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Near and Middle Eastern Studies Commons

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Closing The Chasm: Al-Fārābī On Islam And Politics, Onur F. Muftugil 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Closing The Chasm: Al-Fārābī On Islam And Politics, Onur F. Muftugil

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Much Islamic history evinces a separation between religious and political registers of thought and action. To be sure, these two registers always remained, to some extent, mutually intertwined since the origins of Islam. However, in about two hundred years into Islamic history, or, in other words, in the 9th century, the political register based on coercion began to mark itself off from the moral concerns associated with the religious register. Political authority acquired an increasingly absolute character. It focused more on ensuring the obedience of its subjects than the moral/religious purpose of creating a just society where even the ...


An Analysis Of Women And Terrorism: Perpetrators, Victims, Both?, Elizabeth Lauren Miller 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

An Analysis Of Women And Terrorism: Perpetrators, Victims, Both?, Elizabeth Lauren Miller

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This paper will analyze women’s participation in terrorism under groups like al-Qaeda and the Islamic State. It will research the use of violence within terrorist organizations, perpetrated by female participants. What leads women to join groups like the Islamic State? There will be an analysis of the factors that attract women to joining terrorist organizations, in addition to the practices of recruitment that aid in their radicalization. There is a misconception that women who join the Islamic State lack education, which is seen as the sole reasoning for their radicalization or involvement. In reality, several reasons exist leading to ...


Paper House: The Revolution, The Disappeared, And The Historicity Of Lebanon, Elsa Saade 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Paper House: The Revolution, The Disappeared, And The Historicity Of Lebanon, Elsa Saade

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis will be an attempt to reenact events in relation to the disappeared and the Lebanese civil war, with the help of newspaper cuts, oral history, theories on historical writing, memories, and books on Lebanon. As a prospective historian, the writer will be tapping into the internal event of thought processes and meaning of the past, as advised by R. G. Collingwood in The Idea of History. (Collingwood, 1946 ) That critical inquiry will only be at the service of understanding the present from the lens of a self-reflecting inquisitor that has faced many silences in a past she doesn ...


The Race To Regional Hegemony: A Case Study Of The Iran-Saudi Rivalry In Yemen, Micaela Tierce 2020 University of North Georgia

The Race To Regional Hegemony: A Case Study Of The Iran-Saudi Rivalry In Yemen, Micaela Tierce

Honors Theses

The main goal for this thesis is to review how the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s actions in Yemen’s civil war can be explained through the international relations theory Classical Realism. Studying Iran and Saudi Arabia’s rivalry is important for academic study because it creates an imbalance of power in the Middle East and intensifies security issues in the region. Both Iran and Saudi Arabia hold the most influential economic and political systems in the Middle East, presenting a dilemma for power and security between the two. There most recent example of ...


Thank You For Considering Me Such A Huge Threat: A Critical Analysis Of Iran's Foreign Policy, Liza Boyer 2020 University of Mississippi

Thank You For Considering Me Such A Huge Threat: A Critical Analysis Of Iran's Foreign Policy, Liza Boyer

Honors Theses

The United States has long held the idea that Iran poses a threat to our interests as well as global stability, implying that Iran is irrational and makes decisions rooted purely in ideology. After creating an independent framework based on rational choice theory, descriptive decision theory, and the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, I determined four possible ways to describe Iran’s foreign policy: rational-constitutional, irrational-constitutional, rational-unconstitutional, and irrational-unconstitutional. I then apply this framework to six cases which I have identified to be vital to understanding Iran’s foreign policy: Iraq, Israel, United States of America, China, the ...


Piety And Mayhem: How Extremist Groups Misuse Religious Doctrine To Condone Violence And Achieve Political Goals, Noah Garber 2020 Ursinus College

Piety And Mayhem: How Extremist Groups Misuse Religious Doctrine To Condone Violence And Achieve Political Goals, Noah Garber

Religious Studies Honors Papers

This thesis examines the way in which various groups have used religion as a justification for violent action towards political ends. From the Irgun, which carried out terrorist acts in Palestine, to the Palestinian Islamist organization Hamas, which has waged war on Israel, to the Buddhist leadership of Myanmar, which has waged a genocidal campaign against Rohingya Muslims living in the country, these groups have employed a narrow interpretation of their religious texts as a means to justify the actions they take. It is explained that it is not the compulsion of religious doctrine itself that is to blame, rather ...


Moroccan Identity In The 1980s: The Theory And Policy Implications Of Studying Moroccan Identity, Heather Rodenberg 2020 William & Mary

Moroccan Identity In The 1980s: The Theory And Policy Implications Of Studying Moroccan Identity, Heather Rodenberg

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Constructivism in International Relations’ theory grapples with broader themes affecting how country’s make decisions and relate to each other. In this theory one of the largest categories also happens to be among the least understood: a nation’s identity. Hopf and Allan, in Making Identity Count, created a framework for studying a country’s identity as objectively as possible through both quantitative and qualitative research. They have yet to apply their methodology to less understood regions of the world, from an American perspective. This paper adapts their framework to study Moroccan identity in the years 1979 through 1990. To ...


All The News Fit To Print: Egyptian And Tunisian Media Development And Political Toleration Through Arab Spring, Seth Fiderer 2020 William & Mary

All The News Fit To Print: Egyptian And Tunisian Media Development And Political Toleration Through Arab Spring, Seth Fiderer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Arab Spring Revolutions of 2011 have had diverse outcomes throughout the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Two states that have experienced large scale change are Tunisia and Egypt, both of which experienced regime change. Tunisia has experienced large-scale democratization and has become more politically open. Egypt experienced a brief democratic period between 2011 and 2013 before a military coup reverted the country to authoritarian practices. Both nations have revised their press codes since their respective revolutions. Additionally, both nations have had tenuous relations with Islamist groups, namely the Tunisian Ennahda party and the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood. Both groups ...


