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Perception Of Disease Risk And Vulnerability As A Function Of Proximity To National Park Boundaries In East Africa, Irene Bridget Feretti 2013 University of New Hampshire - Main Campus

Perception Of Disease Risk And Vulnerability As A Function Of Proximity To National Park Boundaries In East Africa, Irene Bridget Feretti

Honors Theses and Capstones

Studies suggest households closest to parks and protected areas (PAs) are more likely to sustain park-related losses, but the relationship between human sickness and PAs has not been fully explored. Existing literature primarily focuses on human-wildlife conflicts (i.e. crop raiding) and the potential for zoonotic disease spillover and emergence at the human-livestock-wildlife interface at PA boundaries. Understanding local perceptions of disease risk and vulnerability is essential for assessing human health relative to conservation areas. This understanding will promote better-informed consideration of human health impacts in decision making for conservation. Data from surveys taken at 301 households around Kibale National ...


Fruitful Communities: Evaluating The History And Impacts Of Treepeople’S Fruit Tree Program, Kayla B. Imhoff 2013 Pitzer College

Fruitful Communities: Evaluating The History And Impacts Of Treepeople’S Fruit Tree Program, Kayla B. Imhoff

Pitzer Senior Theses

TreePeople is a Los Angeles based non-profit organization that uses environmental education, initiatives, and programs to engage with the greater community to work towards the goal of a sustainable future for Los Angeles. The Fruit Tree Program is one of TreePeople’s longest running programs of 29 years, which distributes free bare-root fruit trees to economically disadvantaged communities as a source of fresh fruit and the other environmental benefits that trees offer. This paper is a comprehensive report detailing the history of the program and the impacts it has had on communities across Los Angeles County. Looking at three communities ...


From Farm To Fork To Landfill: Food Waste And Consumption In America, Mariel Nunley 2013 Pitzer College

From Farm To Fork To Landfill: Food Waste And Consumption In America, Mariel Nunley

Pitzer Senior Theses

This thesis focuses on the creation and disposal of food waste in the United States. Food waste is a specific yet highly critical issue that implicates the large, incongruous systems of both food production and waste disposal. Waste is created throughout the food supply chain, with producers as well as consumers guilty of throwing away good food. Rather than repurpose food as compost or donate it to those in need, wasted food, although completely biodegradable and often edible, is mixed in with the rest of our garbage and disposed of in a landfill. By evaluating the systems of waste disposal ...


A Distributed Intelligence Approach To Multidisciplinarity: Encouraging Divergent Thinking In Complex Science Issues In Society., Jarod Kawasaki, Dai Toyofuku 2013 University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA

A Distributed Intelligence Approach To Multidisciplinarity: Encouraging Divergent Thinking In Complex Science Issues In Society., Jarod Kawasaki, Dai Toyofuku

The STEAM Journal

The scientific issues that face society today are increasingly complex, open-ended and tentative (Sadler, 2004). Finding solutions to these issues, not only requires an understanding of the science, but also, concurrently dealing with political, social, and economic dimensions that exist (Hodson, 2003). For example, 40 years after the first congressional hearing on climate change held by Al Gore in 1976, the 2012 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report states that climate change is still getting worse, despite efforts by governments, businesses, social actors such as Non-Government Organizations, and scientists. With the top minds in the world, across all disciplines ...


Quantitative Community Geography: A Preliminary Evaluation Of Nitrogen Dioxide Levels And Possible Solutions To Exposure Rates In Npu-V, Atlanta, Ga, Alyssa M. Combs, Maria C. Martinez, Kumar K. Amarnath, Hannah Kaplan, Mary Winsor, Rebecca A. Pickering 2013 Georgia State University

Quantitative Community Geography: A Preliminary Evaluation Of Nitrogen Dioxide Levels And Possible Solutions To Exposure Rates In Npu-V, Atlanta, Ga, Alyssa M. Combs, Maria C. Martinez, Kumar K. Amarnath, Hannah Kaplan, Mary Winsor, Rebecca A. Pickering

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Developing A Gis Methodology For Mapping Elements Of Urban Greenspace, Paulita A. Bennett-Martin 2013 Georgia State University

Developing A Gis Methodology For Mapping Elements Of Urban Greenspace, Paulita A. Bennett-Martin

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


An Environmental And Historical Study Of The Nipomo Mesa Region, Jason C. Carr 2013 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

An Environmental And Historical Study Of The Nipomo Mesa Region, Jason C. Carr

Social Sciences

No abstract provided.


