Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Discourse and Text Linguistics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

428 Full-Text Articles 372 Authors 320,343 Downloads 72 Institutions

All Articles in Discourse and Text Linguistics

Faceted Search

428 full-text articles. Page 7 of 13.

Stance Taking In Japanese Newspaper Discourse: The Use And Non-Use Of Copulas Da And Dearu, Michiko Kaneyasu 2015 Old Dominion University

Stance Taking In Japanese Newspaper Discourse: The Use And Non-Use Of Copulas Da And Dearu, Michiko Kaneyasu

World Languages and Cultures Faculty Publications

The present study aims to demonstrate how writers display their stances in information-oriented written discourse. In particular, the paper analyzes nominal sentences in three newspaper subgenres, and explicates how the Japanese copulas da and dearu , which are normally considered stylistic variants in written language, are used by journalists as important grammatical resources for expressing their epistemic and evaluative stances toward certain types of information conveyed in nominal sentences. Da in newspaper discourse is used as a marker of the writer’s commitment to the relevance of the information in the given discourse context. Dearu, on the other hand, marks the ...


Leveraging Semantic Similarity In Parallel Corpora For Natural Language Processing, Shumin Wu 2015 University of Colorado Boulder

Leveraging Semantic Similarity In Parallel Corpora For Natural Language Processing, Shumin Wu

Computer Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This thesis introduces a word alignment based approach for mapping PropBank predicate- argument structures across languages. We used Chinese and English as the language pair for the study and found our approach was able to reliably predict alignments between predicates and their arguments for the predicates in parallel sentence pairs, even when faced with incorrect word alignment input. Further more, by modeling the predicate-to-predicate and argument-to-argument probabilities over a large unannotated parallel corpora and using an expectation maximization (EM) based approach, we were able to further improve the alignment performance of the system.

As part of the semantic mapping system ...


On Aspects Of Social Interaction, A Pair Of Autistic Twins, And Their Humanness, Alyssa Rae LaPointe 2015 University of Colorado Boulder

On Aspects Of Social Interaction, A Pair Of Autistic Twins, And Their Humanness, Alyssa Rae Lapointe

Linguistics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This study illustrates some actions autistic twins--Cam and Nick--are able to accomplish in social interaction, by focusing on their voices and practices in naturalistic interaction, and by considering autism as a part of their human experiences, instead of as a defining experience of impairment. First, I look at how Cam and Nick intersubjectively construct their identities through various practices by combining conversation analysis with identity analysis. Then, I investigate Cam and Nick's wide-range of practices for accomplishing specific actions in interaction using conversation analysis. First, I analyze Cam's repertoire of practices for initiating interaction. Second, I analyze how ...


Dementia And Singing: A Conversation Analysis Case Study Of Singing In Everyday Interaction, Roy Melissa Gideon Loftus Warnock Foster 2015 University of Colorado Boulder

Dementia And Singing: A Conversation Analysis Case Study Of Singing In Everyday Interaction, Roy Melissa Gideon Loftus Warnock Foster

Linguistics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation is a case study of a man with dementia, Dan, who sings in everyday conversation with his family. Some of Dan’s singing is not unusual. For example, talk might touch-off singing when it includes words that are in a song’s title or lyrics. Dan also does something unexpected by modifying songs based on prior talk and the physical environment. The objective of this study is to analyze when, how, and to what ends Dan does this type of modified singing. My primary approach uses Conversation Analysis to describe and analyze (1) how singing fits into the ...