Mind Your Youth: Youth Unemployment And Islamic Radicalization, Caleb Ray 2020 University of Mississippi

Mind Your Youth: Youth Unemployment And Islamic Radicalization, Caleb Ray

Honors Theses

This study examines the potential existence of a correlation between youth unemployment and Islamic Radicalization in the MENA using data from the World Bank, the Global Terrorism Database, and the Arab Barometer. It aims to add to the current body of research regarding socioeconomic drivers for radicalization and terrorism.


The Use Of Storytelling And The Experience Of Teaching In A Syrian Refugee Camp In The Context Of The Refugee Crisis In Lebanon, Its Various Actors, And Its Lasting Effects, Jad Zeitouni 2020 Texas Tech University

The Use Of Storytelling And The Experience Of Teaching In A Syrian Refugee Camp In The Context Of The Refugee Crisis In Lebanon, Its Various Actors, And Its Lasting Effects, Jad Zeitouni

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Using storytelling and narrative as historical artifact and act of witnessing, I challenged my students, ranging in age from eight to fourteen, to tell a story and believe that in the process of writing their lives they might find a moment of healing and an outlet of control. In the Summer of 2019, as part of the Jusoor Summer Volunteer Program, I had the opportunity to teach at the largest Syrian refugee camp in Lebanon at a school run by Jusoor. I explored the role of non-government organizations and analyzed the strain on healthcare and education in the refugee camp ...


Stories Across Borders: Recontextualization Of Home, Identity, And Trauma In Contemporary Stories Of Syrian Displacement, Kayla Nicholls 2020 Bennington College

Stories Across Borders: Recontextualization Of Home, Identity, And Trauma In Contemporary Stories Of Syrian Displacement, Kayla Nicholls

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

The 2011 Syrian Civil War shattered the lives of too many people, but the media snatched the story and quickly turned it into one of unending violence and malice rather than one of complex individual actions. As the conflict continued, media began engaging only with images of the war, Syrias destruction, not of the Syrian peoples strengths but only their weaknesses. Perhaps the most popular image was of three-year-old Alan Kurdi who lay on the sand in Turkey, his face to the side, dead. Media outlets all over the world published this image, and his human face launched the conflict ...


Crude Awakening: The International Politics Of Oil, Hanna Price 2020 Pepperdine University

Crude Awakening: The International Politics Of Oil, Hanna Price

Global Tides

Since its modern-day discovery in northwestern Pennsylvania in the 1850s, rock oil has revolutionized the modern international political economy. This natural resource quickly caught the attention of civilians and states the world over, as people began to realize the true potential of oil as a means to power the life changing industrial revolution and bring forth new technology and innovations. However, what began as a resource which brought life, fueling the operations of modern day cities, has transitioned into a resource which breeds death, as it fuels civil wars, greed, and corruption.

In the context of oil, this paper examines ...


Washington Dc Model North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Mackenzie Creighton, Kaylee Coffman, Kevin Lundquist, Cameron Zarnich, Colin Molitor, Marc Rego, Stefan Johnson, Robert Belz-Templeman, Takashi Quinlan, Niklas Becker-Brown 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Washington Dc Model North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Mackenzie Creighton, Kaylee Coffman, Kevin Lundquist, Cameron Zarnich, Colin Molitor, Marc Rego, Stefan Johnson, Robert Belz-Templeman, Takashi Quinlan, Niklas Becker-Brown

Discovery Day - Prescott

Model North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) consists of several committees, each of whom draft policy relevant to their respective topics of discussion. The Committees debate for the course of the conference, drafting NATO policy to solve a multitude of issues. During this time, a simulated crisis also occurs, and each committee must respond to the updates from the crisis as well as focus on their original goals. After the final committee sessions of the conference, the final resolutions passed by each committee are sent to the North Atlantic Council (NAC), who works to approve all of them unanimously. The end ...


Reviving Refuse: Individual Agency In Meknes, Morocco’S Waste Management Services, Anna Gleason 2020 William & Mary

Reviving Refuse: Individual Agency In Meknes, Morocco’S Waste Management Services, Anna Gleason

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis examines the role of formally-employed sanitation workers, called muzbil, and self-employed scavengers, known as mikhala, in Meknes, Morocco's waste management process, and how their social statuses impact the perceived success of waste collection and recycling. While often seen as piecemeal, the interconnected processes of waste management and recycling between the formal and informal sectors constitute a relatively complete sanitation service. Mainstream discourse in Morocco highlights the role of the formal sanitation sector—that is, work legally contracted by the government—in providing municipal waste collection and recycling, often to the exclusion of informal labor. However, examining the ...


Space And Defense – Volume Eleven – Number One – Spring 2019, Space and Defense Journal 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Space And Defense – Volume Eleven – Number One – Spring 2019, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Nine – Number One – Spring 2016, Space and Defense Journal 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Space And Defense – Volume Nine – Number One – Spring 2016, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Eight – Number One – Spring 2015, Space and Defense Journal 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Space And Defense – Volume Eight – Number One – Spring 2015, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Seven – Number One – Winter 2014, Space and Defense Journal 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Space And Defense – Volume Seven – Number One – Winter 2014, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Six – Number One – Fall 2012, Space and Defense Journal 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Space And Defense – Volume Six – Number One – Fall 2012, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Five – Number One – Summer 2011, Space and Defense Journal 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Space And Defense – Volume Five – Number One – Summer 2011, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


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