Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Geography Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

9,796 Full-Text Articles 11,083 Authors 2,676,200 Downloads 235 Institutions

All Articles in Geography

Faceted Search

9,796 full-text articles. Page 6 of 324.

Imparting Olmsted’S Legacy Abroad: An Exhibition Series In Beijing, China, Yanhong Tang, Jack Ahern 2019 Ecoland Planning and Design Corp.

Imparting Olmsted’S Legacy Abroad: An Exhibition Series In Beijing, China, Yanhong Tang, Jack Ahern

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In the first integrated-exhibition of its kind, our team of Chinese landscape architects and American scholars showcased the influence and impact of Frederick Law Olmsted’s work on the American landscape through a three-month Exhibition, a Symposium and Reference Book launch at Beijing’s National Museum of Chinese Gardens and Landscape Architecture. The Exhibition featured a meticulously curated collection of Olmsted’s most significant works, organized into six distinct thematic sections spread over 6500 square-feet. In tandem with the Exhibition was a Symposium that assembled leading Chinese landscape architects, government officials and scholars, and a 230-page Chinese-English Resource Book "Designing ...


Sensitive Study Of The City/Nature Relationship Associated To The Montevido Waterfront, Ana Vallarino Katzenstein 2019 University of the Republic Udelar (Uruguay); Architecture, Design and Urbanism School FADU

Sensitive Study Of The City/Nature Relationship Associated To The Montevido Waterfront, Ana Vallarino Katzenstein

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Montevideo is located on the banks of the River Plate. The coastline makes evident the evolution of ideas and meanings associated with the city/nature relationship. Given its accessibility, its extension, and its intensive use, the waterfront is a paradigmatic public space of the Uruguayan capital. For this reason, for its heritage value and its status as city/nature frontier, it was the object of some projects and work tool for others. It allowed the development of a theory for the study of the landscape. In turn, this theory also enabled the development of other projects that generated thematic, theoretical ...


Palermo, Italy: The Coast Road, Monica Manfredi 2019 Politecnico di Milano, Department of Architecture and Urban Studies

Palermo, Italy: The Coast Road, Monica Manfredi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper proposes a re-reading of the work of Roberto Collovà dedicated to Palermo and its coastline. It interprets, in a perspective paper, the arguments contained in his research as suggestions for the construction of landscape research to condition, through their appearance, a new way to see and interpret places and their potential.

Rereading his studies, his drawings and his observations suggests the construction of a method of recognition of the existence of a landscape, in this case of a greenway and its potential, within an existing urban fabric. The historical center, the fragments of urban spaces, and the fragments ...


Greenness Indicator For Spatial And Settlement Planning Based On Ndvi And Lai Indicators, Laszlo Kollányi, Klaudia Máté, Viola Prohászka, Edina D. Fóris, Ágnes Sallay 2019 Szent István University, Department of Landscape Planning and Regional Development

Greenness Indicator For Spatial And Settlement Planning Based On Ndvi And Lai Indicators, Laszlo Kollányi, Klaudia Máté, Viola Prohászka, Edina D. Fóris, Ágnes Sallay

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In the international practice of green infrastructure research, many indicators have been developed to measure the social functions, naturalness, the role of the urban climate, interconnection, networking, multifunctionality, and ecosystem services. In 2007, an indicator of biological activity value (BA) was introduced into the Hungarian town planning practice and legislation, which shows the intensity of green areas in areas to be built and is the basis for counting land use changes of settlements. However, the actual biomass, which can be measured by remote sensing devices, has not yet been considered in determining the indicator values. The main purpose of this ...


Mapping And Assessment Of The Urban Heat Island In Zhengzhou City, Huawei Li, Guifang Wang, Guohang Tian, Sándor Jombach 2019 Szent István University, Hungary, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism, Department of Landscape Planning and Regional Development

Mapping And Assessment Of The Urban Heat Island In Zhengzhou City, Huawei Li, Guifang Wang, Guohang Tian, Sándor Jombach

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The rapid urbanization of Chinese cities has resulted in significant effects to the urban environment and to urban ecological networks. Zhengzhou city, the capital city of Henan province in central China, is characterized by a warm climate and four distinctive seasons, with a dry spring, and a hot and rainy summer. Based on satellite images, we analyzed land surface temperature (LST) and prepared a further assessment. Using LST data, we analyzed the urban heat island (UHI) and its relationship to green space, in order to make suggestions for future urban planning. The results show that urban heat island exists in ...


Vistas, Views, Prospects. Research And Design, Albert Fekete 2019 Szent István University, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism Budapest, Department of Garden Art and Garden Techniques, Hungary

Vistas, Views, Prospects. Research And Design, Albert Fekete

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The renewal of historic gardens, landscapes and sites has become more common in Eastern and Central European region. The Department of Garden Art and Garden Techniques of the Szent István University, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urban Design has been dealing with this since 1963, with landscape renewal on landscape, garden and settlement scale, based on scientific research. The more than 50-year experience has already proved the advantages of such “design by research” approach in the garden and landscape renewal processes, with Landscape Architecture being a discipline which has developed from a very practical basis in park and garden design ...


Greenway Exploration In The Satellite Jungle: Discovery Of Urban And Rural Green Network With Satellite Image Analysis In Hungary, Sándor Jombach, Huawei Li, Guifang Wang, István Valánszki, Krisztina F. Kovács 2019 Szent István University, Hungary, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism, Department of Landscape Planning and Regional Development

Greenway Exploration In The Satellite Jungle: Discovery Of Urban And Rural Green Network With Satellite Image Analysis In Hungary, Sándor Jombach, Huawei Li, Guifang Wang, István Valánszki, Krisztina F. Kovács

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Over the last few decades of growing data production in the field of remote sensing and GIS, we have experienced a rapid development of methods and tools in green network analysis. A series of journal articles, methodological and technical guidelines describe how to map green system based on aerial photography and satellite imagery. Many studies stress that green networks have a climatic conditioning role and outstanding ecological significance in landscapes. Environmental agreements and sustainability aspects emphasize the need for mapping and managing green infrastructure in urban and rural landscapes. The usual question is: What are the elements of green infrastructure ...


Evaluating Open Space In Urban Fabric On Basis Of Different Landscape Aspects Case Study: Circuit House Park, Mymensingh, Bangladesh, Farzana Sharmin, Mansura Perveen 2019 HfWU Nürtingen Geislingen

Evaluating Open Space In Urban Fabric On Basis Of Different Landscape Aspects Case Study: Circuit House Park, Mymensingh, Bangladesh, Farzana Sharmin, Mansura Perveen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urban open spaces are integral parts of city life to provide better quality of life. Rapid development processes initiate expansion of the city but lead to declining green open spaces. Mymensingh, a city of Bangladesh, is on verge of expansion, which raises question about sustaining its riverfront, green open spaces and historical relics. Because of the close proximity with the capital, Dhaka, it will possibly become a high density city in future, while it is expanding to the other side of the river Brahmaputra. Mymensingh Circuit House Park, which is a riverfront park, is taken as a case study to ...


New Results In Surveying Landscape Character And Urban Green Areas, Zsuzsanna Illyés, Zsófia Földi, Dalma Varga 2019 Szent István University, Department of Landscape Protection and Reclamation

New Results In Surveying Landscape Character And Urban Green Areas, Zsuzsanna Illyés, Zsófia Földi, Dalma Varga

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In the framework of the project “KEHOP-4.3.0-15-2016-00001”, we had the opportunity to research the particularities of urban spatial structure. The aim of the research was to define the influencing role and parameters of the urban space with regards to the landscape character. Within the research topic, we paid accentuated attention to the role of green areas in the settlements. We attempted to characterize the types of the settlements’ green space system as a supplement to the above-mentioned research and analyze in five settlements.

The results show that:

  • there is significant dispersion in the field of urban space; we ...


Assessing The Causal Impact Of Chinese Aid On Vegetative Land Cover In Burundi And Rwanda Under Conditions Of Spatial Imprecision, Robert Marty, Seth Goodman, Michael LeFew, Carrie B. Dolan, Ariel BenYishay, Daniel Runfola 2019 College of William and Mary

Assessing The Causal Impact Of Chinese Aid On Vegetative Land Cover In Burundi And Rwanda Under Conditions Of Spatial Imprecision, Robert Marty, Seth Goodman, Michael Lefew, Carrie B. Dolan, Ariel Benyishay, Daniel Runfola

Arts & Sciences Articles

There has been considerable debate regarding the efficacy of international aid in meeting the dual goals of human development and environmental sustainability. Many donors have sought to engage with this challenge by introducing environmental safeguard and monitoring initiatives; however, evidence on the success of these interventions is limited. Evaluating aid is a particular challenge in the case of donors that do not disclose information on the nature, geographic location, or extents of their interventions. In such cases, new methods that extract and geoparse data on the activities of opaque donors through the manual interpretation of thousands of news and other ...


Historical Study Of The Garden Plots In The Danube Bend From The 19th Century To The Present, Kinga A. Molnárné, Vilja Vaszόcsik 2019 Szent István University, Faculty of Landscape Architecture, Department of Landscape Protection and Landscape Rehabilitation

Historical Study Of The Garden Plots In The Danube Bend From The 19th Century To The Present, Kinga A. Molnárné, Vilja Vaszόcsik

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In our study we follow the land use changes in the Pilis settlements of the Danube Bend on a historical scale, from the 1800s to the present. The garden plot is a special Hungarian concept, which designated areas that were located outside the settlements. They were not suitable for large-scale agricultural farming, small-scale farming was conducted, ranging from traditional vineyards, orchards and other vegetables grown in the garden. The garden plot is no longer a legal concept, which emerged as a consequence of the political and economic changes in Hungary. The law that contained the garden plots was created in ...


‘Brown’ Is The New ‘Green’: Post-Industrial Sites As Potential In The Development Of The Green Infrastructure On The Riverfront Of Budapest, Hungary, Anna Adorjan, Anna Pecze, Kinga Szilágyi 2019 Szent István University Doctoral School of Landscape Architecture and Landscape Ecology

‘Brown’ Is The New ‘Green’: Post-Industrial Sites As Potential In The Development Of The Green Infrastructure On The Riverfront Of Budapest, Hungary, Anna Adorjan, Anna Pecze, Kinga Szilágyi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In Budapest, Hungary and all-around Europe in the capital cities, the sight of degraded, industrial landscapes in urban areas became usual during the last decades, due to the unexpected growth of cities. In the last 30 years, many sites have gained new functions and have been reused for different purposes, but still, huge areas remained unused and presumably polluted. According to my hypothesis the unutilized areas – especially in the riverside area - could potentially become the part of a new green infrastructure element, which could make the green infrastructure system of Budapest more complete, usable and ecologically valuable.

For this paper ...


Contradicting Knowledge Map Of Greenways: A Comparative Analysis Based On English And Chinese Literature, Nannan Zhao, Zheng Liu 2019 South China University of Technology, Department of Architecture

Contradicting Knowledge Map Of Greenways: A Comparative Analysis Based On English And Chinese Literature, Nannan Zhao, Zheng Liu

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway is a flexible concept with diverse forms in different contexts. Recently in China, greenways have achieved rapid growth and become national policy. The widely implemented greenways also led to the first national document on greenway planning and design, Guidance of Greenway Planning and Design, which was issued by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-rural development. However, there have been two distinct perceptions of greenways in existing Chinese literature. On the one hand, some researchers argue that greenways show strategic values in providing social integration and economic growth. On the other hand, many local scholars and officials criticize that there ...


Waterways To Greenways: A Case Study In Shangjie, Zhengzhou, Henan, China, Li Zhang, Xiaohua Liu, Yuewu Xiang, Yanliang Kuang, Junjie Li, Zhenying Shan, Suyun Li, Qianying Lu, Yan Guo, Jian Zhou, Xi Long, Shiyu Zhongzhu, Yihong Chen, Zhaohuan Li, Fengli Cao, Jinxiu He, Yiyu Wang 2019 Shenzhen Techand Ecology and Environmental Co. Ltd

Waterways To Greenways: A Case Study In Shangjie, Zhengzhou, Henan, China, Li Zhang, Xiaohua Liu, Yuewu Xiang, Yanliang Kuang, Junjie Li, Zhenying Shan, Suyun Li, Qianying Lu, Yan Guo, Jian Zhou, Xi Long, Shiyu Zhongzhu, Yihong Chen, Zhaohuan Li, Fengli Cao, Jinxiu He, Yiyu Wang

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This case study introduces how we used a water sensitive approach to plan a storm water and sponge city project, which expanded into a holistic green infrastructure project. The project is in the Shangjie district in city of Zhengzhou, Henan China. The whole site is 61.16 km² including several waterways. The city is expanding into areas that were previously agricultural. Developers and city both desire to improve the ecological value of the city to boost the economic growth of the Shangjie district.

The main goal for the client is to transform the existing industrial city into a more resilient ...


Cultural Ecosystem Services And Local Identity – A Ppgis Case Study From Budapest Metropolitan Region, István Valánszki, Sándor Jombach, Krisztina F. Kovács, Asmaa Abualhagag Ahmed, Fernando A. Mendez Garzón, Gabriella Balha 2019 Szent István University, Hungary, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism, Department of Landscape Planning and Regional Development

Cultural Ecosystem Services And Local Identity – A Ppgis Case Study From Budapest Metropolitan Region, István Valánszki, Sándor Jombach, Krisztina F. Kovács, Asmaa Abualhagag Ahmed, Fernando A. Mendez Garzón, Gabriella Balha

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Several studies and international conventions highlight the importance of public participation in the process of strategy building. In spite of all these initiatives, public participation methods are not common tools in the practice (especially in Central-Eastern-Europe). In the frames of our research, we applied the ppGIS (Public Participation GIS) method, a special, mostly new tool in Hungary, in order to bridge the gap between the scientific world and local citizens. The method combines community based mapping with GIS techniques. It aims to foster the integration of the public into the process of evaluation, planning, and decision making using GIS technology ...


Rising Seas: Adaptable Planning Strategies For Coastal Urban Greenways - Case Studies In The Us And China, Hongbing Tang, Jeanne Lukenda 2019 University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning

Rising Seas: Adaptable Planning Strategies For Coastal Urban Greenways - Case Studies In The Us And China, Hongbing Tang, Jeanne Lukenda

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper discusses adaptable planning and design strategies for coastal urban greenways to deal with rising seas due to global warming and climate change. It advocates taking steps to protect the coastal landscapes, increase adaptation, and mitigate disastrous outcomes associated with sea level rise from a global perspective. Greenway planners must consider the costs and risks of accommodating the rising seas, retreating from them, or trying to defend the greenways with protective measures.

The City of Boston and the City of Shenzhen in China have been selected as our case studies. Boston, a paradigm of U.S. resilient coastal cities ...


Lalbagh: An Incomplete Depiction Of Mughal Garden In Bangladesh, Farzana Sharmin 2019 HfWU Nürtingen Geislingen

Lalbagh: An Incomplete Depiction Of Mughal Garden In Bangladesh, Farzana Sharmin

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Lalbagh Fort Complex is one of the extravagant examples built by the Mughal Empire in Bangladesh, documented in UNESCO World Heritage tentative List. While there are several Mughal structures found in the Indian sub-continent, this incomplete fort is the only footprint of encamped Mughal garden style that remains in the capital of Bengal, Jahangirnagar (now Dhaka). The fort complex is a combination of three buildings (the mosque, the tomb of Bibi Pari and the Diwan-i-Aam), with two gateways and a portion of the partly damaged fortification wall articulating Charbag style garden area. Charbagh is the concept of Persian garden adapted ...


Implication Of Urban Occupation Patterns In The Natural Infiltration, Ana Paula A.C.C. Seraphim, Maria L. Bezerra, Aline N. Oliveira 2019 Urban Environmental Management Group of University of Brasília

Implication Of Urban Occupation Patterns In The Natural Infiltration, Ana Paula A.C.C. Seraphim, Maria L. Bezerra, Aline N. Oliveira

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The article aims to contribute to the study of urban form and hydrological impacts relations, especially with regard to a recharge of the aquifers. The focus on the natural water infiltration and recharge of aquifers is due to the similarities between the characteristics of the physical environment conducive to aquifer recharge and urbanization, which lead to urban occupation of recharge areas. To address the proposed objective, the study developed a methodological framework that relates elements of the urban form, intervening factors of urban infiltration and water sensitive urban design guidelines. To accomplish this, recent literature were reviewed in urban drainage ...


Urban Landscape Planning And The Contribution Of Green Infrastructure In Promoting Ecosystem Services, Camila G. Sant’Anna, Maria C.L. Bezerra 2019 Course of Architecture and Urbanism at Federal University of Goiás

Urban Landscape Planning And The Contribution Of Green Infrastructure In Promoting Ecosystem Services, Camila G. Sant’Anna, Maria C.L. Bezerra

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Green infrastructure (GI) has been an object of different theoretical-practical approaches concerning its application as a tool to build a sustainable and resilient land use plan. The key would be to guarantee the cities’ functions and services to work with nature. The challenge requests a clear association between conceptual terms and the design practices that have been developed in recent years, attending urban functions and protecting ecosystem services. The present work contributes to the debate, establishing the relationship between principles, urban scales, urban functions and configurable components of green infrastructure with the potential to guarantee the ecosystem service and to ...


Greenway Planning Of Guangdong Province, Zhou Lu, Bing Wu, Xiaoguang Liu, Yuanxiang Wu 2019 Harbin Institute of Technology, School of Architecture, Dept. of Landscape

Greenway Planning Of Guangdong Province, Zhou Lu, Bing Wu, Xiaoguang Liu, Yuanxiang Wu

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Guangdong Province is located in the southernmost region of mainland China with a total area of 180,000 square kilometers. The GDP ranks first in China, and the economic aggregate accounts for 1/8 of China’s total. As the economic development continues, the fragmentation of ecological land is becoming more dangerous. To solve this problem, the local government organized the master planning of environmental protection. The provincial greenway planning (also called ecological corridor) proposed in this paper is an essential part of it. The total length of planned greenways in Guangdong Province is 2,836 kilometers, and its primary ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress