Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

498,792 Full-Text Articles 285,201 Authors 145,255,664 Downloads 476 Institutions

All Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Faceted Search

498,792 full-text articles. Page 5 of 11142.

Impact Of The Florida Birth-Related Neurological Injury Compensation Association (Nica) On Obstetrician And Attorney Practices, Karen W. Geletko, Andrew Hunt, Leslie M. Beitsch 2019 University of North Florida

Impact Of The Florida Birth-Related Neurological Injury Compensation Association (Nica) On Obstetrician And Attorney Practices, Karen W. Geletko, Andrew Hunt, Leslie M. Beitsch

Florida Public Health Review

As health reform continues to unfold nationally, one ofthe more dramatic strategies for reform ofthe current medical liability system is to move towards a no-fault compensation system. Although, no state has established a comprehensive no-fault medical malpractice system, the Florida Birth-Related Neurological Injury Compensation Association (NICA) is a unique and rare working model ofa functioning no-fault insurance program. A cross-sectional design was utilized to survey obstetricians and health law attorneys practicing in Florida in 2011 to ascertain their knowledge and opinions of NICA and its impact on practice patterns and defensive medicine. The findings indicate that respondents believe NICA has ...


Infectious Syphilis In Non-Hispanic Blacks And Hispanics In An Urban Std Clinic, Tai Hunte, Maria L. Alcaide, Ricardo Franco, Khaled Deeb, Jose G. Castro 2019 University of North Florida

Infectious Syphilis In Non-Hispanic Blacks And Hispanics In An Urban Std Clinic, Tai Hunte, Maria L. Alcaide, Ricardo Franco, Khaled Deeb, Jose G. Castro

Florida Public Health Review

Syphilis is a complex infectious disease caused by Treponema pallidum and acquired through sexual contact or vertical transmission. The natural history of syphilis is divided in primary, secondary, latent and tertiary stages. The syphilis epidemic has evolved over the years. National rates of syphilis infection dropped to the lowest in 2000 and have since increased in certain populations. Men who have sex with men (MSM) account for 60% of new infections and high rates occur in individuals with human immune deficiency virus co-infection. This study describes and compares the demographic characteristics, risk factors, and clinical presentation ofinfectious syphilis cases diagnosed ...


The Sandwich Generation: A Review Of The Literature, LeaAnne DeRigne, Stephen Ferrante 2019 University of North Florida

The Sandwich Generation: A Review Of The Literature, Leaanne Derigne, Stephen Ferrante

Florida Public Health Review

Many Americans balance dual caregiving responsibilities for both children and aging family, dubbed the “sandwich genera- tion.” Between 1 out of8 and 1 out of11 households with an adult aged 30 or older is comprised ofdual-earner, sandwiched generation couples. There are psychological, physical, employment, and financial outcomes ofbalancing multiple caregiving duties. The literature shows positive benefits for caregivers too. A review ofliterature in the past 30 years, citing only U.S.- based studies is summarized in this paper. Policy, clinical, and research implications are included. It is possible that multi- generational caregiving responsibilities will continue to rise for the children ...


Children’S Vulnerability Related To Chlorine Exposure, Container Confusion, And Mixing Household Cleaners – Florida, 2006-2008, Roxie Zarate, Alan Becker, Ivette A. López, Jay L. Schauben 2019 University of North Florida

Children’S Vulnerability Related To Chlorine Exposure, Container Confusion, And Mixing Household Cleaners – Florida, 2006-2008, Roxie Zarate, Alan Becker, Ivette A. López, Jay L. Schauben

Florida Public Health Review

Acute and chronic effects of exposure to chlorine and chloramines can result in the irritation of the skin and mucous mem- branes, often leading to airway edema resulting in respiratory difficulties, burning in the throat, eyes and nose. Ingestion of bleach or bleach-containing products often results in adverse gastrointestinal effects. Data captured by the three centers com- prising the Florida Poison Information Center Network (FPICN) between 2006 and 2008 was examined to characterize the extent oftoxic effects from chlorine gas exposures related to misuse ofhousehold cleaners. A known outcome was determined in 48.4% of the 5315 cases. Of those ...


