The Effects Of Code-Mixing On Second Language Development, 2018 Cedarville University
The Effects Of Code-Mixing On Second Language Development, Aimee K. Spice
Linguistics Senior Research Projects
Second language development is an important topic of discussion in an increasingly multilingual world. This study aims to examine and detail research on the effects of code-mixing (CM) on second language development, answering how CM facilitates or constrains second language acquisition. Peer-reviewed articles on the topic published between 2013 and 2018 were examined and synthesized. Language learners/multilinguals answered questionnaires about their views on CM and second language acquisition, and a language teacher was interviewed regarding use of L1 in the language classroom and CM as a pedagogical tool. This study found that CM can be a beneficial tool for ...
The Social Factors Of Fossilization, 2018 SIT Graduate Institute
The Social Factors Of Fossilization, Ashley Brigham
MA TESOL Collection
The notion of fossilization has been one of the most controversial, yet enduring topics in second language acquisition (SLA) theory since its first appearance in Selinker’s 1972 seminal article “Interlanguage.” In the past, work regarding fossilization sought to either support or challenge its existence, to determine the putative causes and to predict what linguistic items were prone to becoming fossilized. Initially, the possible causes which enjoyed the most attention were first language interference and the learner’s age and length of residency in the target language community. Now, however, with the current climate of SLA acknowledging that both learning ...
Language Policy In Sudanese-Arabic Speaking Families, 2018 University of Northern Iowa
Language Policy In Sudanese-Arabic Speaking Families, Marwa Ibrahim
Annual Graduate Student Symposium
In countries like the United States, where English is the dominant language, minority languages spoken in families and communities are at risk of being lost by the second and subsequent generations. This study thus examines the language maintenance and family language policies that exist in families of first-generation immigrant Sudanese residing in a Sudanese community in a Midwest university town of 74,000. The study aims to answer how family language policy, spoken or unspoken, affects the maintenance of the children's first language. The participants in this study were first generation immigrants, identified themselves as bilingual, resided in the ...
Educator Perceptions Of Gifted English Language Learners, 2018 Western Kentucky University
Educator Perceptions Of Gifted English Language Learners, Michelle C. Lynch
Masters Theses & Specialist Projects
This paper explores educator perceptions of gifted and talented (GT) English language (ELL) students. This study identifies barriers for identification and service for GT/ELL students and highlights ways to support students through current efforts for students who fit these criteria. Educators from two elementary schools were interviewed in this qualitative study. The schools were chosen due to their high population of ELL students. The roles of professional development (PD) and best practices for identification of underrepresented students are discussed. Five main themes emerged from interviews of educators that work with GT/ELL students. The themes are obstacles, perception, referral ...
Addressing The Assumption; A Case Study On Student Motivations And Barriers To Study Second Language Abroad, 2018 SIT Graduate Institute
Addressing The Assumption; A Case Study On Student Motivations And Barriers To Study Second Language Abroad, Rebecca Schano
Historically, second language learning and study abroad programming have run in natural conjunction. However, in recent years there has been a slow but steady decline in the number of foreign language students in higher education who are choosing to study abroad to further their second language acquisition. This study explores this topic through a case study at Marquette University, and aims to answer the research question: What are the motivations and barriers of foreign language students to study their second language abroad? Using a student survey and in-person interviews with professionals in the field, data is collected on the most ...
Foreign Language Anxiety, Sexuality, And Gender: Lived Experiences Of Four Lgbtq+ Students, 2018 Portland State University
Foreign Language Anxiety, Sexuality, And Gender: Lived Experiences Of Four Lgbtq+ Students, James Donald Mitchell
Dissertations and Theses
The relationship between foreign language anxiety and gender identity has been largely a quantitative endeavor that has shown contradictory results. Furthermore, sexual identity has not been researched in foreign language anxiety literature. A qualitative account of LGBTQ+ language learners with different gender identities has been absent from the literature. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between foreign language anxiety and sexual and gender identity. To gain insight into this relationship, this qualitative study investigated the lived experiences of four LGBTQ+ foreign language university students who represented three gender identities. Data were collected through multiple, in-depth ...
En Busca Del Diamante: Using Tasks To Mitigate Word Reduction In Spoken Learner Spanish, 2018 Texas Tech University
En Busca Del Diamante: Using Tasks To Mitigate Word Reduction In Spoken Learner Spanish, Sergio Ruiz-Pérez, Lorena Alarcón, Avizia Long
A common feature of second language Spanish, particularly in the case of native English-speaking learners, is to shorten or reduce segments within words (Schwegler & Kempff, 2007). This is particularly noticeable with multi-syllabic words (e.g., ingeniería, floristería, cafetería), and mispronunciations during second language interaction influence speech intelligibility. To address this pronunciation challenge and provide learners with opportunities for practice of words that demonstrate this reduction, we designed a two-way information gap task to draw learners' attention to these words in second language Spanish interaction. We specifically used principles of task-based language teaching and learning (e.g., Ellis, 2009; M. H. Long, 2015; Robinson, 2011; Skehan, 2014) to make pronunciation of these words task essential or necessary for completion of the task (cf. Solon, Long, & Gurzynski-Weiss, 2017).
Korean Learners' Acquisition Of Intervocalic /B D G/ In Spanish, 2018 Texas Tech University
Korean Learners' Acquisition Of Intervocalic /B D G/ In Spanish, Avizia Long
Research on the second language (L2) acquisition of the voiced intervocalic stops /b d g/ in Spanish (e.g., lobo “wolf,” lado “side,” lago “lake”) has been instrumental in analyzing and describing the process by which learners acquire aspects of a L2 sound system. However, this particular strand of research has been conducted nearly exclusively on native English-speaking learners (e.g., Bongiovanni et al., 2015; Cabrelli Amaro, 2017; Díaz-Campos, 2004; Face & Menke, 2009; Lord, 2010; Zampini, 1994, 1997), limiting the generalizability of attested findings to learners of distinct first language (L1) backgrounds. This study examined 66 native Korean-speaking learners’ acquisition of intervocalic ...
Does The Test Work? Evaluating A Web-Based Language Placement Test, 2018 Texas Tech University
Does The Test Work? Evaluating A Web-Based Language Placement Test, Avizia Long, Sun-Young Shin, Kimberly Geeslin, Erik Willis
In response to the need for examples of test validation from which everyday language programs can benefit, this paper reports on a study that used Bachman’s (2005) assessment use argument (AUA) framework to examine evidence to support claims made about the intended interpretations and uses of scores based on a new web-based Spanish language placement test. The test, which consisted of 100 items distributed across five item types (sound discrimination, grammar, listening comprehension, reading comprehension, and vocabulary), was tested with 2,201 incoming first-year and transfer students at a large, Midwestern public university. Analyses of internal consistency and validity ...
Elementos Persuasivos De La Citación En El Discurso Académico De Posgrado: Los Verbos Introductores De Las Citas En La Sección De La Conclusión, 2018 CUNY New York City College of Technology
Elementos Persuasivos De La Citación En El Discurso Académico De Posgrado: Los Verbos Introductores De Las Citas En La Sección De La Conclusión, David Sánchez-Jiménez
Publications and Research
No abstract provided.
Deaf In Her Own Way: The Role Of Identity In Social Justice Leadership, 2018 Molloy College
Deaf In Her Own Way: The Role Of Identity In Social Justice Leadership, Judy Drescher
Ed.D. Student Works: Coursework
The following fieldwork chronicles the personal and professional trajectory of Cindy Greenspun, a social justice leader at Yale University Library. At the age of eighteen months, Greenspun suffered an illness that resulted in the loss of her hearing and spent nearly the first half of her life fully immersed in the hearing world. Through significant self-reflection and perseverance, Greenspun evolved beyond the binary paradigm of oralism–the exclusive use of speech and lip reading–to ultimately embrace the essence of being both bilingual (speech and sign) and bicultural (hearing and non-hearing). These attributes not only enabled Greenspun to navigate between ...
Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, 2018 Winthrop University
Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers - Accession 1049, Dorothy Moser Medlin
(The Dorothy Moser Medlin Papers are currently in processing.)
This collection contains most of the records of Dorothy Medlin’s work and correspondence and also includes reference materials, notes, microfilm, photographic negatives related both to her professional and personal life. Additions include a FLES Handbook, co-authored by Dorothy Medlin and a decorative mirror belonging to Dorothy Medlin.
Major series in this collection include: some original 18th century writings and ephemera and primary source material of André Morellet, extensive collection of secondary material on André Morellet's writings and translations, Winthrop related files, literary manuscripts and notes by Dorothy Medlin (1966-2011 ...
Perception Of American–English Vowels By Early And Late Spanish–English Bilinguals, 2018 Long Island University
Perception Of American–English Vowels By Early And Late Spanish–English Bilinguals, Miriam Baigorri, Luca Campanelli, Erika S. Levy
Publications and Research
Increasing numbers of Hispanic immigrants are entering the US and learning American–English (AE) as a second–language (L2). Previous studies investigating the relationship between AE and Spanish vowels have revealed an advantage for early L2 learners for their accuracy of L2 vowel perception. Replicating and extending such previous research, this study examined the patterns with which early and late Spanish–English bilingual adults assimilated naturally-produced AE vowels to their native vowel-inventory and the accuracy with which they discriminated the vowels. Twelve early Spanish–English bilingual, 12 late Spanish–English bilingual, and 10 monolingual listeners performed perceptual-assimilation and categorical-discrimination tasks ...
