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Adaptation Under The Canopy: Coffee Cooperative And Certification Contributions To Smallholder Livelihood Sustainability In Santa Lucía Teotepec, Oaxaca, Meghan C. Montgomery 2019 University of Montana

Adaptation Under The Canopy: Coffee Cooperative And Certification Contributions To Smallholder Livelihood Sustainability In Santa Lucía Teotepec, Oaxaca, Meghan C. Montgomery

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

The collapse and reorganization of global coffee markets associated with the “coffee crisis” have had profound, negative impacts on smallholder producer livelihoods throughout the world. In Mexico, the collapse of the International Coffee Agreement (ICA) coincided with withdrawal of government support for agriculture, which devastated producers dependent on coffee for their livelihoods. Smallholders responded by shifting livelihood strategies to diversify income, migrating, and converting primary forest cover to subsistence crops and pasture to support household livelihood security. In some instances, producers also joined or formed cooperative organizations to access specialty certifications that offer higher priced markets, extension information, and other ...


Do Global Cities Make Green Cities? How Global Governance Impacts Transportation In Bogotá And Medellín, Eleanor Jackson 2019 Colby College

Do Global Cities Make Green Cities? How Global Governance Impacts Transportation In Bogotá And Medellín, Eleanor Jackson

Honors Theses

This thesis examines how global and local governance has combined to deliver effective and sustainable public transportation in cities by comparing Bogotá’s bus rapid transit (BRT) system, TransMilenio, with Medellín’s mass transit system, STIMVA, often referred to as Metro de Medellín. After considering the rationales used to justify local and global authority over climate change, this analysis problematizes the supposed benefits of empowering global and local actors by highlighting the conflicts of interest that plague the elites who mediate the global and the local. In analyzing the global and local interactions, this work draws from extensive literature to ...


The Right To Migrate: A Human Rights Response To Immigration Restrictionism In Argentina, David C. Baluarte 2019 Washington and Lee University School of Law

The Right To Migrate: A Human Rights Response To Immigration Restrictionism In Argentina, David C. Baluarte

Washington University Global Studies Law Review

Within days of President Donald Trump’s 2017 Executive Orders on border security and immigration enforcement, President Mauricio Macri of Argentina issued a Decree to address what he declared was an urgent problem of immigrant criminality. The timing of the two Presidents’ actions triggered concerns that U.S.-style restrictionist immigration regulation was spreading to South America, a continent that has taken progressive steps towards recognizing the human rights of migrants in recent years. Until Macri’s 2017 Decree, Argentina was considered a leader in this regard, with its 2004 immigration law that boldly codified a “right to migrate” and ...


Another Massacre In Mexico, Sidney B. Smith 2019 Bard College

Another Massacre In Mexico, Sidney B. Smith

Senior Projects Spring 2019

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


Seeing Green Through The Eyes Of National Oil Companies: A Comparison Of Gazprom’S And Petrobras’ Environmental Sustainability, Jesse A. Thompson 2018 Cedarville University

Seeing Green Through The Eyes Of National Oil Companies: A Comparison Of Gazprom’S And Petrobras’ Environmental Sustainability, Jesse A. Thompson

Channels: Where Disciplines Meet

The case studies of Gazprom and Petrobras are used to compare the interaction and relation between national oil companies, the state government and environmental policy. Specifically the paper seeks to address how the policy and interaction between the state government and the NOCs affect sustainable development of the preservation of the environment. The methodology used is set out by senior research international scholar, Eduardo Viola. He examines the state government’s position on the climate through three criteria: reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, domestic climate policies and the state’s international standing on the issue. The United Nations Framework ...


A Call To Peace: How Third-Party Actors And Frameworks Impacted The Peace Processes Of Northern Ireland And Colombia, Esther K. Holm 2018 Cedarville University

A Call To Peace: How Third-Party Actors And Frameworks Impacted The Peace Processes Of Northern Ireland And Colombia, Esther K. Holm

Channels: Where Disciplines Meet

Northern Ireland and Colombia both serve as excellent case studies on how the end of the Cold War impacted peace processes. Both countries experienced conflicts that begun in the Cold War era and underwent peace processes in the post-Cold War era. As such, studying them reveals characteristics of post-Cold War peace processes. For example, both Northern Ireland and Colombia showcase the important role that third-party actors play in modern conflict mediation. Both countries benefited greatly from mediation conducted by international organization, other countries, and individuals. Furthermore, both countries demonstrate the importance of frameworks in any successful peace negotiation. This paper ...


Colombia's Veneer Of Aid: Hidden Motives, Voiceless Victims, And The Us Trafficking In Persons Report, Michael Middleton 2018 The University of San Francisco

Colombia's Veneer Of Aid: Hidden Motives, Voiceless Victims, And The Us Trafficking In Persons Report, Michael Middleton

Master's Theses

This study analyzes the Trafficking in Persons report, an annual report from the United States State Department that ranks each country on its ability to meet “minimum standards” for combating human trafficking. Using Colombia as a case study, this paper heavily critiques the traditional human trafficking discourse by applying a transnational intersectional feminist framework to explore the context and development of human trafficking in Colombia. I will first look at the legal framework for anti-trafficking policy in Colombia with a policy analysis of the laws and legislation that arose after the ratification of the Palermo Protocol in 2000. The strengths ...


Understanding Women´S Empowerment Through Indigenous Epistemologies: An Alternative Approach To Development?, Melissa Klara Vonimary Søvik 2018 The University of San Francisco

Understanding Women´S Empowerment Through Indigenous Epistemologies: An Alternative Approach To Development?, Melissa Klara Vonimary Søvik

Master's Theses

Development projects that aim at empowering women have gained popularity among many actors and institutions in the field of development for their capacity to contribute in development and economic growth. Nevertheless, the concept of empowerment has also gained critics from various stands claiming it to be too technical, and not taking into account social relations in contexts where other epistemologies exist. It is necessary to adapt these kind of terms taking into account local world-views. This thesis explores the dynamics of women's empowerment in Tzeltal Mayan communities in Chiapas, Mexico. It aims at understanding the way empowerment is manifested ...


The Poetry Of "Build The Wall", Reece Jones 2018 University of Hawaii at Manoa

The Poetry Of "Build The Wall", Reece Jones

Journal of Latin American Geography

No abstract provided.


The Border Wall And Beyond: Political And Environmental Perspectives, Margaret Wilder 2018 University of Arizona

The Border Wall And Beyond: Political And Environmental Perspectives, Margaret Wilder

Journal of Latin American Geography

No abstract provided.


Petro-Geographies And Hydrocarbon Realities In Latin America, Matthew Fry, Elvin Delgado 2018 Central Washington University

Petro-Geographies And Hydrocarbon Realities In Latin America, Matthew Fry, Elvin Delgado

Journal of Latin American Geography

No abstract provided.


Letter From The Editor, Christopher Gaffney 2018 New York University

Letter From The Editor, Christopher Gaffney

Journal of Latin American Geography

No abstract provided.


Ecuador: 20 Años De Correspondencias Históricas, Políticas Y Normativas Entre Sociedad Civil Y Estado, Juan Auz, Sofía Jarrín MSc. 2018 Fundación Pachamama y Asesor Legal de Terra Mater-Ecuador

Ecuador: 20 Años De Correspondencias Históricas, Políticas Y Normativas Entre Sociedad Civil Y Estado, Juan Auz, Sofía Jarrín Msc.

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

La investigación centra su análisis en la (de) construcción de las dinámicas inter-relacionales del Estado ecuatoriano y la Sociedad Civil en estos últimos 20 años, considerando un corte temporal de dos bloques históricos, que incluyen cambios significativos de las figuras de representación política ecuatoriana y las transformaciones sustanciales del entorno jurídico e institucional del estado. El primer bloque (1996 a 2005), se relaciona a un periodo neoliberal que consolidó una débil y reducida estructura institucional enfocada en proteger los intereses de las elites económicas. El segundo (2006-2017), plantea un cambio sustantivo de las figuras de representación tradicionales y el ascenso ...


“La Forma Sigue A La Función”. Organizaciones Parciales De Movimientos Sociales Para La Realización Prefigurativa Del Cambio, Ruth Simsa, Marion Totter 2018 Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria

“La Forma Sigue A La Función”. Organizaciones Parciales De Movimientos Sociales Para La Realización Prefigurativa Del Cambio, Ruth Simsa, Marion Totter

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

El propósito de este artículo es analizar cómo los activistas del movimiento español de protesta 15M conceptualizan las prácticas organizativas en relación con los objetivos del movimiento. Ubicamos el concepto “organización parcial” en el contexto de la política de prefiguración. Empíricamente, el trabajo se basa en la investigación de campo realizada en España durante tres años (2014-2016), que incluyó 36 entrevistas cualitativas y observaciones participantes. Los hallazgos indican que los activistas consideran, de un lado, a las prácticas organizacionales como medios cruciales para lograr el cambio social y, de otro lado, a las organizaciones como organizaciones parciales, específicamente, para lograr ...


Sostenibilidad Integrada De Las Organizaciones De La Sociedad Civil En Ecuador: Entre La Supervivencia Y La Extinción, Eulalia Flor, Jairo Rivera, Wilson Araque 2018 Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar, Sede Ecuador

Sostenibilidad Integrada De Las Organizaciones De La Sociedad Civil En Ecuador: Entre La Supervivencia Y La Extinción, Eulalia Flor, Jairo Rivera, Wilson Araque

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

Este documento analiza la sostenibilidad de las organizaciones de la sociedad civil (OSC) en Ecuador desde un enfoque integrado. Actualmente las OSC en el país afrontan desafíos relacionados con cambios normativos que regulan su actividad, menor flujo de recursos desde la cooperación internacional -al ser considerado, el Ecuador, un país de ingreso medio-, y, también, la tendencia a un estado de inercia organizacional. La metodología del estudio incluye un levantamiento de información primaria proveniente de la captura y análisis de discursos de los dirigentes de las OSC y de la identificación y análisis de buenas prácticas para la sostenibilidad integrada ...


Análisis Cualitativo De Las Organizaciones De La Sociedad Civil En La Realidad Mexicana, Paola García Escorza, Ilse María Fajardo Guerrero 2018 Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Iztapalapa, México

Análisis Cualitativo De Las Organizaciones De La Sociedad Civil En La Realidad Mexicana, Paola García Escorza, Ilse María Fajardo Guerrero

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

Las organizaciones de la sociedad civil en México atraviesan con mayor frecuencia por diversos retos políticos, económicos y sociales, por lo que es necesario generar adecuaciones en sus estrategias para que se fortalezcan y logren un mayor alcance en el cumplimiento de su misión. El presente documento tiene como objetivo rescatar los principales resultados de dos investigaciones de corte cualitativo, exponiendo los aspectos internos estudiados y analizados que ejemplifican los desafíos que las OSC tienen ante una realidad exigente que demanda un fortalecimiento continuo. Finalmente, este artículo muestra una perspectiva que abre a nuevas propuestas de investigación, análisis e intervención ...


Auto-Organización De Los Trabajadores: Las Empresas Recuperadas En Argentina, Nathalie Colasanti, Rocco Frondizi, Laura González-Ortiz, Marco Meneguzzo 2018 Università degli Studi di Roma “Tor Vergata”, Facultad de Economía. Italia

Auto-Organización De Los Trabajadores: Las Empresas Recuperadas En Argentina, Nathalie Colasanti, Rocco Frondizi, Laura González-Ortiz, Marco Meneguzzo

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

El objetivo de este artículo es analizar el fenómeno de las Empresas Recuperadas por sus Trabajadores (ERT) en Argentina, el cual ha ocurrido a partir de 2001 en adelante, a fin de responder la siguiente pregunta de investigación: «Como cooperativas de trabajadores, ¿cómo son las ERT particulares?». Para llevar a cabo este objetivo, el diseño de investigación inició con una revisión de la literatura acerca de las cooperativas de trabajadores, y la comparación con teorías específicas sobre ERT. Posteriormente, se utilizó una metodología de investigación cualitativa, con el análisis de dos casos de estudio referentes a las principales ERT en ...


Bureaucracy, Civil Society And Ideology In Latin America, Grazielli Faria Zimmer Santos, Paula Chies Schommer 2018 Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Centro de Ciências da Administração e Socioeconômicas, Brasil

Bureaucracy, Civil Society And Ideology In Latin America, Grazielli Faria Zimmer Santos, Paula Chies Schommer

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

This essay analyzes how political and ideological changes affect public bureaucracy and its relationship with civil society regarding different strategies of openness to participation. We suggest a theoretical-conceptual framework to discuss aspects of the political situation in Latin America. First, we discuss the changes that occurred over time, in the state-civil society relationship, which strengthen the latter and amplify a discourse for more participatory democracy. The focus is the role of the public bureaucracy in mediating the relations among the several actors in society, and we examine the way different political and ideological strands influence how open to participation the ...


Democracy And Civil Society In Latin America And The Caribbean In A Time Of Change, Susan Appe, Daniel Barragán, Anabel Cruz 2018 Rockefeller College of Public Affairs & Policy

Democracy And Civil Society In Latin America And The Caribbean In A Time Of Change, Susan Appe, Daniel Barragán, Anabel Cruz

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

No abstract provided.


Editorial, Nadia Rubaii, Santiago Leyva 2018 SUNY Binghamton

Editorial, Nadia Rubaii, Santiago Leyva

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

No abstract provided.


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