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Church District Fissioning And Watershed Boundaries Among Holmes County, Ohio, Amish, Scott Long, Richard Moore 2019 The University of Akron

Church District Fissioning And Watershed Boundaries Among Holmes County, Ohio, Amish, Scott Long, Richard Moore

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

Upon reaching 40 households, an Amish church district typically divides into two smaller, relatively equally sized districts. This article analyzes the relationship between Amish church divisions and topographic demarcation lines within Clark Township, Holmes County, Ohio, from 1930 to 2010. In findings, divisions often follow physical geography boundaries, such as ridges that outline the edge of a watershed, or rivers and streams that essentially define topography within a watershed. Further, Amish leaders divide churches with objectives based on several socioreligious factors, from the maintenance of the faith community to the goal of preserving Amish neighborhoods and rural identity, while also ...


Living On The Edge: Old Colony Mennonites And Digital Technology Usage, Kira Turner 2019 The University of Akron

Living On The Edge: Old Colony Mennonites And Digital Technology Usage, Kira Turner

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

Mainstream society’s perceptions of traditional Mennonites tend towards viewing them as technologically deficient. Yet, cell phones, computers, and tablets are increasingly prevalent within this population. Challenging stereotypes, this article considers digital technology usage by Old Colony Mennonites (OCM) in Southwestern Ontario (SWO). Rooted in the Anabaptist tradition, a lengthy history of migration led the OCM to settle in Mexico. Yet, due to economic circumstances, many continue to travel to and from SWO, resulting in a transformation; from maintaining an isolated lifestyle to one that includes some form of mainstream society. This shift includes digital technology usage, specifically texting, social ...


Doubling Time And Population Increase Of The Amish, Joseph Donnermeyer 2019 The University of Akron

Doubling Time And Population Increase Of The Amish, Joseph Donnermeyer

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

Current estimates of Amish population growth often cite a “doubling time” figure, but fail to substantiate the source from which the estimate was derived. As well, some estimates of population increase, such as by the Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies at Elizabethtown College, use net change in the number of church districts as a proxy to determine population change, rather than a more precise counting up of children and adults. Unfortunately, a direct “head count” of the Amish, and changes in this count overtime to create a doubling time estimate, would be very daunting, Until there is a ...


Conservative Mennonite Storybooks And The Construction Of Evangelical Separatism, Jennifer Anderson, Cory Anderson 2019 The University of Akron

Conservative Mennonite Storybooks And The Construction Of Evangelical Separatism, Jennifer Anderson, Cory Anderson

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

Group-produced literature is representative of and reinforces group behaviors, norms, and beliefs. This study focuses on the missionary theme in literature from three Conservative Mennonite publishers, identifying two major constructs of what we term evangelical separatism. First, Rod & Staff depicts evangelism as establishing stable, integrating church communities in places where none exist, making their offering accessible to any who would care to join while also withholding assessment of outsiders. Second, Christian Light Publications and TGS present missions in a more aggressive, individualized mode, whereby the outside is viewed as a land of darkness and the missionary, in embodying Christ’s ...


The Growth Of Amish And Plain Anabaptist Communities In Kentucky, Joe Donnermeyer, Cory Anderson 2019 The University of Akron

The Growth Of Amish And Plain Anabaptist Communities In Kentucky, Joe Donnermeyer, Cory Anderson

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

This article examines the growth of Amish and plain Anabaptist communities and population in Kentucky, one of the few southern states with a sizeable plain Anabaptist presence across much of its rural areas. Within the Amish religious tradition, this study focuses on both the broadly defined Old Order Amish, namely, those who prohibit ownership of motor vehicles for transportation, and the Amish-Mennonites, those who allow ownership. We provide an overview of their community formation and present a county-based estimate of their population. There are now 53 Amish communities in Kentucky, and a population of nearly 10,000. Over half (27 ...


Church District Fissioning And Watershed Boundaries Among Holmes County, Ohio, Amish, Scott Long, Richard Moore 2019 The University of Akron

Church District Fissioning And Watershed Boundaries Among Holmes County, Ohio, Amish, Scott Long, Richard Moore

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

Upon reaching 40 households, an Amish church district typically divides into two smaller, relatively equally sized districts. This article analyzes the relationship between Amish church divisions and topographic demarcation lines within Clark Township, Holmes County, Ohio, from 1930 to 2010. In findings, divisions often follow physical geography boundaries, such as ridges that outline the edge of a watershed, or rivers and streams that essentially define topography within a watershed. Further, Amish leaders divide churches with objectives based on several socioreligious factors, from the maintenance of the faith community to the goal of preserving Amish neighborhoods and rural identity, while also ...


Living On The Edge: Old Colony Mennonites And Digital Technology Usage, Kira Turner 2019 The University of Akron

Living On The Edge: Old Colony Mennonites And Digital Technology Usage, Kira Turner

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

Mainstream society’s perceptions of traditional Mennonites tend towards viewing them as technologically deficient. Yet, cell phones, computers, and tablets are increasingly prevalent within this population. Challenging stereotypes, this article considers digital technology usage by Old Colony Mennonites (OCM) in Southwestern Ontario (SWO). Rooted in the Anabaptist tradition, a lengthy history of migration led the OCM to settle in Mexico. Yet, due to economic circumstances, many continue to travel to and from SWO, resulting in a transformation; from maintaining an isolated lifestyle to one that includes some form of mainstream society. This shift includes digital technology usage, specifically texting, social ...


Reliability And Validity Of A Scale To Measure Prejudice Toward Old Order Amish, William McGuigan 2019 The University of Akron

Reliability And Validity Of A Scale To Measure Prejudice Toward Old Order Amish, William Mcguigan

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

Numerous studies have examined prejudice in regard to race, age, sexual orientation, and gender, among others. However, there remains a paucity of research on prejudice toward Christian religious groups. In particular, prejudice towards one of America’s fastest growing religious groups, the Old Order Amish, is rarely examined. Using social categorization theory and based on McConahay’s modern and old-fashioned racism scale, an “Attitude Toward Amish” scale is developed and tested. Factor analysis revealed one dominant component and high internal reliability. The article concludes with a discussion of implications for future research of this rapidly growing population.


Horse And Buggy Crash Study Iii: Low Illumination And The Sun’S Glare In Crashes Between Motor Vehicles And Amish / Old Order Mennonite Horse And Buggies, Cory Anderson 2019 The University of Akron

Horse And Buggy Crash Study Iii: Low Illumination And The Sun’S Glare In Crashes Between Motor Vehicles And Amish / Old Order Mennonite Horse And Buggies, Cory Anderson

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

The purpose of this study is to identify time periods of particular crash risk through the day for Amish and Old Order Mennonite horse & buggies. As suggested in prior studies, transitional illumination (dawn/dusk) may be a risk to travel because of a lighting situation that lowers visibility, and the sun’s glare at these same times may obstruct motorists’ vision. The speed differences between buggies and motor vehicles are already great; reduced vision compounds the problem of response time. To assess risk, I compare horse and buggy traffic counts to the times of horse & buggy crashes over a nine-year period. Periods of particularly high risk include the early morning and early evening, during times of illumination transition and high possibility of glare, though the dusk period is punctuated with an hour of low risk. The afternoon and late evening are periods of modest risk. Mid-morning hours are ...


Horse And Buggy Crash Study Ii: Overstretching The Slow-Moving Vehicle Emblem's Abilities: Lessons From The Swartzentruber Amish, Cory Anderson 2019 The University of Akron

Horse And Buggy Crash Study Ii: Overstretching The Slow-Moving Vehicle Emblem's Abilities: Lessons From The Swartzentruber Amish, Cory Anderson

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

For decades, the Swartzentruber sect of Amish have, for religious reasons, rejected state-level mandates for horse-drawn buggies to display the S.M.V. (slow-moving vehicle) emblem. Court cases in several states have suggested (1) confusion over what the emblem is supposed to accomplish, and (2) questions about the emblem's superiority to alternatives. Synthesizing evidence presented in several court cases involving the S.M.V. emblem and the Swartzentruber Amish, this study clarifies what the S.M.V. emblem can be expected to accomplish and in which domains it reaches its limits. The evidence is organized categorically and presented as ...


Horse And Buggy Crash Study I: Common Crash Scenarios Between A Motor Vehicle And The Amish / Old Order Mennonite Horse And Buggy, Cory Anderson 2019 The University of Akron

Horse And Buggy Crash Study I: Common Crash Scenarios Between A Motor Vehicle And The Amish / Old Order Mennonite Horse And Buggy, Cory Anderson

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

Horse and buggy transportation is spreading as rapidly as its Amish and Old Order Mennonite users are, as are buggy crashes with motor vehicles. This study examines the primary causes of 76 reported horse and buggy crashes in Pennsylvania in 2006. The main crash types identified include a motorist rear-ending a forward-moving buggy, a motorist striking the buggy while attempting to pass, buggy struck while crossing an intersection, and buggy struck while making a left turn. While causative factors varied, major factors include the motorist or buggy driver incorrectly comprehending speed differentials, the motorist acting carelessly around the buggy, and ...


Transport Practices In Amish Communities, James Warren, Marcus Enoch 2019 The University of Akron

Transport Practices In Amish Communities, James Warren, Marcus Enoch

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

Car ownership is growing in many countries. While beneficial to individuals in many cases, this trend has often resulted in significant economic, social, and environmental costs to society more generally. In researching possible solutions, one approach is to look at particular areas or communities that exhibit less reliance on the car or are even ‘car free’ to some extent, in order to see if lessons can be learned. Accordingly, this study seeks to define and characterize transport practices in Amish communities—in groups located across the United States and Canada—which for religious reasons have eschewed the car. Specifically, the ...


Amish Workarounds: Toward A Dynamic, Contextualized View Of Technology Use, Lindsay Ems 2019 The University of Akron

Amish Workarounds: Toward A Dynamic, Contextualized View Of Technology Use, Lindsay Ems

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

Interviews with northern Indiana Amish business owners reveal a tendency to create complex technological workarounds that allow them to abide by shared religious values while remaining competitive in the marketplace. These observations support theoretical approaches to understanding Amish technology use that view technology use as socially contextualized, dynamic and contested. It draws on literature from science and technology studies which views technology as an artifact that is socially constructed. The participants in this study report struggling to manage tensions between maintaining economic stability and traditional family, community, and religious values when deciding whether or not to adopt new technologies. These ...


The Amish—A People Of Preservation And Profitability: A Look At The Amish Industry In Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Joseph Harasta 2019 The University of Akron

The Amish—A People Of Preservation And Profitability: A Look At The Amish Industry In Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Joseph Harasta

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

Throughout much of their existence, the Amish remained relatively unknown and/or misunderstood by much of American society other than those who lived in areas with visible Amish communities. However, beginning in the second half of the twentieth century, the popularization of the Amish became a profitable commodity. With ever-increasing media exposure of the Amish during this time, some Amish communities were quickly becoming tourist destinations. It was clear by this point that the growing numbers of sightseers and lines of tour buses could be a moneymaker for businesses near the Amish communities. In many respects, the Amish during this ...


Amish Economic Transformations: New Forms Of Income And Wealth Distribution In A Traditionally “Flat” Community, Amyaz Moledina, David McConnell, Stephanie Sugars, Bailey Conner 2019 The University of Akron

Amish Economic Transformations: New Forms Of Income And Wealth Distribution In A Traditionally “Flat” Community, Amyaz Moledina, David Mcconnell, Stephanie Sugars, Bailey Conner

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

The basic contours of the Amish economic transformation over the past few decades have been well documented, including the demographic squeeze that pushed many Amish out of farming, their embrace of cottage industries and, to a lesser extent, factory labor, and the social and cultural dilemmas created by successful entrepreneurship. Yet the effects of increasing market entanglement on the distribution of income and assets in Amish communities are still poorly understood. In this exploratory study, we draw on publicly available data from the U.S. Census, the Ohio Amish Directory, and records from real estate transactions to map out the ...


