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Using Random Forest Machine Learning Methods To Identify Spatiotemporal Patterns Of Cheatgrass Invasion Through Landsat Land Cover Classification In The Great Basin From 1984 - 2011, Dylan Murphy 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Using Random Forest Machine Learning Methods To Identify Spatiotemporal Patterns Of Cheatgrass Invasion Through Landsat Land Cover Classification In The Great Basin From 1984 - 2011, Dylan Murphy

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the Great Basin region of the Western United States, the establishment of cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum), an invasive annual grass, has dramatically affected native sagebrush steppe ecosystems. Cheatgrass, and the grass-fire cycle associated with the species, have led to extensive sagebrush community degradation, fragmentation, and eventually, conversion to near-monoculture exotic cheatgrass grasslands. This process has changed regional fire regimes, placing people, property, and native fauna at risk. Despite the known impacts of cheatgrass invasion in the Great Basin, attempts to quantify regional scale changes in ecosystem type have been limited. In this study, a methodology is developed which utilizes Random ...


Understanding Governance Structures In Shaping Greenway Implementation In City-Regions: A Case Study In Central Zhejiang Province, China, Jun Xian Chen, Sun Sheng Han, Si Qing Chen 2019 Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, The University of Melbourne

Understanding Governance Structures In Shaping Greenway Implementation In City-Regions: A Case Study In Central Zhejiang Province, China, Jun Xian Chen, Sun Sheng Han, Si Qing Chen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway implementation in city-regions is a collective action involving a complex range of relations between regional and local agencies, between government departments at the same administrative level, and between adjacent jurisdictions. This paper explores how greenway implementation governance is structured, and why different governance structures result in different greenway implementation processes and outcomes in a city-region. We use a case study approach to a greenway project in central Zhejiang Province (CCCZ), where data are collected through field reconnaissance, in-depth interviews, and document analysis. Preliminary findings reveal that the central Zhejiang Greenway Project has experienced a development from ‘territorially-specialized governance’ to ...


Rethinking Urban Nature: The Rise And Value Of Nature-Based Solutions (Nbs) In Europe, Ian C. Mell, Sarah Clement 2019 School of Environment, Education & Development, University of Manchester

Rethinking Urban Nature: The Rise And Value Of Nature-Based Solutions (Nbs) In Europe, Ian C. Mell, Sarah Clement

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) have been proposed by the European Union as the most contemporary approach to delivering resilient cities in Europe. Through official guidance and funded projects, the Horizon 2020 programme, the EU has positioned nature at the centre of landscape and urban planning debates. However, there remains a scepticism regarding whether the support of NBS as an alternative to green infrastructure (GI) planning is meaningful and appropriate or damaging to existing practices. Furthermore, the framing of NBS does not, to date, extend the conceptual, practical or political parameters of ‘green space’ planning beyond terminological changes. Its most significant contribution ...


Selling Nature: Aligning Green Infrastructure Principles With The Funding Of Urban Landscapes, Ian C. Mell 2019 School of Environment, Education & Development, University of Manchester

Selling Nature: Aligning Green Infrastructure Principles With The Funding Of Urban Landscapes, Ian C. Mell

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

As the allocation of funding for urban greening continues to diminish planners, landscape professionals and environmental advocates are increasingly turning to the 'valuing of nature' as a mechanism to address these shortfalls. Whilst consensus exists that urban nature holds a critical role in promoting ecological sustainability and liveability, there is a less established understanding of how we translate these ideas into funding. Such variation in landscape valuation practices leading to significant disparity between how cities support their natural environment. In turn this has led to a growing reflection on how we can valorise the environment to ensure it is attributed ...


Study On Greenway Plant Landscape Based On Bird Habitat Conservation - A Case Study Of Wenyu River - North Canal Greenway In Beijing, Mengyuan, Zhang,, Yilun Li, Shuxin Fan, Peiyao Hao, Li Dong 2019 College of Landscape Architecture, Beijing Forestry University

Study On Greenway Plant Landscape Based On Bird Habitat Conservation - A Case Study Of Wenyu River - North Canal Greenway In Beijing, Mengyuan, Zhang,, Yilun Li, Shuxin Fan, Peiyao Hao, Li Dong

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In recent years, rapid urbanization is leading to a sharp decrease of bird diversity in city. The plant landscape in the greenway plays an important role in habitat conservation. This paper aims to explore the effects of plant landscape planning for the bird habitat conservation in urban greenway, and to study the design methods of greenway plant landscapes based on bird habitats conservation.

