Syrian Crisis Representation In The Media: The Cnn Effect, Framing, And Tone, 2019 University of Mississippi
Syrian Crisis Representation In The Media: The Cnn Effect, Framing, And Tone, Savannah S. Day
The University of Mississippi Undergraduate Research Journal
Over the past seven years of the Syrian Civil War, Syrian refugees have been painted in a negative light by news media outlets around the world. History of media coverage regarding global humanitarian crises shows that with various tools and processes, media can shape public opinion and policy in whichever direction it desires, and oftentimes policymakers and the public are quick, as well as emotional, to react. In this paper, my objectives are to analyze specific examples of this CNN Effect phenomena within news coverage of the Syrian refugee crisis, as well as generally explain the negatively correlating relationship between ...
Engineering An Ethnic Mosaic: The Institutionalization Of Civic Nationalism In Kosovo, Israel, And The West Bank, 2019 University of Pennsylvania
Engineering An Ethnic Mosaic: The Institutionalization Of Civic Nationalism In Kosovo, Israel, And The West Bank, Jordan L. Dewar
CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal
A perfect storm of ethnic-based violence is on the horizon, spurred on by increasing diversity, climate change, and the inability of many societies to handle these trends. This thesis examines the ways through which elites are incentivized to build institutions promoting a specific type of identity and how institutional structures use different means to promote the desired identity. It also addresses the ways through which state-based identity can be adapted to be inclusive while remaining salient. This will be done both through examinations of existing theory surrounding state structure and identity as well as two case studies where identity is ...
Midterm Decline In Comparative Perspective, 2019 Bowdoin College
Midterm Decline In Comparative Perspective, Duncan Gans
No abstract provided.
The Finnish Line: Verbal Tactics Of Small States In Immature Anarchy, 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
The Finnish Line: Verbal Tactics Of Small States In Immature Anarchy, Christopher Main
Theses and Dissertations
The rules-based international system which has steadily emerged over the last century is in decline. Realists fail to realize that the fundamental anarchy of the international system can mature into a rules-based system which constrains geopolitics. Liberals fail to realize that it can regress in the opposite direction, towards the self-help system described by the realists. Small states stand to lose the most in this regression and are least equipped to fight it by material means. Finland is an ideal example of such a small state, and its foreign policy is articulated by President Sauli Niinistö. This paper will analyze ...
The Growing Middle Class And The Absence Of Democracy In China, 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
The Growing Middle Class And The Absence Of Democracy In China, Danni Mei
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Contrary to the prediction of modernization theory, the vibrant Chinese economy and its growing middle class have not brought democratic change to the authoritarian country. This work sheds light on the puzzle of the absence of democracy in China despite a fast-growing middle class. The study argues that the key to explaining the middle class’ inert political behavior is to be found in its fragmentation. It is necessary to disaggregate the political, economic, and social positions of different subgroups of the Chinese middle class—government officials and party cadres, private entrepreneurs of small or medium businesses, professionals, and white-collar employees ...
History Of Military Interventions In Political Affairs In Pakistan, 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
History Of Military Interventions In Political Affairs In Pakistan, Hina Altaf
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Military interventions in political affairs have hinder the process of democratization within countries like Pakistan. This single case study of Pakistan discusses why the military intervened into domestic affairs by discussing political, economic and social conditions within Pakistan after partition from India. This study shows that heavy reliance on the military post- partition decreased civilian authority and increased military supremacy. Moreover, this study also shows the shift from direct to indirect military intervention within Pakistan and concludes that the military will continue to influence political affairs indirectly if the elected civilian government threatens its interest.
They Sold Our Park! How Local Governments Fail At Democracy, 2019 University of Washington Tacoma
They Sold Our Park! How Local Governments Fail At Democracy, Zandria Michaud
Global Honors Theses
In 2016 the city of Kent, Washington sold a public park to a housing developer. While this sale may seem typical, what was disconcerting to Kent residents was not only that they were losing a park, but also that they knew nothing of the sale. The entire process of selling the park to a housing developer had been in the works for more than ten years, and yet, no one thought to ask the residents about it. From this sale, several issues arose regarding city level government democracy and the role of citizens in policy decision-making. By critically examining the ...
