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The Development Of Morphological Knowledge In Relation To Early Spelling Ability, Hyla Rubin 2016 The College of New Rochelle

The Development Of Morphological Knowledge In Relation To Early Spelling Ability, Hyla Rubin

Hyla Rubin

This study assessed the morphological knowledge of kindergarteners and first graders in relation to their early spelling ability. Morphological knowledge was investigated because, in order to spell, children need to understand that words are composed of morphemes and phonemes, and because poor spellers have particular difficulty with inflected forms of words. Kindergarteners and first graders were grouped by their implicit understanding of morphology and were given tests of dictated spelling and morphological analysis. First graders with poor morphological knowledge omitted more inflectional morphemes in spelling and were less able to identify base morphemes in spoken words than kindergarteners and first ...


Adquisición De Los Contrafactuales Pasados En Español: Mapeo De Formas – Significados En Las Interfaces Morfología – Sintaxis – Semántica – Pragmática, Diana Patricia Botero Ibarra 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Adquisición De Los Contrafactuales Pasados En Español: Mapeo De Formas – Significados En Las Interfaces Morfología – Sintaxis – Semántica – Pragmática, Diana Patricia Botero Ibarra

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study focuses on the acquisition of the compound form of the Pluperfect Subjunctive to express counterfactual meaning in the past through conditional clauses. The aim was to examine in which instances we can find the greatest difficulty in the acquisition and what are the sets of information that stem from universal mechanisms.

This study included two experiments: Experiment 1 consisted of a sentence completion task and a written production task to investigate morphological recognition and morphological written production of subjunctive and conditional forms. Experiment 2 included an interpretation and context task, a sentence selection task, and a picture-matching task ...


Grammar Of Zị́R, Amiawatoa Downey 2016 University of Colorado, Boulder

Grammar Of Zị́R, Amiawatoa Downey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Grammar of Zị́r is a ConLang project with the aim of increasing proficiency in all aspects of Linguistics by hands-on application in the creation and thorough description of a newly created language.


Verbing And Nouning, Grace Gomashie, Robert J. Stainton 2015 University of Western Ontario

Verbing And Nouning, Grace Gomashie, Robert J. Stainton

Robert J. Stainton

This brief encyclopedia entry addresses three questions: What are verbing and nouning? Why are they important for language evolution? And are prescriptive grammarians right to be so unreceptive?


A Morphological Study Of The Antonymous Compounds In Chinese: How The Word Class Changes And Why, Yihan Zhou 2015 Seton Hall University

A Morphological Study Of The Antonymous Compounds In Chinese: How The Word Class Changes And Why, Yihan Zhou

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The majority of Chinese words are compounds. Among compounds, there is a special kind of compounds. It is made up of two antonymous morphemes. The antonymous compounds undergo functional shift. In 40% percent of the cases, the compounds have different word classes from the morphemes. The thesis investigated how the functional shift happens and why it happens.

Based on the critique of the definitions of antonymous compounds used in others’ studies, the thesis comes up with a broad definition. With the help of primary sources such as dictionaries, secondary sources, and the definition, the thesis collects 292 antonymous compounds.

The ...


The Mako Language: Vitality, Grammar And Classification, Jorge E. Rosés Labrada 2015 The University of Western Ontario & Université Lumière-Lyon 2

The Mako Language: Vitality, Grammar And Classification, Jorge E. Rosés Labrada

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation focuses on the documentation and description of Mako, an indigenous language spoken in the Venezuelan Amazon by about 1000 people and for which the only available published material at the start of the project were 38 words. The main goals of the project were to create a collection of annotated ethnographic texts and a grammar that could serve as a starting point for both language maintenance in the community and for further linguistic research. Additionally, the project sought to assess the language’s vitality in the communities where it is spoken and to understand the relationship of Mako ...


Call For Papers In Communication & Linguistics Studies (Cls), Communication & Linguistics Studies (CLS) 2015 Science Publishing Group

Call For Papers In Communication & Linguistics Studies (Cls), Communication & Linguistics Studies (Cls)

Communication & Linguistics Studies (CLS)

Dear Valued Professors, Scholars and Colleagues This is to invite and inquire about paper submission in Communication & Linguistics Studies (CLS) published by Science Publishing Group (ScincePG). SciencePG is a fast and an independent international publisher of 110+ open access, online, peer-reviewed journals covering a wide range of academic disciplines. It is indexed and abstracted in Crossref, EZ3, ZDB, Journal Seek, DRJI, world Cat, Academic Keys, Research Bible, Google Scholar, CAS etc.


Order Of Acquisition: A Comparison Of L1 And L2 English And Spanish Morpheme Acquisition, Kyle A. McFerren 2015 Liberty University

Order Of Acquisition: A Comparison Of L1 And L2 English And Spanish Morpheme Acquisition, Kyle A. Mcferren

Senior Honors Theses

This paper examines the order of acquisition for grammatical morphemes in Spanish and English first and second language learners. Brown’s first morpheme order study, conducted in 1973, laid the foundation for what would become one of the most common types of study conducted within the field of second language acquisition. The four orders of acquisition relevant here are examined and compared in order to support the roles of salience, morphophonological regularity, complexity, input frequency, and native language transfer in first and/or second language acquisition. The conclusion is that these five determinants work interdependently in determining the difficulty of ...


Measuring Productivity Diachronically: Nominal Suffixes In English Letters, 1400–1600, Chris Palmer 2015 Kennesaw State University

Measuring Productivity Diachronically: Nominal Suffixes In English Letters, 1400–1600, Chris Palmer

Chris C. Palmer

Much scholarship on morphological productivity has focused on measures such as hapax legomena, single occurrences of derivatives in large corpora, to compare and contrast the varying productivities of English affixes. But the small size of historical corpora has often limited the usefulness of such measures in diachronic analysis. Examining letters from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in the Corpus of Early English Correspondence, this article advances a multifaceted approach to assessing historical changes in nominal suffixation in English. It adapts methodologies from work on morphological productivity in contemporary language – in particular, measures of base and derivative ratios from Hay & Baayen ...


The Shawnee Alignment System: Applying Paradigm Function Morphology To Lexical-Functional Grammar's M-Structure, Nathan Hardymon 2015 University of Kentucky

The Shawnee Alignment System: Applying Paradigm Function Morphology To Lexical-Functional Grammar's M-Structure, Nathan Hardymon

Theses and Dissertations--Linguistics

Shawnee is a language whose alignment system is of the type first proposed by Nichols (1992) and Siewierska (1998): hierarchical alignment. This alignment system was proposed to account for languages where distinctions between agent (A) and object (O) are not formally manifested. Such is the case in Shawnee; there are person-marking inflections on the verb for both A and O, but there is not set order. Instead, Shawnee makes reference to an animacy hierarchy and is an inverse system. This thesis explores how hierarchical alignment is accounted for by Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG), and also applies Paradigm Function Morphology to ...


Vowels In Kotiria And Wa'ikhana: A Diachronic And Synchronic Analysis, Megan Hutto 2015 University of Colorado Boulder

Vowels In Kotiria And Wa'ikhana: A Diachronic And Synchronic Analysis, Megan Hutto

Linguistics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This study first postulates a set of vowels for Proto-Kotiria and Wa'ikhana informed by previous studies which reconstructed the vowels for Proto-Tukanoan, the family to which Kotiria and Wa'ikhana belong, and by the modern vowel inventories of these languages. Then, a comparative description of vowel pronunciation between two time points, 1905 and 2010, is undertaken. This description reveals that, while there has not been a change in vowel inventory, there are differences in speakers' production of vowels between these two times. The suprasegmental systems as well as the aspiration patterns of each of these languages is also looked ...


Phonologically Conditioned Allomorphy And Ur Constraints, Brian W. Smith 2015 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Phonologically Conditioned Allomorphy And Ur Constraints, Brian W. Smith

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation provides a new model of the phonology-morphology interface, focusing on Phonologically Conditioned Allomorphy (PCA). In this model, UR selection occurs during the phonological component, and mappings between meanings and URs are encoded as violable constraints, called UR constraints (Boersma 2001; Pater et al. 2012).

Ranking UR constraints captures many empirical generalizations about PCA, such as similarities between PCA and phonological alternations, the existence of defaults, and the interaction of PCA and phonological repairs (epenthesis, deletion, etc.). Since PCA follows from the ranking or weighting of constraints, patterns of PCA can be learned using existing learning algorithms, and modeling ...


Evaluation Of The Functional Capabilities Of Fins And Limbs For Moving On Land: Insights Into The Invasion Of Land By Tetrapods, Sandy Kawano 2014 Clemson University

Evaluation Of The Functional Capabilities Of Fins And Limbs For Moving On Land: Insights Into The Invasion Of Land By Tetrapods, Sandy Kawano

All Dissertations

Transitions to novel habitats present different adaptive challenges, producing captivating examples of how functional innovations of the musculoskeletal system influence phenotypic divergence and adaptive radiations. One intriguing example is the transition from aquatic fishes to tetrapods. Recent technological advances and discoveries of critical fossils have catapulted our understanding on how fishes gave rise to terrestrial vertebrates. Considerable attention has been paid to legged locomotion on land, but given that the first tetrapods were aquatic, limbs did not evolve primarily for terrestriality. How, then, is the locomotor function of limbs different from fins? Extant amphibious fishes demonstrate that fins can be ...


