Stance Taking In Japanese Newspaper Discourse: The Use And Non-Use Of Copulas Da And Dearu, 2015 Old Dominion University
Stance Taking In Japanese Newspaper Discourse: The Use And Non-Use Of Copulas Da And Dearu, Michiko Kaneyasu
World Languages and Cultures Faculty Publications
The present study aims to demonstrate how writers display their stances in information-oriented written discourse. In particular, the paper analyzes nominal sentences in three newspaper subgenres, and explicates how the Japanese copulas da and dearu , which are normally considered stylistic variants in written language, are used by journalists as important grammatical resources for expressing their epistemic and evaluative stances toward certain types of information conveyed in nominal sentences. Da in newspaper discourse is used as a marker of the writer’s commitment to the relevance of the information in the given discourse context. Dearu, on the other hand, marks the ...
Leveraging Semantic Similarity In Parallel Corpora For Natural Language Processing, 2015 University of Colorado Boulder
Leveraging Semantic Similarity In Parallel Corpora For Natural Language Processing, Shumin Wu
Computer Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations
This thesis introduces a word alignment based approach for mapping PropBank predicate- argument structures across languages. We used Chinese and English as the language pair for the study and found our approach was able to reliably predict alignments between predicates and their arguments for the predicates in parallel sentence pairs, even when faced with incorrect word alignment input. Further more, by modeling the predicate-to-predicate and argument-to-argument probabilities over a large unannotated parallel corpora and using an expectation maximization (EM) based approach, we were able to further improve the alignment performance of the system.
As part of the semantic mapping system ...
On Aspects Of Social Interaction, A Pair Of Autistic Twins, And Their Humanness, 2015 University of Colorado Boulder
On Aspects Of Social Interaction, A Pair Of Autistic Twins, And Their Humanness, Alyssa Rae Lapointe
Linguistics Graduate Theses & Dissertations
This study illustrates some actions autistic twins--Cam and Nick--are able to accomplish in social interaction, by focusing on their voices and practices in naturalistic interaction, and by considering autism as a part of their human experiences, instead of as a defining experience of impairment. First, I look at how Cam and Nick intersubjectively construct their identities through various practices by combining conversation analysis with identity analysis. Then, I investigate Cam and Nick's wide-range of practices for accomplishing specific actions in interaction using conversation analysis. First, I analyze Cam's repertoire of practices for initiating interaction. Second, I analyze how ...
Dementia And Singing: A Conversation Analysis Case Study Of Singing In Everyday Interaction, 2015 University of Colorado Boulder
Dementia And Singing: A Conversation Analysis Case Study Of Singing In Everyday Interaction, Roy Melissa Gideon Loftus Warnock Foster
Linguistics Graduate Theses & Dissertations
This dissertation is a case study of a man with dementia, Dan, who sings in everyday conversation with his family. Some of Dan’s singing is not unusual. For example, talk might touch-off singing when it includes words that are in a song’s title or lyrics. Dan also does something unexpected by modifying songs based on prior talk and the physical environment. The objective of this study is to analyze when, how, and to what ends Dan does this type of modified singing. My primary approach uses Conversation Analysis to describe and analyze (1) how singing fits into the ...
Urdu Resultive Constructions (A Comparative Analysis Of Syntacto-Semantic And Pragmatic Properties Of The Compound Verbs In Hindi-Urdu), Razia A. Husain
Theses and Dissertations--Linguistics
Among Urdu’s many verb+verb constructions, this thesis focuses on those constructions, which combine the stem of a main content verb with another inflected verb which is used in a semantically bleached sense. Prior work on these constructions has been focused on their structural make-up and syntactic behavior in various environments. While there is consensus among scholars (Butt 1995, Hook 1977, Carnikova 1989, Porizka 2000 et al.) that these stem+verb constructions encode aspectual information, to date no clear theory has been put forward to explain the nature of their aspectual contribution. In short, we do not have a ...
Story Skeletons In The Gaza-Israel Conflict, 2015 University of Colorado, Boulder
Story Skeletons In The Gaza-Israel Conflict, Leah Weiss
Undergraduate Honors Theses
Wars deeply affect every aspect of a country: the culture, the manners, the people and the education. However, nothing is more thoroughly immersed than language, the very basis for every modern society. Language is used as a tool in order to unite people, to flare conflict and to foster peace. During times of war, language is used as an essential tool to turn events into descriptive accounts and rhetorical opportunities, which in turn, evoke a predictable response from the audience.