Urdu Resultive Constructions (A Comparative Analysis Of Syntacto-Semantic And Pragmatic Properties Of The Compound Verbs In Hindi-Urdu)‎, Razia A. Husain 2015 University of Kentucky

Urdu Resultive Constructions (A Comparative Analysis Of Syntacto-Semantic And Pragmatic Properties Of The Compound Verbs In Hindi-Urdu)‎, Razia A. Husain

Theses and Dissertations--Linguistics

Among Urdu’s many verb+verb constructions, this thesis focuses on those constructions, which combine the stem of a main content verb with another inflected verb which is used in a semantically bleached sense. Prior work on these constructions has been focused on their structural make-up and syntactic behavior in various environments. While there is consensus among scholars (Butt 1995, Hook 1977, Carnikova 1989, Porizka 2000 et al.) that these stem+verb constructions encode aspectual information, to date no clear theory has been put forward to explain the nature of their aspectual contribution. In short, we do not have a ...


Story Skeletons In The Gaza-Israel Conflict, Leah Weiss 2015 University of Colorado, Boulder

Story Skeletons In The Gaza-Israel Conflict, Leah Weiss

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Wars deeply affect every aspect of a country: the culture, the manners, the people and the education. However, nothing is more thoroughly immersed than language, the very basis for every modern society. Language is used as a tool in order to unite people, to flare conflict and to foster peace. During times of war, language is used as an essential tool to turn events into descriptive accounts and rhetorical opportunities, which in turn, evoke a predictable response from the audience.

The use of language in times of war is fundamental, but the process of framing the language is vital. In ...


Variabilidad Lingüística En Las Lenguas De Especialidad, David Sánchez-Jiménez 2015 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Variabilidad Lingüística En Las Lenguas De Especialidad, David Sánchez-Jiménez

Publications and Research

El presente trabajo revisa desde un punto de vista teórico algunos de los aspectos fundamentales en los que se ha manifestado la variabilidad dentro de las lenguas de especialidad: desde la misma nomenclatura de este enfoque, pasando por la metodología empleada a lo largo de su evolución, las características de la lengua de especialidad o la variabilidad entre los géneros de las distintas disciplinas dentro del ámbito profesional y académico. La armonía con la que se viene integrando esta variabilidad en las distintas etapas de este enfoque desde hace más de un siglo, hace presagiar un avance al mismo tiempo ...


Stories From The Old West End Of Boston: An Analysis Of Evaluative Devices In Oral Narrative, Melanie N. Platt 2015 University of New Hampshire - Main Campus

Stories From The Old West End Of Boston: An Analysis Of Evaluative Devices In Oral Narrative, Melanie N. Platt

Honors Theses and Capstones

The following presents an overview of various evaluative devices found in a series of oral narratives from former residents of the West End of Boston, Massachusetts. In working with an archivist at the West End Museum, I was able to read through interviews, each conducted with residents that were displaced from the West End after the urban renewal project of the late 1950s. These interviews were recorded for the purpose of collecting each resident’s experience growing up in the neighborhood. After reading through each interview I found several instances of narrative speech. I conducted a narrative analysis, based on ...


The Dynamic Ecology Of The Writing Process And Agency: A Corpus-Based Comparative Case Study Of Stancetaking Among Native Speakers And Non-Native Speakers Of English In First-Year Composition Conferences, Kirk Marshall Wilkins 2014 Iowa State University

The Dynamic Ecology Of The Writing Process And Agency: A Corpus-Based Comparative Case Study Of Stancetaking Among Native Speakers And Non-Native Speakers Of English In First-Year Composition Conferences, Kirk Marshall Wilkins

Kirk Marshall Wilkins

While previous research into writing conferences and tutorials has found that sessions with non-native speakers of English (NNSs) differ from those with native speakers of English (NSs), these studies using conversation analysis have tended to approach conferences through more qualitative methodologies. This thesis builds upon and enriches these previous studies by incorporating more of a quantitative analysis through the use of corpus linguistics to systematically analyze the frequency with which particular grammatical devices that express the attitude of the speaker, otherwise known as stance, and power are used and how these frequencies may vary within a specific set of NS ...


