Gradience In Coda Cluster Devoicing In A Central Minnesota English Idiolect, 2018 St. Cloud State University
Gradience In Coda Cluster Devoicing In A Central Minnesota English Idiolect, Ettien Koffi, Andrea Simmonds
When voiced segments occur in coda clusters, they undergo varying degrees of devoicing. We investigate this phenomenon in the speech of the second author, a native speaker of American English from Central Minnesota. The coda clusters under investigation occur in the lexical items transcribed phonemically as /θɪŋz/ (things repeated twice), /spunz/ (spoons), and /wɛnz.de/ (Wednesday), /slæbz/ (slabs), /kɪdz/ (kids),and /bægz/ (bags). Acoustic measurements and the 40/60 threshold are used in tandem to determine the gradience of devoicing that take place in the coda clusters /ŋz/, /nz/, /bz/, /dz/, and /gz/.
The Acoustic Correlates Of Brazilian Portuguese-Accented English Vowels, 2018 St. Cloud State University
The Acoustic Correlates Of Brazilian Portuguese-Accented English Vowels, Ettien Koffi, Lillian Duarte Ribeiro
This study is an acoustic phonetic analysis of Brazilian Portuguese English (BPE) vowels produced by seven Brazilian students. The research was carried out in the Spring of 2016 when the participants, mostly exchange students, were in their last semester of study in the United States after an average length of residency (LOR) of 19.71 months at St. Cloud State University. They were recorded producing the 11 vowel phonemes of American English. The main findings are that four vowels in particular – [ ɪ, æ, ʌ, ʊ] – interfere with intelligibility the most. The participants’ inability to produce these vowels intelligibly has a ...
Number Resolution Rule Agreement In Arabic Writers L2 English Compositions, 2018 St Cloud State University
Number Resolution Rule Agreement In Arabic Writers L2 English Compositions, Jon Cotner
The proper agreement of phi-features (person, number, and gender) between a noun/noun phrase and a verb phrase within a grammatical language system is the realm of resolution rules; these resolution rules are the syntactic parameters that regulate this agreement. The initial study, of which this paper highlights a portion, examines L2 English compositions written by native Arabic speakers and investigates whether these students transfer phi-feature agreement patterns from their L1 to their L2. The findings discussed in this paper are focused on agreement errors in the application of number resolution rules, and the majority of these number agreement errors ...
Differential Analysis Of Lexical Pitch In Accent And Tone Languages, 2018 St. Cloud State University
Differential Analysis Of Lexical Pitch In Accent And Tone Languages, Ettien Koffi
According to the Critical Band Theory, the auditory perception of F0 data is the same for all human beings. However, when F0 signals are transferred through the auditory cortex to specialized areas of the brain, they are perceived and processed differently, depending on whether the language is tonal or accentual. In tone languages, F0 data appears to be processed in Heschl’s gyrus (Schneider 2005, Bendor 2012), whereas in accent languages, it appears to be processed in the planum temporale (Binder et al. 1996). Furthermore, in accent languages, F0 signals are computed on a nominal scale, but in tone languages ...
Acoustic Correlates Of Lexical Stress In Central Minnesota English, 2018 St. Cloud State University
Acoustic Correlates Of Lexical Stress In Central Minnesota English, Ettien Koffi, Grace Mertz
In 1958, Fry published a very influential paper detailing the interaction between F0, duration, and intensity in the perception of lexical stress. His main finding was that that hearers of American English rely more on F0 than on the other correlates in the perception of lexical stress. He ranked these three correlates as follows: F0 > Duration > Intensity. However, subsequent research by other phoneticians has yielded a variety of rankings: F0 > Intensity > Duration, Duration > Intensity > F0, Intensity > F0 > Duration, Intensity > Duration > F0, etc. The goal of this paper is to investigate how speakers of Central Minnesota English encode and rank the ...
Sibling Acoustics: Phonetic Measurements Of The Vowels Produced By Three Brothers Who "Sound Alike", 2018 St. Cloud State University
Sibling Acoustics: Phonetic Measurements Of The Vowels Produced By Three Brothers Who "Sound Alike", Ettien Koffi, James Lyons
This paper seeks to apply an acoustic phonetic methodology to measure and account for the impressionistic assessment of the speech of three brothers whose relatives, friends, and acquaintances say “they sound exactly alike.” The current investigation is limited to the pronunciation of the 11 phonemic monophthong vowels in American English. The psychoacoustic instruments of masking and Just Noticeable Difference (JND) are used to verify if the brothers “sound alike” acoustically. The correlates of the vowels that are investigated in this study are F0, F1, F2, F3, intensity, and duration.
The Acoustic Correlates Of Alveolar Fricatives In The Idiolect Of A Northern Minnesota Female, 2018 St. Cloud State University
The Acoustic Correlates Of Alveolar Fricatives In The Idiolect Of A Northern Minnesota Female, Ettien Koffi, Michel Lopez-Backstrom
This study investigates the acoustic correlates of the sibilant alveolar fricatives [s] and [z] in the first author’s idiolect. The corpus consists of 32 words containing 13 word-initial [s]s, six wordmedial [s]s, and 13 word-final [z]s. The 32 words are extracted from two texts read in running speech. All in all, 160 tokens are measured acoustically (32 fricatives x 5 correlates). The correlates in question are Center of Gravity, intensity, F2, duration, and voicing attributes. The findings indicate that only Center of Gravity and duration are significant correlates for differentiating between the alveolar fricatives [s] and ...
The Intelligibility Of The Onset Cluster [Pl] And The Coda Cluster [Ƞz] In Arabic-Accented English, 2018 St. Cloud State University
The Intelligibility Of The Onset Cluster [Pl] And The Coda Cluster [Ƞz] In Arabic-Accented English, Ettien Koffi, Phillip A. Klopfenstein
This paper analyzes two specific instances of English consonant-cluster production among native Arabic speakers of English. We analyze the onset cluster /pl/ and the coda cluster /ŋz/. These clusters are of interest because the first segment in each cluster does not exist in Arabic but the second is shared by both Arabic and English. Five Arabic-speaking subjects were selected based on a number of shared features, including a shared city of origin, beginning their acquisition of English after the critical period, and having spent no more than one year in an English-speaking environment at the time of the recordings. The ...
A Corpus Analysis Of The Syntactic Distributions Of The Verb 'Get' : Meanings And Usages, 2018 St. Cloud State University
A Corpus Analysis Of The Syntactic Distributions Of The Verb 'Get' : Meanings And Usages, Barbara Kennedy, Ettien Koffi, Glynis Perschke
This paper is a corpus analysis of the syntactic distributions of . We examine the 198 most common usages of based on Corpus of American Soap Operas (CASO) databanks, a subset of the Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA). We also provide 12 subcategorization frames to account for all the syntactic environments in which occurs in the database. This comprehensive investigation confirms that is unique among all English verbs by the sheer number of complements that it selects. Its varied uses and its frequency of occurrence in everyday English make a hard verb to master for native and non-native speakers alike ...
A Just Noticeable Difference (Jnd) Reanalysis Of Fry's Original Acoustic Correlates Of Stress In American English, 2018 St. Cloud State University
A Just Noticeable Difference (Jnd) Reanalysis Of Fry's Original Acoustic Correlates Of Stress In American English, Ettien Koffi
In 1955, 1958, and 1965, Fry published three very influential papers that have revolutionized phoneticians’ understanding of the acoustic correlates of lexical stress. Fry does not only show that F0, duration, intensity, and vowel quality interact, but he also ranks them relative to each other for their individual contribution to the perception of stress. His experiments led him to rank the four correlates as follows: F0 > Duration > Intensity > Vowel Quality. I review Fry’s papers and highlight his main findings. I re-analyze his raw data on duration and intensity and re-interpret them in light of Just Noticeable Differences (JND) thresholds ...
Editor's Prologue Volume 7, Issue 1, 2018 St. Cloud State University
Editor's Prologue Volume 7, Issue 1, Ettien Koffi
No abstract provided.
The Language Agenda In Post-Colonial African Music, 2018 University of Georgia
The Language Agenda In Post-Colonial African Music, Quintina Carter-Enyi
Africana Digital Ethnography Project
For post-colonial African musicians, decolonization became an imperative. For musicians, singing in one’s native language was no longer merely creative expression, it took on a more significant role in decolonizing the African continent. This was also the case for composers, particularly those who traveled abroad to study in conservatories and universities in the United Kingdom or the United States of America.
In Decolonising the Mind, Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o makes a case for African literature to be written in African languages. He also points out that singers and musicians have resisted mental colonization by retaining indigenous musical practices and ...
Advancing Digital Equity In Public Libraries: Assessing Library Patrons’ Problem Solving In Technology Rich Environments, 2018 Portland State University
Advancing Digital Equity In Public Libraries: Assessing Library Patrons’ Problem Solving In Technology Rich Environments, Gloria Jacobs
Presentations and Publications
This mixed methods research examined the digital problem solving processes of vulnerable adults within the community setting of a public library. Data were collected from approximately 450 library users who completed a library survey, a subset who completed PIAACs Problem Solving in Technology Rich Environments (PSTRE) assessment, and a smaller subset who participated in an observation protocol. Quantitative analysis revealed that library website use was a strong predictor of PSTRE scores. Qualitative analysis showed that digital problem solving needs to be seen as a set of contexts and events that are dynamic across different situations. In order to respond to ...
Supporting Digital Problem Solving, 2018 Pima Community College
Supporting Digital Problem Solving, Tyler Frank
Presentations and Publications
This presentation draws from findings based on a three-year research project with the goal of achieving greater digital equity for adult learners in libraries. This project addresses digital problem solving, a unique task adults face in today’s age of ubiquitous technology use. Marginalized and under-resourced digital users face challenges of access not only to high-speed Internet but also to getting the support they need for their digital learning and problem solving. Libraries are uniquely positioned to support these learners. However, this calls for techniques and tools to assist digital users in accomplishing their goals as they continue to develop ...
Foreign Language Anxiety, Sexuality, And Gender: Lived Experiences Of Four Lgbtq+ Students, 2018 Portland State University
Foreign Language Anxiety, Sexuality, And Gender: Lived Experiences Of Four Lgbtq+ Students, James Donald Mitchell
Dissertations and Theses
The relationship between foreign language anxiety and gender identity has been largely a quantitative endeavor that has shown contradictory results. Furthermore, sexual identity has not been researched in foreign language anxiety literature. A qualitative account of LGBTQ+ language learners with different gender identities has been absent from the literature. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between foreign language anxiety and sexual and gender identity. To gain insight into this relationship, this qualitative study investigated the lived experiences of four LGBTQ+ foreign language university students who represented three gender identities. Data were collected through multiple, in-depth ...
College Student Rankings Of Multiple Speakers In A Public Speaking Context: A Language Attitudes Study On Japanese-Accented English With A World Englishes Perspective, John James Ahlbrecht
Dissertations and Theses
This language attitudes study used a matched guise technique to compare participant reactions of American-accented English to Japanese-accented English. Participants (n = 40) were college educated adults living in the Portland area who completed an online survey which measured characteristics related to Status, Solidarity, and Dynamism using semantic differential Likert scales. Results showed that while Japanese-accented English received less favorable ratings on the Status and Solidarity dimensions on a statistically significant level, the small effect size may have indicated that the differences were negligible. Interpreting the results from the data through the World Englishes Kachruvian paradigm, it is argued that English ...
Elementos Persuasivos De La Citación En El Discurso Académico De Posgrado: Los Verbos Introductores De Las Citas En La Sección De La Conclusión, 2018 CUNY New York City College of Technology
Elementos Persuasivos De La Citación En El Discurso Académico De Posgrado: Los Verbos Introductores De Las Citas En La Sección De La Conclusión, David Sánchez-Jiménez
Publications and Research
No abstract provided.
Analyzing And Interpreting Data From Piaac’S Problem Solving In Technology Rich Environments (Pstre) Assessment And Library Use Survey: Quantitative Results, Jill Castek, Gloria Jacobs, Cindy Gibbon, Tyler Frank, Amy Honisett, Judy Anderson
This document contains an explanation of the quantitative analysis conducted using data from a researcher-designed library use survey and PIAAC's PSTRE survey accessed through OECD's Education and Skills Online portal. Data were collected in two phases and are presented using descriptive statistics and through a latent class analysis. The latent class analysis allowed for the examination of the relationship between library activities, library website use, and PSTRE scores. Results indicated that library website use is strong predictor of higher PSTRE scores and competency in digital problem solving.
Documenting Digital Problem Solving: Qualitative Results Strategies And Approaches For Digital Problem Solving, 2018 University of Arizona
Documenting Digital Problem Solving: Qualitative Results Strategies And Approaches For Digital Problem Solving, Jill Castek, Gloria Jacobs, Cindy Gibbon, Tyler Frank, Amy Honisett, Judy Anderson
This document shares qualitative analysis and findings from a 3 year research effort focused on digital problem solving. Key concepts emerging from the analysis are operationally defined. The document describes how individuals engaged in digital problem solving and describes their cognitive and affective strategies. The analysis reveals the vital role of examining digital problem solving through a diversity of contexts. Different contexts require the use of a range of approaches applied in different ways for different purposes. Data suggest that the number, frequency, and complexity of contexts in which an individual is familar plays an important role in how individuals ...
Defining Digital Problem Solving, 2018 Portland State University
Defining Digital Problem Solving, Jill Castek, Gloria Jacobs, Cindy Gibbon, Tyler Frank, Amy Honisett, Judy Anderson
Digital Problem Solving Toolkit
This document introduces the definition of digital problem solving that emerged from a three year long research project. Digital problem solving is described as being related to, but unique from, digital literacies and basic digital skills. Specifically, digital problem solving involves the use of the skills, strategies, and approaches (including mindsets) needed to navigate online in everyday contexts, including the library, and use novel resources, tools, and interfaces in efficient and flexible ways to accomplish personal and professional goals. Authors describe how the definition of digital problem solving was developed and applications within libraries, Adult Education, and Lifelong Learning.