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The Changing Sociolinguistic Identities Of The Beachy Amish-Mennonites, Joshua Brown 2019 The University of Akron

The Changing Sociolinguistic Identities Of The Beachy Amish-Mennonites, Joshua Brown

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

The study of Beachy Amish-Mennonite identities is a complex endeavor. As a loosely-organized fellowship, the Beachys have no overarching governing body that dictates symbols of their Anabaptist commitment to nonconformity. Often Beachys are described as existing on a religious continuum between the Old Order Amish and Mennonites, yet defining Beachys as what they are not does not adequately establish the religious identities that Beachys negotiate for themselves. This article addresses the negotiation of sociolinguistic identities—where language and religious identities intersect—alongside cultural change for two Beachy congregations in Central Pennsylvania. The analysis, based on a theoretical framework of the ...


Dutchified English In An Ohio Beachy Amish-Mennonite Community, Lara Downing 2019 The University of Akron

Dutchified English In An Ohio Beachy Amish-Mennonite Community, Lara Downing

Journal of Amish and Plain Anabaptist Studies

This article compares the English spoken by Beachy Amish-Mennonites just outside the Holmes County, OH, plain community with the English of non-plain neighbors. Although there is no previous linguistic research about the Beachys in this region, previous research on the dialects of English spoken by Amish communities suggests that differences from regional standards are influenced by deliberate border maintenance, primacy of language in expressing ethnic identity, and interference from Pennsylvania German, known to speakers as “Dutchified English.” However, little research has examined the English of the Beachys, who, compared to the Amish, occupy a less conservative position between separation from ...


Phonologically Informed Edit Distance Algorithms For Word Alignment With Low-Resource Languages, Richard T. McCoy, Robert Frank 2019 Johns Hopkins University

Phonologically Informed Edit Distance Algorithms For Word Alignment With Low-Resource Languages, Richard T. Mccoy, Robert Frank

Robert Frank

We present three methods for weighting edit distance algorithms based on linguistic information. These methods base their penalties on (i) phonological features, (ii) distributional character embeddings, or (iii) differences between cognate words. We also introduce a novel method for evaluating edit distance through the task of low-resource word alignment by using edit-distance neighbors in a high-resource pivot language to inform alignments from the low-resource language. At this task, the cognate-based scheme outperforms our other methods and the Levenshtein edit distance baseline, showing that NLP applications can benefit from information about cross-linguistic phonological patterns.


Jabberwocky Parsing: Dependency Parsing With Lexical Noise, Jungo Kasai, Robert Frank 2019 University of Washington

Jabberwocky Parsing: Dependency Parsing With Lexical Noise, Jungo Kasai, Robert Frank

Robert Frank

Parsing models have long benefited from the use of lexical information, and indeed current state-of-the art neural network models for dependency parsing achieve substantial improvements by benefiting from distributed representations of lexical information. At the same time, humans can easily parse sentences with unknown or even novel words, as in Lewis Carroll’s poem Jabberwocky. In this paper, we carry out jabberwocky parsing experiments, exploring how robust a state-of-the-art neural network parser is to the absence of lexical information. We find that current parsing models, at least under usual training regimens, are in fact overly dependent on lexical information, and ...


Curriculum-Making And Development In A Pakistani University, Said Imran, Mark Wyatt 2019 Kohat University of Science and Technology, Pakistan

Curriculum-Making And Development In A Pakistani University, Said Imran, Mark Wyatt

The Qualitative Report

Despite frequent calls for increased teacher engagement in curriculum-making and development, there are still many English language teachers worldwide who are required to work with materials that are either culturally inappropriate or inadequate. A related concern is that such materials may deprive teachers of their creative and professional capabilities to address students’ needs and interests, so that, weighed down by contextual challenges, the teachers then simply deliver the materials, adhering to the textbook closely. Contextual challenges faced by teachers may be more acute in the developing world. However, it is unclear to what extent teachers in under-resourced contexts cope. In ...


Size Matters: The Impact Of Training Size In Taxonomically-Enriched Word Embeddings, Alfredo Maldonado, Filip Klubicka, John D. Kelleher 2019 Trinity College Dublin, Ireland

Size Matters: The Impact Of Training Size In Taxonomically-Enriched Word Embeddings, Alfredo Maldonado, Filip Klubicka, John D. Kelleher

Articles

Word embeddings trained on natural corpora (e.g., newspaper collections, Wikipedia or the Web) excel in capturing thematic similarity (“topical relatedness”) on word pairs such as ‘coffee’ and ‘cup’ or ’bus’ and ‘road’. However, they are less successful on pairs showing taxonomic similarity, like ‘cup’ and ‘mug’ (near synonyms) or ‘bus’ and ‘train’ (types of public transport). Moreover, purely taxonomy-based embeddings (e.g. those trained on a random-walk of WordNet’s structure) outperform natural-corpus embeddings in taxonomic similarity but underperform them in thematic similarity. Previous work suggests that performance gains in both types of similarity can be achieved by enriching ...


Does Standard Chinese Mean Anything For Cantonese Vowel Variation?, Holman Tse 2019 St. Catherine University

Does Standard Chinese Mean Anything For Cantonese Vowel Variation?, Holman Tse

Holman Tse, PhD

Unlike many communities studied by variationists in which SLI means convergence of spoken and written language, for Cantonese speakers, language ideology historically meant the opposite. In this presentation, I show how traces of this ideological distinction between written and spoken codes (cf. Snow 2004) remain present in both Hong Kong and in Toronto. I focus on two sets of sound correspondences found with (Standard) Mandarin cognates: Cantonese /i/ to Mandarin /ə/ and Cantonese /y/ to Mandarin /u/). Only Cantonese /y/ shows convergence, but only for second-generation Toronto speakers who are least likely to speak Mandarin. Toronto English influence, thus, better ...


Reality And Artistry In The Stories, Abduhamid HOLMURODOV 2019 Uzbek state world languages university

Reality And Artistry In The Stories, Abduhamid Holmurodov

Philology Matters

Each social period finds its overall presentation in fiction. This task is performed by a new generation of creators who enter the world of literature. The reflection of a period in fiction is never as obvious as a mirror. Literature has its own language and its own unique capabilities, based on the potential of this language and the artistic reflection of the epoch being created. Creativity of the talented writers is of importance, in this regard. It should be noted that the works of our writers, continuing this, have their own specific tendency style. Although a number of works appeared ...


Pedagogical Discourse Styles Of Native And Non-Native Language Teachers, Stacy Anne Reynolds-Case 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Pedagogical Discourse Styles Of Native And Non-Native Language Teachers, Stacy Anne Reynolds-Case

Stacy Anne Reynolds-Case

This study seeks to uncover the characteristics of foreign language instructors’ discourse styles implemented in the classroom when teaching students the target language. Foreign language classrooms are unique to academia because the teachers of the language, depending on whether they are native or non-native speakers of the target language, learned it in different environments and for distinct purposes. Many of the previous studies examining the effect a teacher’s ability in the target language will have on his/her instruction have focused on native and non-native speakers’ teaching styles and/or methodologies. Rather than the effect on the teacher’s ...


Myth In Sam Shepard’S “The God Of Hell” And Its Political Implication, Diana BAISHEVA 2019 Uzbek state world languages university

Myth In Sam Shepard’S “The God Of Hell” And Its Political Implication, Diana Baisheva

Philology Matters

The article introduces the creative work of the famous American playwright Sam Shepard, whose works are almost unknown to our Uzbek reader. His plays are well­known throughout the world; they influenced the formation of the worldview of readers of different nations and show the peculiarities of American culture. Despite the worldwide fame of Sam Shepard’s works, they are not studied well by literary critics. In America and Europe his works have been studied in details for a long period, and even several monographs in English have been written. However, neither in the Russian­speaking, nor in the domestic ...


Poetics Of The Image Of Babur In The Story “Andizhan Prince”, Akmaljon TURSUNOV 2019 Uzbek state world languages university

Poetics Of The Image Of Babur In The Story “Andizhan Prince”, Akmaljon Tursunov

Philology Matters

This article considers the skill of the writer, literary fiction and expressive means of the adventure novel "Babur the Tiger" by F.Vertel, who managed to a great respect to Babur and learned his heritage so thoroughly, analyzing that the writer used literary fictions widely with historical sources.Great historical people who lived in the past and literary research of their life and creation is requirement of historical progress. Babur international fund is one of the academic expeditions organized in foreign countries, so one vital source has been set up in Germany. This book "Babur the Tiger" was written and ...


The Peculiarities Of Comparative Phraseological Units, Dilbar JUMANOVA 2019 Uzbek state world languages university

The Peculiarities Of Comparative Phraseological Units, Dilbar Jumanova

Philology Matters

This article focuses on peculiarities of comparative phraseologisms, as this group of phraseologisms is the most frequently met in Russian discourse. This group of phraseologisms is analyzed from the view point of semantic merge of its components, structure, system, contents, functioning in the speech, emotionally expressive colouring and etymology. The article provides huge amount of examples, as well as highlights interesting facts about etymology of some corporative phraseologisms


A Conceptual Analysis Of The Title, Irada BABAEVA 2019 Uzbek state world languages university

A Conceptual Analysis Of The Title, Irada Babaeva

Philology Matters

The article is aimed to consider the title as the main concept of a literary text. The topicality of this work is that the title is an integral part of any work of art and the identification of its conceptual essence is very important, because with the help of the title readers can see the main problem, the idea of the work. In the work comparative, systemic and deconstructive methods are used. For revealing a conceptual essence of the title, a cognitive map is used. This map consists of several stages. Each stage is aimed at identifying new meanings of ...


Emergence Of “Development Speak” And Its Translation Challenges, Elmira MURATOVA, Viktoriya YEOLYAN 2019 Uzbek state world languages university

Emergence Of “Development Speak” And Its Translation Challenges, Elmira Muratova, Viktoriya Yeolyan

Philology Matters

The article reviews development stages of international organizations and factors, which contributed to their establishment. It briefs on emergence of the UN and the Bretton-Woods institutions. The planning, discussion and implementation of development interventions was carried out exclusively in the English language. Since origination of the Northern development discourse some 70 years ago, a specialized variant of English, the socalled "Developmentspeak"[8], has become widespread in literature and practice. Currently, it is used to implement most development programs. The article also notes characteristics of "Developmentspeak". Namely, it is overloaded with terms and jargonized. In addition, "Developmentspeak" expressions mean different things ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Phraseological Units In “Baburname” And Their Different English Translations, Ziyodakhon TESHABOYEVA 2019 Uzbek state world languages university

A Comparative Analysis Of Phraseological Units In “Baburname” And Their Different English Translations, Ziyodakhon Teshaboyeva

Philology Matters

It is also relevant to study and translate our ancestors’ heritage nowadays. The classical work “Baburname” was translated into English for several times, and it has undergone the history of translation. “Baburname” was translated and published by European orientalist scholars John Leyden and William Erskine (1826), Anette Susannah Beveridge (1921) and Wheeler Thackston (1996). Nowadays, these three types of translations are researched in comparative literature, comparative linguistic and translation studies. It's noteworthy that “Baburname” comprises more than ten disciplines related to linguistic and translational texts. In this article a conceptual analysis of religious terms to go to the God ...


Visual Graphic Tools As An Effective Method Of Studying The Questions Of The Syntax Of The Russian Language, Yelena POPOVA 2019 Uzbek state world languages university

Visual Graphic Tools As An Effective Method Of Studying The Questions Of The Syntax Of The Russian Language, Yelena Popova

Philology Matters

This article reveals the method of using the means both visual and graphical for activating the cognitive process of students while studying the matters of the Russian language syntax. The structure of information tables, intellectual maps is presented as well together with the process of their forming. Methodical ways of applying them productively at lessons are also demonstrated. A wide scope of informative tables is being demonstrated on the basis of analysis and systematization of matters about a multi-aspect composite sentence. When revealing the research paper a volume of information stock is taken into consideration, the techniques of demonstrating informative ...


Impact Of Technical Development On The Use Of Neologisms, Sayfullo NURTAEV 2019 Uzbek state world languages university

Impact Of Technical Development On The Use Of Neologisms, Sayfullo Nurtaev

Philology Matters

The author of the article focuses on the impact of technical development on the use of neologisms. The object of the research is the lexical system of modern English, types of neologisms, methods of their formation and distribution. Studying the mechanisms of formation of neologisms in connection with conceptual changes in human consciousness in line with the constant development of technologies and scientific advances, it is possible to extract more informative use of neologisms in everyday life. The relevance of this topic is that neologisms are very important in our life, especially now, because we have the development of science ...


Modern Views On Teaching Language Through Literature, Aliya DINALIEVA 2019 Uzbek state world languages university

Modern Views On Teaching Language Through Literature, Aliya Dinalieva

Philology Matters

The current paper aims at emphasizing the use of literature as a popular technique for teaching both basic language skills (i.e. reading, writing, listening and speaking) and supporting the potential values of literature in enhancing language and communication skills for the language learners in our times. The research is in its quest for the issues on how to effectively teach communication skills in a literature class as well as how to develop students’ inspirations in studying literature. Moreover, the work studies specific features of the use of different techniques and activities to develop speaking skills by using literature texts ...


Retrospection In Chingiz Aitmatov's Works, Bahor TURAEVA 2019 Uzbek state world languages university

Retrospection In Chingiz Aitmatov's Works, Bahor Turaeva

Philology Matters

The article studies the role of the literary time and its methods in the composition of the work. Various forms constituting an integral part of the literary time, based on the author’s ideological-aesthetic conception, are widely used in the patterns of the literery time. In this regard, retrospection is considered as one of the effective creative-aesthetic methods. The following article analyzes the proficiency of the great writer, Chingiz Aytmatov, in creation of a story retrospecting the past of its main heroes.


A Publicist Discource As A Conceptual Linguistic Unit Forming The Base Of The Text, Dilfuza TESHABAEVA, Shaxodat USMONOVA 2019 Uzbek state world languages university

A Publicist Discource As A Conceptual Linguistic Unit Forming The Base Of The Text, Dilfuza Teshabaeva, Shaxodat Usmonova

Philology Matters

The article discusses the features of a publicistic style, justifies the standard of this style, which is based on the transfer of the socially significant information. Publicistic discourse was also analyzed as a conceptual unit of the text. The structure of speech in a journalistic text also depends on the consistency of the linguistic units, which contain conceptual and evaluative units. One of the main features of the press is a trend towards social assessment. It is obvious that newspaper language is not intended simply to describe objects and events by their nature, but to give them a certain assessment ...


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