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3,382 full-text articles. Page 85 of 85.

Environmental Taxes, Don Fullerton, Andrew Leicester, Stephen Smith 2009 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Environmental Taxes, Don Fullerton, Andrew Leicester, Stephen Smith

Don Fullerton

This paper provides an overview of key economic issues in the use of taxation as an instrument of environmental policy. Part A reviews economic arguments for using taxes and other market mechanisms in environmental policy, discusses the choice between taxes directly on measured emissions or less-directly related to emissions, and considers the value of the revenue from environmental taxes. We argue that environmental tax revenues do not significantly alter economic constraints on tax policy, and that environmental taxes need to be designed and justified primarily by the cost-effective achievement of environmental goals. Part B discusses key areas where environmental taxes ...


Public Goods And Tax Competition In A Two-Sided Market, Konstantinos Serfes, Christos Kotsogiannis 2009 Drexel University

Public Goods And Tax Competition In A Two-Sided Market, Konstantinos Serfes, Christos Kotsogiannis

Konstantinos Serfes

No abstract provided.


Measuring Poverty And Human Capital Development In Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2009 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Measuring Poverty And Human Capital Development In Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Catastrophes in Sudan are of many dimensions. Food security is a chronic and intrinsic problem in Sub Saharan Africa which is a fact recognized by the international society. Political instability, civil wars and finally recent secession of its Southern part is another fact which may be taken as a vivid example for other regions of that previously largest African country to be followed. The present paper introduces an analysis and assessment of measurements for human development indices in Sudan. It is empirically concluded that human welfare is invisible. The parameters are very low. Strategies are needed to provide for basic ...


Principal-Agent Problems In Fisheries, Niels Vestergaard 2009 University of Southern Denmark

Principal-Agent Problems In Fisheries, Niels Vestergaard

Niels Vestergaard

No abstract provided.


Exports And Productivity Selection Effects For Dutch Firms, Henk LM Kox, Hugo Rojas Romogosa 2009 CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis

Exports And Productivity Selection Effects For Dutch Firms, Henk Lm Kox, Hugo Rojas Romogosa

Henk LM Kox

The paper tests whether recent theories of international trade with heterogeneous firms can explain the export patterns in Dutch firm- and plant- level data in manufacturing and services. Recent trade models with heterogeneous firms predict that the export decision of firms is affected by sunk entry costs in foreign markets, with only the most productive firms self-selecting into exports. We test a latent variable model of the export decision by probit regressions and standard OLS panel regressions. Our results support the self-selection prediction. The process further appears to be conditioned by scale effects, market structure and multinational affiliation. Regarding alternative ...


Is The European Union Ready For Fdi From Emerging Markets?, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes 2009 Universidad de Cantabria

Is The European Union Ready For Fdi From Emerging Markets?, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes

Judith Clifton

This chapter asks whether the European Union Member States are ready for inward Foreign Direct Investment from the Emerging Markets. It concludes that European Union Member States have relatively open Foreign Direct Investment regimes in the international context, and yet instances of protectionism have been apparent in the recent period. However, protectionism has occurred both vis-a-vis Foreign Direct Investment from the Global South as well as from within the European Union, particularly in the so-called 'strategic' industries.


El Mercado De Valores Chileno: Análisis Y Propuestas En El Ámbito Tributario, Claudio A. Agostini, Carlos Budnevich 2009 Universidad Adolfo Ibañez

El Mercado De Valores Chileno: Análisis Y Propuestas En El Ámbito Tributario, Claudio A. Agostini, Carlos Budnevich

Claudio A. Agostini

A partir de un marco tributario que considera tanto los objetivos de la política tributaria de un país como sus efectos, en este trabajo se analizan los distintos impuestos que afectan al mercado de capitales en Chile. Dicho análisis, junto a una exhaustiva revisión de la literatura económica en este tema, tanto teórica como empírica, dan lugar a un conjunto de propuestas que permitirían reducir las potenciales distorsiones que introducen los impuestos en el mercado de valores en Chile actualmente, y que harían más eficiente su funcionamiento.


Reallocation Of Mesh Points In Fluid Problems Using Back-Propagation Algorithm, Philadelphia University 2009 Philadelphia University

Reallocation Of Mesh Points In Fluid Problems Using Back-Propagation Algorithm, Philadelphia University

Philadelphia University, Jordan

No abstract provided.


Do Students Benefit From Attending Better Schools?: Evidence From Rule-Based Student Assignments In Trinidad And Tobago, Clement (Kirabo) Jackson 2009 Cornell University ILR School

Do Students Benefit From Attending Better Schools?: Evidence From Rule-Based Student Assignments In Trinidad And Tobago, Clement (Kirabo) Jackson

C. Kirabo Jackson

In Trinidad and Tobago students are assigned to secondary schools after fifth grade based on achievement tests, leading to large differences in the school environments to which students of differing initial levels of achievement are exposed. This paper uses instrumental variables based on the discontinuities created by the assignment mechanism, and exploits rich data which include the students’ test scores at entry and secondary school preferences to address self-selection bias. I find that attending a better school has large positive effects on examination performance at the end of secondary school. The effects are about twice as large for girls than ...


The Uneasy Case For Subsidizing Energy Efficiency, George R. Parsons, Burton A. Abrams 2009 University of Delaware

The Uneasy Case For Subsidizing Energy Efficiency, George R. Parsons, Burton A. Abrams

George Parsons

An evaluation of cash for clunkers -- cars and appliances. It does not look good from an efficiency perspective.


Compensatory Restoration In A Random Utility Model Of Recreation Demand, George R. Parsons, Ami K. Kang 2009 University of Delaware

Compensatory Restoration In A Random Utility Model Of Recreation Demand, George R. Parsons, Ami K. Kang

George Parsons

Natural Resource Damage Assessment cases often call for compensation in non-monetary or restoration equivalent terms. In this paper we present an approach that uses a conventional economic model, a travel-cost random utility model of site choice, to determine compensatory restoration equivalents for hypothetical beach closures on the Gulf Coast of Texas. Our focus is on closures of beaches on the Padre Island National Seashore and compensation for day-trip users. We use a mixed logit site choice model in our application with revealed preference data. Using the random utility model we identify restoration projects (changes in beach characteristics) that pass a ...


Effects Of Information About Invasive Species On Risk Perception And Seafood Demand By Gender And Race, Timothy C. Haab, John C. Whitehead, George R. Parsons, Jamie Price 2009 Ohio State University

Effects Of Information About Invasive Species On Risk Perception And Seafood Demand By Gender And Race, Timothy C. Haab, John C. Whitehead, George R. Parsons, Jamie Price

George Parsons

In this paper we consider the effects of negative and positive risk information on perceived seafood risks and seafood consumption by gender and race. The data is from a Mid-Atlantic survey of coastal seafood consumers. We elicit risk perceptions in three risk scenarios with a dichotomous choice with a follow-up question format. We elicit continuous revealed and stated preference seafood consumption in nine risk and price scenarios. Analysis in four gender and race categories indicates that demographic groups respond to the positive and negative information in different ways. Communication of risk information as risk mitigation policy is a challenge.


Measuring The Recreational Use Value Of Migratory Shorebirds: A Stated Preference Study Of Birdwatching On The Delaware Bay, Kelley H. Myers, George R. Parsons, Peter E T Edwards 2009 University of Delaware

Measuring The Recreational Use Value Of Migratory Shorebirds: A Stated Preference Study Of Birdwatching On The Delaware Bay, Kelley H. Myers, George R. Parsons, Peter E T Edwards

George Parsons

In this article we estimate the recreational use value of household trips to view shorebirds during the annual horseshoe crab/shorebird migration on the Delaware Bay. We use contingent valuation to estimate the value of day and overnight trips separately and use a discrete choice question followed by a payment-card question to generate our valuation data. Our best estimates for the value of a day trip is about $66 - $90/household and for an overnight trip is about $200 - $425/household (2008$). Our data are from the 2008 season, and our average household size is 1.66. For some context ...


Black Tuesday And Graying The Legitimacy Line For Governmental Intervention: When Tomorrow Is Just A Future Yesterday, Donald J. Kochan 2009 Chapman University School of Law

Black Tuesday And Graying The Legitimacy Line For Governmental Intervention: When Tomorrow Is Just A Future Yesterday, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

Black Tuesday in October 1929 marked a major crisis in American history. As we face current economic woes, it is appropriate to recall not only the event but also reflect on how it altered the legal landscape and the change it precipitated in the acceptance of governmental intervention into the marketplace. Perceived or real crises can cause us to dance between free markets and regulatory power. Much like the events of 1929, current financial concerns have led to new, unprecedented governmental intervention into the private sector. This Article seeks caution, on the basis of history, arguing that fear and crisis ...


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