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Grammar Of Zị́R, Amiawatoa Downey 2016 University of Colorado, Boulder

Grammar Of Zị́R, Amiawatoa Downey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Grammar of Zị́r is a ConLang project with the aim of increasing proficiency in all aspects of Linguistics by hands-on application in the creation and thorough description of a newly created language.


Anaphora, Inversion, And Focus, Nicholas J. LaCara 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Anaphora, Inversion, And Focus, Nicholas J. Lacara

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation proposes a novel analysis of as-parentheticals, a class of anaphoric constructions introduced by the morpheme as. These include utterances like Mary kissed a pig, as John also will and Tim is happy, as is Daisy. I defend the view that the anaphoric component of these constructions is derived by verb phrase ellipsis. This builds on previous research (especially Lacara 2015, To Appear) that argues that as-parentheticals must contain elided syntactic structure rather than null operator movement as originally proposed by Potts (2002).

I also propose an analysis for some of the unusual properties that as-parentheticals display. Although ellipsis ...


A Description Of Space Relations In An Nlp Model: The Abbyy Compreno Approach, Aleksey Leontyev, Maria Petrova 2015 ABBYY Moscow

A Description Of Space Relations In An Nlp Model: The Abbyy Compreno Approach, Aleksey Leontyev, Maria Petrova

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

The current paper is devoted to a formal analysis of the space category and, especially, to questions bound with the presentation of space relations in a formal NLP model. The aim is to demonstrate how linguistic and cognitive problems relating to spatial categorization, definition of spatial entities, and the expression of different locative senses in natural languages can be solved in an artificial intelligence system. We offer a description of the locative groups in the ABBYY Compreno formalism – an integral NLP framework applied for machine translation, semantic search, fact extraction, and other tasks based on the semantic analysis of texts ...


The Mako Language: Vitality, Grammar And Classification, Jorge E. Rosés Labrada 2015 The University of Western Ontario & Université Lumière-Lyon 2

The Mako Language: Vitality, Grammar And Classification, Jorge E. Rosés Labrada

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation focuses on the documentation and description of Mako, an indigenous language spoken in the Venezuelan Amazon by about 1000 people and for which the only available published material at the start of the project were 38 words. The main goals of the project were to create a collection of annotated ethnographic texts and a grammar that could serve as a starting point for both language maintenance in the community and for further linguistic research. Additionally, the project sought to assess the language’s vitality in the communities where it is spoken and to understand the relationship of Mako ...


Presence-At-Hand, Eric Lyle Schultz 2015 Washington University in St Louis

Presence-At-Hand, Eric Lyle Schultz

Graduate School of Art Theses

Abstract

The writing that follows is intended to provide a theoretical framework for the motives behind my practice. The primary concerns addressed are the reception, transmission, and physical shape of knowledge. I will discuss a human condition that exists as a byproduct of both the legacy of representation as well as the innate biology of the brain. I will argue that as a society we are governed by the residue of an extreme logic, and that this condition places severe margins on our potential for creative solutions. I will propose that our ability to create meaning is stifled by the ...


Neurocognitive Mechanisms Of Sequential Learning And Language: An Erp Study, Gerardo E. Valdez, Sanjay Pardasani 2015 Georgia State University

Neurocognitive Mechanisms Of Sequential Learning And Language: An Erp Study, Gerardo E. Valdez, Sanjay Pardasani

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


The Shawnee Alignment System: Applying Paradigm Function Morphology To Lexical-Functional Grammar's M-Structure, Nathan Hardymon 2015 University of Kentucky

The Shawnee Alignment System: Applying Paradigm Function Morphology To Lexical-Functional Grammar's M-Structure, Nathan Hardymon

Theses and Dissertations--Linguistics

Shawnee is a language whose alignment system is of the type first proposed by Nichols (1992) and Siewierska (1998): hierarchical alignment. This alignment system was proposed to account for languages where distinctions between agent (A) and object (O) are not formally manifested. Such is the case in Shawnee; there are person-marking inflections on the verb for both A and O, but there is not set order. Instead, Shawnee makes reference to an animacy hierarchy and is an inverse system. This thesis explores how hierarchical alignment is accounted for by Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG), and also applies Paradigm Function Morphology to ...


Rightward Movement: A Study In Locality, Jason Overfelt 2015 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Rightward Movement: A Study In Locality, Jason Overfelt

Doctoral Dissertations

The irregular behavior of rightward movement presents a challenge to theories that treat such configurations as the direct product of the mechanism responsible for leftward movement. For example, rightward movement appears not to be subject to certain island constraints and famously appears to be subject to stricter locality conditions than leftward movement. This dissertation presents investigations of two particular instances of rightward movement in English: Heavy-NP Shift (HNPS) and Extraposition from NP (EXNP). I argue that, by identifying the proper analyses for these phenomena, we can begin to attribute their apparent differences from leftward movement as the products of more ...


Leveraging Semantic Similarity In Parallel Corpora For Natural Language Processing, Shumin Wu 2015 University of Colorado Boulder

Leveraging Semantic Similarity In Parallel Corpora For Natural Language Processing, Shumin Wu

Computer Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This thesis introduces a word alignment based approach for mapping PropBank predicate- argument structures across languages. We used Chinese and English as the language pair for the study and found our approach was able to reliably predict alignments between predicates and their arguments for the predicates in parallel sentence pairs, even when faced with incorrect word alignment input. Further more, by modeling the predicate-to-predicate and argument-to-argument probabilities over a large unannotated parallel corpora and using an expectation maximization (EM) based approach, we were able to further improve the alignment performance of the system.

As part of the semantic mapping system ...


Experiencing In Japanese: The Experiencer Restriction Across Clausal Types, Masashi Hashimoto 2015 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Experiencing In Japanese: The Experiencer Restriction Across Clausal Types, Masashi Hashimoto

Doctoral Dissertations

Adjectives of sensation and emotion (Experiencer adjectives) in Japanese can take only the speaker as their experiencer subject in declarative root sentences and the addressee in interrogative root sentences in conversation. This constraint, which I call the Experiencer restriction, is lifted in other various clauses, however. This dissertation examines the Experiencer restriction across clausal types under scrutiny, and presents two analyses of the phenomenon, following the claim by Krifka (2001, 2004), Speas and Tenny (2003) and others that speech acts are syntactically realized.

First, I introduce the phenomenon and give a brief review of its analyses which were made before ...


Fragments And Clausal Ellipsis, Andrew Weir 2014 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Fragments And Clausal Ellipsis, Andrew Weir

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation investigates the syntactic and semantic properties of fragments -- utterances which consist of a constituent smaller than a clause. Examples include short answers, such as What did he eat? --- Chips, as well as cases which do not respond to any overt question; for example, saying The train station, please on entering a taxi. I defend Merchant 2004's proposal that, underlyingly, fragments contain clausal structure: the fragment answer chips is elliptical for he ate chips, with he ate being present in the syntax but unspoken. I argue that challenges to ellipsis-based accounts of fragments can be circumvented by adopting ...


Pronominal Complex Predicates In Colloquial Persian, Ghazaleh Kazeminejad 2014 University of Kentucky

Pronominal Complex Predicates In Colloquial Persian, Ghazaleh Kazeminejad

Theses and Dissertations--Linguistics

Pronominal complex predicates in colloquial Persian are periphrastic constructions with an idiosyncratic syntactic pattern. They show a peculiar behavior compared to the regular agreement system in Persian, and they are the only construction in Persian which requires the obligatory presence of a pronominal enclitic. This work is an attempt to analyze this construction in order to find its function. For this purpose, a lexical semantic classification of them was proposed, which helped in presenting a new analysis. It was found out that this construction is used to express a particular diathesis in which the topic of the sentence (determined according ...


Compounding And Incorporation In The Ket Language: Implications For A More Unified Theory Of Compounding, Benjamin C. Smith 2014 University of Kentucky

Compounding And Incorporation In The Ket Language: Implications For A More Unified Theory Of Compounding, Benjamin C. Smith

Theses and Dissertations--Linguistics

Compounding in the world’s languages is a complex word-­‐formation process that is not easily accounted for. Moreover, incorporation is equally complex and problematic. This examination of compounding and incorporation in the Ket language seeks to identify the underlying logic of these processes and to work towards a typology that captures generalizations among the numerous ways in which languages expand their lexicons through these processes. Canonical Typology provides a framework that does just this. A preliminary canonical typology of compounds is proposed here, one that subsumes a range of compounds as well as incorporation. For this reason, the Ket ...


Time, Perspectives, Verbs, And Imagining Events, Jeffrey P. Hong 2014 Wilfrid Laurier University

Time, Perspectives, Verbs, And Imagining Events, Jeffrey P. Hong

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

During the processing of verbs, readers form internal representations of the events described by those verbs. Two key elements in the construction of event representations are temporal information, given by the verbs that describe the represented events, and the visual perspective from which the events are represented. The current study is composed of two experiments aimed at examining the roles these two factors play in event representation. Specifically, the study aimed to determine how temporal information and visual perspective are represented during event imagination.

Experiment 1 investigated the role of temporal information associated with verbs, given by grammatical aspect (GA ...


Hawking Hyphens In Compound Modifiers, Joan Ames Magat 2014 Duke Law School

Hawking Hyphens In Compound Modifiers, Joan Ames Magat

Faculty Scholarship

The first principle of legal writing is surely its clarity — visible actors (unless the action matters more), uncluttered syntax, and, of course, logical structure. But the little things can matter to clarity, too — such as deliberate punctuation that signifies. In the language of law, in which compound nouns are rife, the reader can feel adrift as to where modifiers end and the noun begins. (Consider government-subsidized health flexible-spending arrangement without those hyphens.) Hyphens help. Whether an author cares to hyphenate the noun is his call; but hyphenating compound modifiers (also called phrasal adjectives, though they may include adverbs — more-abundant paperclips ...


Identification And Representation Of Caused Motion Constructions, Jena D. Hwang 2014 University of Colorado Boulder

Identification And Representation Of Caused Motion Constructions, Jena D. Hwang

Linguistics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Advances in syntactic parsing and semantic role labeling have been a boon to Natural Language Processing. However, they perform poorly with sentences that do not conform to expected syntax-semantic patterning behavior. For example, in the sentence "The crowd laughed the clown off the stage", a verb of non-verbal communication laugh is coerced into the semantics of a caused motion construction (CMC) and gains a motion entailment that is atypical given its inherent lexical semantics. Accurate semantic role labeling for such sentences requires that NLP classifiers accurately identify these coerced usages in data. Given accurate semantic role labels, the sentence would ...


Syntactic Analysis Of Arabic Adverb’S Between Arabic And English: X Bar Theory, Mohammed H. M. Al Aqad 2013 Faculty of Languages & Linguistics, University of Malaya

Syntactic Analysis Of Arabic Adverb’S Between Arabic And English: X Bar Theory, Mohammed H. M. Al Aqad

Mohammed H. M. Al Aqad

This study was undertaken to highlight some linguistic devices of structural and syntactic analysis of

multi-position Arabic adverbs, the study offered a syntactic baseline between Arabic and English, the researcher selected six

sentences of Arabic and English adverbs, 3 in Arabic and 3 in English, in order to serve the task of analysis and scrutinize

some indiscernible adverbs loci of Arabic comparing with one key position in English. The main purpose of this study was to

investigate whether the locus of adverbial sentence in Arabic is matchable to locus of English sentence or otherwise. The

subject of this study was ...


To The Jew First: A Socio-Historical And Biblical-Theological Analysis Of The Pauline Teaching Of `Election' In Light Of Second Temple Jewish Patterns Of Thought, Anthony Thornhill 2013 Liberty University

To The Jew First: A Socio-Historical And Biblical-Theological Analysis Of The Pauline Teaching Of `Election' In Light Of Second Temple Jewish Patterns Of Thought, Anthony Thornhill

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

Paul's "doctrine" of election has remained a controversial and enigmatic topic for centuries. Few studies, however, have approached Paul's doctrine through the context of Second Temple Judaism. This study examines Paul's view of election through the lens of Second Temple Jewish texts written prior to 70 CE. In doing so, it is argued that the best framework through which to view Paul's discussion of election is through a primarily corporate model of election. While such a model is rooted in Judaism, Paul departs from his Jewish contemporaries in arguing that the locus of election is in ...


Spanish And Polish Heritage Speakers In Canada: The Overt Pronoun Constraint, Ewelina Barski 2013 The College at Brockport

Spanish And Polish Heritage Speakers In Canada: The Overt Pronoun Constraint, Ewelina Barski

Ewelina Barski, PhD

No abstract provided.


Preposition Stranding In Heritage Speakers Of Brazilian Portuguese, Simone H. de Lemos 2013 Florida International University

Preposition Stranding In Heritage Speakers Of Brazilian Portuguese, Simone H. De Lemos

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Influential bodies of work in language acquisition studies single out heritage bilingualism as a discrete acquisition process within the bilingualism continuum. In regards to the acquisition of WH-/QU- interrogatives containing prepositional phrases (PP), the present study examined whether heritage speakers (HS) of Brazilian Portuguese (BP) produce preposition stranding (P-stranding) constructions in their heritage language, in contrast to monolingual and adult speakers of BP, where prepositions are pied-piped to form the interrogative. Participants were HS of BP born in the USA and in Brazil, monolinguals, and late bilingual adults. The experiment consisted of an elicited production task and a grammaticality ...


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