The use of language in times of war is fundamental, but the process of framing the language is vital. In ...
Variabilidad Lingüística En Las Lenguas De Especialidad, 2015 CUNY New York City College of Technology
Variabilidad Lingüística En Las Lenguas De Especialidad, David Sánchez-Jiménez
Publications and Research
El presente trabajo revisa desde un punto de vista teórico algunos de los aspectos fundamentales en los que se ha manifestado la variabilidad dentro de las lenguas de especialidad: desde la misma nomenclatura de este enfoque, pasando por la metodología empleada a lo largo de su evolución, las características de la lengua de especialidad o la variabilidad entre los géneros de las distintas disciplinas dentro del ámbito profesional y académico. La armonía con la que se viene integrando esta variabilidad en las distintas etapas de este enfoque desde hace más de un siglo, hace presagiar un avance al mismo tiempo ...
Stories From The Old West End Of Boston: An Analysis Of Evaluative Devices In Oral Narrative, 2015 University of New Hampshire - Main Campus
Stories From The Old West End Of Boston: An Analysis Of Evaluative Devices In Oral Narrative, Melanie N. Platt
Honors Theses and Capstones
The following presents an overview of various evaluative devices found in a series of oral narratives from former residents of the West End of Boston, Massachusetts. In working with an archivist at the West End Museum, I was able to read through interviews, each conducted with residents that were displaced from the West End after the urban renewal project of the late 1950s. These interviews were recorded for the purpose of collecting each resident’s experience growing up in the neighborhood. After reading through each interview I found several instances of narrative speech. I conducted a narrative analysis, based on ...
The Dynamic Ecology Of The Writing Process And Agency: A Corpus-Based Comparative Case Study Of Stancetaking Among Native Speakers And Non-Native Speakers Of English In First-Year Composition Conferences, 2014 Iowa State University
The Dynamic Ecology Of The Writing Process And Agency: A Corpus-Based Comparative Case Study Of Stancetaking Among Native Speakers And Non-Native Speakers Of English In First-Year Composition Conferences, Kirk Marshall Wilkins
Kirk Marshall Wilkins
Proximity And Journalistic Practice In Environmental Discourse: Experiencing “Job Blackmail” In The News, 2014 Carnegie Mellon University
Proximity And Journalistic Practice In Environmental Discourse: Experiencing “Job Blackmail” In The News, Barbara Johnstone, Justin Mando
Discourse Analysis And Narrative, 2014 Carnegie Mellon University
Discourse Analysis And Narrative, Barbara Johnstone, Anna De Fina
No abstract provided.
Intertextuality In Discourse, 2014 Carnegie Mellon University
Intertextuality In Discourse, Adam Hodges
Ideologies Of Language And Race In Us Media Discourse About The Trayvon Martin Shooting, 2014 Carnegie Mellon University
Ideologies Of Language And Race In Us Media Discourse About The Trayvon Martin Shooting, Adam Hodges
Handling Authenticity: A Discourse Analysis Of Interviews With Signs-Following Preachers, 2014 East Tennessee State University
Handling Authenticity: A Discourse Analysis Of Interviews With Signs-Following Preachers, Chelsie M. Dubay
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The National Geographic Channel’s miniseries “Snake Salvation” resurrected a vested interest with the heavily documented practices of signs-following believers in central Appalachia. The current body of scholarship surrounding these congregations focuses mostly on oral history narratives and explanations of religious fundamentalism; a critical analysis of the discourse shared by these congregation members is noticeably absent.
This thesis explores selected interviews with George Hensley, Andrew Hamblin, Jamie Coots, and Alfred Ball through the interdisciplinary application of discourse analysis paired with social disclosure theory to unveil the underlying struggles with power and personal beliefs expressed by each pastor. The research performed ...
Incorporating Augmentative And Alternative Communication Usage In Functional Therapy For Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Case Study, 2014 The University of Southern Mississippi
Incorporating Augmentative And Alternative Communication Usage In Functional Therapy For Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Case Study, Virginia K. Pampuro
Current research discusses the communicative limitations of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This study examined the influence of communicative devices on improving an individual with ASD’s functional communicative abilities. This study incorporated a qualitative research methodology, which included a modified ethnographic interview and several hours of clinical observation. This data was then cyclically reviewed for patterns. By incorporating various Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) devices into therapy and daily life, the participant was able to produce longer utterances and clarify his communicative intent and messages. This research adds to the literature by describing the importance of AAC systems ...
