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Born And Raised - Native Nevadans, Madison Frazee-Bench, Caitlin Saladino, William E. Brown 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Born And Raised - Native Nevadans, Madison Frazee-Bench, Caitlin Saladino, William E. Brown

Demography

This Fact Sheet highlights population shifts and investigates the adult population of Nevada counties. Data from a 2017 GOVERNING report details Nevada’s counties and their populations.


Racial Segregation In U.S. Areas, Yanneli Llamas, Caitlin Saladino, William E. Brown 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Racial Segregation In U.S. Areas, Yanneli Llamas, Caitlin Saladino, William E. Brown

Demography

This Fact Sheet highlights racial segregation in some of the Mountain West’s largest metros: Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA; and Phoenix-Mesa-Chandler, AZ, otherwise known as the Southwest Megapolitan Triangle. The Tables that follow illustrate residential segregation in these three major metropolitan areas.


A Moral Panic Over Cats, William S. Lynn, Francisco J. Santiago-Ávila, Joann Lindenmayer, John Hadidian, Arian D. Wallach, Barbara J. King 2019 Clark University

A Moral Panic Over Cats, William S. Lynn, Francisco J. Santiago-Ávila, Joann Lindenmayer, John Hadidian, Arian D. Wallach, Barbara J. King

Stray and Feral Animal Populations Collection

Some conservationists believe that free-ranging cats pose an enormous risk to biodiversity and public health and therefore should be eliminated from the landscape by any means necessary. They further claim that those who question the science or ethics behind their arguments are science deniers (merchants of doubt) seeking to mislead the public. As much as we share a commitment to conservation of biodiversity and wild nature, we believe these ideas are wrong and fuel an unwarranted moral panic over cats. Those who question the ecological or epidemiological status of cats are not science deniers, and it is a false analogy ...


Methodological Advances For Understanding Social Connectivity And Environmental Implications In Multi-Use Landscapes, Matthew Clark 2019 Boise State University

Methodological Advances For Understanding Social Connectivity And Environmental Implications In Multi-Use Landscapes, Matthew Clark

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Integrated social-ecological systems research is challenging; complicated feedback and interactions across scales in multi-use landscapes are difficult to decouple. Novel methods and innovative data sources are needed to advance social-ecological systems research. In this thesis, we use network science as a means of explicitly assessing feedback between social and ecological systems, and internet search data to better predict visitation in protected areas. This thesis seeks to provide empirical examples of emerging social-ecological systems science methods as a precedent for resource managers on-the-ground, as well as extending the line of scientific inquiry on the subject

In the first chapter of this ...


Identifying Oak Tree Mortality Using Image Analysis, Zemenu Teshome Ambelu 2019 University of Redlands

Identifying Oak Tree Mortality Using Image Analysis, Zemenu Teshome Ambelu

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Oak trees cover more than 8 million hectares of land in California. They have a significant role in providing an anchor for many wildlife habitats, settling soil for a watershed, and preserving the beauty of nature and the environment. Drought stress, wildfires, sudden outbreak of native pest occurrence, and improper interaction with humans, threaten California oaks. The Wildlands Conservancy’s Wind Wolves Preserve has a great concern for oak tree mortality. But has had difficulty finding and mapping oak tree health. To assess and monitor oaks field data collection has been expensive and timeconsuming, and field data collection may not ...


Drug Trafficking, State Capacity, And The Post-Soviet Condition In The Kyrgyz Republic, Christopher George Cowan 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Drug Trafficking, State Capacity, And The Post-Soviet Condition In The Kyrgyz Republic, Christopher George Cowan

Theses and Dissertations

Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the newly independent states of Central Asia faced numerous challenges. These included cultivating new national identities and state capacity, managing new borders, and addressing issues of conflict and political violence. Converging with these challenges – a booming trade in opium and heroin originating in neighboring Afghanistan. Central Asia quickly became a key route for opiates originating in Afghanistan and transiting to Russia and Europe. The Kyrgyz Republic lies at the southeastern corner of this region, along one of the world’s busiest drug trafficking routes.

This thesis examines state and societal responses to narcotics ...


Chloride And Corrosiveness: Trends, Indices, Scales Of Measurement, And Agency Management Capacity To Address Freshwater Salinization, Rebecca Lynn Kauten 2019 University of Iowa

Chloride And Corrosiveness: Trends, Indices, Scales Of Measurement, And Agency Management Capacity To Address Freshwater Salinization, Rebecca Lynn Kauten

Theses and Dissertations

This study localizes dimensions of freshwater salinization by directly measuring chloride concentrations in ungauged urban streams, assessing the relationship between chloride, copper and zinc in sample data, measures statewide trends for Iowa, and considers the regulatory and cultural environment of managing winter roads. Chloride concentrations in local, urban streams generally persist at higher levels than what is typical of natural Iowa waters. Runoff from snow melt events violate water quality standards, with chloride concentrations more closely resembling sea water than freshwater. Meanwhile, long-term trends at the statewide scale suggest levels are decreasing over time. Dissolved ions in groundwater from limestone ...


Dynamics Of Land Use, Environment, And Social Organization In The Sasanian Landscape Of Eastern Iraq—Western Iran, Mitra Panahipour 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Dynamics Of Land Use, Environment, And Social Organization In The Sasanian Landscape Of Eastern Iraq—Western Iran, Mitra Panahipour

Theses and Dissertations

Understanding human-environment interactions has been one of the main challenges in archaeological studies over recent years. Past research on the Near Eastern territorial empires in general, and the Sasanian Empire in particular, primarily emphasized the dominant role of human on landscape transformation. In addition, politically centralized schemes such as agricultural intensification and expansion of water supply systems have been at the center of most of the discussions and remained the main hypothesis of the Sasanian land use practices.

This dissertation investigates population’s diverse responses to environmental variability during the Sasanian period (224-651 CE) across a landscape in eastern Iraq ...


Testing Multivariate Alteration Detection For Tropical Deforestation Using Synthetic Aperture Radar (Sar) And Drone Imagery In Mamomi Valley, Panama, Abigail Bohman 2019 University of Redlands

Testing Multivariate Alteration Detection For Tropical Deforestation Using Synthetic Aperture Radar (Sar) And Drone Imagery In Mamomi Valley, Panama, Abigail Bohman

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Monitoring tropical deforestation poses a juxtaposition of urgency and difficulty. Because of nearly constant cloud cover in the tropics, heavily studied and widely implemented methods using multispectral satellite imagery to do large-scale land monitoring are not possible. Being an active sensing system that can penetrate through clouds, Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) solves this issue, making it one of the best opportunities for tropical forest change in the tropics. In Mamoní Valley, Panama, Multivariate Alteration Detection (MAD) analysis was used with SAR Ground Range Detected imagery from the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Sentinel 1 satellite to test its viability for ...


Evaluating The Presence Of The Endocrine Disruptor 4-Nonylphenol In California Glaciers, Jonah Lay 2019 University of Redlands

Evaluating The Presence Of The Endocrine Disruptor 4-Nonylphenol In California Glaciers, Jonah Lay

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

The use of GIS in addressing environmental problems is evident in its application to the Sierra Nevada mountain range glaciers in California. The presence of 4-nonylphenol (4NP) in pesticides used in agriculture has led to its accumulation in California glaciers through onshore wind deposition. As an endocrine disruptor, 4NP poses a threat to human health because it can interrupt and alter physiological processes such as human development and metabolism, and lead to ovarian and prostate cancer at higher concentrations. To evaluate the mass of 4NP in the glacier, GIS analysis is conducted with considerations of wind direction, topographic features, and ...


Habitat Recovery Gis Toolbox For The Cleared Minefields Of The Falkland Islands, Anthony M. Vazquez 2019 University of Redlands

Habitat Recovery Gis Toolbox For The Cleared Minefields Of The Falkland Islands, Anthony M. Vazquez

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

The conclusion of the Falklands War of 1982 left behind minefields scattered across the Falkland Islands. Clearance activities began in 2009 to remove the mines from these minefields. Despite most of the minefields in the Falkland Islands having been cleared of active landmines, the Falkland Islands Government has decided to keep the fences standing around the cleared minefields over concern for the recovery of the vegetation. The Falkland Islands Government needs to continue assessment until the recovery reaches an optimal point to remove the fences and reincorporate the cleared minefields into the commons of the Falkland Islands. The purpose of ...


A Player’S Sense Of Place: Computer Games As Anatopistic Medium, Kristopher John Purzycki 2019 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

A Player’S Sense Of Place: Computer Games As Anatopistic Medium, Kristopher John Purzycki

Theses and Dissertations

This project works to understand how open-world computer games help generate a sense of place from the player. Since their development over a half century ago, computer games have primarily been discussed in terms of space. Yet the way we think about space today is much different than how those scientists calculated space as a construction of time, mass, and location. But as computer games have evolved, the language has failed to accommodate the more nuanced qualities of game spaces. This project aims at articulating the nuances of place through phenomenological methods to objectively analyze the player experience as performed ...


Spatial Dimensions Of Drilling Technologies: Controversies Over Unconventional Oil And Gas Development In Northern Colorado, Nicholas J. Schuelke 2019 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Spatial Dimensions Of Drilling Technologies: Controversies Over Unconventional Oil And Gas Development In Northern Colorado, Nicholas J. Schuelke

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation investigates three controversies surrounding oil and gas development in populated areas of the Front Range region of northern Colorado that have emerged as a result of renewed interest in developing unconventional hydrocarbon resources using horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing techniques. These controversies surround disputes between competing capital interests over rights of access to subsurface hydrocarbon resources, municipal challenges in accommodating oil and gas development in residential areas, and perceptions among more ‘moderate’ residents regarding activism resisting oil and gas development in Colorado and alternative strategies adopted by these residents to oppose hydrocarbon extractive activities in their neighborhoods. Through ...


Everyday Perseverance & Meaningful Toil: Mapping The (In)Distinguishable Process Of Recovery Post-Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, Louisiana, Monique Hassman 2019 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Everyday Perseverance & Meaningful Toil: Mapping The (In)Distinguishable Process Of Recovery Post-Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, Louisiana, Monique Hassman

Theses and Dissertations

For nearly a century, anthropological scholarship on disaster has contributed to advancing emergency preparation and management, however examination focusing on survivors’ return and responses in the aftermath of catastrophe, specifically the ways in which residents work to recover—if at all—remains far from comprehensive, especially in urban, post-industrial settings.

Following calamity, what remains? What is disturbed? What becomes reconstructed? Who repairs the tattered social fabric or restores the built environment? And how do these processes transpire? These questions summarize the research interests of this dissertation, which examines the place-making practices not of experts or administrators, but, rather, those enacted ...


Urban (Un)Planning And Social Vulnerability In The Context Of Rapid Urbanization And Data Constraints: A Quantitative Study Of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania., Sheliza Bhanjee 2019 University of Louisville

Urban (Un)Planning And Social Vulnerability In The Context Of Rapid Urbanization And Data Constraints: A Quantitative Study Of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania., Sheliza Bhanjee

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores intersections between vulnerability and urban planning in Sub-Saharan Africa, where distinct forms of urbanization are occurring and where there are significant data constraints limiting local studies and urban assessments in the region. The three studies which make up this dissertation offer methodological and theoretical pathways toward examining and measuring the influence of urbanization and planning factors on vulnerability of urban populations in the region. The first study is a literature review and examines existing literature for vulnerability conceptualization in urban environments, the notion of ‘urban vulnerability’, and roles of urban planning and related factors in relation to ...


El Atlas De Oregón Para Estudiantes, Teresa L. Bulman, Gwenda H. Rice, David Banis, AnaMaria Esparza 2019 Portland State University

El Atlas De Oregón Para Estudiantes, Teresa L. Bulman, Gwenda H. Rice, David Banis, Anamaria Esparza

David Banis

Un atlas para los estudiantes de primaria y secundaria


Student Atlas Of Oregon: A Classroom Atlas For Elementary And Middle Schools, Teresa L. Bulman, Gwenda H. Rice, David Banis 2019 Portland State University

Student Atlas Of Oregon: A Classroom Atlas For Elementary And Middle Schools, Teresa L. Bulman, Gwenda H. Rice, David Banis

David Banis

Includes maps about Oregon's landscape, climate, culture, economics, historical geography, water resources, wildlife, vegetation, agriculture, population, transportation, and natural resources.

The Student Atlas of Oregon was created specifically for upper elementary and middle school students, so it is easy for kids to understand.


Lidar-Based Sinkhole Detection And Mapping In Knox County, Tennessee, J Clint Shannon, David Moore, Yingkui Li, Cathy Olsen 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Lidar-Based Sinkhole Detection And Mapping In Knox County, Tennessee, J Clint Shannon, David Moore, Yingkui Li, Cathy Olsen

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

Sinkholes are one of the major causes of damage to roads, buildings, and other infrastructure throughout the US. Sinkholes near or on roads are especially costly and occasionally deadly. Knox County and much of East Tennessee are located within karst areas (comprised of porous and soluble limestone and dolomite), deeming it at risk for sinkholes. Currently, Knox County uses contour maps to manually identify sinkholes. Supported by a geographic information system (GIS), we developed a streamlined model to identify the locations and extents of potential sinkholes using 1.3-ft resolution LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) data and applied it to ...


Visualization Of Uncertain Boundaries Of Undersea Features, Hyowon Ban, Hyo Hyun Sung 2019 California State University, Long Beach

Visualization Of Uncertain Boundaries Of Undersea Features, Hyowon Ban, Hyo Hyun Sung

International Journal of Geospatial and Environmental Research

There have been several studies that detect, measure, analyze, and visualize the undersea features by using technologies in multiple disciplines including geography and oceanography. However, definitions of the undersea features often vary among the existing leading literature. Due to this reason the geographical boundary for a certain undersea feature is sometimes not identical among the definitions. In this study, we explore semantic uncertainty in the definitions of some undersea features and apply approaches from fuzzy-set theory and geographic information science on empirical bathymetric data to visualize the uncertain boundaries of the undersea features. Results from this study demonstrate that the ...


Hemispheric And Continental Scale Patterns Of Similarity In Mountain Tundra, George P Malanson, Risto Virtanen, Andrea J Britton, Borja Jiménez-Alfaro, Hong Qian, Alessandro Petraglia, Marcello Tomaselli, David Cooper, Christian Damm, Richard H Pemble, Robert B Brett 2019 University of Iowa

Hemispheric And Continental Scale Patterns Of Similarity In Mountain Tundra, George P Malanson, Risto Virtanen, Andrea J Britton, Borja Jiménez-Alfaro, Hong Qian, Alessandro Petraglia, Marcello Tomaselli, David Cooper, Christian Damm, Richard H Pemble, Robert B Brett

Department of Geographical and Sustainability Sciences Publications

Understanding the full range of biodiversity patterns from local to global scales, through the study of the drivers of multiscale plant community composition and diversity, is a current goal of biogeography. A synthetic understanding of to what extent vegetation compositional patterns are produced by biotic factors, geography or climate and how these patterns vary across scales is needed. This lack hinders prediction of the effects of climate change in global vegetation. Variation in community composition is examined in relation to climatic difference and geographic distance at hemispheric and continental scales. Vascular plants and bryophytes in 13 mountain regions were analyzed ...


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