Dual Language Programs: The Most Beneficial Way To Teach Ell Students, 2018 Salem State University
Dual Language Programs: The Most Beneficial Way To Teach Ell Students, Phoenix Deruosi
This paper explores the benefits of teaching ELL (English Language Learners) students through Dual Language Programs. Dual Language is the instruction of course material in both the students native tongue, and the language he or she is trying to learn. There is evidence that ELL students lack the confidence in their learning. Because of their linguistic reality they are often perceived as different from other learners, thus leading disappointing academic results. Examples of these results are: low achievement on test scores, increased dropout rates, low graduation rates, and inadequate reading and writing proficiency. This paper focuses on research that has ...
The Effect Of Using Board Games In Reducing Language Anxiety And Improving Oral Performance, 2018 University of Mississippi
The Effect Of Using Board Games In Reducing Language Anxiety And Improving Oral Performance, Yi-Chun Cheng
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Many English as a second language (ESL) learners feel anxiety about speaking English, and their oral performance is affected in this situation. This study aims to determine the effect of using board games on the improvement of ESL students’ oral performance. Task-based instruction and communicative approaches to pedagogy were used for the games. This is a descriptive method of research which intends to determine the correlation between the usage of educational board games and the level of learners’ language anxiety as well as their improvement in oral performance. The pre-test and post-test which were adapted from the Speaking Proficiency English ...
Acquisition Of Chinese Wh-Questions By English L2 Learners, 2018 University of Mississippi
Acquisition Of Chinese Wh-Questions By English L2 Learners, Linfei Yi
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The current thesis investigates the acquisition of Chinese wh-questions by English l2 learners based on the syntactic differences between the two languages. I seek to find out how well do the l2 learners acquire the wh-questions, as measured by a grammaticality judgment task; what wh-words tend to pose difficulties for the acceptability of l2 learners; if l2 learners able to acquire the native-like word order of wh-questions in Chinese; if the results of the initial l2 learners in line with any hypotheses of the initial state. Through the analysis of the results, I will conclude that l1 English learners of ...
Learning Outcomes For Large Versus Small Grain Orthographic Instruction In Adult L2 Learners Of Russian Cyrillic, 2018 University of Colorado at Boulder
Learning Outcomes For Large Versus Small Grain Orthographic Instruction In Adult L2 Learners Of Russian Cyrillic, Jennifer Kiskin
Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences Graduate Theses & Dissertations
The process of learning a second language includes the acquisition of literacy skills. Currently, there is no standardized practice for teaching a new orthography, though research suggests that there are clear differences between languages with different orthographic depth, and the corresponding grain sizes that evolve as cognitive strategies. This study investigated the effects of two different instruction methods on reading outcomes for adult L2 learners of Russian. This study extends research done by Brennan & Booth (2015), which trained adults to read an artificial orthography. Here, we trained 34 literate English-speaking adults on Russian Cyrillic orthography with initial instruction that directed ...
Recuerdos, Expresiones Y Sueños En Nepantla: Identity Journeys Through Spoken, Written, And Artistic Testimonios, 2018 University of Colorado at Boulder
Recuerdos, Expresiones Y Sueños En Nepantla: Identity Journeys Through Spoken, Written, And Artistic Testimonios, Patricia Abril-Gonzalez
School of Education Graduate Theses & Dissertations
In this study, I argue that Latinx students’ lives, culture, and language are not adequately valued in our educational system, resulting in a need for more in-depth relationship-building and preparation and education for our mostly White and monolingual teaching pool of candidates. I experienced these inequities in the public education system, as both a bilingual Latinx student and as a bilingual elementary teacher. Based on my previous role as a teacher, I designed a qualitative study with auto-historic and arts-based methods re-engaging with a group of my former elementary school students, now teens in high school. Grounded in four combined ...
Conversation And Storytelling As Cultural Practices: Designing A Communication Activism Intervention With Migrant English Language Learners, 2018 University of Colorado at Boulder
Conversation And Storytelling As Cultural Practices: Designing A Communication Activism Intervention With Migrant English Language Learners, Kellie Brownlee
Communication Graduate Theses & Dissertations
This communication activism for social justice research (CAR) study created and implemented storytelling workshops to improve the communication of migrants who are English language learners (ELLs), by increasing their knowledge of and experience with U.S. cultural norms and narrative practices for conversation. Prior to the intervention study, a preliminary study, which used ethnography of communication (EC) and cultural discourse analysis (CuDA), was conducted to explore situated meanings of communication in Conversations in English (CIE) groups that ELLs attended at a local library. By using findings obtained from that preliminary study to design, implement, and study the storytelling workshops in ...
Language Attitudes In Algeria, 2018 City University of New York (CUNY)
Language Attitudes In Algeria, Kamal Belmihoub
Publications and Research
No abstract provided.