Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Criminology and Criminal Justice Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

10,076 Full-Text Articles 6,591 Authors 8,388,908 Downloads 198 Institutions

All Articles in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Faceted Search

10,076 full-text articles. Page 122 of 124.

Centennial Symposium: A Century Of Criminal Justice - Foreword, Julia T. Rickert 2010 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Centennial Symposium: A Century Of Criminal Justice - Foreword, Julia T. Rickert

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Opening Remarks, Ronald J. Allen 2010 Northwestern University School of Law

Opening Remarks, Ronald J. Allen

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


How Much Do We Really Know About Criminal Deterrence, Raymond Paternoster 2010 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

How Much Do We Really Know About Criminal Deterrence, Raymond Paternoster

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


The Supreme Court Giveth And The Supreme Court Taketh Away: The Century Of Fourth Amendment Search And Seizure Doctrine, Thomas Y. Davies 2010 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

The Supreme Court Giveth And The Supreme Court Taketh Away: The Century Of Fourth Amendment Search And Seizure Doctrine, Thomas Y. Davies

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Bill Clinton's Parting Pardon Party, Albert W. Alschuler 2010 Northwestern University School of Law

Bill Clinton's Parting Pardon Party, Albert W. Alschuler

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Capital Punishment In Illinois In The Aftermath Of The Ryan Commutations: Reforms, Economic Realities, And A New Saliency For Issues Of Cost, Leigh B. Bienen 2010 Northwestern University School of Law

Capital Punishment In Illinois In The Aftermath Of The Ryan Commutations: Reforms, Economic Realities, And A New Saliency For Issues Of Cost, Leigh B. Bienen

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


The Heller Promise Versus The Heller Reality: Will Statutes Prohibiting The Possession Of Firearms By Ex-Felons By Upheld After Britt V. State, Deborah Bone 2010 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

The Heller Promise Versus The Heller Reality: Will Statutes Prohibiting The Possession Of Firearms By Ex-Felons By Upheld After Britt V. State, Deborah Bone

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Guantanamo Bay Just Preventative Detention Of Terrorist Or A Fundamental Violation Of Due Process?, Michelle Cubellis 2010 Bridgewater State University

Guantanamo Bay Just Preventative Detention Of Terrorist Or A Fundamental Violation Of Due Process?, Michelle Cubellis

Undergraduate Review

In response to the terrorist attacks of 9/11, in October of 2001, the Bush Administration launched the “War on Terror,” an attempt to eliminate all terrorist threats to the United States. As part of this war, the Bush Administration began detaining individuals it believed were linked to terrorism. Instead of capturing these individuals giving them a trial to determine whether they were guilty or innocent, and either sentencing them or releasing them, the Bush Administration detained these individuals at Guantanamo. They were held without due process and without access to federal courts. The Bush Administration repeatedly claimed that is ...


The Torture Of Alleged Terrorists Necessary For Public Safety Or A Criminal Act?, Michaela Clark 2010 Bridgewater State University

The Torture Of Alleged Terrorists Necessary For Public Safety Or A Criminal Act?, Michaela Clark

Undergraduate Review

Torture is defined in a variety of ways by many different sources. According to the World Medical Association’s (WMA) Declaration of Tokyo, torture is defined as, “the deliberate, systematic, or wanton infliction of physical or mental suffering by one or more people acting alone or on the orders of any authority, to force another person to yield information, to make a confession, or for any other reason.” The Declaration of Tokyo was passed in 1975 and updated many times, most recently in 2006. This is a landmark document that has been used as a model for other medical statutes ...


Salvia Divinorum: Patterns Of Use, Christie Bowles 2010 Bridgewater State University

Salvia Divinorum: Patterns Of Use, Christie Bowles

Undergraduate Review

This study focuses on 13 salvia divinorum users, specifically seeking to understand the social, situational, and individual factors influencing their decision to use. Through semi-structured, in depth interviews, patterns such as the methods of use, settings of use, other frequently used drugs, and persistence or desistance of use are explored. Currently, there is limited research on salvia or the people who use this drug, and without this substantial research, the most effective way to address salvia use will remain unknown.


The Myth Of The Female Sex Offender, Chelsea Horrocks 2010 Bridgewater State University

The Myth Of The Female Sex Offender, Chelsea Horrocks

Undergraduate Review

More than 300,000 women and nearly 100,000 men were forcibly raped in 1995 (Tjaden & Thoennes, 2006). The National Violence Against Women (NVAW) Survey, the last nationwide survey on rape, which had 8,000 male and 8,000 female participants, found that one of every six women and one of every thirty-three men is raped at some point in their lifetime. Thirty-two percent of the women and sixteen percent of the men were injured during their rape. In another nationwide telephone survey, twenty-two percent of 3,000 adults reported being sexually abused (Vandiver, 2002).


A Review Of Rape Statistics, Theories, And Policy, Gary Lowell 2010 Bridgewater State University

A Review Of Rape Statistics, Theories, And Policy, Gary Lowell

Undergraduate Review

Rape is defined in the laws of Massachusetts as “[s]exual intercourse or unnatural sexual intercourse by a person with another person who is compelled to submit by force and against his will or by threat of bodily injury” (Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 277, § 39, 2009). Although traditional definitions of rape have been that only a female can be raped and only a male can rape, “courts have held that the rape statutes in their jurisdictions are gender-neutral and apply equally to perpetrators of either sex” (Lynton, 1995). Still, since male on female rape is more prevalent (see Gonzales ...


