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Impact Of China's One Belt One Road Initiative At Different Geographical Scales, Yuxiang Hou 2019 College of William and Mary

Impact Of China's One Belt One Road Initiative At Different Geographical Scales, Yuxiang Hou

Undergraduate Honors Theses

China’s One Belt One Road (OBOR), proposed in 2013, is an ambitious initiative that aims at enhancing connectivity and integrating economies across countries. This thesis, by tracing its mechanism at three different geographical scales---global, national, and local, analyzes its multidimensional impact at each scale. It shows that at a global scale, OBOR is in the form of competing narratives over its global impact and nature; at a national scale, OBOR is represented as economic corridors, aiming at improving infrastructures, increasing multilateral trade, integrating financial systems, and strengthening cultural ties; and at a local scale, OBOR exerts an impact on ...


Proliferation & Instability: How Nuclear Weapons Acquisition Alters Inter-State Relations, Tyler Sagerstrom 2019 William & Mary

Proliferation & Instability: How Nuclear Weapons Acquisition Alters Inter-State Relations, Tyler Sagerstrom

Undergraduate Honors Theses

I theorize that in a dyad of a status quo nuclear state and a new nuclear state, the stage of nuclear development of the new nuclear state affects the level of tensions that the status quo nuclear state directs at the new nuclear state. Threat perception is the variable that causes the status quo nuclear state to respond to the new nuclear state’s stages of nuclear development. I hypothesize that as the new nuclear state develops its nuclear arsenal, tensions will rise until the new nuclear state’s first nuclear test and then fall. This thesis tests this theory ...


Political Science 202 Introduction To International Relations Syllabus Spring 2019, Dale Gardner 2019 Parkland College

Political Science 202 Introduction To International Relations Syllabus Spring 2019, Dale Gardner

Global Studies Initiatives in Social Sciences 2018 - 2019

This is a sample syllabus for Political Science 202, International Relations submitted as part of the Global Studies Initiatives in Social Sciences Grant at Parkland College for the 2018-2019 academic year. Already a course with a global focus, the highlights indicate changes made in instruction that encouraged students to discuss global issues with each other.


Media And Public Opinion Effects On American Foreign Policy Under Bush, Obama, And Trump, Luke Mayer 2019 Trinity College

Media And Public Opinion Effects On American Foreign Policy Under Bush, Obama, And Trump, Luke Mayer

Senior Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


Immigration Policy Reform For A Stronger Economy, Pia M. Orrenius, Madeline Zavodny 2019 Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas

Immigration Policy Reform For A Stronger Economy, Pia M. Orrenius, Madeline Zavodny

Mission Foods Texas-Mexico Center Research

The US economy grows as a result of higher labor force growth and productivity growth. Immigration is related to both of these drivers. Immigration accounts for about half of US workforce growth. This reliance is only set to increase as the baby boomer generation retires between now and 2030. As a result, immigrants and their children are expected to make up essentially all of the growth in the working-age population between 2015 and 2035.1 Immigration is also linked to productivity growth, in part via activities such as innovation and entrepreneurism, and hence less immigration could be a drag not ...


Between Hagiography And Wounded Attachment: Raphaël Lemkin And The Study Of Genocide, Benjamin Meiches, Jeff Benvenuto 2019 University of Washington Tacoma

Between Hagiography And Wounded Attachment: Raphaël Lemkin And The Study Of Genocide, Benjamin Meiches, Jeff Benvenuto

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

In this article, we outline the significance of the special issue on the scholarship of Raphaël Lemkin. We argue that genocide scholars tend to identify with one of three different types of Lemkin scholarship. Each of the articles for the special issue challenges these genres in an effort to extend the study of genocide in new directions. Moreover, we contend that this work suggests that genocide scholars should endeavor to extend the study of genocide beyond Lemkin's vision and writings.


Super Feature Article: Fueling The Fire: The Causes Of Terrorism In Weak States, Grace Dunigan 2019 Susquehanna University

Super Feature Article: Fueling The Fire: The Causes Of Terrorism In Weak States, Grace Dunigan

Susquehanna University Political Review

Terrorism is a phenomenon that affects many countries around the world, disproportionately those classified as weak and failing states. It is important to understand why terrorism continues to occur, due to the threat it poses to the international community. Once the triggers of terrorism are identified, they can be used to aid in the creation of counterterrorism policy to make it more effective and less strenuous. In this study, I sought to explain what led to groups’ choice to resort to terrorism within weak states. To answer this question, I used a case study approach, examining four terrorist groups each ...


Variations In Media Framing Of U.S.-Cuba Policy, Anna Foster 2019 University of Maine

Variations In Media Framing Of U.S.-Cuba Policy, Anna Foster

Honors College

This thesis looks at the usage of media framing in regard to Obama’s and Trump’s U.S.-Cuban policy. It analyzes articles from the New York Times and the Miami Herald and how they used framing techniques to present Obama’s 2016 opening of relations with Cuba, and Trump’s 2017 change in policy. After reading through the articles, content analysis was used in order to quantify the trends found in the framing techniques used by both papers. The findings of this paper show two very different approaches to both policies, despite many similarities in the framing techniques ...


Explaining The Resilience Of The Balochistan Insurgency, Tiffany Tanner 2019 University of Maine

Explaining The Resilience Of The Balochistan Insurgency, Tiffany Tanner

Honors College

The Balochistan Insurgency is an enduring armed and nationalist struggle between Baloch Insurgents and the Pakistani government, embroiling Pakistan in five insurgencies since 1948. This research aims to analyze why the current insurgency has outlasted its predecessors by over two-fold, with over fifteen years passing since the most recent conflict erupted. Using historical primary source news articles from 1973-1977, secondary research, insurgency trend data, and the data from the Global Terrorism Database (GTD); this study examines the evolution of the current conflict and analyzes how and why the contemporary insurgency is far more resilient. This study finds that the support ...


A Model For Student Success: How Immigrant/First-Generation Teachers Use Cultural Identity And Experience In Pedagogical Practices With Immigrant/First-Generation Youth, Lucie Bonneville 2019 University of Maine

A Model For Student Success: How Immigrant/First-Generation Teachers Use Cultural Identity And Experience In Pedagogical Practices With Immigrant/First-Generation Youth, Lucie Bonneville

Honors College

The purpose of this study is to identify how immigrant/first-generation teacher populations in the United States apply their cultures and identities to the education of the immigrant/first-generation students that they teach. This study also aims to analyze the specific charter school management system, Ednovate, and how its innovative mission and model have led to its high rates of student success. Culture and identity are two significant factors in a student’s educational experience, as the school system is a critical site for developing identity in children. In this study, eight members of faculty and staff from the Ednovate ...


Evaluating Sustainable Decision Making On Water Resources: Comparing Cooperation Around The Aral Sea And Penobscot River, Brawley Benson 2019 University of Maine

Evaluating Sustainable Decision Making On Water Resources: Comparing Cooperation Around The Aral Sea And Penobscot River, Brawley Benson

Honors College

Natural-resource security is an increasingly important area of international affairs. While there is a great deal of cooperation at the international level between actors with a stake in shared natural resources, there is also contention. Military and security issues can arise out of the coming together of nations over natural resources. A waterway or reservoir that is abutted by one or more nations can be problematic. This study seeks to clarify processes surrounding two specific examples of water-resource decision making involving state and non-state actors. The following questions guide my research: 1) How do international cooperations focused on water security ...


The Most Critical Resource: How Climate Change Fuels The Crisis In Syria And The Implications For The World At Large, Edward Medeiros 2019 University of Maine

The Most Critical Resource: How Climate Change Fuels The Crisis In Syria And The Implications For The World At Large, Edward Medeiros

Honors College

The Syrian crisis, both domestic and international in scope, may well be the defining geopolitical challenge of the generation. Climate change may be the single greatest challenge to face humanity in the entirety of our species’ life history. The dramatic effects of climate change can be seen in the origins of the Syrian crisis when one looks to humanity’s single most critical resource: water. We take the word critical to have two meanings in this context: first, that water is essential to human survival and second that water is a resource in critical condition. Syria’s water crisis pre-dates ...


Immigration In The Context Of Religion With Case Studies Of France And Hungary, Melissa Garand 2019 University of Maine

Immigration In The Context Of Religion With Case Studies Of France And Hungary, Melissa Garand

Honors College

In a backdrop of rising nationalism and far-right populism, the position of refugees and asylum seekers in the European Union (EU) since the 2015 immigration crisis has been placed under stress in both policy and practice. The identity of many of these recent immigrants as Muslim has further compounded the barriers faced in the immigration process as religiously motivated forms of marginalization through policy, practice, and rhetoric have been increasing in salience. This context allowed for the research question driving this thesis to develop as: How does the relationship between immigration and religion shape the experience for Muslims asylum seekers ...


Hyperborean Habits And Melting Ice: The Normalization Of Arctic Space And Resurgent National Identity, Ian Birdwell 2019 Old Dominion University

Hyperborean Habits And Melting Ice: The Normalization Of Arctic Space And Resurgent National Identity, Ian Birdwell

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

The Arctic Council has a robust history of fostering cooperation among its members on a host of environmental and scientific objectives. Yet, as the region has warmed the formerly inaccessible region has become ever easier to access, and Arctic politics are becoming of greater interest to the global community. In the midst significant change of this the network created by the Arctic Council continues to advance its cooperative agenda, though increasingly it seems to be experiencing setbacks due to the surges of nationalistic rhetoric on the part of its members. What best explains the transformation of national attitudes and how ...


Global Studies Initiative Final Report: Political Science: Introduction To International Relations Spring 2019, Dale Gardner 2019 Parkland College

Global Studies Initiative Final Report: Political Science: Introduction To International Relations Spring 2019, Dale Gardner

Global Studies Initiatives in Social Sciences 2018 - 2019

In this project report for the Global Studies Initiative at Parkland College, the instructor of Political Sciences 202, Introduction to International Relations, describes how the instructor adjusted a course already focused on international and multicultural issues to include increased student interaction with one another by incorporating class presentations into the curriculum.


Colonialism, Postcolonialism, And The Drive For Social Justice: A Historical Analysis Of Identity Based Conflicts In The First Republic Of Liberia, Daniel Parkins 2019 SIT Graduate Institute

Colonialism, Postcolonialism, And The Drive For Social Justice: A Historical Analysis Of Identity Based Conflicts In The First Republic Of Liberia, Daniel Parkins

Capstone Collection

Liberia was an American settler based colony of freed African Americans who were commissioned with the task of establishing a Western form of governance on the African continent. The result of this venture was the colonization of indigenous Africans and almost 200 years of identity based conflict and colonial oppression. Thus, the question driving this research was how to achieve social justice in postcolonial Liberia. In pursuit of this question, the researcher seeks to develop an array of perspectives from within the context of Liberia regarding social justice through the conceptual framework of postcolonialism. Furthermore, it is the intention of ...


The Messy Nuclear Landscape: Using Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping To Explore Plausible Nuclear Disarmament Scenarios, Ryan M. Nixon 2019 Old Dominion University

The Messy Nuclear Landscape: Using Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping To Explore Plausible Nuclear Disarmament Scenarios, Ryan M. Nixon

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

Nuclear weapons are seemingly permanent fixtures in international relations. Although nuclear abolitionists and actors within the Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have taken significant steps towards designing a world without nuclear weapons, the longstanding realist logic that suggests nuclear disarmament is nonviable has born more fruit. On the other hand, some proponents of realism have suggested global nuclear disarmament is feasible, given that certain international instabilities are stabilized and that special care is taken during diplomatic negotiations. This presents an opportunity to test these predictions using fuzzy cognitive mapping, a computational modeling technique that identifies ...


Online Learning As An Alternative Form Of Education For Individuals Impacted By Conflict, Wynter Oshiberu 2019 SIT Graduate Institute

Online Learning As An Alternative Form Of Education For Individuals Impacted By Conflict, Wynter Oshiberu

MA TESOL Collection

Through a small case study, this paper investigates one on-line learning organization devoted to providing ESL education to persons affected by conflict. Through interviews with administrators and tutors, and through survey data collected from participants, the paper will explore how administrators and tutors:

1) determine suitability of material when deciding what to teach in this virtual classroom format

2) foster reflection skills in this format

3) assess language acquisition

4) measure the benefits of technology in one on one instruction

Paper Airplanes consists of about five hundred to eight hundred students and around 800 hundred tutors (Wimer, 2018). It is ...


The Black Freedom Movement And The Politics Of The Anti-Genocide Norm In The United States, 1951 - 1967, Daniel E. Solomon 2019 Georgetown University

The Black Freedom Movement And The Politics Of The Anti-Genocide Norm In The United States, 1951 - 1967, Daniel E. Solomon

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

This article explores the political uses of the anti-genocide norm by black freedom activists in the United States between 1951, when the Civil Rights Congress petitioned the United Nations with evidence of genocide against black Americans, and 1967, when the topic of genocide returned to mainstream public debate with the beginning of William Proxmire’s campaign for US ratification of the Convention. Using public speeches and pamphlets of the US black freedom movement, and private documentation by movement activists, this paper demonstrates how black activists used the nascent anti-genocide norm to (1) critique the relationship between the US government’s ...


Effects Of Government Reform And Creative Clusters On Chinese Entrepreneurship, Robert Mills 2019 University of Maine

Effects Of Government Reform And Creative Clusters On Chinese Entrepreneurship, Robert Mills

Honors College

This thesis analyzes the ways in which Chinese entrepreneurs have interacted with and responded to government policy. An examination of ethnographic research on the Shenzhen “Special Economic Zone” revealed that the forms entrepreneurship that emerged there during the early years of China’s economic reforms are rooted in the history and culture of the region. Analysis of modern policies, such as the 13th 5-Year Plan (2016-2020) and the Internet Plus doctrine, determined that the state strategy for encouraging entrepreneurship is now focused on empowering local governments, rather than individuals, as entrepreneurial agents. The city of Hangzhou’s “Dream Town ...


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