Proximity And Journalistic Practice In Environmental Discourse: Experiencing “Job Blackmail” In The News, Barbara Johnstone, Justin Mando 2014 Carnegie Mellon University

Proximity And Journalistic Practice In Environmental Discourse: Experiencing “Job Blackmail” In The News, Barbara Johnstone, Justin Mando

Barbara Johnstone

The shift from coal to natural gas to fuel electricity generation has positive (environmental) and
negative (economic) consequences for people in the affected areas of the US. Representations
of the situation in the media shape how citizens understand and respond to it. We explore
the role of proximity in media discourse about the closing of a coal-fired power plant near
Waynesburg, a small city in a Pennsylvania coal-mining region. Comparing reporting in smallercirculation
newspapers closer to the site with reporting in larger-circulation regional newspapers,
we find that Waynesburg-area papers simply describe the events leading to the closure while
regional papers ...


Discourse Analysis And Narrative, Barbara Johnstone, Anna De Fina 2014 Carnegie Mellon University

Discourse Analysis And Narrative, Barbara Johnstone, Anna De Fina

Barbara Johnstone

No abstract provided.


Intertextuality In Discourse, Adam Hodges 2014 Carnegie Mellon University

Intertextuality In Discourse, Adam Hodges

Adam Hodges

This chapter examines the concept of intertextuality as it is used in the analysis of discourse. The exploration begins with a review of the philosophical foundations and terminology associated with the concept, and then discusses several dimensions of intertextuality that have been taken up in the work of discourse analysts, including (re)contextualization, genre, the intertextual gap, parody, reported speech/constructed dialogue, and intertextuality, discourse and power.


Ideologies Of Language And Race In Us Media Discourse About The Trayvon Martin Shooting, Adam Hodges 2014 Carnegie Mellon University

Ideologies Of Language And Race In Us Media Discourse About The Trayvon Martin Shooting, Adam Hodges

Adam Hodges

This article examines the discourse about race and racism that ensued in the US media after the shooting death of an African American youth, Trayvon Martin, by a neighborhood watch volunteer, George Zimmerman, in February 2012. The analysis examines news programs from the three major cable television channels in the United States: CNN, Fox News, and MSNBC. The theoretical framework builds upon Hill’s (2008) discussion of the ‘folk theory of race and racism’ in contrast to critical race theory, and asks, to what extent does the mainstream media’s discourse about race remain embedded in folk ideas and to ...


Handling Authenticity: A Discourse Analysis Of Interviews With Signs-Following Preachers, Chelsie M. Dubay 2014 East Tennessee State University

Handling Authenticity: A Discourse Analysis Of Interviews With Signs-Following Preachers, Chelsie M. Dubay

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The National Geographic Channel’s miniseries “Snake Salvation” resurrected a vested interest with the heavily documented practices of signs-following believers in central Appalachia. The current body of scholarship surrounding these congregations focuses mostly on oral history narratives and explanations of religious fundamentalism; a critical analysis of the discourse shared by these congregation members is noticeably absent.

This thesis explores selected interviews with George Hensley, Andrew Hamblin, Jamie Coots, and Alfred Ball through the interdisciplinary application of discourse analysis paired with social disclosure theory to unveil the underlying struggles with power and personal beliefs expressed by each pastor. The research performed ...


Incorporating Augmentative And Alternative Communication Usage In Functional Therapy For Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Case Study, Virginia K. Pampuro 2014 The University of Southern Mississippi

Incorporating Augmentative And Alternative Communication Usage In Functional Therapy For Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Case Study, Virginia K. Pampuro

Honors Theses

Current research discusses the communicative limitations of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This study examined the influence of communicative devices on improving an individual with ASD’s functional communicative abilities. This study incorporated a qualitative research methodology, which included a modified ethnographic interview and several hours of clinical observation. This data was then cyclically reviewed for patterns. By incorporating various Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) devices into therapy and daily life, the participant was able to produce longer utterances and clarify his communicative intent and messages. This research adds to the literature by describing the importance of AAC systems ...


A Study Of Pragmatic Competence: International Medical Graduates' And Patients' Negotiation Of The Treatment Phase Of Medical Encounters, Amy Fioramonte 2014 University of South Florida

A Study Of Pragmatic Competence: International Medical Graduates' And Patients' Negotiation Of The Treatment Phase Of Medical Encounters, Amy Fioramonte

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite advances in medical technologies, interpersonal communication remains the primary tool physicians use to exchange information, make diagnoses, and treat patients (Cameron & Williams, 1997; Groopman, 2007; Ong, de Haes, Hoos, & Lammes, 1995). In the medical encounter effective communication between physician and patient is essential so that beneficial health and wellbeing outcomes are achieved for patients. Taking a discourse analytic approach, this study examined interactions occurring between international medical graduate (IMG) residents, attending physicians, and patients during the treatment advice phase of the supervised medical encounter. The aim of the study was to examine the co-constructed nature of the delivery and receipt of ...


Latino Men Managing Hiv: An Appraisal Analysis Of Intersubjective Relations In The Discourse Of Five Research Interviews, Will Caston 2014 Portland State University

Latino Men Managing Hiv: An Appraisal Analysis Of Intersubjective Relations In The Discourse Of Five Research Interviews, Will Caston

Dissertations and Theses

Latino men, particularly those who have sex with other men, have been disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. Scholars have sought for nearly two decades to understand how various social and cultural factors in the Latino community exacerbate HIV risk among these men. Although following the advent of life-sustaining medications in 1996, HIV is often regarded as a manageable chronic illness, as opposed to a death sentence, scant attention has been devoted to how HIV-positive Latino men experience managing the illness. Among studies that have focused on HIV-positive persons' illness management, few Latino men have participated.

Using the Appraisal framework from ...


Unsheltered & Undeserving: How Chronically Homeless Individuals Are Discursively Constructed In Newspapers, Jacinda Howard 2014 University of Washington - Tacoma Campus

Unsheltered & Undeserving: How Chronically Homeless Individuals Are Discursively Constructed In Newspapers, Jacinda Howard

MAIS Projects and Theses

Homelessness arose as a public problem in the 1980s and led to the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act, the country’s first and only legislation to acknowledge homelessness and direct resources toward addressing it. The act has since inspired a national movement to end all types of homelessness by 2020 and chronic homelessness by 2015. A permanent supportive housing model known as Housing First, which provides government subsidized apartments and case management to chronically homeless individuals, is poised to play a crucial role in the movement. Given this, nine newspaper articles published in Tacoma, Washington’s The News Tribune ...


The Effect Of Sensor Errors In Situated Human-Computer Dialogue, Niels Schütte, John Kelleher, Brian Mac Namee 2014 Technological University Dublin

The Effect Of Sensor Errors In Situated Human-Computer Dialogue, Niels Schütte, John Kelleher, Brian Mac Namee

Conference papers

Errors in perception are a problem for computer systems that use sensors to perceive the environment. If a computer system is engaged in dialogue with a human user, these problems in perception lead to problems in the dialogue. We present two experiments, one in which participants interact through dialogue with a robot with perfect perception to fulfil a simple task, and a second one in which the robot is affected by sensor errors and compare the resulting dialogues to determine whether the sensor problems have an impact on dialogue success.


Toward A Biocommunicable Cartography Of Health Decision-Making In The Amazon Basin Of Ecuador, James Cartwright 2014 Lawrence University

Toward A Biocommunicable Cartography Of Health Decision-Making In The Amazon Basin Of Ecuador, James Cartwright

Lawrence University Honors Projects

This paper comprises a critical, ethnographic study of health communication in a rural community of Amazonian Ecuador. By synthesizing approaches from anthropology, discourse studies, and public health, the study explores how conversations influence health decisions, how communities understand health systems, and how macrostructural discourse changes the political economy of healthcare in Ecuador. My work draws on the recent theoretical development of ‘biocommunicability’ in anthropology as well as earlier sociological research on knowledge construction. Most importantly, this paper offers a critique of current interventions by NGOs in the region.


Digital Commons powered by bepress