sectional time series data covering 112 countries for the post-Cold War years of 1990-2009 ...


Responses To The Ten Questions, Aziz Rana 2011 Cornell Law School

Responses To The Ten Questions, Aziz Rana

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

This essay responds to a question posed by the William Mitchell Law Review for its annual national security issue: Has Obama Improved Bush's National Security Policies? I maintain that Obama Administration practices have been marked by striking continuities with those of the previous Administration. I then attempt to explain these continuities by discussing how American policymakers across the political spectrum share basic assumptions about the concept of national security and the need for an aggressive and interventionist foreign policy.


Cuban Medical Internationalism: A Case For International Solidarity In Foreign Policy Decision Making, Eric James Fiske 2011 University of South Florida

Cuban Medical Internationalism: A Case For International Solidarity In Foreign Policy Decision Making, Eric James Fiske

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Since the beginning of the Revolutionary government in Cuba, a comprehensive foreign policy involving medical personal and equipment has been implemented worldwide. Known as medical internationalism, thousands of doctors have been sent to developed and less developed nations in the spirit of solidarity and humanitarian aid. Even more, thousands of students have been given free medical education in Cuba at its world renowned university, the Latin American School of Medicine (ELAM). Often, no monetary or direct political gain is made by Cuba and the doctors simply receive their normal government salary. While the success of Cuba's medical internationalism is ...


Prospects For Political Reform In China, Jody Lee Tomlin 2011 University of South Florida

Prospects For Political Reform In China, Jody Lee Tomlin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study is intended to analyze levels of institutional confidence in China. The purpose is to measure the relationship between changing political and cultural values with modernization and levels of institutional criticism. To analyze institutional criticism modernization and political culture theories are used. Using these theories together offers explanatory power as to what political and cultural values may change and why changes in confidence in governance may occur. These theories include socioeconomic, traditional, and political values to measure institutional confidence in 1990 and 2007. The examination of traditional versus modernization values imply that individuals possessing these opposing values display different ...


How Information Literacy Becomes Policy: An Analysis Using The Multiple Streams Framework, Sharon A. Weiner 2011 Purdue University

How Information Literacy Becomes Policy: An Analysis Using The Multiple Streams Framework, Sharon A. Weiner

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

There is growing recognition that information literacy is a critical skill for educational and workplace success, engagement in lifelong learning, and civic participation. To be considered for allocations of financial and human resources, information literacy must become a policy priority for institutions and societies. There is no published examination of factors that may influence the adoption of information literacy as a policy priority. This article explores aspects of the policy process from a U.S. perspective that can favor or impede the inclusion of information literacy on political agendas. It examines these questions through the multiple streams framework of policy ...


The Threat To Democracy In Brazil's Public Sphere, Daniel Nettuno 2011 University of South Florida

The Threat To Democracy In Brazil's Public Sphere, Daniel Nettuno

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis looks at the nature of violence with its endemic, and increasingly epidemic, presence in Brazil. I analyze the structure of the justice system, police force, and the many governmental security programs in order to better explain why Brazil is so violent and its government has been unable to control this violence. Living under violent conditions, Brazil has become a society where the efficient functioning of the public sphere has been undermined. This public space, shared by citizens, is what many academics believe to be a critical component of a robust and functioning democracy. In Brazil, it is shown ...


The Global War On Terror: Who Wins, Who Loses?, G. Simon Harak S.J. 2011 Marquette University

The Global War On Terror: Who Wins, Who Loses?, G. Simon Harak S.J.

Theology Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Collective Action And Social Protest In Israel, Elizabeth Elwakeil 2011 Iowa State University

Collective Action And Social Protest In Israel, Elizabeth Elwakeil

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper examines two separate social movements in the state of Israel. These two groups have a common overall goal: the survival and security of the state of Israel. The messages and strategies of each group, however, are polar opposites: Gush Emunim's mission is to acquire more land and expand the borders of Israel; Peace Now's objective is to withdraw from occupied Palestinian territory. The purpose of this study is to determine why Peace Now has failed to achieve its goals while Gush Emunim has largely accomplished its objectives. I find that the political culture of a given ...


Degarmo Can Explain The Nuclear Threat, Aldemaro Romero Jr. 2011 CUNY Bernard M Baruch College

Degarmo Can Explain The Nuclear Threat, Aldemaro Romero Jr.

Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


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