Cosmopolitan Democracy: Re-Evaluation Of Globalization And World Economic System, 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Cosmopolitan Democracy: Re-Evaluation Of Globalization And World Economic System, Muhammad Dalhatu
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
This thesis examines cosmopolitan democracy theory as a method of addressing the problems of globalization. I begin by introducing the concept of “cosmopolitan democracy.” I then proceed to discuss contemporary political climate and its relation to critiques of globalization. Finally, I conclude by examining the elaborations of cosmopolitan democracy by various theorists as a way of addressing these problems. Chapter 1 introduces the work of David Held who introduced the concept in his book, Cosmopolitan Democracy and the Global Order: Reflections on the 20th Anniversary of Kant’s “Perpetual Peace.” Cosmopolitan democracy refers to global governance through democratic theory ...
The Efficacy Of Gender Quotas In Politics: The United States And Europe, 2019 Carroll College
The Efficacy Of Gender Quotas In Politics: The United States And Europe, Emily Larson
Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival
In the United States, along with most other nations, women are underrepresented in positions of political office. There are many reasons that help to explain why women are not running, and are not getting elected, such as socialization, stereotyping, and voter biases against gender. However, there must be more research not only on the reasons why we see these patterns, but also how the United States can solve the problem of the underrepresentation of women in national politics. As a representative democracy, the governing bodies of the United States should reflect its citizens, and so far, this has not been ...
The Controversial F-35 Joint Strike Fighter: America's Most Expensive Weapons System And Its Global Impact, Bert Chapman
Libraries Faculty and Staff Creative Materials
Presentation describing my 2019 Palgrave Macmillan book Global Defense Procurement and the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. It describes this aircraft and places particular emphasis on the government information resources from multiple countries used in writing this book.
British Government Information Resources, 2019 Purdue University
British Government Information Resources, Bert Chapman
Libraries Faculty and Staff Creative Materials
Provides an overview of British Government information resources. Contents include basic British economic and political background and information from British Government websites including the Department of Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), Brexit related material produced by British government agencies such as the Department for Exiting the European Union,, the Ministry of Defence, the National Museum of the Royal Navy, the Home Office Visas and Immigration Section, the Office of National Statistics, Her Majesty's Treasury, the British Parliament including parliamentary committees and research agencies, the website of Member of Parliament (MP) Jacob Rees-Mogg (Conservative-North East Somerset), a webcast of ...
The Difference In Design: Participatory Budgeting In Brazil And The United States, 2019 Columbia University
The Difference In Design: Participatory Budgeting In Brazil And The United States, Hollie Gilman, Brian Wampler
Journal of Public Deliberation
Participatory Budgeting (PB) is conceptually powerful because it ties the normative values of non-elite participation and deliberation to specific policymaking processes. It is a democratic policymaking process that enables citizens to allocate public monies. PB has spread globally, coming to the United States in 2009. Our analysis shows that the types of institutional designs used in the United States are quite different from the original Brazilian programs. What explains the variation in PB institutional design between Brazil and the United States? Most PB cases in the US are district-level whereas in Brazil, PB cases are mainly municipal. We account for ...
Modern Chinese Development Of Latin America, 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Modern Chinese Development Of Latin America, Alexander Tripp
EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement
China, a rising global hegemon, has become increasingly interested in close economic and political relations with Latin America since the turn of the century. These relationships have been centered around two traits, foreign direct investment (FDI) and the export of raw materials. China has fully invested itself into the region in order to develop and maintain the production of certain goods necessary for upkeep of its massive population and industrializing economy. I test the significance of four prominent raw materials in Chinese trade with Latin America to determine their impact on Chinese FDI. Using this method, I gather and gauge ...
Different Peaces, Similar Lives: Power Relations, Peace Agreements, And Lived Experiences In Palestine And Northern Ireland, Padraigin O'Flynn
Undergraduate Research Symposium
The Oslo Accords (1993) are widely held to have been a failure, and their collapse in 2001 is uncontested by scholars and politicians alike. In negotiations, Israel had the clear upper hand, and Palestinians were expected to make equal if not greater concessions from a starting point that was stacked against them. Palestinians refused to concede more of their territory and rights to Israel, and many use these reasons to explain the failure of the negotiations without seeking to understand the wider circumstances. Alternatively, the deleterious effects of the Good Friday Agreement (1998) are often covered up by its advertised ...
Descriptive To Substantive Representation: A Study Of Gender Quotas In The National Assembly Of Pakistan, 2002-2018, 2019 University of Missouri-St. Louis
Descriptive To Substantive Representation: A Study Of Gender Quotas In The National Assembly Of Pakistan, 2002-2018, Ameena Zia
Women’s political representation is linked to the empowerment of women in society. In efforts to alleviate women’s disenfranchisement from the political discourse, the international development framework included gender quotas as mechanisms to facilitate an increase in the presence of women in parliaments. Existing research has examined the link between Hanna F. Pitkin’s conceptualization of descriptive representation and substantive representation with a focus on performative measures of women parliamentarians. This longitudinal study expands the scope of existing inquiry and captures the transformational change in power relations as an outcome of the increase in women members of parliaments. This ...
Reform And Democratization In Ukraine: My Service As A Peace Corps Volunteer With An Ukrainian Local Government Organization, 2019 Illinois State University
Reform And Democratization In Ukraine: My Service As A Peace Corps Volunteer With An Ukrainian Local Government Organization, Danielle Stevens
Capstone Projects – Politics and Government
This paper provides a micro-analysis of democratization and reform in an Ukrainian local government institution that was the site placement for the author's Peace Corps service. Through using a culturalist lens and applying open systems theory while working as a Peace Corps Volunteer, the researcher observed how one organization coped with implementing public administration reform that is the result of the Revolution of Dignity in 2013-2014. This paper contributes to existing research regarding reform efficacy in other post-Soviet spaces, and provides a foundation for furthering similar research in Ukraine.
A Comparative Analysis Of Media And Legislative Rhetoric On Gun Control, 2019 William & Mary
A Comparative Analysis Of Media And Legislative Rhetoric On Gun Control, Samyuktha Mahadevan
Undergraduate Honors Theses
In this paper, I analyze the use of language in the debates on gun laws in three different countries: the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. Through systematic analysis of both legislative debates and media coverage of gun violence and gun control, I identify the major frames utilized by these political elites and news networks when discussing the issue.My findings show that there are indeed measurable differences between the rhetoric used by both legislators and the media. Each country has both shared and unique frames that are used by both types of actors. The rhetoric in the United ...
Political Systems Of Africa, 2019 CUNY City College
Political Systems Of Africa, Nicholas Rush Smith
Open Educational Resources
Syllabus for Political Systems of Africa - Spring 2019
Mexico: Neoliberalism, Popular Grievances, And The Rise Of Andrés Manuel López Obrador, 2019 Union College - Schenectady, NY
Mexico: Neoliberalism, Popular Grievances, And The Rise Of Andrés Manuel López Obrador, Irving Cortes-Martinez
Andrés Manuel López Obrador, commonly referred to as AMLO, has become Mexico’s first leftist president in over seven decades. He has promised to get rid of Mexico’s problems through a peaceful but radical transformation, while placing the needs of the people first. For the past three decades, the nation’s political and economic systems have failed to create positive results. Mexico currently faces mass inequality and poverty, corruption and impunity, and insecurity and organized crime. Through his political activism and most importantly, his political narrative, AMLO has become a popular actor and is seen as the president who ...
Between Hagiography And Wounded Attachment: Raphaël Lemkin And The Study Of Genocide, 2019 University of Washington Tacoma
Between Hagiography And Wounded Attachment: Raphaël Lemkin And The Study Of Genocide, Benjamin Meiches, Jeff Benvenuto
Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal
In this article, we outline the significance of the special issue on the scholarship of Raphaël Lemkin. We argue that genocide scholars tend to identify with one of three different types of Lemkin scholarship. Each of the articles for the special issue challenges these genres in an effort to extend the study of genocide in new directions. Moreover, we contend that this work suggests that genocide scholars should endeavor to extend the study of genocide beyond Lemkin's vision and writings.