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Argument Encoding And Pragmatic Marking Of The Transitive Subject In Shiwilu (Kawapanan), Pilar Valenzuela 2011 Chapman University

Argument Encoding And Pragmatic Marking Of The Transitive Subject In Shiwilu (Kawapanan), Pilar Valenzuela

World Languages and Cultures Faculty Articles and Research

Shiwilu (a.k.a. Jebero) is a nearly extinct Kawapanan language from Peruvian Amazonia. The goal of this article is twofold. First, it investigates the obligatory cross-referencing of arguments in the complex Shiwilu verb. This system is predominantly nominative accusative, with the caveat that main clause object markers coincide with those conveying subject in one type of clause involving nominal predicates, as well as subject and object of dependent clauses. Second, this article provides a first analysis of the enclitic =ler, which may attach to transitive subjects and thus exhibits an ergative-like distribution. Unlike the situation in languages with syntacticized ...


Effects Of Lexical Class And Word Frequency On The L1 And L2 English-Based Lexical Connections, Alla Zareva 2011 Old Dominion University

Effects Of Lexical Class And Word Frequency On The L1 And L2 English-Based Lexical Connections, Alla Zareva

English Faculty Publications

Three groups of participants—L1 speakers of English, L2 advanced, and intermediate users of English—responded in writing to a word association test containing words balanced for lexical class (nouns, verbs, adjectives) and frequency of occurrence (high, mid, low). The questions addressed in the study concerned the way two word-related factors (i.e., lexical category and word frequency) interplayed with two learner-related characteristics (i.e., proficiency and word familiarity) and influenced 1) the participants’ knowledge of vocabulary, 2) their preference to build specific types of lexical connections among the words they know, and 3) their ability to maintain networks of ...


Subject Object Asymmetries In The Grammar Of Bilingual And Monolingual Spanish Speakers: Evidence Against Connectionism, Joyce Bruhn de Garavito 2010 The University of Western Ontario

Subject Object Asymmetries In The Grammar Of Bilingual And Monolingual Spanish Speakers: Evidence Against Connectionism, Joyce Bruhn De Garavito

Joyce Bruhn de Garavito

No abstract provided.


Student Evaluations 2010-2011, Ewelina Barski 2010 The University of Western Ontario

Student Evaluations 2010-2011, Ewelina Barski

Ewelina Barski, PhD

Student evaluations of "Intermediate Spanish".


The Opc: An Experimental Approach, Ewelina Barski 2010 The University of Western Ontario

The Opc: An Experimental Approach, Ewelina Barski

Ewelina Barski, PhD

A variety of studies have documented the acquisition of the Overt Pronoun Constraint (OPC) (Montalbetti 1984) in second language speakers (Kanno 1997, Pérez-Leroux & Glass 1999, Rothman & Iverson 2007). This study is an experimental approach to the Overt Pronoun Constraint in native Spanish speakers. Much has been said about this constraint but very few data have been collected to corroborate the asymmetry between referential NPs and quantified antecedents. According to the Overt Pronoun Constraint (OPC) (Montalbetti, 1984) unlike the null pronoun, the overt pronoun can never refer back to a quantified expression (1) or a WH-word (2): The overt pronoun needs to refer to a third person within the discourse. Overt (1a) Nadiei cree que élj/*i va a ganar Null (1b) Nadiei cree que Øi/j va a ganar Overt (2a) ¿Quiéni cree que élj/*i va a ganar? Null (2b) ¿Quiéni cree que Øi/j va a ganar? I look to investigate whether Spanish native speakers truly have clear-cut intuitions that reflect the restrictions that the OPC proposes; and whether Spanish native speakers treat quantified antecedents differently from WH-word antecedents, within the OPC. Results show that monolingual native Spanish speakers overwhelmingly prefer the bound interpretation, even when the embedded subject is overt. Crucially, native speakers show that they can make the co-reference with the two pronouns independent of the type of antecendent.


Specification And Inversion: Evidence From Malagasy, Ileana Paul 2010 The University of Western Ontario

Specification And Inversion: Evidence From Malagasy, Ileana Paul

Ileana Paul

No abstract provided.


Proceedings Of The Sixth International Natural Language Generation Conference (Inlg 2010)., John Kelleher, Brian Mac Namee, Ielka van der Sluis 2010 Technological University Dublin

Proceedings Of The Sixth International Natural Language Generation Conference (Inlg 2010)., John Kelleher, Brian Mac Namee, Ielka Van Der Sluis

Conference papers

No abstract provided.


Paradigmatic Realignment And Morphological Change: Diachronic Deponency In Network Morphology, Andrew R. Hippisley 2010 University of Kentucky

Paradigmatic Realignment And Morphological Change: Diachronic Deponency In Network Morphology, Andrew R. Hippisley

Linguistics Faculty Publications

A natural way of formally modeling language change is to adopt a procedural, dynamic approach that gets at the notion of emergence and decay. We argue that in the realm of morphological change, and notably the reorganization of a lexeme’s paradigm, a model that at a given synchronic stage holds together both the actual facts about the paradigm as well as the range of potential or virtual facts that are licensed by the morphological machinery more elegantly captures the nature of the changing paradigm. We consider the special case of morphological mismatch where syntactic function is misaligned with morphological ...


Specification And Inversion: Evidence From Malagasy, Ileana Paul 2010 The University of Western Ontario

Specification And Inversion: Evidence From Malagasy, Ileana Paul

French Studies Publications

This paper analyzes specificational sentences in Malagasy and shows that such sentences involve obligatory inversion, marked by the topic particle dia. I argue that the topicalized element is a small clause predicate that inverts with its subject. Two competing analyses of this inversion are compared and contrasted. I conclude with a brief comparison of Malagasy and Tagalog.


The Construction Of Meaning: The Role Of Context In Corpus-Based Approaches To Language Modeling, Praful Mangalath 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

The Construction Of Meaning: The Role Of Context In Corpus-Based Approaches To Language Modeling, Praful Mangalath

Computer Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation presents a framework for statistically modeling words and sentences. It focuses on the role of context in learning semantic representations from a corpus. In recent years, approaches like Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) (Deerwester et al., 1990; Landauer et al., 1997) and Probabilistic Topic Models (LDA) (Blei et al., 2003; Griffiths and Steyvers, 2002,2007; Hofmann, 1999) have both enjoyed success with the psycholinguistics community as being theories of meaning and models of language understanding. They serve as important components of information retrieval, machine translation, and document summarization systems, as well as in several other applications. However, sentences have ...


Subjects: Grammatical Relations, Grammatical Functions And Functional Categories, Ileana Paul 2009 The University of Western Ontario

Subjects: Grammatical Relations, Grammatical Functions And Functional Categories, Ileana Paul

Ileana Paul

This paper presents an overview of how the notion of “subject” has been defined in linguistic theory. Although the term developed out of Artistotelian logic, the use has been narrowed to refer to the grammatical relation (or function). Over the past fifty years, the definition of subject and its universality has been the source of much debate. Broadly Chomskian approaches claim that grammatical relations such as subject are not primitives of the grammar and can be derived from phrase structure. As such, testing for the subject involves constituency tests. Other approaches (Relational Grammar, Lexical-Function Grammar) posit grammatical relations as primitives ...


Introduction To Hispanic Linguistics, Joyce Bruhn de Garavito, D. Heap, A-T. Pérez-Leroux 2009 The University of Western Ontario

Introduction To Hispanic Linguistics, Joyce Bruhn De Garavito, D. Heap, A-T. Pérez-Leroux

Joyce Bruhn de Garavito

No abstract provided.


Teaching Award 2009-2010, Ewelina Barski 2009 The University of Western Ontario

Teaching Award 2009-2010, Ewelina Barski

Ewelina Barski, PhD

Teaching Honour Roll Certificate


Second Language Acquisition Of Spanish Syllabus, Ewelina Barski 2009 The University of Western Ontario

Second Language Acquisition Of Spanish Syllabus, Ewelina Barski

Ewelina Barski, PhD

This is the syllabus of my 3rd year Spanish course on the acquisition of Spanish as a second language. It covers theory related to SLA and looks at different studies that investigated the topic at hand.


Specification And Inversion: Evidence From Malagasy, Ileana Paul 2009 The University of Western Ontario

Specification And Inversion: Evidence From Malagasy, Ileana Paul

Ileana Paul

This paper analyzes specificational sentences in Malagasy and shows that such sentences involve obligatory inversion, marked by the topic particle dia. I argue that the topicalized element is a small clause predicate that inverts with its subject. Two competing analyses of this inversion are compared and contrasted. I conclude with a brief comparison of Malagasy and Tagalog.


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