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3,393 full-text articles. Page 82 of 86.

Politics, Hegemony And Survival In Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2010 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Politics, Hegemony And Survival In Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Since the beginning of the year 2010, the political crisis of Sudan expands everyday. The inevitable secession of Southern Sudan amplifies with the chronic crisis of Abyei pocket between the north and the south. However, most analysts vocalize their astonishment at irrational official behavior as the de facto state of war that currently prevails in the country and call it pure stupidity. In this paper we analyze what is behind the regime structure and the conception of the Hakimya that makes their regime fortified from accepting rationality, resilience and sense of truth to respond for solutions and help of the ...


When Does A Pre-Death Sale Not Produce Income In Respect Of Decedent?, Neil E. Harl 2010 Iowa State University

When Does A Pre-Death Sale Not Produce Income In Respect Of Decedent?, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The concept of a new basis at death1 has been enormously advantageous to the agricultural sector and to the country generally in avoiding the “lock-in” effect that would occur if heirs were confronted with large income tax liability on the sale or other taxable disposition of inherited property. As is widely known, the loss of a new basis at death became reality after December 31, 2009, with a carryover basis implemented (although further Congressional action in 2010 is anticipated which would likely restore the rule of a new income tax basis at death).2 However, the concept of “income-in-respect ...


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr 2010 Iowa State University

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr 2010 Iowa State University

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Traps In Abandonment Of Property In Bankruptcy, Neil E. Harl 2010 Iowa State University

Traps In Abandonment Of Property In Bankruptcy, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The economic downturn since 2007 and the rising tide of bankruptcies have focused attention on the consequences of abandonment in bankruptcy.1 While bankruptcy law in the United States (in contrast to the treatment in some other countries) has long assured individual debtors a “fresh start” in life following bankruptcy,2 with such debtors in liquidation bankruptcy (Chapter 7)3 as well as reorganization bankruptcy4 generally eligible for discharge of debt, the way abandonments in bankruptcy are handled under prevailing case law5 interferes substantially with the vaunted fresh start after bankruptcy.6 A 1989 letter ruling issued by ...


Tyranny And Economic Greed: The Disintegration Of The Sudanese Nation, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2010 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Tyranny And Economic Greed: The Disintegration Of The Sudanese Nation, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

The present paper is part of unpublished book divided into three interrelated manuscripts that analyze the collapse of the Sudan. The current paper conclude that the decision of the International Criminal Court to arrest President Bashir triggered a process for the disintegration of an unprecedented tyrannical regime that embezzled the Sudanese nation under the pretext of imposing Islamic Sharia Laws. However, there is a pronounced prominent conflict manifested here which is the question whether it was a real Islamic laws, or was it only a powerful tool to control the country. The dogma imposed hegemonic regime that extracted all economic ...


Change Of "Taxpayer" After Crop Insurance (And Disaster Payment) Deferral, Neil E. Harl 2010 Iowa State University

Change Of "Taxpayer" After Crop Insurance (And Disaster Payment) Deferral, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Recently, the question was asked, “what are the consequences of incorporating or forming an LLC after electing to defer crop insurance and disaster payments?”1 It is tempting to change entities (for the business entity involved), particularly if income shifting to a lower tax bracket taxpayer is possible. However, that outcome seems to be blocked by assignment-of-income rules of long standing.


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr 2010 Iowa State University

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Labour Market Performance On Financial System Stability, Tomasz Daras, Joanna Tyrowicz 2010 University of Warsaw

The Effects Of Labour Market Performance On Financial System Stability, Tomasz Daras, Joanna Tyrowicz

Joanna Tyrowicz

Crisis may spread through economy via the propagating mechanisms of the labour market - households becoming delinquent due to initial unemployment shock may be unable to continue servicing obligations versus the financial system. With large volume debts - e.g. mortgages - such defaults pose a threat to financial system stability. In this paper we use the Polish household budgets survey to simulate the impact of changes in the labour market status of household members on the ability of the household to service its mortgage payments. The simulation results are subsequently aggregated to facilitate macro-level interpretation of the findings. We simulate various scenarios ...


Shadow Employment In Post-Transition - A Matter Of Choice Or No Choice?, Stanislaw Cichocki, Joanna Tyrowicz 2010 University of Warsaw

Shadow Employment In Post-Transition - A Matter Of Choice Or No Choice?, Stanislaw Cichocki, Joanna Tyrowicz

Joanna Tyrowicz

According to a dualistic view, shadow employment may follow from two main labour market failures: (i) official market labour taxation distortions make it ineffective for some agents to engage in registered employment due to a tax wedge; or (ii) for some workers regular employment may be unattainable do to some high access costs or demand constraints, which results in seeking earning opportunities beyond the boundaries of the official labour market. Whereas in the first case revenues from unofficial employment should be higher than the corresponding official ones (tax evasion hypothesis), in the alternative explanation labour market tightness seems to be ...


Do We Really Need To Start From Scratch?, Michal Gradzewicz, Krzysztof Makarski, Joanna Tyrowicz 2010 National Bank of Poland

Do We Really Need To Start From Scratch?, Michal Gradzewicz, Krzysztof Makarski, Joanna Tyrowicz

Joanna Tyrowicz

This paper presents views and believes of the authors on the relevance of the current economic theory for the understanding of the complex world we live in. Has the crisis indeed demonstrated that as profession we are misled by the beauty of the mathematical models and the only useful, workable solutions at hand were provided in early 1930s? The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the current state-of-the-art literature from the perspective of its usefulness in the context of economic crises. We argue that although we might be unable to answer many questions or to “predict ...


Intra-Provincial Inequalities And Economic Growth In China, Joanna Gravier-Rymaszewska, Joanna Tyrowicz, Jacek Kochanowicz 2010 University of Warsaw

Intra-Provincial Inequalities And Economic Growth In China, Joanna Gravier-Rymaszewska, Joanna Tyrowicz, Jacek Kochanowicz

Joanna Tyrowicz

This paper approaches the problem of inequalities in China. It is specifically focused on analyzing the effects of intra-provincial disparities on the development of the 28 mainland provinces in China. Intra-provincial inequalities, as measured by Theil index, seem positively related to growth, albeit the results are only convincing for the coastal provinces. A case by case analysis, however, suggests highly diversified patterns, including linear or an inverted u-shape for fastest growing coastal provinces and virtually no relationship for the majority of regions. The results corroborate some earlier raised questions about actual policy-making standards in China.


What Happened To The Middle Class In The New Market Economies? The Case Of Croatia And Poland, Joanna Tyrowicz, Iva Tomić 2010 University of Warsaw

What Happened To The Middle Class In The New Market Economies? The Case Of Croatia And Poland, Joanna Tyrowicz, Iva Tomić

Joanna Tyrowicz

Transition countries are believed to have undergone signifi cant social and economic structural changes. Indeed, the early transition resulted in the modifi cation of ownership structure and recognized processes of labor reallocation as well as in rapid educational booms in many Central and Eastern European countries. In this paper we shed some light on the changes regarding the size and composition of the middle class in two transition countries, Croatia and Poland, in the period 1995-2008. In general, the size of the middle class – as defi ned by individuals with wages around the median – decreased in Poland roughly between 2000 ...


Saving Less When There Is More? Foreign Debt And Domestic Savings In Developing Countries, Joanna Tyrowicz, Luke Okafor Emeka 2010 University of Warsaw

Saving Less When There Is More? Foreign Debt And Domestic Savings In Developing Countries, Joanna Tyrowicz, Luke Okafor Emeka

Joanna Tyrowicz

Although literature has given considerable attention to the effects of foreign debt on the growth, we still know little about its effects on the internal potential for capital formation. Literature suggests a number of channels through which availability of foreign financing could affect domestic savings. We test empirically this relationship using data for Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean over 1975-2004. Controlling for endogeneity, we find that foreign debt adversely influences domestic savings especially in the long run. The results are not susceptible to the choice of countries, although few outliers should be noted.


Riding On The Wave? Middle Class In Transition, Joanna Tyrowicz, Joanna Nestorowicz 2010 University of Warsaw

Riding On The Wave? Middle Class In Transition, Joanna Tyrowicz, Joanna Nestorowicz

Joanna Tyrowicz

In this paper we inquire into how structural social changes associated with economic transition affected the relative position of the so called ‘traditional’ and ‘new’ middle classes. We use Polish quarterly labor force surveys over the period 1995-2007 and analyze the distribution of self-reported wages and educational attainment across social groups. In the analysis we account for differences observed in the metropolies (usually benefiting immensely from the economic changes) and non-metropolitan areas (where most of the negative consequences are felt).

We find that although transition has contributed to greater inequalities both in terms of earned income and education, traditional middle ...


The Government Shareholder: Regulating Public Ownership Of Private Enterprise, Benjamin A. Templin 2010 Thomas Jefferson School of Law

The Government Shareholder: Regulating Public Ownership Of Private Enterprise, Benjamin A. Templin

Benjamin A. Templin

During the subprime financial crisis of 2007-2009, the U.S. transformed its policies from a focus on privatization and deregulation to one where the government plays an active role as a market participant. By the end of the 2009 fiscal year, the U.S. government became one of the largest shareholders in the world owning a portfolio of investments valued at $959 billion. Some pundits condemned the investments as socialism. The sudden increase in the government portfolio is better understood as a Keynesian response to market failure rather than a change in the political economy. However, the dramatic increase in ...


Estimando Indigencia Y Pobreza Indígena Regional Con Datos Censales Y Encuestas De Hogares, Claudio A. Agostini, Philip H. Brown, Andrei Roman 2010 Universidad Adolfo Ibañez

Estimando Indigencia Y Pobreza Indígena Regional Con Datos Censales Y Encuestas De Hogares, Claudio A. Agostini, Philip H. Brown, Andrei Roman

Claudio A. Agostini

While indigenous Chileans are believed to experience higher poverty rates than non-indigenous Chileans, evidence is typically based on surveys that are not representative by ethnicity. We adapt poverty mapping methodologies to estimate poverty and poverty gaps for eight indigenous groups more precisely. We find that indigenous people experience higher rates of poverty and also greater depth of poverty. These results hold within regions, suggesting that geographic variation in economic opportunity cannot fully explain the differences. We also find that the poverty burden is not equal across indigenous groups and argue that ethnicity should be included as a criterion for antipoverty ...


Pobreza, Desigualdad Y Segregación En La Región Metropolitana, Claudio A. Agostini 2010 Universidad Adolfo Ibañez

Pobreza, Desigualdad Y Segregación En La Región Metropolitana, Claudio A. Agostini

Claudio A. Agostini

En general, hay consenso respecto a cómo medir pobreza y desigualdad. Es por ello que existe un grado importante de acuerdo sobre su evolución en el tiempo, tanto en Chile como en la Región Metropolitana. Sin embargo, no existe igual grado de acuerdo respecto a la segregación. No hay una definición clara de qué es segregación ni cómo medirla, ni hay datos validados que permitan ver su evolución en el tiempo. No obstante, la ciudad de Santiago suele ser percibida como una urbe muy segregada y se piensa que ello tiene efectos negativos. En general, no hay buenos argumentos para ...


Differential Fuel Taxes And Their Effects On Automobile Demand, Claudio A. Agostini 2010 Universidad Adolfo Ibañez

Differential Fuel Taxes And Their Effects On Automobile Demand, Claudio A. Agostini

Claudio A. Agostini

Fuel taxation policy in Chile has always been to keep taxes on diesel lower than those on gasoline. The proportion of automobiles with diesel engines has grown considerably as a result. Just 20% of diesel engine emissions are equivalent to 80% of gasoline engine emissions, and this affects the level of externalities associated with automobile use, especially in cities such as Santiago where pollution levels are high. This study estimates the effect of the fuel tax differential on automobile demand. The findings indicate diesel automobile demand elasticities of -3.4 and 2.1 with respect to the price of the ...


Estudio Sobre La Oferta Y La Demanda Del Trabajo De Alta Cualificación En Castilla Y León, En El Marco Del Espacio Europeo De Educación Superior, Enrique Fernández-Macías, José-Ignacio Antón 2010 Universidad de Salamanca

Estudio Sobre La Oferta Y La Demanda Del Trabajo De Alta Cualificación En Castilla Y León, En El Marco Del Espacio Europeo De Educación Superior, Enrique Fernández-Macías, José-Ignacio Antón

José-Ignacio Antón

No abstract provided.


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