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Paramilitary Forces In Colombia, Winifred Tate 2011 Colby College

Paramilitary Forces In Colombia, Winifred Tate

Faculty Scholarship

How can we understand the transformation of Colombian paramilitary groups during the past two decades? Intimately connected to drug trafficking, paramilitary groups have infiltrated political institutions and enjoyed significant political support even as they have used extreme brutality. Since the early 1990s, paramilitaries have grown exponentially in strength, creating a national coordinating body and carrying out military offensives. These developments brought territorial expansion throughout Colombia and a peak in political violence, typified by massacres from 1997 to 2003. After negotiations with government officials, more than thirty-two thousand troops passed through demobilization programs verified by the Organization of American States; much ...


Critical Junctures And Puerto Rican Studies, Pedro Caban 2011 University at Albany, State University of New York

Critical Junctures And Puerto Rican Studies, Pedro Caban

Latin American, Caribbean, and U.S. Latino Studies Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Bibliography Of Books In The Utep Library Published During The Mexican Revolution, Claudia A. Rivers 2011 University of Texas at El Paso

Bibliography Of Books In The Utep Library Published During The Mexican Revolution, Claudia A. Rivers

Mexican Revolution Resources

The titles in this list are items published during the Mexican Revolution that relate to the situation in Mexico, events in the Mexican Revolution, or international relations with Mexico. Some titles treat related topics such as land reform, management of natural resources such as petroleum, or legal issues.


Labores Ganaderas En El Caribe Colombino, 1850-1950, Shawn Van Ausdal 2011 Universidad de Los Andes - Colombia

Labores Ganaderas En El Caribe Colombino, 1850-1950, Shawn Van Ausdal

Shawn Van Ausdal

No abstract provided.


Geologic Constraints On Rain-Fed Qocha Reservoir Agricultural Infrastructure, Northern Lake Titicaca Basin, Peru, Nathan M. Craig, Mark Aldenderfer, Paul Baker, Catherine Rigsby, :Luis Flores Blanco 2011 Pennsylvania State University

Geologic Constraints On Rain-Fed Qocha Reservoir Agricultural Infrastructure, Northern Lake Titicaca Basin, Peru, Nathan M. Craig, Mark Aldenderfer, Paul Baker, Catherine Rigsby, :Luis Flores Blanco

Nathan M Craig

This paper reports new data on qocha ponds from the Rio PucaraeAzángaro interfluvial zone, northern Lake Titicaca Basin, Peru. Qocha are a little known form of Andean agriculture that developed around 800e500 B.C. and remain in use today. Prior estimates suggested that in the study area, there were more than 25,000 qocha. While most Andean sunken beds are excavated to reach groundwater, qocha are rain- fed ponds. How these rain-fed ponds functioned has been an open question, but one that is answered in part by research presented in this paper.We suggest that a thick impermeable stratum of ...


Ground Truthing Of Remotely Identified Fortifications On The Central Coast Of Perú, Margaret Brown Vega, Nathan M. Craig, Gerbert Asencios Lindo 2011 Pennsylvania State University

Ground Truthing Of Remotely Identified Fortifications On The Central Coast Of Perú, Margaret Brown Vega, Nathan M. Craig, Gerbert Asencios Lindo

Nathan M Craig

Remote imagery, including freely available satellite images viewed in Google Earth_ and historic aerial photographs, was used to identify anomalies in a 25,000 km2 macroregion encompassing 13 river valleys along the Peruvian coast. These anomalies, located atop hills and mountains, were hypothesized prehispanic fortifications. A sample of remotely identified anomalies was ground truthed in the Huaura and Fortaleza Valleys on the Central Coast of Perú. 140 positive anomalies were documented and assessed using a simple defensibility index. Our results significantly increase the number of fortifications identified in both valleys. We demonstrate the efficacy of this method for locating fortifications ...


Illiquid Saving And Wealth Accumulation Under Uncertainty, Jaime Ruiz-Tagle 2011 Micro Data Center, Department of Economics, Universidad de Chile

Illiquid Saving And Wealth Accumulation Under Uncertainty, Jaime Ruiz-Tagle

Jaime Ruiz-Tagle

When saving cannot be used to buffer contemporary uncertain shocks it becomes illiquid saving. This paper shows that illiquid saving can explain why rich people save more even when the only purpose of wealth accumu- lation is to finance future consumption. From our simulations we conclude that this saving behaviour determines that the level of uncertainty relative to the level of wealth determines if the individual is able to accumulate wealth or if he will reduce his wealth permanently. We find that for a given level of uncertainty, there is a wealth threshold below which the individual gets trapped because ...


Financial Markets Incompleteness And Inequality Over The Life-Cycle, Jaime Ruiz-Tagle 2011 Micro Data Center, Department of Economics, Universidad de Chile

Financial Markets Incompleteness And Inequality Over The Life-Cycle, Jaime Ruiz-Tagle

Jaime Ruiz-Tagle

This paper addresses the relevance of contemporary uncertainty under in- complete markets in explaining wealth and consumption inequality when preferences are homogeneous. We explore the role of illiquid saving (saving that cannot be used to buffer contemporary shocks) generated by contempo- rary uncertainty, and a cost of liquidating saving, in generating differences in saving behaviour between initially-rich and initially-poor in a numerically solved life-cycle model. We observe that the existence of a risk premium significantly increases the ability of the households to accumulate wealth to finance their consumption, even under high risk aversion. We find that there is increasing consumption ...


"Pienso, Luego Estorbo" España: Crisis E Indignación, Salvador Marti i Puig 2011 Salamanca University

"Pienso, Luego Estorbo" España: Crisis E Indignación, Salvador Marti I Puig

Salvador Marti i Puig

España cambió profundamente en los últimos 30 años. A resultas de ello el país apareció en el escenario internacional como un ejemplo exitoso de transición y consolidación democrática y también de de “milagro” económico. A nivel político el estado consolidó sus instituciones representativas y desplegó con éxito un proceso de descentralización, y la ciudadanía manifestó de forma sostenida y continuada su apoyo al régimen democrático. Sin embargo durante las segunda mitad del mes de mayo de 2011, irrumpió un movimiento social –conocido como el movimiento 15M o de los Indignados- que protestó ruidosa y masivamente contra la clase política, la ...


The Sandinistas And Nicaragua Since 1979., Salvador Marti i Puig, David Close, Shelley McConnell 2011 Salamanca University

The Sandinistas And Nicaragua Since 1979., Salvador Marti I Puig, David Close, Shelley Mcconnell

Salvador Marti i Puig

No abstract provided.


La Democracia En México. Un Análisis A 10 Años De La Alternancia., Salvador Marti i Puig, Reynaldo Y. Ortega, Fernanda Somuano 2011 Salamanca University

La Democracia En México. Un Análisis A 10 Años De La Alternancia., Salvador Marti I Puig, Reynaldo Y. Ortega, Fernanda Somuano

Salvador Marti i Puig

Este libro presenta un estudio extenso y riguroso de los temas más relevantes de la sociedad y la política mexicana. Con esta pretensión el trabajo que tienen en las manos expone un análisis de la calidad de la democracia (tanto en el ámbito nacional como estatal), investiga sobre la participación de los mexicanos en las redes sociales y en las protestas, explora sobre su identidad partidista y el problema del clientelismo y, finalmente, establece un debate sobre el impacto de la «epidemia del crimen» y la violación de los derechos humanos sobre el sistema político. Los trabajos que aquí se ...


Beyond Caudillos: The Need To Create A Strong Multiparty System, Miguel Centellas 2011 University of Mississippi

Beyond Caudillos: The Need To Create A Strong Multiparty System, Miguel Centellas

Miguel Centellas

No abstract provided.


Where Is Local Government Going In Latin America? A Comparative Perspective, Robert Andrew Nickson 2011 University of Birmingham

Where Is Local Government Going In Latin America? A Comparative Perspective, Robert Andrew Nickson

Robert Andrew Nickson

In the light of the decentralisation process now under way in Latin America, this paper seeks to address the direction of local government in the region. It proposes two Weberian ideal types of local government systems – ‘managerial’ and ‘governmental’. Ten basic features of local government systems are then used as a template to ‘situate’ Latin American local government within this typology. On the basis of this comparative framework, the paper tentatively concludes that the ‘managerial’ type of local government is gaining ground in the region.


Paraguay Governance Assessments, Robert Andrew Nickson 2011 University of Birmingham

Paraguay Governance Assessments, Robert Andrew Nickson

Robert Andrew Nickson

This report presents the findings of the review of the DGTTF-funded project, System for Monitoring and Evaluation of Democratic Governance in Paraguay. The project took place over 15 months from March 2008 to June 2009 with a DGTTF grant of $100,000 to cover the costs of the preparation and publication of the baseline governance assessment framework. This review assesses the extent to which the project was innovative and catalytic in the Paraguayan context. It considers what has made the project succeed or fail, and why. The project was carried out under the ‘national execution’ modality, with the Congress as ...


The Impact Of Spatial Interdependence On Fdi In Latin America, Luisa Blanco 2011 Pepperdine University

The Impact Of Spatial Interdependence On Fdi In Latin America, Luisa Blanco

School of Public Policy Working Papers

This analysis considers whether spatial interdependence is an important determinant of foreign direct investment (FDI) in Latin America. Two types of spatial interdependence are explored: 1) surrounding market potential and 2) spatial autocorrelation of FDI. Using a sample of 17 Latin American countries, with observations from 1986 to 2006, we find that spatial interdependence matters for world net FDI in the region. Surrounding market potential has a positive effect on FDI of significant magnitude, but there is no evidence that FDI is spatially autocorrelated. Other contributors to FDI in this analysis include governance, specifically control of corruption, and exports of ...


Explaining The Rise Of The Left In Latin America, Luisa Blanco, Robin Grier 2011 Pepperdine University

Explaining The Rise Of The Left In Latin America, Luisa Blanco, Robin Grier

School of Public Policy Working Papers

Latin American politics has taken a left-hand turn in the last decade, with an increasing number of chief executives hailing from left-of-center parties. We investigate the political and socio-economic factors explaining political ideology of the chief executive in a sample of 100 elections taking place between 1975 and 2007 in eighteen Latin American countries. We find that the commodity booms in agricultural, mining and oil are positively and significantly related to the probability that a country will have a chief executive from a left-of-center political party. However, for oil exports, we observe that this effect only holds for Venezuela. We ...


The (Non) Effect Of Natural Resource Dependence On Capital Accumulation In Latin America, Luisa Blanco, Robin Grier 2011 Pepperdine University

The (Non) Effect Of Natural Resource Dependence On Capital Accumulation In Latin America, Luisa Blanco, Robin Grier

School of Public Policy Working Papers

In a simultaneous model of human and physical capital accumulation for 17 Latin American countries from 1975 to 2004, we show that overall resource dependence is not significantly related to physical and human capital. Disaggregating the natural resource variable into subcategories, we find that petroleum export dependence is associated with higher physical capital and lower human capital, while agricultural export dependence is often associated with lower levels of physical capital. All of these effects are quantitatively small, however, casting doubt on the idea that natural resource dependence has stifled the accumulation of capital in the region.


The Impact Of Fdi On Co₂ Emissions In Latin America, Luisa Blanco, Fidel Gonzalez, Isabel Ruiz 2011 Pepperdine University

The Impact Of Fdi On Co₂ Emissions In Latin America, Luisa Blanco, Fidel Gonzalez, Isabel Ruiz

School of Public Policy Working Papers

This paper uses panel Granger causality tests to study the relationship between sector specific FDI and CO2 emissions. Using a sample of 18 Latin American countries for the 1980-2007 period, we find causality running from FDI in polluting intensive industries (“the dirty sector”) to CO2 emissions per capita. This result is robust to controlling for other factors associated with CO2 emissions and using the ratio of CO2 emissions to GDP. For other sectors, we find no robust evidence that FDI causes CO2 emissions.


How Does A Battleground Become Common Ground? Lessons From Post-Conflict Countries, Mary Fran T. Malone 2011 University of New Hampshire

How Does A Battleground Become Common Ground? Lessons From Post-Conflict Countries, Mary Fran T. Malone

The University Dialogue

No abstract provided.


Energy Challenges In Latin America, 2011 Florida International University

Energy Challenges In Latin America

Hemisphere

Co-edited by Peter Hakim, President Emeritus, Inter-American Dialogue and Genaro Arriagada, Non-Resident Senior Fellow, Inter-American Dialogue, this issue examines energy as a priority issue for nearly all Latin American and Caribbean countries and considers its impact on regional integration and both foreign and domestic policy. Articles present opportunities and challenges facing the region, as well as recommendations for addressing the energy issue in Latin America in a strategic, constructive and effective manner.


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