Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Linguistics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

6,740 Full-Text Articles 6,214 Authors 2,999,454 Downloads 225 Institutions

All Articles in Linguistics

Faceted Search

6,740 full-text articles. Page 5 of 211.

University American Sign Language (Asl) Second Language Learners: Receptive And Expressive Asl Performance, Jennifer Beal Dr. 2020 Valdosta State University

University American Sign Language (Asl) Second Language Learners: Receptive And Expressive Asl Performance, Jennifer Beal Dr.

Journal of Interpretation

American Sign Language (ASL) is used by estimates of up to 500,000 people (deaf and hearing) in the United States (Mitchell et al., 2006); however, the majority of users are typically hearing university students, frequently within university interpreting or deaf education preparation programs, who learn ASL as a second language (L2). It is unclear how these learners develop their skills as they progress through university training programs. The present study documents university learners’ receptive and expressive ASL skills, factors related to performance, and self-evaluation and strategy use at the end of their ASL IV course. Both assessments are readily ...


The Expression Of The Meaning Of Uncertainty With Numbers And The Word “One” In The English And Uzbek Languages, Mavlyuda Gadoyeva Ibragimovna 2020 Associate Professor of English, Bukhara State University, Candidate of Philological Sciences

The Expression Of The Meaning Of Uncertainty With Numbers And The Word “One” In The English And Uzbek Languages, Mavlyuda Gadoyeva Ibragimovna

Scientific reports of Bukhara State University

This article is dedicated to the expression of the meaning of the category of uncertainty with the help of numbers and word ―one‖in the English and Uzbek languages.


Modern Approaches To Learning A Second Language, Risolat Achilova A‟zamovna, Mavjuda Maxmurova Halimovna 2020 Teacher of the Department of Foreign Languages in Natural Sciences, Bukhara State University

Modern Approaches To Learning A Second Language, Risolat Achilova A‟Zamovna, Mavjuda Maxmurova Halimovna

Scientific reports of Bukhara State University

This article analyzes the role of second language learning , its features and the role of Stephen Krashen's ideas in the theory of second language learning.


History Of Creating First Bilingual And Regulatory Educational Dictionaries In Uzbek Language, Bashorat Bahriddinova Ma’diyevna 2020 Head of the Department of Uzbek Linguistics, Karshi State University, Candidate of Philological Sciences

History Of Creating First Bilingual And Regulatory Educational Dictionaries In Uzbek Language, Bashorat Bahriddinova Ma’Diyevna

Scientific reports of Bukhara State University

The article is about the development of the Soviet era of Uzbek educational dictionary. The educational dictionaries created during this period served mainly to teach Russian in national schools. The original educational dictionaries created on the orders of Tsarist Russia were entrusted with pure socio-political tasks not only to study the language but also to study the nation, its culture, to provide mass literacy and language training in the middle of the 20th century.


Semantic Tag Category In Corpus Linguistics: Experience And Analysis, Dildora Axmedova Bahodirovna 2020 Basic doctoral student of Bukhara State University

Semantic Tag Category In Corpus Linguistics: Experience And Analysis, Dildora Axmedova Bahodirovna

Scientific reports of Bukhara State University

This article discusses the semantic markup system, the semantics markup, the operator, the classifier, the versatility, the properties and capabilities of semantic filtering, which are important categories for the semantic annotation of corpus units. Different approaches and theories to semantic tag system are expressed; some considerations for solving and filtering semantic touch problems, versatilities and homonymic; an analysis of the semantic circuitry of the Russian, Kalmyk, Bashkir, Chuvash language is given.


Incomplete Sentences In Uzbek Linguistics, Nilufar Sadullayeva Azimovna 2020 Department of comparative linguistics of the National University of Uzbekistan, candidate of philological Sciences, Dosent

Incomplete Sentences In Uzbek Linguistics, Nilufar Sadullayeva Azimovna

Scientific reports of Bukhara State University

This article provides an overview of scientists about incomplete sentences, their essence, types and using in world linguistics. Incomplete sentences as a phenomenon of linguistics, their similarities and differences have been analyzed by Uzbek scientists. The opinion of linguists about the usage of the term "incomplete sentence" is quite different. Some scholars have suggested that this term should be used, while others suggest that such clauses can not be substituted with the term "incomplete‖. Uzbek scientists have briefly described the usage of incomplete sentences as the part of the complex sentences. The analysis show that they do not differ from ...


Lexicographic Analysis Of General Linguistic Terms (On The Basis Of Materials Of English, Russian And Uzbek Languages), Dilafro'z Xodjayeva Izzatillayevna 2020 The Department of foreign language in natural directions of Bukhara State University (PhD)

Lexicographic Analysis Of General Linguistic Terms (On The Basis Of Materials Of English, Russian And Uzbek Languages), Dilafro'z Xodjayeva Izzatillayevna

Scientific reports of Bukhara State University

The given article gives the lexicographic analysis of linguistic terms and their definitions taken from trilingual dictionaries of English, Russian and Uzbek languаges.