The Role Of Social Capital For Amish Entrepreneurs In Pursuing Informal Economic Opportunities, Sunny Jeong 2019 The University of Akron

The Role Of Social Capital For Amish Entrepreneurs In Pursuing Informal Economic Opportunities, Sunny Jeong

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

This study explores the specific types of social relationships that influence initiation into and involvement in informal businesses. In particular, it examines the social capital possessed by Amish entrepreneurs who establish home-based, off-the-books tourism businesses. This paper theoretically refines social capital by identifying three dimensions of social relations: cognitive, reciprocal, and structural. I explore the relationship between social capital and Amish involvement in tourism businesses by using measures of tie strength, expected roles in one’s network, structural equivalence of network position, common culture, and religion. The results suggest that neither tie strength nor diversity alone accounts for one’s ...


A Peculiar People Revisited: Demographic Foundations Of The Iowa Amish In The 21st Century, Elizabeth Cooksey, Joe Donnermeyer 2019 The University of Akron

A Peculiar People Revisited: Demographic Foundations Of The Iowa Amish In The 21st Century, Elizabeth Cooksey, Joe Donnermeyer

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

This article describes the demographic foundations of the Amish in Iowa. We note that since the publication of “A Peculiar People” by Elmer and Dorothy Schwieder in 1975, the demographic dynamics of the Amish have changed little. They remain a high fertility group; and when coupled with increases in their retention of daughters and sons in the Amish faith, the Amish are currently experiencing rapid population increase and settlement growth. In turn, the occupational base of the Iowa Amish has become more diverse and less reliant on agriculture. We observe that the first or founding families for new settlements in ...


The Amish Population: County Estimates And Settlement Patterns, Joe Donnermeyer, Cory Anderson, Elizabeth Cooksey 2019 The University of Akron

The Amish Population: County Estimates And Settlement Patterns, Joe Donnermeyer, Cory Anderson, Elizabeth Cooksey

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

This article presents the findings of a county-based estimate of the Amish population. The results are from work commissioned by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies for the recently released 2010 U.S. Religion Census, plus research and updates associated with tracking the growth and geographic spread of Amish settlements in North America. County estimates are restricted to Amish church groups who rely on horse-and-buggy for travel. Using the terminology of the larger ASARB report, we break the Amish population into three groups: communicants (baptized members), non-baptized members (mostly children/young adults still living at home), and adherents ...


Where Are The Plain Anabaptists?, Cory Anderson, Joe Donnermeyer 2019 The University of Akron

Where Are The Plain Anabaptists?, Cory Anderson, Joe Donnermeyer

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

This article discusses geographic analytical units of plain Anabaptist groups relevant for conceptualizing spatial dispersion across Canada and the United States. All plain Anabaptist groups are tied to the land, hence, the religious values, cultural traditions, and social organizations of plain Anabaptists are intimately and reciprocally bound up with geography. We discuss six geographic units of the plain Anabaptists and describe how we gathered information about their locations. These include: local church, local affiliation, settlement, region, broad affiliation, and global region. We present maps of their geographic distribution throughout Canada and the U.S., noting spatial patterns. Hence, this article ...


Latent Classes Of Lifetime Sexual Victimization Characteristics In Women In Emerging Adulthood: Differential Relations With Emotion Dysregulation, Ruby Charak, David DiLillo, Terri L. Messman-Moore, Kim L. Gratz 2019 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Latent Classes Of Lifetime Sexual Victimization Characteristics In Women In Emerging Adulthood: Differential Relations With Emotion Dysregulation, Ruby Charak, David Dilillo, Terri L. Messman-Moore, Kim L. Gratz

Psychological Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Objectives: The aims of the present study were to investigate latent classes of sexual victimization among young adult women based on characteristics of their victimization experiences (e.g., relationship with the perpetrator, nature of act, and frequency) and examine differences in dimensions of emotion dysregulation across these classes and among nonvictims.

Method: Participants were 491 women in the age range of 18–25 years from the United States; of these, 335 participants (M = 22.0, SD = 2.22) reported at least one experience of sexual victimization during their lifetime. Latent class analysis was used to identify groups of women based ...


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