A Study Of Pragmatic Competence: International Medical Graduates' And Patients' Negotiation Of The Treatment Phase Of Medical Encounters, 2014 University of South Florida
A Study Of Pragmatic Competence: International Medical Graduates' And Patients' Negotiation Of The Treatment Phase Of Medical Encounters, Amy Fioramonte
Graduate Theses and Dissertations
Despite advances in medical technologies, interpersonal communication remains the primary tool physicians use to exchange information, make diagnoses, and treat patients (Cameron & Williams, 1997; Groopman, 2007; Ong, de Haes, Hoos, & Lammes, 1995). In the medical encounter effective communication between physician and patient is essential so that beneficial health and wellbeing outcomes are achieved for patients. Taking a discourse analytic approach, this study examined interactions occurring between international medical graduate (IMG) residents, attending physicians, and patients during the treatment advice phase of the supervised medical encounter. The aim of the study was to examine the co-constructed nature of the delivery and receipt of ...
Latino Men Managing Hiv: An Appraisal Analysis Of Intersubjective Relations In The Discourse Of Five Research Interviews, 2014 Portland State University
Latino Men Managing Hiv: An Appraisal Analysis Of Intersubjective Relations In The Discourse Of Five Research Interviews, Will Caston
Dissertations and Theses
Latino men, particularly those who have sex with other men, have been disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. Scholars have sought for nearly two decades to understand how various social and cultural factors in the Latino community exacerbate HIV risk among these men. Although following the advent of life-sustaining medications in 1996, HIV is often regarded as a manageable chronic illness, as opposed to a death sentence, scant attention has been devoted to how HIV-positive Latino men experience managing the illness. Among studies that have focused on HIV-positive persons' illness management, few Latino men have participated.
Using the Appraisal framework from ...
Unsheltered & Undeserving: How Chronically Homeless Individuals Are Discursively Constructed In Newspapers, 2014 University of Washington - Tacoma Campus
Unsheltered & Undeserving: How Chronically Homeless Individuals Are Discursively Constructed In Newspapers, Jacinda Howard
MAIS Projects and Theses
Homelessness arose as a public problem in the 1980s and led to the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act, the country’s first and only legislation to acknowledge homelessness and direct resources toward addressing it. The act has since inspired a national movement to end all types of homelessness by 2020 and chronic homelessness by 2015. A permanent supportive housing model known as Housing First, which provides government subsidized apartments and case management to chronically homeless individuals, is poised to play a crucial role in the movement. Given this, nine newspaper articles published in Tacoma, Washington’s The News Tribune ...
The Effect Of Sensor Errors In Situated Human-Computer Dialogue, 2014 Technological University Dublin
The Effect Of Sensor Errors In Situated Human-Computer Dialogue, Niels Schütte, John Kelleher, Brian Mac Namee
Errors in perception are a problem for computer systems that use sensors to perceive the environment. If a computer system is engaged in dialogue with a human user, these problems in perception lead to problems in the dialogue. We present two experiments, one in which participants interact through dialogue with a robot with perfect perception to fulfil a simple task, and a second one in which the robot is affected by sensor errors and compare the resulting dialogues to determine whether the sensor problems have an impact on dialogue success.
Toward A Biocommunicable Cartography Of Health Decision-Making In The Amazon Basin Of Ecuador, 2014 Lawrence University
Toward A Biocommunicable Cartography Of Health Decision-Making In The Amazon Basin Of Ecuador, James Cartwright
Lawrence University Honors Projects
This paper comprises a critical, ethnographic study of health communication in a rural community of Amazonian Ecuador. By synthesizing approaches from anthropology, discourse studies, and public health, the study explores how conversations influence health decisions, how communities understand health systems, and how macrostructural discourse changes the political economy of healthcare in Ecuador. My work draws on the recent theoretical development of ‘biocommunicability’ in anthropology as well as earlier sociological research on knowledge construction. Most importantly, this paper offers a critique of current interventions by NGOs in the region.