Campus Rape Phenomenon, Keriann Speranza 2010 Bridgewater State University

Campus Rape Phenomenon, Keriann Speranza

Undergraduate Review

Rape is a serious crime affecting all colleges and universities, but it is rarely brought to the attention of the media, administrators, faculty, students, and community. Research shows that between 14% and 27.5% of college women have been sexually assaulted (Humphrey & Kahn, 2000). The 2005 Bureau of Justice Statistics Report on violent victimization of college students indicates that between the years 2000 and 2004, 74% of rapes and sexual assaults were committed by someone known to the victim (Gross, Winslett, Roberts, Gohm, 2006). This report also suggested that campus rape is the most underreported violent crime in the United ...


Drug Law Reform—Retreating From An Incarceration Addiction, Robert G. Lawson 2010 University of Kentucky College of Law

Drug Law Reform—Retreating From An Incarceration Addiction, Robert G. Lawson

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

Now, thirty years into the "war on drugs," views about the law's reliance on punishment to fix the drug problem are less conciliatory and more absolute: "[t]he notion that 'the drug war is a failure' has become the common wisdom in academic ... circles." Those who have most closely studied the results of the "war" believe that it has "accomplished little more than incarcerating hundreds of thousands of individuals whose only crime was the possession of drugs." More importantly, they believe that it has had little if any effect on the drug problem: "Despite the fact that the number ...


Pesach N. Rubenstein Cheats The Hangman: A Case Study Of Punishment And The Death Penalty At Brooklyn’S Raymond Street Jail, Philip M. Stinson 2010 Bowling Green State University

Pesach N. Rubenstein Cheats The Hangman: A Case Study Of Punishment And The Death Penalty At Brooklyn’S Raymond Street Jail, Philip M. Stinson

Criminal Justice Faculty Publications

This paper tells the story of Pesach Rubenstein and how he cheated the hangman in 1876. Rubenstein was charged, tried, and convicted in Kings County, New York, for the 1875 murder of his 19 year-old cousin, Sarah Alexander. The Rubenstein case is noteworthy in that it received unprecedented media attention in the 1870s, involved the use of rudimentary forensic evidence at the trial, and divided the community on issues of religion, ethnicity, immigration (the victim and defendant were recent Jewish immigrants from Poland), and imposition of the death penalty. Using a case study approach to analyze the trial transcript, newspaper ...


Exit Strategy: An Exploration Of Late-Stage Police Crime, Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach, Tina L. Freiburger 2010 Bowling Green State University

Exit Strategy: An Exploration Of Late-Stage Police Crime, Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach, Tina L. Freiburger

Criminal Justice Faculty Publications

There are no exhaustive statistics available on the crimes committed by law enforcement officers, and only a small number of studies provide specific data on police crimes. The purpose of the current study is to examine the character of police arrests known to the media. Cases were identified through a content analysis of news coverage using the internet-based GoogleTM News search engine and its Google News Alerts search tool. The study focuses on the crimes committed by experienced officers who are approaching retirement. The occurrence of these late-stage crimes presents a challenge to existing assumptions regarding the relationship between ...


Bad Moon On The Rise? Lunar Cycles And Incidents Of Crime, Joseph A. Schafer, Sean P. Varano, John P. Jarvis, Jeffrey M. Cancino 2010 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Bad Moon On The Rise? Lunar Cycles And Incidents Of Crime, Joseph A. Schafer, Sean P. Varano, John P. Jarvis, Jeffrey M. Cancino

Justice Studies Faculty Publications

Popular cultures in Western societies have long espoused the notion that phases of the moon influence human behavior. In particular, there is a common belief the full moon increases incidents of aberrant, deviant, and criminal behavior. Using police, astronomical, and weather data from a major southwestern American city, this study assessed whether lunar cycles related with rates of reported crime. The findings fail to support popular lore, which has suggested that lunar phase influenced the volume of crime reported to the police. Future research directions examining qualitative rather than quantitative aspects of this problem may yield further inform the understanding ...


A Tale Of Three Cities: Crime And Displacement After Hurricane Katrina, Sean P. Varano, Joseph A. Schafer, Jeffrey M. Cancino, Scott H. Decker, Jack R. Greene 2010 Roger Williams University

A Tale Of Three Cities: Crime And Displacement After Hurricane Katrina, Sean P. Varano, Joseph A. Schafer, Jeffrey M. Cancino, Scott H. Decker, Jack R. Greene

Justice Studies Faculty Publications

When Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans in August 2005, it greatly disrupted both the physical and social structures of that community. One consequence of the hurricane was the displacement of large numbers of New Orleans residents to other cities, including Houston, San Antonio, and Phoenix. There has been media speculation that such a grand-scale population displacement led to increased crime in communities that were recipient of large numbers of displaced New Orleans residents. This study was a case study of three cities with somewhat different experiences with Katrina's diaspora. Time series analysis was used to examine the pre- and ...


Should Bush Administration Lawyers Be Prosecuted For Authorizing Torture?, Claire Oakes Finkelstein, Michael Lewis 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Should Bush Administration Lawyers Be Prosecuted For Authorizing Torture?, Claire Oakes Finkelstein, Michael Lewis

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Documentation, Documentary, And The Law: What Should Be Made Of Victim Impact Videos?, Regina Austin 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Documentation, Documentary, And The Law: What Should Be Made Of Victim Impact Videos?, Regina Austin

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Since the Supreme Court sanctioned the introduction of victim impact evidence in the sentencing phase of capital cases in Payne v. Tennessee, 501 U.S. 808 (1991), there have been a number of reported decisions in which that evidence has taken the form of videos composed of home-produced still photographs and moving images of the victim. Most of these videos were first shown at funerals or memorial services and contain music appropriate for such occasions. This article considers the probative value of victim impact videos and responds to the call of Justice John Paul Stevens, made in a statement regarding ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress