Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Geography Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

9,899 Full-Text Articles 11,206 Authors 2,676,200 Downloads 237 Institutions

All Articles in Geography

Faceted Search

9,899 full-text articles. Page 9 of 328.

Implication Of Urban Occupation Patterns In The Natural Infiltration, Ana Paula A.C.C. Seraphim, Maria L. Bezerra, Aline N. Oliveira 2019 Urban Environmental Management Group of University of Brasília

Implication Of Urban Occupation Patterns In The Natural Infiltration, Ana Paula A.C.C. Seraphim, Maria L. Bezerra, Aline N. Oliveira

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The article aims to contribute to the study of urban form and hydrological impacts relations, especially with regard to a recharge of the aquifers. The focus on the natural water infiltration and recharge of aquifers is due to the similarities between the characteristics of the physical environment conducive to aquifer recharge and urbanization, which lead to urban occupation of recharge areas. To address the proposed objective, the study developed a methodological framework that relates elements of the urban form, intervening factors of urban infiltration and water sensitive urban design guidelines. To accomplish this, recent literature were reviewed in urban drainage ...


Cultural Ecosystem Services And Local Identity – A Ppgis Case Study From Budapest Metropolitan Region, István Valánszki, Sándor Jombach, Krisztina F. Kovács, Asmaa Abualhagag Ahmed, Fernando A. Mendez Garzón, Gabriella Balha 2019 Szent István University, Hungary, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism, Department of Landscape Planning and Regional Development

Cultural Ecosystem Services And Local Identity – A Ppgis Case Study From Budapest Metropolitan Region, István Valánszki, Sándor Jombach, Krisztina F. Kovács, Asmaa Abualhagag Ahmed, Fernando A. Mendez Garzón, Gabriella Balha

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Several studies and international conventions highlight the importance of public participation in the process of strategy building. In spite of all these initiatives, public participation methods are not common tools in the practice (especially in Central-Eastern-Europe). In the frames of our research, we applied the ppGIS (Public Participation GIS) method, a special, mostly new tool in Hungary, in order to bridge the gap between the scientific world and local citizens. The method combines community based mapping with GIS techniques. It aims to foster the integration of the public into the process of evaluation, planning, and decision making using GIS technology ...


Challenges Of Metropolitan Scale Green Infrastructure: The Sydney Green Grid, Catherine B. Evans 2019 Faculty of the Built Environment, UNSW

Challenges Of Metropolitan Scale Green Infrastructure: The Sydney Green Grid, Catherine B. Evans

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In 2017, the Government Architect of New South Wales launched a draft policy known as Greener Places (Government Architect NSW 2017a). The new policy is underpinned by the Sydney Green Grid (SGG), an initiative pitched as transformative in its power to promote sustainable development, improve connectivity and enhance green infrastructure (GI) networks across the metropolitan region and the state (Government Architect NSW 2017b). How successful will the SGG be in delivering “greener places” for urban areas across the state?

This paper exams the claims of the transformative power of the SGG with a focus on two related objectives. First, because ...


Mapping And Assessment Of The Urban Heat Island In Zhengzhou City, Huawei Li, Guifang Wang, Guohang Tian, Sándor Jombach 2019 Szent István University, Hungary, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism, Department of Landscape Planning and Regional Development

Mapping And Assessment Of The Urban Heat Island In Zhengzhou City, Huawei Li, Guifang Wang, Guohang Tian, Sándor Jombach

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The rapid urbanization of Chinese cities has resulted in significant effects to the urban environment and to urban ecological networks. Zhengzhou city, the capital city of Henan province in central China, is characterized by a warm climate and four distinctive seasons, with a dry spring, and a hot and rainy summer. Based on satellite images, we analyzed land surface temperature (LST) and prepared a further assessment. Using LST data, we analyzed the urban heat island (UHI) and its relationship to green space, in order to make suggestions for future urban planning. The results show that urban heat island exists in ...


Greenway Exploration In The Satellite Jungle: Discovery Of Urban And Rural Green Network With Satellite Image Analysis In Hungary, Sándor Jombach, Huawei Li, Guifang Wang, István Valánszki, Krisztina F. Kovács 2019 Szent István University, Hungary, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism, Department of Landscape Planning and Regional Development

Greenway Exploration In The Satellite Jungle: Discovery Of Urban And Rural Green Network With Satellite Image Analysis In Hungary, Sándor Jombach, Huawei Li, Guifang Wang, István Valánszki, Krisztina F. Kovács

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Over the last few decades of growing data production in the field of remote sensing and GIS, we have experienced a rapid development of methods and tools in green network analysis. A series of journal articles, methodological and technical guidelines describe how to map green system based on aerial photography and satellite imagery. Many studies stress that green networks have a climatic conditioning role and outstanding ecological significance in landscapes. Environmental agreements and sustainability aspects emphasize the need for mapping and managing green infrastructure in urban and rural landscapes. The usual question is: What are the elements of green infrastructure ...


Urban Green Space And Health In The U.S.: The Role Of Green Policy In Improving Public Health Outcomes, Anna Boylan 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Urban Green Space And Health In The U.S.: The Role Of Green Policy In Improving Public Health Outcomes, Anna Boylan

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study examined the relationship between green space and public health outcomes across six cities in the United States as well as the role of green space policy in promoting health. Green space is suggested to improve health outcomes through various pathways such as facilitating mental rejuvenation, promoting physical activity, and encouraging social connection between community members. Using existing data, I analyzed the correlations between percentage of green space present in six U.S. cities and the prevalence of four different health metrics. I included an adjustment for social factors as confounding variables. I found a consistent negative relationship between ...


Representations Of Africa Through Photography, Rylee McCone 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Representations Of Africa Through Photography, Rylee Mccone

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Processes in the Global North often dictate the way that the Global South is represented, especially through photographs. While in Tanzania, I took photographs of indigenous peoples, landscapes, and scenes that intentionally did or did not fit the scope of popular representations of African countries. In response to issues of misrepresentation and incomplete narratives promoted by Americans, my study seeks to assess how people think about Africa and react to images taken in Tanzania. These photos were the main tools that I used in the study to assess how people react to images that do or, more importantly, do not ...


Resisting Feminicide In Mexico Through Policy, Performance, And Research, Hattie Houser 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Resisting Feminicide In Mexico Through Policy, Performance, And Research, Hattie Houser

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Femicide, the disappearance and death of women due to their gender, is occurring throughout Latin America and increasingly within Mexico. In Mexico, this issue has been connected to a myriad of structural causes including neoliberalism, state corruption, violence, and the War on Drugs. High levels of impunity work in coordination with the normalization of violence and discursive mechanisms of patriarchy to render the processes causing feminicide invisible. This paper adds to a lineage of scholarly work that advocates for understanding the issue of feminicide as a process rather than a singular act. This project focuses on documenting methods that NGOs ...


An Assessment Of Farmer Participation In The United States Department Of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Services’ Conservation Technical Assistance Program In West Virginia, Matt D. Oliver 2019 West Virginia University

An Assessment Of Farmer Participation In The United States Department Of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Services’ Conservation Technical Assistance Program In West Virginia, Matt D. Oliver

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Food and fiber production on America’s farmlands have a major influence on the environment, therefore, soil and water conservation practices are critical. NRCS has provided no-fee technical assistance for nearly 100 years through the Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) program. The CTA program is essential because it provides technical knowledge directly to farmers for planning and implementing conservation practices that are proven to benefit environmental health and on-farm production. CTA program funds support NRCS staff and training and are thereby the local service delivery vehicle for all NRCS programs. However, in recent years, funding for CTA has remained relatively constant ...


Assessing The Causal Impact Of Chinese Aid On Vegetative Land Cover In Burundi And Rwanda Under Conditions Of Spatial Imprecision, Robert Marty, Seth Goodman, Michael LeFew, Carrie B. Dolan, Ariel BenYishay, Daniel Runfola 2019 College of William and Mary

Assessing The Causal Impact Of Chinese Aid On Vegetative Land Cover In Burundi And Rwanda Under Conditions Of Spatial Imprecision, Robert Marty, Seth Goodman, Michael Lefew, Carrie B. Dolan, Ariel Benyishay, Daniel Runfola

Arts & Sciences Articles

There has been considerable debate regarding the efficacy of international aid in meeting the dual goals of human development and environmental sustainability. Many donors have sought to engage with this challenge by introducing environmental safeguard and monitoring initiatives; however, evidence on the success of these interventions is limited. Evaluating aid is a particular challenge in the case of donors that do not disclose information on the nature, geographic location, or extents of their interventions. In such cases, new methods that extract and geoparse data on the activities of opaque donors through the manual interpretation of thousands of news and other ...


Super-Localizing Food As Tourism Development™: Producing The 30 Mile Meal™ In Athens, Ohio, Jed DeBruin 2019 West Virginia University

Super-Localizing Food As Tourism Development™: Producing The 30 Mile Meal™ In Athens, Ohio, Jed Debruin

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Geographers have played a leading role in the theorization and critique of local food initiatives, raising critical questions about why they are advanced, how they work, and who benefits. Central to geographic critique of local food initiatives is how “the local” is framed, valued, and fetishized. The 30 Mile Meal™ (30MM) is one of these local food initiatives that seeks to rebrand local food in Appalachia through tourism development, as well as expand this model to other communities. In this paper, I explore how the 30MM is distintinctive in relation to other local food initiatives, how the 30MM constructs and ...


Boundaries And Policing: Space, Jurisdictions, And Roles In The Collection Of Official Crime Data, Cynthia Suzanne Barnett-Ryan 2019 West Virginia University

Boundaries And Policing: Space, Jurisdictions, And Roles In The Collection Of Official Crime Data, Cynthia Suzanne Barnett-Ryan

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program is a law enforcement statistical system open to unreported information due to its voluntary nature. As such, there need to be a valid and accepted means to estimate official reports of crime for those different levels of geography where reporting may be incomplete. Current methods of imputing and modeling UCR data, which have not been updated since the 1960s, are based upon conceptualizations of law enforcement agencies that may no longer be valid. These older models do not appropriately represent the law enforcement assessment of space and place and its effects on discretionary recording ...


The Environmental, Social, And Economic Benefits Of Blue Green Infrastructure In An Urbanized Area, Joseph L. Oguns 2019 West Virginia University

The Environmental, Social, And Economic Benefits Of Blue Green Infrastructure In An Urbanized Area, Joseph L. Oguns

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

At present, it is evident that there is a shift from rural to an urban settlement which results in high demand for residential buildings and other urban infrastructure. Blue – Green Infrastructure (BGI) is a system of using blue (water) and green (nature) to address urban and environmental challenges. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the environmental, social, and economic benefits of blue-green infrastructure in an urbanized area in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. The study involves the utilization of Geographic Information System (GIS) to determine water quality level resulting from nonpoint source pollution through acquiring elevation data; watershed; and processing ...


The Food Bank Fix: Hunger, Capitalism And Humanitarian Reason, Joshua David Lohnes 2019 West Virginia University

The Food Bank Fix: Hunger, Capitalism And Humanitarian Reason, Joshua David Lohnes

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Drawing on a five-year institutional ethnography of Humanitarian Food Networks (HFNs) in West Virginia, this dissertation explores the moral, political and economic place of the food bank in the corporate environmental food regime. I develop the concept of the food bank fix to theorize the paradoxical relationships between the state, the shadow state, food corporations, local charities and food banks that tie HFNs across the United States together through humanitarian reason. I argue that food banks damp the grinding contradictions of a society awash in food surpluses even as a significant proportion of the population remains at risk of hunger ...


Characterizing Spatiotemporal Patterns Of White Mold In Soybean Across South Dakota Using Remote Sensing, Confiance L. Mfuka 2019 South Dakota State University

Characterizing Spatiotemporal Patterns Of White Mold In Soybean Across South Dakota Using Remote Sensing, Confiance L. Mfuka

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Soybean is among the most important crops, cultivated primarily for beans, which are used for food, feed, and biofuel. According to FAO, the United States was the biggest soybeans producer in 2016. The main soybean producing regions in the United States are the Corn Belt and the lower Mississippi Valley. Despite its importance, soybean production is reduced by several diseases, among which Sclerotinia stem rot, also known as white mold, a fungal disease that is caused by the fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is among the top 10 soybean diseases. The disease may attack several plants and considerably reduce yield. According to ...


The Impacts Of Land Use And Land Cover Change On Water Quality In The Big Sioux River: 2007-2016, Dinesh Shrestha 2019 South Dakota State University

The Impacts Of Land Use And Land Cover Change On Water Quality In The Big Sioux River: 2007-2016, Dinesh Shrestha

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Between 2006 and 2012, conversion of 485,000 acres of grassland to cropland in eastern South Dakota was reported. In 2012, the Big Sioux River (BSR) running through most of eastern South Dakota was listed among the dirtiest rivers in the nation. This rating convinced state authorities to study trends of land cover changes in the BSR watershed and its association with BSR water quality with respect to increases in nitrate levels. This research i) quantifies spatial and temporal changes in the land cover types within the BSR watershed, and ii) identifies any correlation between these changes and changes in ...


Refugees From Syria Caught Between War And Borders: A Journey Towards Protection, Maissaa Almustafa 2019 Wilfrid Laurier University

Refugees From Syria Caught Between War And Borders: A Journey Towards Protection, Maissaa Almustafa

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

This dissertation examines the global crisis of protection through the lens of the Syrian refugee crisis and the particular experiences of refugees’ journeys to Sweden.

In doing so, the dissertation challenges the dominant narratives that represent refugees either as victims who deserve aid in their regions, or as threats when they exert their agency and journey towards the global north. In the same vein, the dissertation problematizes the dominant narrative of the “European crisis of migration” and proposes that the “unauthorized” arrivals of refugees in Europe are reflections of a global crisis of protection, a crisis that develops as a ...


Impact Of A Geography-Literature Collaborative On Secondary School Pedagogy, John Matthew McCormick 2019 Walden University

Impact Of A Geography-Literature Collaborative On Secondary School Pedagogy, John Matthew Mccormick

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Geography education has been relegated to a subset of social studies standards in most of the United States and has been overshadowed by a history-centered curriculum. Student achievement in geography has not improved for several decades due to the focus on history content in the social studies curriculum. Rooted in a conceptual framework encompassing elements of self-efficacy and the whole teacher approach, the purpose of this case study was to examine the impact of the West Virginia Geographic Alliance (WVGA) professional development workshop on teachers' practices in delivering cross-disciplinary geography education. The research questions addressed teachers' perceived self-efficacy in delivering ...


Middle To Late Holocene (7200-2900 Cal. Bp) Archaeological Site Formation Processes At Crumps Sink And The Origins Of Anthropogenic Environments In Central Kentucky, Usa, Justin Nels Carlson 2019 University of Kentucky

Middle To Late Holocene (7200-2900 Cal. Bp) Archaeological Site Formation Processes At Crumps Sink And The Origins Of Anthropogenic Environments In Central Kentucky, Usa, Justin Nels Carlson

Theses and Dissertations--Anthropology

Though some researchers have argued that the Big Barrens grasslands of Kentucky were the product of anthropogenic land clearing practices by Native Americans, heretofore, this hypothesis had not been tested archaeologically. More work was needed to refine chronologies of fire activity in the region, determine the extent to which humans played a role in the process, and integrate these findings with the paleoenvironmental and archaeological record. With these goals in mind, I conducted archaeological and geoarchaeological investigations at Crumps Sink in the Sinkhole Plain of Kentucky. The archaeological record and site formation history of Crumps Sink were compared with environmental ...


Improving The Interstate Highway System, Chase Minor 2019 The University of Akron

Improving The Interstate Highway System, Chase Minor

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The Interstate Highway System is the primary transportation network of the United States. The Interstate Highway System has succeeded and failed in certain ways in connecting the United States. It is important that new interstate highways are added so that the United States will be better connected. Several criteria are involved in placing new interstates. New interstates should follow the grid pattern of the existing interstates, with one end of the interstate in between existing interstates so that the interstate starts/ends west of one interstate and east of another (odd-numbered), or north of one interstate and south of another ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress