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Using Residential Location To Assess The Environmental Value-Action Gap Of Students At James Madison University, Emma Martin 2019 James Madison University

Using Residential Location To Assess The Environmental Value-Action Gap Of Students At James Madison University, Emma Martin

James Madison Undergraduate Research Journal (JMURJ)

This study focuses on the environmental value-action gap of students at James Madison University (JMU) in Harrisonburg, Virginia. An environmental value-action gap occurs when a person has pro-environmental beliefs but does not have congruent actions. Over 1,000 JMU students completed a survey of their residence location, environmental values, and environmental actions. Students’ preservation and utilization values were assessed using a 2-Dimensional Model of Ecological Values (2-MEV), and their frequency of environmental actions was assessed through a series of Likert-scaled statements. It was hypothesized that any value-action gap would be wider in students who resided in off-campus housing compared to ...


California Groundwater Management, Science-Policy Interfaces, And The Legacies Of Artificial Legal Distinctions, David Owen, Alida Cantor, Nell Green Nylen, Thomas Harter, Michael Kiparsky 2019 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

California Groundwater Management, Science-Policy Interfaces, And The Legacies Of Artificial Legal Distinctions, David Owen, Alida Cantor, Nell Green Nylen, Thomas Harter, Michael Kiparsky

Nell Green Nylen

California water law has traditionally treated groundwater and surface water as separate resources. The 2014 Sustainable Groundwater Management Act (SGMA) broke with this tradition by requiring groundwater managers to avoid significant and unreasonable adverse impacts to beneficial uses of surface water. This paper considers the trajectory of this partial integration of science, law, and resource management policy. Drawing on legal analysis and participatory workshops with subject area experts, we describe the challenges of reconciling the separate legal systems that grew out of an artificial legal distinction between different aspects of the same resource.

Our analysis offers two main contributions. First ...


Creating An Indigenous Multicultural Faith: The Russian Orthodox Mission In Alaska And The Centrality Of Cosmology, Niklaus von Houck 2019 University of Washington Tacoma

Creating An Indigenous Multicultural Faith: The Russian Orthodox Mission In Alaska And The Centrality Of Cosmology, Niklaus Von Houck

History Undergraduate Theses

This paper applies letters, journals, history interviews, government-company contracts, international treaties, theological works, and images to examine the convergence of Russian Orthodox Christianity and Alaskan Indigenous shamanism cultures to explicate the harmonizing of an Indigenous multicultural Christian faith in nineteenth-century Russian Alaska. Central to this examination is the evaluation of effects of Orthodox Christian missiology on native Alaskans and the Indigenous religio-cultural response to Russian missionaries. Not merely a historical overview of contact between natives and missionaries in Russian Alaska, this paper harmonizes the commonality of cosmology between native Alaskan shamanism and Orthodox Christianity. It analyzes the impacts of comparatively ...


California Groundwater Management, Science-Policy Interfaces, And The Legacies Of Artificial Legal Distinctions, David Owen, Alida Cantor, Nell Green Nylen, Thomas Harter, Michael Kiparsky 2019 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

California Groundwater Management, Science-Policy Interfaces, And The Legacies Of Artificial Legal Distinctions, David Owen, Alida Cantor, Nell Green Nylen, Thomas Harter, Michael Kiparsky

Alida Cantor

California water law has traditionally treated groundwater and surface water as separate resources. The 2014 Sustainable Groundwater Management Act (SGMA) broke with this tradition by requiring groundwater managers to avoid significant and unreasonable adverse impacts to beneficial uses of surface water. This paper considers the trajectory of this partial integration of science, law, and resource management policy. Drawing on legal analysis and participatory workshops with subject area experts, we describe the challenges of reconciling the separate legal systems that grew out of an artificial legal distinction between different aspects of the same resource.

Our analysis offers two main contributions. First ...