Defaults And Head Marking: Maximal Inheritance, Minimal Overriding, Andrew Hippisley 2014 University of Kentucky

Defaults And Head Marking: Maximal Inheritance, Minimal Overriding, Andrew Hippisley

Andrew R. Hippisley

No abstract provided.


Don’T Crimp My Game: A Phonological, Lexical, Syntactic, And Discourse Assessment Of Linguistic Diversity In The United States, Pedro Ferreira 2014 Georgia State University

Don’T Crimp My Game: A Phonological, Lexical, Syntactic, And Discourse Assessment Of Linguistic Diversity In The United States, Pedro Ferreira

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Pronominal Complex Predicates In Colloquial Persian, Ghazaleh Kazeminejad 2014 University of Kentucky

Pronominal Complex Predicates In Colloquial Persian, Ghazaleh Kazeminejad

Theses and Dissertations--Linguistics

Pronominal complex predicates in colloquial Persian are periphrastic constructions with an idiosyncratic syntactic pattern. They show a peculiar behavior compared to the regular agreement system in Persian, and they are the only construction in Persian which requires the obligatory presence of a pronominal enclitic. This work is an attempt to analyze this construction in order to find its function. For this purpose, a lexical semantic classification of them was proposed, which helped in presenting a new analysis. It was found out that this construction is used to express a particular diathesis in which the topic of the sentence (determined according ...


Compounding And Incorporation In The Ket Language: Implications For A More Unified Theory Of Compounding, Benjamin C. Smith 2014 University of Kentucky

Compounding And Incorporation In The Ket Language: Implications For A More Unified Theory Of Compounding, Benjamin C. Smith

Theses and Dissertations--Linguistics

Compounding in the world’s languages is a complex word-­‐formation process that is not easily accounted for. Moreover, incorporation is equally complex and problematic. This examination of compounding and incorporation in the Ket language seeks to identify the underlying logic of these processes and to work towards a typology that captures generalizations among the numerous ways in which languages expand their lexicons through these processes. Canonical Typology provides a framework that does just this. A preliminary canonical typology of compounds is proposed here, one that subsumes a range of compounds as well as incorporation. For this reason, the Ket ...


Inferential-Realizational Morphology And Affix Ordering: Evidence From The Agreement Patterns Of Basque Auxiliary Verbs, Parker Brody 2014 University of Kentucky

Inferential-Realizational Morphology And Affix Ordering: Evidence From The Agreement Patterns Of Basque Auxiliary Verbs, Parker Brody

Theses and Dissertations--Linguistics

“No aspect of Basque linguistics has received more attention over the years than the morphology of the verb.” (Trask 1981:1)

The current study examines the complex morphological agreement patterns found in the Basque auxiliary verb system as a case in point for discussion of theoretical approaches to inflectional morphology. The traditional syntax-driven treatment of these auxiliaries is contrasted with an inferential, morphology-driven analysis within the Paradigm Function Morphology framework. Additionally, a computational implementation of the current analysis using the DATR lexical knowledge representation language is discussed.


Position Class Preclusion: A Computational Resolution Of Mutually Exclusive Affix Positions, Rebecca O. Hale 2014 University of Kentucky

Position Class Preclusion: A Computational Resolution Of Mutually Exclusive Affix Positions, Rebecca O. Hale

Theses and Dissertations--Linguistics

In Paradigm Function Morphology, it is usual to model affix position classes with an ordered sequence of inflectional rule blocks. Each rule block determines how (or whether) a particular affix position is filled. In this model, competition among inflectional rules is assumed to be limited to members of the same rule block; thus, the appearance of an affix in one position cannot be precluded by the appearance of an affix in another position. I present evidence that apparently disconfirms this restriction and suggests that a more general conception of rule competition is necessary. The data appear to imply that an ...


Phylogeny And Diversity Of The Phantom Crane Flies (Diptera: Ptychopteridae), Andrew Fasbender 2014 Iowa State University

Phylogeny And Diversity Of The Phantom Crane Flies (Diptera: Ptychopteridae), Andrew Fasbender

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The species diversity and higher level classification of Ptychopteridae (Insecta: Diptera) is examined with cladistic methods using morphological and molecular datasets. The taxonomic status of Ptychoptera contaminata Linnaeus is discussed, and a neotype designation is proposed. The Afrotropical fauna is detailed as part of a larger reference work of Diptera in the region. The structure and homologies of male genitalia within the family are examined, and a new standardized terminology is proposed, supported with colorized illustrations. An illustrated key is provided for the Nearctic species of both subfamilies. The extant species of the subfamily Bittacomorphinae are revised, including redescriptions, illustrations ...


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