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Integrating Agriculture In Greenways: A Methodology For Planning Connected Urban And Peri-Urban Farmlands In A Mediterranean City, Luca Barbarossa, Daniele La Rosa, Riccardo Privitera 2013 University of Catania - Faculty of Architecture

Integrating Agriculture In Greenways: A Methodology For Planning Connected Urban And Peri-Urban Farmlands In A Mediterranean City, Luca Barbarossa, Daniele La Rosa, Riccardo Privitera

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cities are often threatened by a loss of environmental quality due the rapid increase of urbanized areas that fragment natural landscapes. This is particularly true at the cities’ fringe where uncontrolled urbanization is often characterized by discontinuous patterns and consequent fragmentation of farmlands. These phenomena are particularly relevant in Mediterranean cities, where the high degree of land-use transitions, a consequence of urban growth with poor environmental regulations produce urban landscapes characterized by a lack of green areas and high levels of ecological fragmentation (EEA, 2006).

Greenways are one of the most powerful and widespread tools used at urban, metropolitan and ...


Scientific Approaches For Designing Ecological Networks: A Case Study For The Faunal Species Of Inland Wetlands Of Lower Saxony, Germany, Rosa Contreras 2013 Faculty of Marine Sciences, Program of Environmental Sciences, Autonomous University of Baja California

Scientific Approaches For Designing Ecological Networks: A Case Study For The Faunal Species Of Inland Wetlands Of Lower Saxony, Germany, Rosa Contreras

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Several methods and tools have been developed to achieve the goals of nature conservation and for the design of ecological networks. In that sense, some frameworks proposed by several authors are applied to all levels of biodiversity conservation. One goal of the ecological networks is to represent and to promote the persistence of biodiversity within a region, however few efforts have concentrated the tools or methods useful to implement such frameworks. In several cases, the focus is on the quantitative area selection methods, others on the focal species approach or just on the species persistence and viability analysis. Nonetheless, when ...


Designing And Building The Wellington Greenway: Project History And Future Plans, JP Shadley FASLA 2013 Shadley Associates Landscape Architects, PC

Designing And Building The Wellington Greenway: Project History And Future Plans, Jp Shadley Fasla

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Wellington Greenway is an emerging and nearly-completed 3.5 mile long multi-use trail, which connects beyond its ends to more than 50 miles of other existing and proposed future trails. The Wellington Greenway is an urban greenway; the path traverses six abutting properties located along the Mystic and Malden Rivers in the densely populated cities of Malden and Medford, Massachusetts. Work has been ongoing for over four decades, and while not measured in many miles, much progress has been made. The project is complicated in both technical and political spheres, as the Greenway passes through a mix of public ...


The Mill River Greenway Initiative: Community-Based, Long-Term Greenway Planning And Design In Williamsburg And Northampton, Massachusetts, Reid Bertone-Johnson, Sophia Geller, John Sinton, Neal Bastek 2013 Smith College

The Mill River Greenway Initiative: Community-Based, Long-Term Greenway Planning And Design In Williamsburg And Northampton, Massachusetts, Reid Bertone-Johnson, Sophia Geller, John Sinton, Neal Bastek

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Puritans first settled Northampton, Massachusetts in the mid-17th century with a vision in mind – that of a well-ordered community in which the Mill River would play an integral part in their lives. So long as the community hewed to the right path, the river would accommodate the community’s needs. Primary among those needs was waterpower, so the anchor sites for development along the river were the falls. Over the next 200 years, as the Puritan mind metamorphosed into an American industrial mentality, the Mill River’s residents created an industrial necklace with mills and factories decorating a ribbon of ...


Finding Our Way: Urban Waterway Restoration And Participatory Processes, Sharon Moran, Meredith Perreault, Richard Smardon 2013 Associate Professor of Environmental Studies at the SUNY College of Environment Science and Forestry

Finding Our Way: Urban Waterway Restoration And Participatory Processes, Sharon Moran, Meredith Perreault, Richard Smardon

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In this paper, we explore some of the challenges encountered in organizing multiple stakeholders for purposes of revitalizing an urban waterway. Drawing primarily from positive experiences with a creek revitalization project in Syracuse, New York, we identify several factors concerning the context and challenges -- both material and social -- that have helped to shape the outcomes. Several of the popular models for engaging stakeholders in waterways projects are discussed, especially as they have been used communities in other parts of the U.S. that have faced related challenges. We seek to identify key points and lessons that can help inform others ...


The Hudson River Valley Greenway And Beyond: How A Word Can Change The Way We Think About Our Land, David S. Sampson 2013 Esq.

The Hudson River Valley Greenway And Beyond: How A Word Can Change The Way We Think About Our Land, David S. Sampson

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

“Most American places do not feel haunted…they do not play upon the imagination in such a way as to produce near tangible impressions of ages and people long gone.

The Hudson River Valley is a great exception to this American rule. The windows on all its eras are nearly always open, so that despite whatever modern progress its communities may make, it is never difficult for a visitor to conjure the faces and voices of the Valley’s past. This is the river of Franklin Roosevelt, of Frederic Church and Benedict Arnold and ‘Gentleman Johnny’ Burgoyne. Washington Irving owns ...


Perceptions And Implementations Of Urban Green Infrastructures In France: Three Cases Of Studies (Paris, Marseille, Strasbourg), Laure Cormier, Etienne Grésillon, Sandrine Glatron, Nathalie Blanc 2013 Post-doctoral position geographer, CNRS Ladyss, Paris Diderot university,

Perceptions And Implementations Of Urban Green Infrastructures In France: Three Cases Of Studies (Paris, Marseille, Strasbourg), Laure Cormier, Etienne Grésillon, Sandrine Glatron, Nathalie Blanc

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Green infrastructures have gradually become imperative in planning since the end of 1990s in Europe (Jongman et al, 2004). Numerous urban areas in France mobilize and reinterpret the notion according to stakes of their territory (Blanc, 2012). With the promulgation of Grenelle 1 and 2 Laws (in 2009 and 2010), today every local authorities have to integrate an ecological reflection on green infrastructures into its planning projects at metropolitan and local scales, called “trame verte”. To cover a plurality of contexts of cultural, social, geographical and ecosystematic levels, three cities were retained to understand how this reflection is set up ...


Greenways: An American Model Takes Root In Belarus, Valeria Klitsounova 2013 Belarusian Agro- and Ecotourism Association ‘Country Escape’, Belarusian State University, Belarus

Greenways: An American Model Takes Root In Belarus, Valeria Klitsounova

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The paper is dedicated to developing Greenways in Belarus – the country with transition economy, different mentality and great resources for tourism. Greenways concept is understood in various countries differently: sometimes further and broader then in the U.S., sometimes narrower and more functional. It depends a lot on natural, political, economic environment in the countries and initiatives of local communities. In Belarus Greenways is considered as a model which provides not only access to the nature but rather acts as an instrument for economic development of rural areas based on sustainability principles. Greenways also support development of civil society in ...


Potentials And Limitations Of Implementing Linear Infiltration Systems On Urban Streets, Frank Sleegers 2013 University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning

Potentials And Limitations Of Implementing Linear Infiltration Systems On Urban Streets, Frank Sleegers

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Increasing infiltration systems in urban environments has become a major focus of our discipline to reduce the harmful impact of stormwater on urban watersheds. Two recent studies were conducted by the author of this paper (Sleegers and Brabec; 2013, Sleegers, 2013) with the focus on evaluating the aesthetics of linear urban infiltration systems on urban streets. Each study revealed challenges and limitations of these systems on various levels. What are the crucial criteria to propagate infiltration along streets, raise their acceptance and make them more usable? The purpose of this paper is to investigate the challenges and limitations of urban ...


Connecting The “Big Easy”: Lessons From The People Surrounding The Lafitte Greenway In New Orleans, Louisiana, Philip Koske 2013 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Connecting The “Big Easy”: Lessons From The People Surrounding The Lafitte Greenway In New Orleans, Louisiana, Philip Koske

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The 3.1-mile (4.99-kilometer) linear Lafitte Greenway, one of the first revitalization projects since Hurricane Katrina (2005), is designed to become a vibrant bicycle and pedestrian transportation corridor linking users to the world-famous French Quarter and central business district. As an emerging city, New Orleans generally developed sections of swamp land starting near the French Quarter and growing outward in most directions. The resulting transect of neighborhoods with access to the Lafitte Greenway begins with areas associated with early development, such as Fauborg Tremé and Bayou St. John, to 20th Century development found within the Navarre and Mid City ...


Tree Alleys – Specific Green Corridors And Their Disappearance From Cultural Landscape Of Nitra Region, Katarína Kristiánová 2013 Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Architecture, Institute of Garden and Landscape Architecture

Tree Alleys – Specific Green Corridors And Their Disappearance From Cultural Landscape Of Nitra Region, Katarína Kristiánová

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Tree alleys, specific forms of green corridors, represent a characteristic phenomenon of historic cultural landscape in Slovakia. The research aims to examine the contemporary patterns of tree alleys appearance in cultural landscape of Nitra region and their potential to serve as green corridors, whether providing ecological functions, recreational functions or cultural heritage and aesthetic values, as defined by conceptual framework of greenways theory.

For purposes of identification of contemporary patterns of tree alleys, current aerial photographs were used. The potential of identified cases to serve for certain functions of green corridors was examined in the place. The comparison of current ...


National Heritage Areas: Evaluating Past Practices As A Foundation For The Future, Brenda Barrett 2013 University of Massachusetts Amherst

National Heritage Areas: Evaluating Past Practices As A Foundation For The Future, Brenda Barrett

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The United States National Heritage Areas (NHA) are congressionally designated lived-in landscapes that reflect the nation’s significant and diverse landscape. The management of these areas is based on a community-driven approach to heritage conservation and economic development. Beginning in 1984, the movement took root and rapidly grew to its present number of 49 NHAs with dozens of proposed areas under consideration (“National Heritage Areas” National Park Service). The idea was founded in many of same impulses as the early greenway approach. Glenn Eugester traces the evolution the idea to a number of separate, but related ideas to coordinate natural ...


Synergistic Design: Detailing The Benefits Of A Green Infrastructure Approach In A Western Australian Landscape, Simon Kilbane, Richard Weller, Richard Hobbs 2013 School of Architecture, Landscape and Visual Arts, University of Western Australia;

Synergistic Design: Detailing The Benefits Of A Green Infrastructure Approach In A Western Australian Landscape, Simon Kilbane, Richard Weller, Richard Hobbs

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The National Green Network (NGN) (Kilbane 2013) is a continental-scale Green Infrastructure (GI) research project that spans the Australian continent (Fig. 1). The research intent is to create an ecologically robust and interconnected protected area network design to enhance the resilience of the nation’s landscape, biota and peoples. It prescribes a framework of ecological corridors and vegetated linkages as a structure for ecological connectivity and to meet protected area policy targets defined by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD, United Nations Environment Program 2010) and the National Reserve System (NRS, Commonwealth of Australia & National Reserve System Task Group 2009 ...


The Portuguese National Ecological Reserve – A Mapping Tool For Landscape Planning, Selma B. Pena, Manuela R. Magalhães, Manuela M. Abreu 2013 Research Centre for Landscape Architecture “Prof. Caldeira Cabral” Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Technical University of Lisbon

The Portuguese National Ecological Reserve – A Mapping Tool For Landscape Planning, Selma B. Pena, Manuela R. Magalhães, Manuela M. Abreu

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In Portugal, one of the legal frameworks which directly protect the fundamental systems of landscape is the National Ecological Reserve (REN). This instrument was created by the landscape architect Ribeiro Telles in 1983 and at that time its inclusion in the legislative system was considered a pioneering concept in the field of environmental protection. Alongside, it was created the National Agricultural Reserve (1982) that aims agricultural land protection which together with the Natura 2000, other classified areas, and National Ecological Reserve assembles the Fundamental Network of Nature Conservation (2008).

The National Ecological Reserve safeguards fundamental natural cycles and also a ...


Assessment Matrix Based Evaluation Of Ecosystem Services In Relation To Land Use Change Scenarios, Gergő Gábor Nagy, Veronika Magyar, Sándor Jombach, László Kollányi, Balázs Duray 2013 Corvinus University of Budapest, Department of Landscape Planning and Regional Development

Assessment Matrix Based Evaluation Of Ecosystem Services In Relation To Land Use Change Scenarios, Gergő Gábor Nagy, Veronika Magyar, Sándor Jombach, László Kollányi, Balázs Duray

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The ecosystem services are natural assets and services, which are used by humans directly or indirectly over their respective lifetimes (MEA, 2005). Several authors and organizations describe these goods of nature in different ways. Some authors use ecological concepts as the basis for categorization (Norberg, 1999), others concentrate on different human needs (Wallace, 2007), however the most common categories are based on some functional distinction (MEA, 2005; de Groot, 2006; Hein et al., 2006). Authors representing this latter group usually mention the following classification: provisioning, regulating, supporting and cultural services. The provisioning services like water, wood or timber are used ...


Factors Influencing Greenways Use In Italy: Definition Of A Method For Estimation, G Senes, R Rovelli, D Bertoni, L Arata, N Fumagalli, A Toccolini 2013 Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences

Factors Influencing Greenways Use In Italy: Definition Of A Method For Estimation, G Senes, R Rovelli, D Bertoni, L Arata, N Fumagalli, A Toccolini

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The issue of non-motorized mobility in the last decades has seen increasing attention at the international level. Also in Italy we assisted at the creation of hundreds of miles of trails dedicated to cycling and walking, many of which meet the greenway definition of the European Greenways Association: “Communication routes reserved exclusively for non-motorized journeys, developed in an integrated manner which enhances both the environment and quality of life of the surrounding area. These routes should meet satisfactory standards of width, gradient, and surface condition to ensure that they are both user-friendly and low-risk for users of all abilities. In ...


A New Approach - Dealing With The Challenges Of Rapid Urbanization In Hainan, China, Yanhong Tang, Yuezhong Chen 2013 Ecoland Planning and Design Inc., Beijing, China

A New Approach - Dealing With The Challenges Of Rapid Urbanization In Hainan, China, Yanhong Tang, Yuezhong Chen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

During the rushed process to urbanize, land development practices can be harsh on local people as well as the natural and cultural character of the land. With strong governmental power in China, land acquisition by government and developers is usually much easier than in the US. Local residents may be relocated without asking for their input, making way for expensive housing and large hotels; the land they depended on to earn their living may be replaced by seemingly endless identical luxury vacation villas, shopping complexes, and theme parks. Residents face the threat of losing the traditional income source and, later ...


New Villages: Planning And Design Of Compact Growth Centers Shaped By Natural, Cultural And Recreational Greenways, Peter Flinker FASLA 2013 Dodson & Flinker, Inc.

New Villages: Planning And Design Of Compact Growth Centers Shaped By Natural, Cultural And Recreational Greenways, Peter Flinker Fasla

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The last several decades have seen the emergence of numerous planning strategies and implementation techniques to preserve open space and promote Smart Growth and Sustainable Development at the local level:

 Greenway networks that preserve intact ecosystems.

 Green Infrastructure systems that protect floodplains, water supplies and other assets.

 Recreational greenways that link key locations with hiking, biking and other trail networks.

 Agricultural preserves that protect local food supplies.

 Cultural landscape protection that preserves visual and historic character.

 Revitalization of Main Streets and suburban commercial strips.

 Open Space Subdivisions/ Conservation Development.

 Masterplanned Growth Centers implemented with Form-Based Codes

While many cities and ...


A Greenway Network Vision For Metro Boston, Peter G. Furth, David Loutzenheiser, Steven Miller, Peyman Noursalehi 2013 Northeastern University, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering

A Greenway Network Vision For Metro Boston, Peter G. Furth, David Loutzenheiser, Steven Miller, Peyman Noursalehi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urban greenways are attractive for walking and especially for bicycling because they offer a pleasant and near-traffic-free environment in an area with high population density and rich with destinations. Unfortunately, urban greenways are often not connected to one another, requiring cyclists to negotiate heavy traffic getting from one greenway to another and thus diminishing their utility. In the Boston region, a planning and visioning effort is underway to promote the vision of a network of connected greenways offering continuous pleasant, low-stress routes by bicycle or by foot between origins and destinations across the urban area. The network plan emphasizes both ...


Industrial Heritage At Risk: How National Heritage Areas Have Preserved The Landscapes Of American Labor And Why This Capacity Is Now In Jeopardy, Eleanor Mahoney 2013 University of Washington-Seattle, Department of History

Industrial Heritage At Risk: How National Heritage Areas Have Preserved The Landscapes Of American Labor And Why This Capacity Is Now In Jeopardy, Eleanor Mahoney

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

More than any other initiative affiliated with the National Park Service (NPS), the National Heritage Areas (NHA) program has emphasized preservation of sites associated with industrial heritage. Of the close to 400 NPS units, only a handful of locations focus specifically on stories and places associated with labor, while the majority of NHAs take this theme as a critical part of their mission. Whether textiles, railroads, coal, automobiles or steel, heritage areas have played a key role in protecting, interpreting and, when appropriate, imaginatively adapting landscapes linked to the history of work. This paper will examine the central role that ...


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