Reparation Ecologies: Regimes Of Repair In Populist Agroecology, K. Valentine Cadieux, Stephen Carpenter, Alex Liebman, Renata Blumberg, Bhaskar Upadhyay 2019 Hamline University

Reparation Ecologies: Regimes Of Repair In Populist Agroecology, K. Valentine Cadieux, Stephen Carpenter, Alex Liebman, Renata Blumberg, Bhaskar Upadhyay

K. Valentine Cadieux

Amidst the backdrop of attention to populism in general, it is instructive to understand populism through
social movements focused on food and agriculture. Agrarian populism is particularly salient in agrifood
movements. Agroecology has been widely identified as a domain of populist claims on environmental and
social governance surrounding agricultural-ecological and political-economic systems. As authoritarian
populist leaders gain power throughout the world at a time of expanding economic globalization and
contingent socio-ecological crises, contests over populism in agrifood regimes can highlight current
dynamics relevant for formative evaluation of alternative political agroecology strategies, and of populist
environmental governance more broadly. Can populism ...


Culture As Sustainability: The Case Study Of Govardhan Ecovillage And Vedic Culture In India, Danielle Lella Bartolone 2019 CUNY Hunter College

Culture As Sustainability: The Case Study Of Govardhan Ecovillage And Vedic Culture In India, Danielle Lella Bartolone

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This project investigates the relationship between sustainability and Vedic culture of India. The ethnographic research at Govardhan Ecovillage seeks to understand how sustainability is embedded in culture. I employ grounded theory for my research methodology which reveals three key themes explaining fundamental and interrelated dimensions of Vedic culture as sustainability.


California Groundwater Management, Science-Policy Interfaces, And The Legacies Of Artificial Legal Distinctions, David Owen, Alida Cantor, Nell Green Nylen, Thomas Harter, Michael Kiparsky 2019 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

California Groundwater Management, Science-Policy Interfaces, And The Legacies Of Artificial Legal Distinctions, David Owen, Alida Cantor, Nell Green Nylen, Thomas Harter, Michael Kiparsky

Geography Faculty Publications and Presentations

California water law has traditionally treated groundwater and surface water as separate resources. The 2014 Sustainable Groundwater Management Act (SGMA) broke with this tradition by requiring groundwater managers to avoid significant and unreasonable adverse impacts to beneficial uses of surface water. This paper considers the trajectory of this partial integration of science, law, and resource management policy. Drawing on legal analysis and participatory workshops with subject area experts, we describe the challenges of reconciling the separate legal systems that grew out of an artificial legal distinction between different aspects of the same resource.

Our analysis offers two main contributions. First ...


Design For Living Complexities, Peter J. Taylor 2019 University of Massachusetts Boston

Design For Living Complexities, Peter J. Taylor

Working Papers in Critical, Creative and Reflective Practice

Lectures from a 12-session course that addresses the intersection of design with critical thinking. Design in this course means intentionality in construction, which involves a range of materials, a sequence of steps, and principles that inform the choice of materials and the steps. Design also always involves putting people, as well as materials, into place. This happens by working with the known properties of people, as well as the known properties of material, and trying out new arrangements to work around their constraints (at least temporarily). Critical thinking, as I define it, involves understanding ideas and practices better when we ...


The International Whaling Commission—Beyond Whaling, Andrew J. Wright, Mark P. Simmonds, Barbara Galletti Vernazzani 2019 George Mason University

The International Whaling Commission—Beyond Whaling, Andrew J. Wright, Mark P. Simmonds, Barbara Galletti Vernazzani

Mark P. Simmonds, O.B.E.

Since its establishment in 1946 as the international body intended to manage whaling, the International Whaling Commission (IWC) has expanded its areas of interest to ensure the wider conservation of whales. Several key conservation topics have been taken forward under its auspices including climate change, chemical and noise pollution, marine debris and whale watching. Work on each of these topics at the IWC has grown substantially since the 1990s and remains ongoing. Important developments were the establishment of the Standing Working Group on Environmental Concerns in 1996 and the IWC’s Conservation Committee in 2003. Trying to address this diverse ...


Hrísheimar: Fish Consumption Patterns, Wendi K. Coleman 2019 CUNY Hunter College

Hrísheimar: Fish Consumption Patterns, Wendi K. Coleman

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

In this thesis, I examine the fish remain patterns at Hrísheimar, which have provided archaeologists with further evidence that inland sites such as those in the Mývatnssveit Region utilized both local freshwater and marine fish from the coastal regions as a part of their subsistence pattern.


Perceptions Of Vulnerability To Flooding, Hurricanes, And Climate Change On Grand Isle, Louisiana’S Only Inhabited Barrier Island, Lauren Miller 2019 University of Montana

Perceptions Of Vulnerability To Flooding, Hurricanes, And Climate Change On Grand Isle, Louisiana’S Only Inhabited Barrier Island, Lauren Miller

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

This study used in-depth interviews of permanent residents on Grand Isle, Louisiana, a remote barrier island, to better understand their perceptions of structural flood measures, non-structural responses to flooding and hurricanes, and perceptions of vulnerability to flooding, hurricanes, and climate change on a remote barrier island-Grand Isle, Louisiana. Residents' perceptions regarding the various structural measures implemented by the federal, state, and local government appeared mixed. Non-structural responses to flooding risks implemented at the household, community, state, and federal level continue to strengthen resiliency on Grand Isle. According to interviewees, aspects of environmental, rural, and economic vulnerability on Grand Isle impact ...


Boom And Decline: When Greenways Link Low And High Ses Neighborhoods, Margaret Bryant 2019 Center for the Urban Environment, Department of Landscape Architecture, State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Boom And Decline: When Greenways Link Low And High Ses Neighborhoods, Margaret Bryant

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Social and economic inequalities in American cities mean that “booming cities” all have neighborhoods that are not thriving, and “declining cities” are likely to have some areas that are booming. Disadvantaged urban neighborhoods with high numbers of people living in poverty exist in all cities, but they are more pervasive in declining cities. Greenways, linear features in the urban landscape, cut across neighborhoods with varying levels of socioeconomic status (SES), depending on their design and place-specific characteristics. Where greenways link wealth to poverty, interesting concerns, issues, and opportunities arise. This paper reviews existing research on phenomena associated with this particular ...


Landscape, Ecological And Visual Impacts Of A Stream Restoration In Hungary, Zsombor Boromisza, Attila Gergely, Eszter Jákli, Cai Xuecheng 2019 Szent István University, Department of Landscape Protection and Reclamation

Landscape, Ecological And Visual Impacts Of A Stream Restoration In Hungary, Zsombor Boromisza, Attila Gergely, Eszter Jákli, Cai Xuecheng

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In the course of the preparation for the restoration of the Váli-stream, an environmental impact assessment (EIA) and, as a part of it, foundational wildlife and landscape protection studies were carried out. The goal of the study is to reveal the significant impacts of a planned stream restoration on wildlife protection, and later on, to propose mitigation measures on the adverse effects. The other main goal of the study is to evaluate the intervention’s effects on the landscape, regarding the landscape character, land use, landscape structure and scenery as well.


Interlinking People And Nature Through The Technologized Urban Greenway, Dorottya Bekesi 2019 Szent Istvan University, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism

Interlinking People And Nature Through The Technologized Urban Greenway, Dorottya Bekesi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The project area is located along the Danube River in Budapest, and as a peninsula, has a significant role in the city on an ecological level. In my research, I present the project from the industrial revolution up to the present day. In my concluding remarks, various design ideas for implementation on the peninsula and in its neighborhood were demonstrated.

The abandoned Népsziget with its industrial site holds a lot of potential for cultural and environmental development. When it comes to city planning in Budapest the main issue is the decrease of greenfield territories in the suburban areas while the ...


On The Coastline: The Genesis Of Green Infrastructure Towards A Future Sustainable Landscape For The City Of Maputo, Mozambique, Ana Beja da Costa, Luis Ribeiro 2019 LEAF, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa

On The Coastline: The Genesis Of Green Infrastructure Towards A Future Sustainable Landscape For The City Of Maputo, Mozambique, Ana Beja Da Costa, Luis Ribeiro

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cities in Africa, where the most remarkable forthcoming developments in the overall pattern of urbanization are expected, and quite notably in Sub-Saharan cities such as Maputo, experience accelerating population increases that stress urban infrastructures beyond capacity, and increase pressure on existent valuable ecosystems. In the city’s coastal plains, the recently constructed Maputo ring road and Katembe bridge are drawing urban development towards the last stretch of vacant land of the Municipality, compromising the flood plains and mangrove ecosystems.

This paper aims to refine the planning discourse by systematizing urban strategies associated to green infrastructure functions, having mangrove wetlands as ...