Peculiarities Of Repetition As The Means Of Expression In English And Uzbek, Shaxnoza Asqarova Kamolidinovna 2020 Tashkent State University of Oriental Studies, Senior Lecturer, Department of Western European Languages, Doctor of Philology (PhD)

Peculiarities Of Repetition As The Means Of Expression In English And Uzbek, Shaxnoza Asqarova Kamolidinovna

Scientific reports of Bukhara State University

The article is devoted to the analysis of the peculiarities of repetition as the means of expression in English and Uzbek. Repetition is analyzed on the basis of the sources pertaining to each of two languages as well as the researchers‘ ideas. At the end of the article thoughts of linguists on the given issue is generalized.


Description Of The Semantic System In The Word Formation Of Military-Professional Language Unit, Suxrob Erkinov Erkinovich 2020 Head of the Department of English Language Practice and Theory, Samarkand State University

Description Of The Semantic System In The Word Formation Of Military-Professional Language Unit, Suxrob Erkinov Erkinovich

Scientific reports of Bukhara State University

This article is devoted to the systematic description of military-professional language units in the word structure, which aims to highlight the semantic features of two- component nominal expressions in the English-speaking military sphere


Language Corps Programming: Creating Artificial Language, Syntax And Semantics Of Language, Shahlo Xamroyeva Mirjnovna 2020 Tashkent State Uzbek Language named after Alisher Navoi and a doctoral student at the University of Literature, Ph.D. (PhD)

Language Corps Programming: Creating Artificial Language, Syntax And Semantics Of Language, Shahlo Xamroyeva Mirjnovna

Scientific reports of Bukhara State University

This article discusses the stages of creating theoretical generalizations of formal morphology, syntax and semantics of the Uzbek language for an artificial language nd programming language when developing language programs.


Eye-Movement Benchmarks In Heritage Language Reading, Olga Parshina, Anna K. Laurinavivhyute, Irina A. Sekerina 2020 CUNY Graduate Center

Eye-Movement Benchmarks In Heritage Language Reading, Olga Parshina, Anna K. Laurinavivhyute, Irina A. Sekerina

Publications and Research

This eye-tracking study establishes basic benchmarks of eye movements during reading in heritage language (HL) by Russian-speaking adults and adolescents of high (n = 21) and low proficiency (n = 27). Heritage speakers (HSs) read sentences in Cyrillic, and their eye movements were compared to those of Russian monolingual skilled adult readers, 8-yearold children and L2 learners. Reading patterns of HSs revealed longer mean fixation durations, lower skipping probabilities, and higher regressive saccade rates than in monolingual adults. High-proficient HSs were more similar to monolingual children, while low-proficient HSs performed on par with L2 learners. Low-proficient HSs differed from high-proficient HSs in ...


Multi-Script Morphological Transducers And Transcribers For Seven Turkic Languages, Jonathan North Washington, F. Tyers, O. Kuyrukçu 2020 Swarthmore College

Multi-Script Morphological Transducers And Transcribers For Seven Turkic Languages, Jonathan North Washington, F. Tyers, O. Kuyrukçu

Linguistics Faculty Works

This paper describes ongoing work to augment morphological transducers for seven Turkic languages with support for multiple scripts each, as well as respective IPA transcription systems. Evaluation demonstrates that our approach yields coverage equivalent to or not much lower than that of the base transducers.


Computational Approaches To The Syntax–Prosody Interface: Using Prosody To Improve Parsing, Hussein M. Ghaly 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Computational Approaches To The Syntax–Prosody Interface: Using Prosody To Improve Parsing, Hussein M. Ghaly

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Prosody has strong ties with syntax, since prosody can be used to resolve some syntactic ambiguities. Syntactic ambiguities have been shown to negatively impact automatic syntactic parsing, hence there is reason to believe that prosodic information can help improve parsing. This dissertation considers a number of approaches that aim to computationally examine the relationship between prosody and syntax of natural languages, while also addressing the role of syntactic phrase length, with the ultimate goal of using prosody to improve parsing.

Chapter 2 examines the effect of syntactic phrase length on prosody in double center embedded sentences in French. Data collected ...


Tonal Adaptation Of Loanwords In Mandarin: Phonology And Beyond, Zhuting Chang 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Tonal Adaptation Of Loanwords In Mandarin: Phonology And Beyond, Zhuting Chang

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This study examines the tonal adaptation of English and Japanese loanwords in Mandarin, and considers data collected from different types of sources. The purpose overall is to identify the mechanisms underlying the adaptation processes by which tone is assigned, and to check if the same mechanisms are invoked regardless of donor languages and source types. Both corpus and experimental methods were utilized to survey a broad sampling of borrowings and a wide array of syllable types that target specific phonetic properties.

To maximally rule out the effect of semantic tingeing, this study examined English place names that were extracted from ...


Knowledge Of The Present Perfect By Albanian/English Bilinguals, Erjon Xholi 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Knowledge Of The Present Perfect By Albanian/English Bilinguals, Erjon Xholi

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This paper concerns the acquisition process of a specific part of English grammar by native speakers of Albanian. The focus is the English present perfect, and the similarities and differences that it bears to the Albanian Compound Perfective. The two constructions are made from similar parts, but they crucially differ in the aspectual nature of their participles. While the Albanian particle is perfective, the English is underspecified. We argue that the process of the acquisition of the PP by Albanian bilinguals is one where input, analogy, and direct grammar teaching do not suffice. We apply Generative Grammar logic to the ...


Testing The Perceptual Magnet Effect In Monolinguals And Bilinguals, Michael C. Stern 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Testing The Perceptual Magnet Effect In Monolinguals And Bilinguals, Michael C. Stern

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Previous research has demonstrated an apparent warping of the perceptual space whereby the best exemplars or ‘prototypes’ of speech sound categories minimize the perceptual distance between themselves and neighboring stimuli in the same category. This phenomenon has been termed the ‘perceptual magnet effect’ (PME). The present study extends work on the PME to a speech sound category previously unstudied in this paradigm (American English /æ/), and to bilingual speech sound representation and perception. American English monolinguals and Turkish-English bilinguals completed identification tasks, category goodness rating tasks, and same-different discrimination tasks with synthesized vowel sounds from the American English /æ/ category ...


Phonologically-Informed Speech Coding For Automatic Speech Recognition-Based Foreign Language Pronunciation Training, Anthony J. Vicario 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Phonologically-Informed Speech Coding For Automatic Speech Recognition-Based Foreign Language Pronunciation Training, Anthony J. Vicario

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Automatic speech recognition (ASR) and computer-assisted pronunciation training (CAPT) systems used in foreign-language educational contexts are often not developed with the specific task of second-language acquisition in mind. Systems that are built for this task are often excessively targeted to one native language (L1) or a single phonemic contrast and are therefore burdensome to train. Current algorithms have been shown to provide erroneous feedback to learners and show inconsistencies between human and computer perception. These discrepancies have thus far hindered more extensive application of ASR in educational systems.

This thesis reviews the computational models of the human perception of American ...


Spatial Distribution Of Chinese Language Education And Historical Development Of Chinese Language Pedagogy In Higher Education In The United States, Jing Zhao 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Spatial Distribution Of Chinese Language Education And Historical Development Of Chinese Language Pedagogy In Higher Education In The United States, Jing Zhao

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This capstone project includes two major components: an interactive digital map that displays the geographical distribution of Chinese language programs in colleges and universities in the United States, their program starting years, the types of such universities and colleges, and their names and states; and a multimedia essay on the evolution of Chinese language pedagogy in colleges and universities in the United States. Data has been collected on the program start year, school names, states where schools are located, school types, and whether the school had been funded by two federal sponsored language programs: the National Defense Education Act in ...


Beyond Exposure: Markers Of English Proficiency In School-Aged French–English Bilinguals, Erin Quirk 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Beyond Exposure: Markers Of English Proficiency In School-Aged French–English Bilinguals, Erin Quirk

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Bilingual children show more variation in their language development than monolingual children, a fact that has been linked to their experience with their languages. Bilingual language experience also varies more than monolingual children's, both in terms of how much they hear the language spoken around them (exposure) and how much they speak the language themselves (production). This dissertation investigates the following aspects of the relationship between bilinguals’ language experience and development which are not well-understood: how children’s language production relates to their proficiency in that language, how children’s language exposure relates to receptive versus expressive and lexical ...


The Synchronic And Diachronic Phonology Of Nauruan: Towards A Definitive Classification Of An Understudied Micronesian Language, Kevin Hughes 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Synchronic And Diachronic Phonology Of Nauruan: Towards A Definitive Classification Of An Understudied Micronesian Language, Kevin Hughes

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Nauruan is a Micronesian language spoken in the Republic of Nauru, a small island nation in the central Pacific. Lack of data and difficulty in analysis has hindered progress in better understanding Nauruan for decades, particularly regarding its phonology and its classification within the Micronesian family. Because of these challenges, earlier researchers have presented their work on Nauruan as highly tentative. This dissertation establishes more confident analyses of Nauruan phonology, sound change and classification, which have been made possible through original fieldwork.

Approximately one hundred hours of digital recordings have been collected as part of this research, including wordlists, phrases ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress