Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Nature and Society Relations Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,990 Full-Text Articles 2,638 Authors 411,100 Downloads 114 Institutions

All Articles in Nature and Society Relations

Faceted Search

1,990 full-text articles. Page 7 of 76.

Greenness Indicator For Spatial And Settlement Planning Based On Ndvi And Lai Indicators, Laszlo Kollányi, Klaudia Máté, Viola Prohászka, Edina D. Fóris, Ágnes Sallay 2019 Szent István University, Department of Landscape Planning and Regional Development

Greenness Indicator For Spatial And Settlement Planning Based On Ndvi And Lai Indicators, Laszlo Kollányi, Klaudia Máté, Viola Prohászka, Edina D. Fóris, Ágnes Sallay

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In the international practice of green infrastructure research, many indicators have been developed to measure the social functions, naturalness, the role of the urban climate, interconnection, networking, multifunctionality, and ecosystem services. In 2007, an indicator of biological activity value (BA) was introduced into the Hungarian town planning practice and legislation, which shows the intensity of green areas in areas to be built and is the basis for counting land use changes of settlements. However, the actual biomass, which can be measured by remote sensing devices, has not yet been considered in determining the indicator values. The main purpose of this ...


‘Brown’ Is The New ‘Green’: Post-Industrial Sites As Potential In The Development Of The Green Infrastructure On The Riverfront Of Budapest, Hungary, Anna Adorjan, Anna Pecze, Kinga Szilágyi 2019 Szent István University Doctoral School of Landscape Architecture and Landscape Ecology

‘Brown’ Is The New ‘Green’: Post-Industrial Sites As Potential In The Development Of The Green Infrastructure On The Riverfront Of Budapest, Hungary, Anna Adorjan, Anna Pecze, Kinga Szilágyi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In Budapest, Hungary and all-around Europe in the capital cities, the sight of degraded, industrial landscapes in urban areas became usual during the last decades, due to the unexpected growth of cities. In the last 30 years, many sites have gained new functions and have been reused for different purposes, but still, huge areas remained unused and presumably polluted. According to my hypothesis the unutilized areas – especially in the riverside area - could potentially become the part of a new green infrastructure element, which could make the green infrastructure system of Budapest more complete, usable and ecologically valuable.

For this paper ...


Greenway Exploration In The Satellite Jungle: Discovery Of Urban And Rural Green Network With Satellite Image Analysis In Hungary, Sándor Jombach, Huawei Li, Guifang Wang, István Valánszki, Krisztina F. Kovács 2019 Szent István University, Hungary, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism, Department of Landscape Planning and Regional Development

Greenway Exploration In The Satellite Jungle: Discovery Of Urban And Rural Green Network With Satellite Image Analysis In Hungary, Sándor Jombach, Huawei Li, Guifang Wang, István Valánszki, Krisztina F. Kovács

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Over the last few decades of growing data production in the field of remote sensing and GIS, we have experienced a rapid development of methods and tools in green network analysis. A series of journal articles, methodological and technical guidelines describe how to map green system based on aerial photography and satellite imagery. Many studies stress that green networks have a climatic conditioning role and outstanding ecological significance in landscapes. Environmental agreements and sustainability aspects emphasize the need for mapping and managing green infrastructure in urban and rural landscapes. The usual question is: What are the elements of green infrastructure ...


Palermo, Italy: The Coast Road, Monica Manfredi 2019 Politecnico di Milano, Department of Architecture and Urban Studies

Palermo, Italy: The Coast Road, Monica Manfredi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper proposes a re-reading of the work of Roberto Collovà dedicated to Palermo and its coastline. It interprets, in a perspective paper, the arguments contained in his research as suggestions for the construction of landscape research to condition, through their appearance, a new way to see and interpret places and their potential.

Rereading his studies, his drawings and his observations suggests the construction of a method of recognition of the existence of a landscape, in this case of a greenway and its potential, within an existing urban fabric. The historical center, the fragments of urban spaces, and the fragments ...


Identifying And Classifying, Quantifying And Visualizing Green Infrastructure Via Urban Transects In Rome, Italy And Sydney, Australia, Simon J. Kilbane, Daniele La Rosa 2019 University of Technology, Sydney

Identifying And Classifying, Quantifying And Visualizing Green Infrastructure Via Urban Transects In Rome, Italy And Sydney, Australia, Simon J. Kilbane, Daniele La Rosa

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Green Infrastructure is increasingly recognised as an approach to deliver a wide-ranging set of ecosystem services in cities and to operationalize concepts of urban resilience through the better delivery of urban planning, water sensitive urban design and a broad diversity of open space types. This paper argues that the first step in the delivery of effective Green Infrastructure planning and hence ecosystem services is the identification, visualisation and calculus of the full spectrum of existing open space types within urban contexts. To test this idea two case study cities – Rome and Sydney – were selected for their differing geographical origins and ...