Wenyu River - North Canal, a river located in the east of Beijing with uninterrupted green spaces along the coast, has the potential to become the migration channel for migratory birds. Dongjiao Wetland Park is an important node ...


Boom And Decline: When Greenways Link Low And High Ses Neighborhoods, Margaret Bryant 2019 Center for the Urban Environment, Department of Landscape Architecture, State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Boom And Decline: When Greenways Link Low And High Ses Neighborhoods, Margaret Bryant

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Social and economic inequalities in American cities mean that “booming cities” all have neighborhoods that are not thriving, and “declining cities” are likely to have some areas that are booming. Disadvantaged urban neighborhoods with high numbers of people living in poverty exist in all cities, but they are more pervasive in declining cities. Greenways, linear features in the urban landscape, cut across neighborhoods with varying levels of socioeconomic status (SES), depending on their design and place-specific characteristics. Where greenways link wealth to poverty, interesting concerns, issues, and opportunities arise. This paper reviews existing research on phenomena associated with this particular ...


East Coast Greenway 2050: Harford County, David N. Myers 2019 University of Maryland

East Coast Greenway 2050: Harford County, David N. Myers

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper documents both the process and product of a university studio project that explores the role of the East Coast Greenway (ECG) in the overall 2050 Harford County biking and greenway system plans. Harford County, MD occupies an important geographic area in which the ECG is aligned in the Mid-Atlantic region. The presentation also documents initiatives in the more urbanized counties of the State of Maryland and the District of Columbia. Numerous initiatives that characterize urban jurisdictions are reviewed for their relevance to a more a rural environment, but also a county that is experiencing population growth. The specific ...


Cuyahoga Greenways: A Community-Driven, Data-Enriched Initiative To Implement A Regional Greenway Vision, Michael R. Mears, Oliver D. Kiley, Neal J. Billetdeaux 2019 Cuyahoga County Planning Commission

Cuyahoga Greenways: A Community-Driven, Data-Enriched Initiative To Implement A Regional Greenway Vision, Michael R. Mears, Oliver D. Kiley, Neal J. Billetdeaux

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cleveland and surrounding Cuyahoga County is undergoing a gradual transformation. A highly urbanized region in America’s rust belt, it has experienced decades of declining population and sprawling development. Presently however, the region has shown signs of economic and social improvement as it recovers from years of stagnation and disinvestment. Accompanying this rebound is an increased awareness to the region’s fluctuating socioeconomic conditions and residual challenges to improving mobility. Moreover, there is a desire to ensure that change is sustainable and leads to equitable outcomes for all segments of the community.

Greenways, most notably the county-wide Emerald Necklace, have ...


Sustainable Green Infrastructure Planning In Greece: Proposal For An Urban Greenway Network In The Greater Athens Metropolitan Area, Alexander Kantartzis, Spiro Pollalis 2019 Dept. of Agricultural Technology, School of Agricultural Technology, University of Ioannina

Sustainable Green Infrastructure Planning In Greece: Proposal For An Urban Greenway Network In The Greater Athens Metropolitan Area, Alexander Kantartzis, Spiro Pollalis

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Athens, the capital of Greece, epitomizes the opportunities and constraints of modern urbanization, sustainable mobility, green infrastructure, greenway planning, and the associated quality of contemporary Greek civic life. Though the country’s economy has been suffering tremendously for the past consecutive eight years with harsh austerity measures holding back any developmental commotion, signs of recovery and appropriate funding are lately emerging.

Physically, Athens has overcome its natural containing barriers, the Pikilo and Hemmitos Mountains on east and west borders, the southern waterfront expanding over to the Thriasio and Mesogeia Fields and the island of Aegina respectively. Culturally, contemporary Athens is ...


Transformations Of Urban Green Spaces (Ugs) In Sub-Cities: A Case Of New Town Of Kolkata And Gurgaon Of Delhi, Uttam Roy 2019 Department of Architecture and Planning, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, India

Transformations Of Urban Green Spaces (Ugs) In Sub-Cities: A Case Of New Town Of Kolkata And Gurgaon Of Delhi, Uttam Roy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Sub-cities offer affordable houses and often better living quality when compared to a mother city. One of the major causes of such better living quality is a greater share of land earmarked as urban green spaces in the prevailing master plan. The mega cities in India like Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and their sub-cities accommodate a larger share of the total urban population compared to the other million population cities and fewer than million cities. For example, under national capital region (NCR) planning, Delhi, several such sub-cities are planned around the city of Delhi, such as Gurgaon, Noida, Dwarka, Rohini & Greater ...


Sensitive Study Of The City/Nature Relationship Associated To The Montevido Waterfront, Ana Vallarino Katzenstein 2019 University of the Republic Udelar (Uruguay); Architecture, Design and Urbanism School FADU

Sensitive Study Of The City/Nature Relationship Associated To The Montevido Waterfront, Ana Vallarino Katzenstein

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Montevideo is located on the banks of the River Plate. The coastline makes evident the evolution of ideas and meanings associated with the city/nature relationship. Given its accessibility, its extension, and its intensive use, the waterfront is a paradigmatic public space of the Uruguayan capital. For this reason, for its heritage value and its status as city/nature frontier, it was the object of some projects and work tool for others. It allowed the development of a theory for the study of the landscape. In turn, this theory also enabled the development of other projects that generated thematic, theoretical ...


Urban Transformation Of Old West Gate (Laoximen) Phase I, Changde, China, Yanhong Tang 2019 Ecoland Planning and Design Corp.

Urban Transformation Of Old West Gate (Laoximen) Phase I, Changde, China, Yanhong Tang

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Together with a canal water system cleaning effort, the project transformed 6.4 acres of a forgotten old town littered with structurally unsafe buildings into a culturally-rich urban green space and popular waterfront district in Changde, Hunan Province, China. Laoximen (meaning Old West Gate) sets a precedent and benchmark for urban renewal, reclaiming a historic canal and the adjacent streets for new use. The project promotes the timely principles of urban regeneration, adaptive re-use, historic preservation, and ecological sustainability, whilst avoiding the current practice in China of demolition and radical reconstruction.

After 100 years of tumultuous history, including WWII and ...


The Role Of Mining Ponds In The Hungarian Greenway Network, Ildikó M. Bugyi, Nóra H. Horváth, Dalma Varga 2019 Szent István University, Department of Landscape Protection and Reclamation

The Role Of Mining Ponds In The Hungarian Greenway Network, Ildikó M. Bugyi, Nóra H. Horváth, Dalma Varga

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The aim of our research is to present the current state of mining ponds, wetlands (created by mining activity in Hungary) and to give support to the mining ponds’ nature protection importance and their role in green infrastructure.

This research topic is very important, partly because of the lack of data related to mining ponds, but also because wetlands and their connecting blue and green infrastructure are playing a more important role today in reducing the effects of climate change.

A GIS analysis was made using data from the national mining register, the CORINE Land Cover and Agricultural Parcel Identification ...


The Use Of Geotechnologies In The Analysis Of Vegetation Index And Heat Island In The City Of São Paulo, Sp, Brazil, Amanda L. Fruehauf, Magda A. Lombardo, Paulo R.M. Pellegrino 2019 Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz” (ESALQ), Universidade de São Paulo (USP)

The Use Of Geotechnologies In The Analysis Of Vegetation Index And Heat Island In The City Of São Paulo, Sp, Brazil, Amanda L. Fruehauf, Magda A. Lombardo, Paulo R.M. Pellegrino

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

There is a solid body of knowledge linking urban growth to the decline of green spaces in Brazilian cities. In this context, this research aims to analyse the heat island, landscape ecology, and ecosystem services and their associated green infrastructure in São Paulo’s metropolitan area. Landscape Information will be applied to the open spaces and mapping will be done with the use of remote sensing techniques in Geographic Information System (GIS). High-resolution imagery will be used, including satellites World View-2 (panchromatic and multispectral from 0.5 to 2m), with the presence of the RGB bands and near infrared, pre-image ...


Assets Of Water Mills In Hungary, Zita Szabó, Ágnes Sallay 2019 Szent István University

Assets Of Water Mills In Hungary, Zita Szabó, Ágnes Sallay

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Watercourses have been a great energy resource for thousands of years (Lewis 1997). Technical inventions have changed the role of water as an energy resource. The landscape preserved the former usage of watercourses as we can still find water mills.

In this research, we show the presence of water mills in Hungary. The main goal of the research is to show the possibilities to use water as an energy resource based on historical knowledge and the new technical improvements. We show which landscape characteristics make a place suitable for water mills. However, it is important that water mills change the ...


Greenways As A New Potential For Shrinking Cities. The Case Of Milan (Italy), Luca Maria Francesco Fabris, Gerardo Semprebon, Fan Fu 2019 Politecnico di Milano, Italy

Greenways As A New Potential For Shrinking Cities. The Case Of Milan (Italy), Luca Maria Francesco Fabris, Gerardo Semprebon, Fan Fu

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The paper aims to illustrate the transformation of Milan, focusing on its relationship with (urban) greenways. At the beginning of XXI century Milan was deeply converted into a mere service industry centre. The change modified also its territory. Brownfields took place of industries and logistic compounds, places without a use dotting its urban fabric. In the 1970s, visionary architects, planners, and landscape architects started to design a series of parks surrounding the town, creating a green crown fading its outskirts. North Park and South Park together with Boscoincittà (Wood-in-town) created a continuous green curtain setting the basis for a circular ...


Interlinking People And Nature Through The Technologized Urban Greenway, Dorottya Bekesi 2019 Szent Istvan University, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism

Interlinking People And Nature Through The Technologized Urban Greenway, Dorottya Bekesi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The project area is located along the Danube River in Budapest, and as a peninsula, has a significant role in the city on an ecological level. In my research, I present the project from the industrial revolution up to the present day. In my concluding remarks, various design ideas for implementation on the peninsula and in its neighborhood were demonstrated.

The abandoned Népsziget with its industrial site holds a lot of potential for cultural and environmental development. When it comes to city planning in Budapest the main issue is the decrease of greenfield territories in the suburban areas while the ...


Urban Landscape Planning And The Contribution Of Green Infrastructure In Promoting Ecosystem Services, Camila G. Sant’Anna, Maria C.L. Bezerra 2019 Course of Architecture and Urbanism at Federal University of Goiás

Urban Landscape Planning And The Contribution Of Green Infrastructure In Promoting Ecosystem Services, Camila G. Sant’Anna, Maria C.L. Bezerra

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Green infrastructure (GI) has been an object of different theoretical-practical approaches concerning its application as a tool to build a sustainable and resilient land use plan. The key would be to guarantee the cities’ functions and services to work with nature. The challenge requests a clear association between conceptual terms and the design practices that have been developed in recent years, attending urban functions and protecting ecosystem services. The present work contributes to the debate, establishing the relationship between principles, urban scales, urban functions and configurable components of green infrastructure with the potential to guarantee the ecosystem service and to ...


Calculating Cultural Ecosystem Services As Part Of Greenspace Management?, Jocelyn M. Gavitt, Richard M. Smardon 2019 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Calculating Cultural Ecosystem Services As Part Of Greenspace Management?, Jocelyn M. Gavitt, Richard M. Smardon

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Lake related greenspace provides many benefits to residents and visitors, which are often under-valued. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Project (2005) proposed the valuation of ecosystem services, defined as regulatory, provisional, ecosystem support and cultural services provided for us by nature, free of charge. The challenge here is: How can we use cultural ecosystem services derived from scenic landscapes for greenspace management and assessment?

Cultural ecosystem services received international recognition as part of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Project (2005). Also, as part of ecosystems services, are regulatory, provisional and ecosystem support. For this paper we are particularly concerned with cultural services ...


Challenges And Answers Of Urban Development Focusing Green Infrastructure In European Metropolises, Krisztina F. Kovács, Paloma G. De Linares, Vera Iváncsics, Klaudia Máté, Sándor Jombach, István Valánszki 2019 Szent István University, Hungary, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urbanism, Department of Landscape Planning and Regional Development

Challenges And Answers Of Urban Development Focusing Green Infrastructure In European Metropolises, Krisztina F. Kovács, Paloma G. De Linares, Vera Iváncsics, Klaudia Máté, Sándor Jombach, István Valánszki

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urban sprawl is a general problem of developed countries and several European strategies highlight the importance of controlled development, compact settlements structure, and protection of ecologic values. We analyzed European metropolis regions focusing on challenges of preservation of green infrastructure and controlling urban sprawl. Vienna has protected the green spaces in and around the city for a century already. In case of Munich, the “compact-urban-green” leitmotif was implemented. Rennes created a green belt around the city, protecting agricultural land and privileges high densification and the agglomeration is planned in a polycentric model. In our comparison analysis, we would like to ...


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