Urban Forest Justice And The Rights To Wild Foods, Medicines, And Materials In The City, Melissa R. Poe, Rebecca J. McLain, Marla R. Emery, Patrick T. Hurley 2013 Northwest Sustainability Institute

Urban Forest Justice And The Rights To Wild Foods, Medicines, And Materials In The City, Melissa R. Poe, Rebecca J. Mclain, Marla R. Emery, Patrick T. Hurley

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Urban forests are multifunctional socio-ecological landscapes, yet some of their social benefits remain poorly understood. This paper draws on ethnographic evidence from Seattle, Washington to demonstrate that urban forests contain nontimber forest products that contribute a variety of wild foods, medicines, and materials for the well-being of urban residents. We show that gathering wild plants and fungi in urban forests is a persistent subsistence and livelihood practice that provides sociocultural and material benefits to city residents, and creates opportunities for connecting with nature and enhancing social ties. We suggest that an orientation toward human-nature interactions in cities that conceptualizes the ...


Whose Sense Of Place? A Political Ecology Of Amenity Development, Patrick T. Hurley 2013 Ursinus College

Whose Sense Of Place? A Political Ecology Of Amenity Development, Patrick T. Hurley

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Using a political ecology framework, this chapter examines the ways in which sense of place and amenity migration contribute to alternative residential development, which relies on uneven use of conservation subdivision features in the American West. Using case studies from Central Oregon, this chapter demonstrates how senses of place and developer decision-making are tied to wider political economic changes. It highlights the roles that amenity migrants and developers, two groups that are sometimes identical, play in landscape transformations that simultaneously draw on a particular sense of place and commodify landscapes in new ways.


Gathering, Buying, And Growing Sweetgrass (Muhlenbergia Sericea): Urbanization And Social Networking In The Sweetgrass Basket-Making Industry Of Lowcountry South Carolina, Patrick T. Hurley, Brian Grabbatin, Cari Goetcheus, Angela Halfacre 2013 Ursinus College

Gathering, Buying, And Growing Sweetgrass (Muhlenbergia Sericea): Urbanization And Social Networking In The Sweetgrass Basket-Making Industry Of Lowcountry South Carolina, Patrick T. Hurley, Brian Grabbatin, Cari Goetcheus, Angela Halfacre

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Despite the visibility of natural resource use and access for indigenous and rural peoples elsewhere, less attention is paid to the ways that development patterns interrupt nontimber forest products (NTFPs) and gathering practices by people living in urbanizing landscapes of the United States. Using a case study from Lowcountry South Carolina, we examine how urbanization has altered the political-ecological relationships that characterize gathering practices in greater Mt. Pleasant, a rapidly urbanizing area within the Charleston-North Charleston Metropolitan area. We draw on grounded visualization—an analytical method that integrates qualitative and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data—to examine the ways that ...


Border Integrations: The Fusion Of Political Ecology And Land Change Science To Inform And Contest Transboundary Integration In Amazonia, David S. Salisbury, Mariano Castro Sanchez-Moreno, Luis Davalous Torres, Robert Guimaraes Vasquez, Jose Saito Diaz, Pedro Tipula Tipula, Andres Treneman Young, Carlos Arana Courrejolles, Martin Arana Cardo, Grupo de Monitoreo de Megaproyectos Region Ucayali 2013 University of Richmond

Border Integrations: The Fusion Of Political Ecology And Land Change Science To Inform And Contest Transboundary Integration In Amazonia, David S. Salisbury, Mariano Castro Sanchez-Moreno, Luis Davalous Torres, Robert Guimaraes Vasquez, Jose Saito Diaz, Pedro Tipula Tipula, Andres Treneman Young, Carlos Arana Courrejolles, Martin Arana Cardo, Grupo De Monitoreo De Megaproyectos Region Ucayali

Geography and the Environment Faculty Publications

In the southwestern Amazon lies the Sierra del Divisor, an isolated cluster of mist-covered peaks and ridges rising out of the steamy lowland rainforest. The forests of these fiercely dissected crests and valleys still ring with the low grunt of jaguar and the thunderous clacks of hundreds-strong herds of whitelipped peccaries, while the canopy sways with troops of the rare red Uakari monkey. This biodiversity inspired the Serra do Divisor National Park, and its transboundary sister reserve, but these forests are also home to humans: the descendants of Asheninka warriors and rubber tappers, a re-emergent Nawa people, I and most ...


Landscapes Of Freedom And Inequality: Environmental Histories Of The Pacific And Caribbean Coasts Of Colombia, Shawn Van Ausdal 2013 Universidad de Los Andes - Colombia

Landscapes Of Freedom And Inequality: Environmental Histories Of The Pacific And Caribbean Coasts Of Colombia, Shawn Van Ausdal

Shawn Van Ausdal

In this comparative environmental history, we examine the divergent trajectories of Colombia’s coastal forests since the mid-19th century. In the Pacific lowlands, natural resource extraction by a black peasantry altered the forested landscape but did not transform it completely. Left by the white, merchant elite in charge of the extractive process, this post-emancipation society maintained their territorial independence and avoided significant internal differentiation. Racial divisions, however, signaled the continuation of disparities that had their origin in slavery and colonialism. In the Caribbean, by contrast, the expansion of cattle ranching better integrated the region into the nation, but at the ...


Vacas Y Pastos: Creación De Paisajes Ganaderos, Shawn Van Ausdal, Robert W. Wilcox 2013 Northern Kentucky University

Vacas Y Pastos: Creación De Paisajes Ganaderos, Shawn Van Ausdal, Robert W. Wilcox

Shawn Van Ausdal

No abstract provided.


The Hedonic Method Of Valuing Environmental Policies And Quality, PHILIP E. GRAVES 2013 University of Colorado at Boulder

The Hedonic Method Of Valuing Environmental Policies And Quality, Philip E. Graves

PHILIP E GRAVES

Benefit-cost analysts attempt to compare two states of the world, the status quo and a state in which a policy having benefits and costs is being contemplated. For environmental policies, this comparison is greatly complicated by the difficulty in inferring the values that individuals place on an increment to environmental quality. Unlike ordinary private goods, environmental goods are not directly exchanged in markets with observable prices. In this chapter, the hedonic approach to inferring the benefits of an environmental policy is examined.


A Further Look At The 1858 Wallace-Darwin Mail Delivery Question, Charles H. Smith 2013 Western Kentucky University

A Further Look At The 1858 Wallace-Darwin Mail Delivery Question, Charles H. Smith

DLPS Faculty Publications

Recent investigations have led to a conclusion that Alfred Russel Wallace probably mailed his ‘Ternate’ paper on natural selection to Darwin a month later than some have thought, thus freeing Darwin from possible accusations of plagiarism. Further examination of the question suggests this conclusion is premature, as the evidence in favor of the later mailing date appears to be shakier than first thought.


Wallace: The Review, And Wallace: The Preview, Charles H. Smith 2013 Western Kentucky University

Wallace: The Review, And Wallace: The Preview, Charles H. Smith

DLPS Faculty Publications

In this essay commemorating the one hundred year anniversary of his death, Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913) is remembered for his main contributions to biogeography, and pointed to as a possible source of inspiration for future work in that field. As one of the science’s “fathers,” Wallace established both methods for study and a long-lived geographical systemization of animal distribution patterns. His efforts, moreover, may yet have the potential to inspire further new studies in the subject.


Strengthening Families: Exploring The Impacts Of Family Camp Experiences On Family Functioning And Parenting, Barry A. Garst, Sarah Baughman, Nancy K. Franz, Richard W. Seidel 2013 American Camp Association

Strengthening Families: Exploring The Impacts Of Family Camp Experiences On Family Functioning And Parenting, Barry A. Garst, Sarah Baughman, Nancy K. Franz, Richard W. Seidel

Extension and Outreach Research and Scholarship

Research suggests that family camp experiences can enhance family relationships. Families often participate in family camp experiences for a vacation, as part of a therapeutic and/or intervention strategy, or to gain general enrichment or engagement. To better understand the impacts of family camp experiences on family functioning, a mixed-methods study was conducted with 60 families across 18 camps. Respondents shared that family camp experiences benefit families because of the positive impacts of the camp staff, parenting reinforcement, and enhancement of family relationships, with 60% of respondents indicating that family camp experiences reinforced good parenting and 86% of respondents indicating ...


Threshold Responses Of Forest Birds To Landscape Changes Around Exurban Development, Todd R. Lookingbill, Marcela Suarez-Rubio, Scott Wilson, Peter Leimgruber 2013 University of Richmond

Threshold Responses Of Forest Birds To Landscape Changes Around Exurban Development, Todd R. Lookingbill, Marcela Suarez-Rubio, Scott Wilson, Peter Leimgruber

Geography and the Environment Faculty Publications

Low-density residential development (i.e., exurban development) is often embedded within a matrix of protected areas and natural amenities, raising concern about its ecological consequences. Forest-dependent species are particularly susceptible to human settlement even at low housing densities typical of exurban areas. However, few studies have examined the response of forest birds to this increasingly common form of land conversion. The aim of this study was to assess whether, how, and at what scale forest birds respond to changes in habitat due to exurban growth. We evaluated changes in habitat composition (amount) and configuration (arrangement) for forest and forest-edge species ...


Science, Sentience, And Animal Welfare, Robert C. Jones 2013 California State University, Chico

Science, Sentience, And Animal Welfare, Robert C. Jones

Ethics and Animal Welfare Collection

I sketch briefly some of the more influential theories concerned with the moral status of nonhuman animals, highlighting their biological/physiological aspects. I then survey the most prominent empirical research on the physiological and cognitive capacities of nonhuman animals, focusing primarily on sentience, but looking also at a few other morally relevant capacities such as self-awareness, memory, and mindreading. Lastly, I discuss two examples of current animal welfare policy, namely, animals used in industrialized food production and in scientific research. I argue that even the most progressive current welfare policies lag behind, are ignorant of, or arbitrarily disregard the science ...


The Importance Of Urban Corridors In Improving The Green Infrastructure In Cities: Case Study Gaziantep-Turkey, Nasim Shakouri, Mehmet Emin BARIS 2013 Ankara University, Agriculture Faculty, Department of Landscape Architecture 06130 Dışkapı/Ankara/Turkey

The Importance Of Urban Corridors In Improving The Green Infrastructure In Cities: Case Study Gaziantep-Turkey, Nasim Shakouri, Mehmet Emin Baris

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Rapid urbanization in parallel with population growth is the phenomenon of our century. Urbanization implies great pressure on natural resources and the environment (Rees, 1997; Sandstrom, 2002). Urban growth, by altering cities and the surrounding countryside, presents numerous challenges in urban environment (Tzoulas et al., 2007). As a result of these rapid alterations in urban land use; loss of natural areas, fragmentation of open spaces and degradation of water resources have been occurred over the years. Furthermore, these changes have been influenced the function of ecological services such as provisioning services (e.g. food, fuel, water) to regulating (e.g ...


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