Recognizing Greenway Network For Quantifying Students Experience On Campus-Based Universities: Assessing The Campus Outdoor Spaces At San Diego State University, Mohammed Gabr, Hisham Elkadi, Claudia Trillo 2019 Department of Architectural Engineering and Environmental Design, Arab Academy for Science & Technology, Alexandria, Egypt

Recognizing Greenway Network For Quantifying Students Experience On Campus-Based Universities: Assessing The Campus Outdoor Spaces At San Diego State University, Mohammed Gabr, Hisham Elkadi, Claudia Trillo

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper evaluates the potential of creating a green infrastructure – more specifically, an urban greenway – and its contribution the students’ campus experience, with emphasis on the outdoor university activities. To achieve best value for money – particularly in the current financial climate, with severe budget cuts constraining universities – justifying investments on campus outdoor spaces such as greenways, relies on a clear demonstration of their link to the overall success of the campus. Attempts of quantify the benefits from investments on such spaces are challenged by the scarcity of studies on the relationship between students’ experience and design (and related cost) of ...


Waterways To Greenways: A Case Study In Shangjie, Zhengzhou, Henan, China, Li Zhang, Xiaohua Liu, Yuewu Xiang, Yanliang Kuang, Junjie Li, Zhenying Shan, Suyun Li, Qianying Lu, Yan Guo, Jian Zhou, Xi Long, Shiyu Zhongzhu, Yihong Chen, Zhaohuan Li, Fengli Cao, Jinxiu He, Yiyu Wang 2019 Shenzhen Techand Ecology and Environmental Co. Ltd

Waterways To Greenways: A Case Study In Shangjie, Zhengzhou, Henan, China, Li Zhang, Xiaohua Liu, Yuewu Xiang, Yanliang Kuang, Junjie Li, Zhenying Shan, Suyun Li, Qianying Lu, Yan Guo, Jian Zhou, Xi Long, Shiyu Zhongzhu, Yihong Chen, Zhaohuan Li, Fengli Cao, Jinxiu He, Yiyu Wang

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This case study introduces how we used a water sensitive approach to plan a storm water and sponge city project, which expanded into a holistic green infrastructure project. The project is in the Shangjie district in city of Zhengzhou, Henan China. The whole site is 61.16 km² including several waterways. The city is expanding into areas that were previously agricultural. Developers and city both desire to improve the ecological value of the city to boost the economic growth of the Shangjie district.

The main goal for the client is to transform the existing industrial city into a more resilient ...


Greenways As Indigenous Cultural Pathways: Healing Landscape And Peoples One Step At A Time In The South West Of Western Australia, Simon J. Kilbane 2019 University of Technology, Sydney

Greenways As Indigenous Cultural Pathways: Healing Landscape And Peoples One Step At A Time In The South West Of Western Australia, Simon J. Kilbane

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The South West of Western Australia (SWWA) is widely known as one of the world’s most biodiverse regions and a recognised biodiversity hotspot. However, since European colonisation approximately 200 years ago, this landscape has been cleared, fragmented and degraded at large and small scales, a problem magnified by being one of the planet’s most vulnerable locations to climate change. This region also hosts one of the world’s longest continuous cultures, the Nyungar people, who have lived in the SWWA for at least 38,000 years. However following colonisation Nyungar land management practices – that once connected the region ...


Cultural Ecosystem Services And Local Identity – A Ppgis Case Study From Budapest Metropolitan Region, István Valánszki, Sándor Jombach, Krisztina F. Kovács, Asmaa Abualhagag Ahmed, Fernando A. Mendez Garzón, Gabriella Balha 2019 Szent István University, Hungary, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism, Department of Landscape Planning and Regional Development

Cultural Ecosystem Services And Local Identity – A Ppgis Case Study From Budapest Metropolitan Region, István Valánszki, Sándor Jombach, Krisztina F. Kovács, Asmaa Abualhagag Ahmed, Fernando A. Mendez Garzón, Gabriella Balha

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Several studies and international conventions highlight the importance of public participation in the process of strategy building. In spite of all these initiatives, public participation methods are not common tools in the practice (especially in Central-Eastern-Europe). In the frames of our research, we applied the ppGIS (Public Participation GIS) method, a special, mostly new tool in Hungary, in order to bridge the gap between the scientific world and local citizens. The method combines community based mapping with GIS techniques. It aims to foster the integration of the public into the process of evaluation, planning, and decision making using GIS technology ...


Protecting Biodiversity In British Columbia: Recommendations For Developing Species At Risk Legislation, Alana R. Westwood, Sarah P. Otto, Arne Mooers, Chris Darimont, Karen E. Hodges, Chris Johnson, Brian M. Starzomski, Cole Burton, Kai M. A. Chan, Marco Festa-Bianchet, Shaun Fluker, Sumeet Gulati, Aerin L. Jacob, Dan Kraus, Tara G. Martin, Wendy J. Palen, John D. Reynolds, Jeannette Whitton 2019 Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative

Protecting Biodiversity In British Columbia: Recommendations For Developing Species At Risk Legislation, Alana R. Westwood, Sarah P. Otto, Arne Mooers, Chris Darimont, Karen E. Hodges, Chris Johnson, Brian M. Starzomski, Cole Burton, Kai M. A. Chan, Marco Festa-Bianchet, Shaun Fluker, Sumeet Gulati, Aerin L. Jacob, Dan Kraus, Tara G. Martin, Wendy J. Palen, John D. Reynolds, Jeannette Whitton

Threatened and Endangered Animal Populations Collection

British Columbia has the greatest biological diversity of any province or territory in Canada. Yet increasing numbers of species in British Columbia are threatened with extinction. The current patchwork of provincial laws and regulations has not effectively prevented species declines. Recently, the Provincial Government has committed to enacting an endangered species law. Drawing upon our scientific and legal expertise, we offer recommendations for key features of endangered species legislation that build upon strengths and avoid weaknesses observed elsewhere. We recommend striking an independent Oversight Committee to provide recommendations about listing species, organize Recovery Teams, and monitor the efficacy of actions ...


Using Citizen Science To Approach Invasive Species: A Case Study Of An Early Detection And Rapid Response Invasion Program In The National Park Service, Parker Hopkins 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Using Citizen Science To Approach Invasive Species: A Case Study Of An Early Detection And Rapid Response Invasion Program In The National Park Service, Parker Hopkins

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In practice, public land managers must constantly innovate and adapt to keep up with constantly changing issues and concerns associated with the public lands for which they are responsible. Having access to the most current and reliable information is critical to respond effectively to arising disturbances related to public lands. In an effort to increase civic engagement in National Parks, new management and information-gathering methods are being embraced, such as citizen science. Technology has greatly aided in gathering more information to match demands, as projects and tools for citizen science are continuously in development, building a community of passionate amateur ...


Does Perceived Ecological Integrity Affect Restorative Health Outcomes? An Examination Of Visitor Experiences In Diverse Environments In An Ontario Protected Area, Catherine E. Reining 2019 Wilfrid Laurier University

Does Perceived Ecological Integrity Affect Restorative Health Outcomes? An Examination Of Visitor Experiences In Diverse Environments In An Ontario Protected Area, Catherine E. Reining

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

The human health and well-being benefits associated with nature contact is well established. Parks and other forms of protected areas contribute significantly to these benefits by providing access to nature. However, limited research has been done on how different environments within protected areas (e.g., forests, coasts, areas being restored) and the perceived quality (i.e., ecological integrity) of these environments affect the health and well-being outcomes of visitors. This study builds on previous work to better understand how visitor experiences provided by diverse natural and built environments in Pinery Provincial Park affect perceived restorative outcomes as one aspect of ...


Improving Access To Clean Water In Rural Ecuador: The Connection Between Willingness To Pay And Population Health, Micalea Leaska 2019 SIT Graduate Institute

Improving Access To Clean Water In Rural Ecuador: The Connection Between Willingness To Pay And Population Health, Micalea Leaska

Capstone Collection

Climate change is affecting social and environmental determinants of health through access to safe drinking water, safely managed sanitation systems, and access to health care services and the ability for individuals to break free from unsuitable circumstances. Ecological disturbances such as those caused by climate change can cause a shift in host vectors or a change in habitat that results in a greater likelihood of the pathogen coming in contact with humans. Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services and their accessibility to populations can directly impact a community’s vulnerability to diseases and limiting factors to increase economic growth. If ...


Criar Y Dejarse Criar: Trans-Situ Crop Conservation And Indigenous Landscape Management Through A Network Of Global Food Neighborhoods, Cass Madden 2019 SIT Graduate Institute

Criar Y Dejarse Criar: Trans-Situ Crop Conservation And Indigenous Landscape Management Through A Network Of Global Food Neighborhoods, Cass Madden

Capstone Collection

As climate change progresses, global food security is likely to become increasingly threatened and crop biodiversity will be a significant source of resiliency and adaptability. However, these adaptations will only be fully realized through cooperative in situ and ex situ conservation and cultivation of domesticated crops, crop wild relatives, and wild foods. This conservation is best realized in places where communities have the cultural resources to invest meaningfully in the cultivation of native crops, and where the cultivation of those crops can reinforce place-specific livelihoods and identities. To this end, the principal objective of this research is to propose a ...


Perceptions Of Vulnerability To Flooding, Hurricanes, And Climate Change On Grand Isle, Louisiana’S Only Inhabited Barrier Island, Lauren Miller 2019 University of Montana

Perceptions Of Vulnerability To Flooding, Hurricanes, And Climate Change On Grand Isle, Louisiana’S Only Inhabited Barrier Island, Lauren Miller

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

This study used in-depth interviews of permanent residents on Grand Isle, Louisiana, a remote barrier island, to better understand their perceptions of structural flood measures, non-structural responses to flooding and hurricanes, and perceptions of vulnerability to flooding, hurricanes, and climate change on a remote barrier island-Grand Isle, Louisiana. Residents' perceptions regarding the various structural measures implemented by the federal, state, and local government appeared mixed. Non-structural responses to flooding risks implemented at the household, community, state, and federal level continue to strengthen resiliency on Grand Isle. According to interviewees, aspects of environmental, rural, and economic vulnerability on Grand Isle impact ...


The United States Of America, Sebastian Braun 2019 Iowa State University

The United States Of America, Sebastian Braun

World Languages and Cultures Publications

The indigenous population in the United States of America is estimated between 2.5 and 6 million people,1 of which 23% live in American Indian areas or Alaska Native villages. Indigenous peoples in the United States are more commonly referred to as Native groups. The state with the largest Native population is California; the place with the largest Native population is New York City. 573 Native American tribal entities were recognized as American Indian or Alaska Native tribes by the United States in July 2018, and most of these have recognized national homelands. While socioeconomic indicators vary widely across ...


Adaptation Under The Canopy: Coffee Cooperative And Certification Contributions To Smallholder Livelihood Sustainability In Santa Lucía Teotepec, Oaxaca, Meghan C. Montgomery 2019 University of Montana

Adaptation Under The Canopy: Coffee Cooperative And Certification Contributions To Smallholder Livelihood Sustainability In Santa Lucía Teotepec, Oaxaca, Meghan C. Montgomery

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

The collapse and reorganization of global coffee markets associated with the “coffee crisis” have had profound, negative impacts on smallholder producer livelihoods throughout the world. In Mexico, the collapse of the International Coffee Agreement (ICA) coincided with withdrawal of government support for agriculture, which devastated producers dependent on coffee for their livelihoods. Smallholders responded by shifting livelihood strategies to diversify income, migrating, and converting primary forest cover to subsistence crops and pasture to support household livelihood security. In some instances, producers also joined or formed cooperative organizations to access specialty certifications that offer higher priced markets, extension information, and other ...


Whitewater Ecotourism Development In Bhutan: Opportunities And Challenges For Local Communities, Kira E. Tenney 2019 University of Montana

Whitewater Ecotourism Development In Bhutan: Opportunities And Challenges For Local Communities, Kira E. Tenney

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

Whitewater raft and kayak ecotourism can provide environmental, social-cultural, and economic benefits and opportunities to local communities, but can also result in respective challenges. Globally, adventure ecotourism is seen as a potent win-win strategy for conservation and local community development; however, there is a significant proportion of adventure and whitewater tourism that do not meet ecotourism tenets, and there is a call for incorporating greater investment in local community involvement. Whitewater ecotourism is particularly significant because of the unique opportunities and challenges associated with rivers, the resource upon which the industry directly depends. Clean, free-flowing rivers provide a range of ...


The Quest Of Vision: Visual Culture, Sacred Space, Ritual, And The Documentation Of Lived Experience Through Rock Imagery, Aaron Robert Atencio 2019 University of Montana

The Quest Of Vision: Visual Culture, Sacred Space, Ritual, And The Documentation Of Lived Experience Through Rock Imagery, Aaron Robert Atencio

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

This document will approach the multifaceted concepts that arise through the study of rock art and the cultivation of culture and belief through vision. Through this document the audience will encounter conceptual ideas regarding belief systems, ritual, experience, cognition, sacredness, and space/landscape — and how these are all essential dynamics that take place in the processes that cultivate the Shoshone visual culture. This document will employ an anthropological lens on the mentioned subject matters, while also approaching these concepts with an interdisciplinary curiosity of how they intermingle; creating a cohesive experience that focuses on these processes which empowered these people ...


Still Sitting On Men: Understanding The Continuities Of Indirect Rule Through Pre-Colonial Forms Of Female Resistance, Ethnic Power Politics And Economic Violence In Southeast Nigeria, Evan Richardson 2019 Bard College

Still Sitting On Men: Understanding The Continuities Of Indirect Rule Through Pre-Colonial Forms Of Female Resistance, Ethnic Power Politics And Economic Violence In Southeast Nigeria, Evan Richardson

Senior Projects Spring 2019

This project exposes that Indirect Rule in Southeastern Nigeria has had direct, significant ramifications on the Political Economic Development of Nigeria through the present day.


Digital Commons powered by bepress