Why Did The Turtle Cross The Street? An Examination Of Herpetofauna Habitat Road Fragmentation, Carlos J.L. Balsas 2019 University of Albany

Why Did The Turtle Cross The Street? An Examination Of Herpetofauna Habitat Road Fragmentation, Carlos J.L. Balsas

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Roads and urban development cause severe herpetofauna habitat fragmentation. The objective of this study is to analyze the road ecology problem of herpetofauna habitat fragmentation. It is argued that most wetland systems have high biodiversity conservation value and that their herpetofauna habitat fragmentation requires the implementation of adequate road crossing mitigation strategies. The research methods comprised mostly literature reviews on road ecology, habitat road fragmentation and mitigation, and roadway redesign measures. The key finding discovered was the urgent need for more continuous habitats, uniform underground crossings, and the elimination of reptile and amphibian road crossing deaths in (sub)urban settings ...


The Role Of Mining Ponds In The Hungarian Greenway Network, Ildikó M. Bugyi, Nóra H. Horváth, Dalma Varga 2019 Szent István University, Department of Landscape Protection and Reclamation

The Role Of Mining Ponds In The Hungarian Greenway Network, Ildikó M. Bugyi, Nóra H. Horváth, Dalma Varga

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The aim of our research is to present the current state of mining ponds, wetlands (created by mining activity in Hungary) and to give support to the mining ponds’ nature protection importance and their role in green infrastructure.

This research topic is very important, partly because of the lack of data related to mining ponds, but also because wetlands and their connecting blue and green infrastructure are playing a more important role today in reducing the effects of climate change.

A GIS analysis was made using data from the national mining register, the CORINE Land Cover and Agricultural Parcel Identification ...


The Role Of Individual Trees In The Protection Of Urban Image, László Z. Nádasy, Gábor Sándor, Zsuzsanna Illyés 2019 Department of Landscape Protection and Reclamation, Szent István University, Budapest, Hungary

The Role Of Individual Trees In The Protection Of Urban Image, László Z. Nádasy, Gábor Sándor, Zsuzsanna Illyés

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The protection of urban image and cityscape has become the target of professional attention in Hungary since the introduction of Urban Image Handbooks and urban image regulations. Trees are a major part of local image in Hungary. Using GIS methods we established that built-in areas are usually surrounded by sparsely wooded areas and groves, which are taller than the vast majority of buildings. Therefore, trees play a dominant role in shaping urban character. Effects of trees on urban living conditions, livability and the ecosystem services they provide, have been intensively researched in recent years. However, the role of individual trees ...


Transformations Of Urban Green Spaces (Ugs) In Sub-Cities: A Case Of New Town Of Kolkata And Gurgaon Of Delhi, Uttam Roy 2019 Department of Architecture and Planning, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, India

Transformations Of Urban Green Spaces (Ugs) In Sub-Cities: A Case Of New Town Of Kolkata And Gurgaon Of Delhi, Uttam Roy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Sub-cities offer affordable houses and often better living quality when compared to a mother city. One of the major causes of such better living quality is a greater share of land earmarked as urban green spaces in the prevailing master plan. The mega cities in India like Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and their sub-cities accommodate a larger share of the total urban population compared to the other million population cities and fewer than million cities. For example, under national capital region (NCR) planning, Delhi, several such sub-cities are planned around the city of Delhi, such as Gurgaon, Noida, Dwarka, Rohini & Greater ...


Sustainable Green Infrastructure Planning In Greece: Proposal For An Urban Greenway Network In The Greater Athens Metropolitan Area, Alexander Kantartzis, Spiro Pollalis 2019 Dept. of Agricultural Technology, School of Agricultural Technology, University of Ioannina

Sustainable Green Infrastructure Planning In Greece: Proposal For An Urban Greenway Network In The Greater Athens Metropolitan Area, Alexander Kantartzis, Spiro Pollalis

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Athens, the capital of Greece, epitomizes the opportunities and constraints of modern urbanization, sustainable mobility, green infrastructure, greenway planning, and the associated quality of contemporary Greek civic life. Though the country’s economy has been suffering tremendously for the past consecutive eight years with harsh austerity measures holding back any developmental commotion, signs of recovery and appropriate funding are lately emerging.

Physically, Athens has overcome its natural containing barriers, the Pikilo and Hemmitos Mountains on east and west borders, the southern waterfront expanding over to the Thriasio and Mesogeia Fields and the island of Aegina respectively. Culturally, contemporary Athens is ...


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