A Report Of Florida’S Cancer History, Risk Factors, And Screening Behaviors: Data From The National Health Interview Survey, Laura A. McClure, Tainya C. Clarke, Cristina A. Fernandez, Kristopher L. Arheart, William G. LeBlanc, Lora E. Fleming, David J. Lee 2019 University of North Florida

A Report Of Florida’S Cancer History, Risk Factors, And Screening Behaviors: Data From The National Health Interview Survey, Laura A. Mcclure, Tainya C. Clarke, Cristina A. Fernandez, Kristopher L. Arheart, William G. Leblanc, Lora E. Fleming, David J. Lee

Florida Public Health Review

To target populations at greatest risk ofdeveloping cancer, it is vital to understand the patterns ofrisk factors and screening behaviors along with cancer surveillance data. This study provides data on the prevalence of self-reported cancer history, can- cer risk factors, and cancer screening behaviors in Florida and compares them to rates in the rest ofthe U.S. Data were ob- tained from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), an annual, cross-sectional household survey of the U.S. civilian non-institutionalized population. We analyzed pooled data from the 2000 and 2005 Cancer Control Modules. Compared to the rest ofthe U.S., Floridians ...


A Preventable Epidemic: Kotter’S Eight Step Change Model Applied To Type 2 Diabetes In Youth, Jo Marie Courtney 2019 University of North Florida

A Preventable Epidemic: Kotter’S Eight Step Change Model Applied To Type 2 Diabetes In Youth, Jo Marie Courtney

Florida Public Health Review

Type 2 diabetes affecting children is a global epidemic that can be addressed by applying leadership models traditionally applied to corporate business structures. Leadership models provide the guidelines to apply to a problem and create a vision of change. Approximately 346 million individuals currently suffer from diabetes worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), ofthose individuals with diabetes, 90% have type 2. Once a disease characterized by middle-aged, overweight adults, type 2 diabetes is now being diagnosed in children and adolescents. The severity oftype 2 diabetes is greater than the diagnosis portrays due to the many co-morbidities and risk ...


How Navy And Marine Corps Veterans Make Meaning Of The College Choice Process In The Post-9/11 Gi Bill Era, Derek Abbey 2019 University of San Diego

How Navy And Marine Corps Veterans Make Meaning Of The College Choice Process In The Post-9/11 Gi Bill Era, Derek Abbey

Dissertations

The Post-9/11 GI Bill was implemented in 2009. Since then more than 1,900,000 people have used the benefit and more than $90 billion have been paid to institutions of higher learning and to Post-9/11 GI Bill users. During this period there has been a shift in the types of college and universities veterans attend, as well as the educational models they select. These shifts are different than the general population of students. This period also included a spike in questionable recruiting practices by some colleges. In response to many institutions taking advantage of veterans, the President ...


A Tale Of Two Influences: An Exploration Of Downward Accountability In World Vision International, Elena McCollim 2019 University of San Diego

A Tale Of Two Influences: An Exploration Of Downward Accountability In World Vision International, Elena Mccollim

Dissertations

International nongovernmental organizations (INGOs) face increasing accountability challenges stemming from past scandals and their claims to advance the public good. Since the 1990s, INGOs have responded with numerous reforms. The creation of the Humanitarian Accountability Partnership in 2003 and the INGO Accountability Charter in 2009 reflect sector-wide efforts to enhance accountability to mission, intended beneficiaries, and peer organizations.

Many INGOs have adopted a broad range of accountability reforms. This dissertation focuses on how World Vision, the world’s largest INGO, has done so. Downward accountability remains elusive due to such factors as INGOs’ lack of transparency toward beneficiaries; the power ...


Using Dance/Movement Therapy To Educate Hospice Providers On Preventing Burnout: A Method, Victoria G. Powell 2019 Lesley University

Using Dance/Movement Therapy To Educate Hospice Providers On Preventing Burnout: A Method, Victoria G. Powell

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Burnout is a clinical condition that an individual may experience whenever they are in a constant state of stress. It is categorized by three groups of symptoms: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and negative self-evaluation of personal achievement (Rizo-Baeza et al., 2017, p. 19). This inquiry investigated the impact of burnout on hospice professionals and volunteers through researching previous literature. The research led to the development of a psychoeducational, body-based method with a Dance/Movement Therapy (DMT) foundation. This preventative method was implemented in two separate workshops for hospice professionals and volunteers at a Massachusetts-based hospital system. Results indicate a need for ...


Making The Invisible Visible: Capturing The Multidimensional Value Of Volunteerism To Nonprofit Organizations, Sue Carter Kahl 2019 University of San Diego

Making The Invisible Visible: Capturing The Multidimensional Value Of Volunteerism To Nonprofit Organizations, Sue Carter Kahl

Dissertations

Volunteers represent an important part of the nonprofit labor pool, and their contributions are diverse and significant. Yet, the assessment of the value that they bring to nonprofit organizations often is reduced to a few numbers and understood to be an economic decision based on their absence of wages. This value is traditionally reported as volunteer numbers, hours, and an hourly financial value assigned to volunteer time. These data are important tools for articulating volunteer contributions. However, the emphasis on numbers and economic value sometimes obscures important dimensions of service. Therefore, the purpose of this dissertation was to reveal more ...


Social Innovators And Developmental Stages, Juan Carlos Rivas Espinosa 2019 University of San Diego

Social Innovators And Developmental Stages, Juan Carlos Rivas Espinosa

Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The past two decades have seen increased interest in social innovation as a leading source of change. While social innovation literature experienced vast growth, particularly in the Western world, there is limited research on the individuals engaged in it, especially concerning their leadership practice. The extant research focuses mostly on identifying traits and competencies exhibited by social innovators. These individuals are often thought of as exceptional people able to think systemically to identify and solve problems in novel ways. The field runs the risk of perpetuating the idea that to be a social innovator one must possess a specific ...


Discursive Leadership: Exploring The "Black Box" Challenge In Transcultural Leadership Studies, Christopher Patrick Brown 2019 University of San Diego

Discursive Leadership: Exploring The "Black Box" Challenge In Transcultural Leadership Studies, Christopher Patrick Brown

Dissertations

The increasingly globalized U.S. workforce includes significant numbers of adult immigrants integrating into the North American professional sphere. As such, it is important to have concrete ways to study and interpret different cultures’ thinking about teamwork, and their models of enacting shared leadership and communication in a multicultural context. Since 2006, hundreds of millions in federal grant funding has been invested in university-based language and culture programs focused on training government personnel and heritage populations in the languages and cultures of the Middle East and Central and Southeast Asia. Little is known about the performative strengths and challenges of ...


Seeking Mirrors: Representation And Identity At Asian Pacific Islander Film Festivals, Yang Jiang 2019 University of San Diego

Seeking Mirrors: Representation And Identity At Asian Pacific Islander Film Festivals, Yang Jiang

Dissertations

Media representation plays an important role in shaping how we perceive ourselves. For ethnic and racial minorities, studies have confirmed that exposure to stereotypical and negative representations can harm the development of ethnic and racial identity. Currently, however, there is little understanding of how representation can support the development of ethnic and racial identity. Essentially, what might visibility, rather than invisibility, in media representation look like, and what is the relationship between visibility and ethnic and racial identity?

This dissertation sought to address these questions by looking at the experience of Asian Pacific Islander (API) attendees at API film festivals ...


Exploring, Examining, And Explaining How Participatory Governance Adds Value To Saudi Foundations’ Philanthropic Strategy, Afnan E. Koshak 2019 University of San Diego

Exploring, Examining, And Explaining How Participatory Governance Adds Value To Saudi Foundations’ Philanthropic Strategy, Afnan E. Koshak

Dissertations

Foundations’ flexibility, given their independence from fundraising imperatives, competition forces, and accountability pressures, enables them to invest in long-term, high-risk, multi-level experiments to deal with the increasingly complex societal problems. This flexibility, coupled with the growing role philanthropy plays in promoting social welfare across the world, is arguably what makes studies that focus on foundations’ philanthropic approaches of utmost importance.

There is a mounting interest among scholars in the governance of foundations, the systems and processes concerned with ensuring the overall strategic direction of organizations. Influenced by agency and stewardship theories, an increasing number of studies address such topics as ...


Addressing The Failure Of Abstinence-Only Sex Education Programs: An Emerging Leadership Perspective, Cedric Harville II 2019 University of North Florida

Addressing The Failure Of Abstinence-Only Sex Education Programs: An Emerging Leadership Perspective, Cedric Harville Ii

Florida Public Health Review

Over the past 15 years, abstinence-only sex education has been the sole method of education supported by the federal government as it relates to adolescent sexual health. Despite the exponential increase offunding provided for abstinence-only sex education, few tangible positive results have surfaced. At high rates, teens still take part in risky sexual behaviors, and are at high risks for teen pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and HIV/AIDS. As a result, it is necessary to take an alternative approach that provides adolescents with a comprehensive view of sex education in order to effectively reduce these negative outcomes. A comprehensive education ...


Leadership To Address Sexual Education In Schools, Shannon Kelley 2019 University of North Florida

Leadership To Address Sexual Education In Schools, Shannon Kelley

Florida Public Health Review

This paper will take the strategies ofleadership proposed by Bennis and Nanus (1985) in application to sexual education in schools. The severity and significance of the sexual health of youth will be shown, with an emphasis on contributing risk behaviors and ideologies. An overview ofthe current state ofteenage pregnancy and sexual disease incidence will be included. Next, the factors that contribute to the disparities of sexual health in youth will be addressed. These factors include: race, parental and peer support, participation in a sexual education program, and current policies on sexual education. A discussion about the relation ofthe factors to ...


Influenza Vaccinations: A Leadership Approach, Christine Ann Meister 2019 University of North Florida

Influenza Vaccinations: A Leadership Approach, Christine Ann Meister

Florida Public Health Review

Each year thousands of individuals in the United States are diagnosed with cases of seasonal influenza (flu) and the recent pandemic strain ofH1N1 influenza. Complications ofthe flu can lead to serious health issues resulting in hospitalization and even death. Vaccination for seasonal flu and H1N1 can decrease the number ofcases ofthe flu, thus decreasing the number of complications resulting from infection. Unfortunately, a large percentage of the population chooses not to get vaccinated every year for the seasonal flu because they do not trust vaccine safety and effectiveness. To gain the public’s trust and increase the number ofinfluenza inoculations ...


Not Just A Mother’S Decision: A Multifactorial Exploration Of Low Breastfeeding Rates In African American Women, Mackenzie R. Tewell 2019 University of North Florida

Not Just A Mother’S Decision: A Multifactorial Exploration Of Low Breastfeeding Rates In African American Women, Mackenzie R. Tewell

Florida Public Health Review

The benefits of breastfeeding for both mother and newborns are well established. Yet, black women in the U.S. consistently have the lowest rates ofbreastfeeding initiation and duration. Utilizing the various levels ofthe Social Ecological Model, this paper explores the factors that are thought to be responsible for this disparity. Poverty, a lack of resources, and societal disapproval weigh heavily upon already strained intrapersonal relationships where social support is severely lacking. Familial influence proves pivotal in a mother’s decision ofwhether or not to breastfeed. The role ofWIC clinics are also examined as a source of intervention, though literature demonstrates ...


Effective Leadership To Alter School Food Environments And Improve Public Health, Philip R. McNab 2019 University of North Florida

Effective Leadership To Alter School Food Environments And Improve Public Health, Philip R. Mcnab

Florida Public Health Review

Multiple studies show that many children and adolescents in the United States are overweight or at risk for overweight; moreover, the numbers are still rising. Contributing to the problem is the fact that schoolchildren, on average, are eating too much fast food and well below the recommended amounts offruits and vegetables. From a public health perspective, these are severe problems, as they have been associated with diseases such as heart stroke and heart disease. Not surprisingly, school food environments, which are often saturated with low-nutrient energy-dense foods, are not helping matters and need to be altered. Interventions involving nutrition education ...


Epidemiology Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma In Florida – Part I: A Statewide Report, Angel E. Alsina, Aryan Beharry, Narrad Beharry, Nyingi Kemmer, Edson Franco, Haydy Rojas, Guy W. Neff 2019 University of North Florida

Epidemiology Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma In Florida – Part I: A Statewide Report, Angel E. Alsina, Aryan Beharry, Narrad Beharry, Nyingi Kemmer, Edson Franco, Haydy Rojas, Guy W. Neff

Florida Public Health Review

The increasing incidence ofhepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has become a burgeoning public health problem. The effect has been most notable at liver transplant centers. Traditional reports of liver cancer include many non-HCC variants. This study aims at determining the incidence of HCC in the state of Florida, utilizing data from Florida Cancer Data Systems. This study pertains exclusively to HCC. Of 2,296,794 cancer cases, 4,447 HCC and variants were identified (68.7%). Incidence rates were as follows. The incidence of HCC in the state of Florida was 6.1 cases /100,000 population/year; Male: 9.6/100 ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress