Empirical Essays In Household Economics, 2018 Southern Methodist University
Empirical Essays In Household Economics, Hao Li
Economics Theses and Dissertations
This dissertation is consist of three empirical studies in economics. The first part empirically examines the effect of universal pre-k on labor force participation of fertility age women in Oklahoma. I investigate the policy effect from both theoretical and empirical perspectives. I apply the synthetic control method (SCM) to the Current Population Survey (CPS) data to identify the causal relationship between universal pre-k and female labor outcomes. I find that universal pre-k increases labor supply of women aged 25 to 45 in Oklahoma. The second empirical study focuses on how the birth outcomes of US children respond to exposure to ...
The Fisheries Crisis And Its People: An Econometric Sustainable Livelihoods Application For Low-Income Artisanal Fishers In Sierra Leone, Nathan Brock
Honors Theses AY 17/18
The global fisheries crisis is a topic of significant research across fields, including economics. It is evident that the current global fish stocks are declining, which has motivated environmental protection measures to be implemented. Low-income countries and their inhabitants are unevenly harmed by these environmental impacts, as artisanal fishing villages are dependent on fisheries for subsistence and livelihood. This case is particularly true in Sierra Leone, where poverty is evident, artisanal fishing communities exist, and dependence on fisheries is high (Kassam, et al. 2017; Teh, et al. 2016). Policy makers in these countries are faced with the challenge of mitigating ...
Transitions From Higher Education To The Labor Market: Merit Aid, Time To Degree Signals, And Major Choice, 2018 University of New Mexico
Transitions From Higher Education To The Labor Market: Merit Aid, Time To Degree Signals, And Major Choice, Christopher P. Erwin
Human capital production is central to economic wellbeing from a national perspective: it improves productivity, spurs technological innovation, and promotes sustainable economic growth over time. Equally important, investments in human capital are central to economic wellbeing at the individual level. College graduates tend to earn more money, are more employable, are better able to manage economic downturns, and have even been shown to have better health. Moreover, for many students, the college experience is an important lesson in living independently, developing social and professional networks, and generally taking on more responsibility in one’s life. It has been said that ...
2018 Chapman Environmental Audit: Sustainable Purchasing Policy, 2018 Chapman University
2018 Chapman Environmental Audit: Sustainable Purchasing Policy, Kc Hoppel
Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters
Chapman University maintains its commitment to a “campus culture that promotes a sustainable future” in its Sustainability Policy, which was implemented in 2014. However, the University currently has no mechanism to ensure this sustainable decision-making process occurs. One of the surest ways to guarantee this change is to enact a University-wide sustainable purchasing policy that ensures consistency between departments. Institutions benefit from sustainable procurement by receiving more efficient and long-lasting products, protecting and enhancing the local and global environment, supporting innovative technologies, creating a diverse supply chain, and gaining a competitive edge as a leading institution. A few cost-benefit analyses ...
Do Homebuyers Care About Good Grades? Evaluating The Effect Of Nyc School Accountability Program On Housing Values, John I. Campagna
School of Arts & Sciences Theses
This paper looks at the eﬀect of the New York City school accountability grades on the residential property market. Grades by themselves are found to have some effect on residential property market, but the inclusion of test scores along with grades diminishes the strength of their eﬀect.
The Importance Of Stem: How Rust Belt Universities Can Drive Economic Growth By Supporting High-Technology Industry, Robert O'Gara
Undergraduate Honors Theses
This study examines whether universities in mid-sized “Rust Belt” cities can help drive local economic growth by directly supporting growth in local high-technology industry. This study is inspired by the hypothesis of van Agtmael and Bakker (2016) that high-technology industry can generate significant levels of economic growth that revitalized Rust Belt communities. This study shows that some university outputs, like undergraduate students in STEM fields and R&D expenditures in STEM fields benefit a Rust Belt city’s high-technology industry sector and overall economy. However, these results are stronger in the mid-sized Rust Belt cities of the Midwest rather than ...
California Redevelopment 2.0: Implementation Of Community Revitalization And Investment Authorities, 2018 San Jose State University
California Redevelopment 2.0: Implementation Of Community Revitalization And Investment Authorities, Christopher Hoem
This research aims at revealing the challenges and opportunities in implementing Community Revitalization and Investment Authorities (CRIAs) in California.
This study will focus on the implementation of CRIAs, but it is worth examining alternative economic development tools to draw comprehensive comparisons and understand their advantages and disadvantages.
Understanding economic development tools may be valuable for the commercial and industrial growth and prosperity of cities and local governments. It may also be important to increase the number of affordable housing units in an area. Businesses and low-income families alike share the benefits of successful redevelopment. It may be possible to reveal ...
A Commentary On Litigation Involving Uber Technologies, Inc., 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
A Commentary On Litigation Involving Uber Technologies, Inc., Catherine Hagemeier
Economics Undergraduate Honors Theses
Uber Technologies, Inc. is a peer-to-peer ridesharing, food delivery, and transportation network managed in San Francisco, California. Travis Kalanick and Garrett Camp developed the idea for the ridesharing app in 2008, after experiencing difficulty hailing a cab. They originally designed the app to be used in major metropolitan areas, but the business inevitably took off; it now operates in 633 cities worldwide. In 2017, Uber claimed that the company earned roughly $7.5 billion in revenue, employed more than 12,000 “independent drivers,” and connected over one billion people (“Finding the Way”). Though widely successful and heralded as a major ...
The Effects Of Food Security On Socioeconomic Mobility In The United States: A Case Study In Allendale County, South Carolina, 2018 University of South Carolina
The Effects Of Food Security On Socioeconomic Mobility In The United States: A Case Study In Allendale County, South Carolina, Taylor St Clarke
This thesis examines the relationship between food security – defined as accessibility to an affordable, nutritious, and sustainable source of food – and socioeconomic mobility in the continental United States. This thesis is primarily focused on the effects of food insecurity on both individuals and communities, examining the chronic long-term effects of such insecurity on areas known as “food deserts,” which are often given status as areas of persistent poverty. This research further examines the effects of a sustained poor diet, brought about by food insecurity, on the individual and overarching community in a food desert and how such a diet impacts ...
The Controversial F-35 Joint Strike Fighter: America's Most Expensive Weapons System And Its Global Impact, Bert Chapman
Libraries Faculty and Staff Creative Materials
Provides an overview on the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) program involving the U.S. and many allied countries. Describes the costs of this program, the technical problems it has experienced, its economic impact on the U.S. and allied countries, the JSF's operational capabilities, potential combat scenarios in which it could be used, and the campaign finance impact aerospace companies and unions have in the electoral process.
Public Principles And Economic Legacy, 2018 Cedarville University
Public Principles And Economic Legacy, Stanley Schwartz
Channels: Where Disciplines Meet
2018 will mark the 60th anniversary of the publication of Public Principles of Public Debt. The Nobel-prize winning economist’s first book conflicted with the Keynesian orthodoxy of the day, and added fresh ideas to an ongoing debate over the fundamentals of public debt theory. This paper seeks to outline the dialogue among leading economists surrounding public debt since the publication of Public Principles of Public Debt, examining the major schools of thought and their development. The ideas of John Maynard Keynes, James Buchanan, and Richard Barro will receive attention, without neglecting other significant contributions. The paper will conclude ...
Was The Amt Effectively Repealed?, 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Was The Amt Effectively Repealed?, Reed Shuldiner
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
The individual alternative minimum tax (AMT) was a much disliked feature of the tax law prior to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). Yet, despite repeated promises to repeal the AMT as part of tax reform, the TCJA dropped AMT repeal in favor of increasing the AMT exemption and its phaseout threshold. The question raised by this development is whether the AMT changes should be viewed as yet another stop-gap tweak of the AMT or whether the changes should be viewed as returning the AMT to its roots as a tax on high-income taxpayers using excessive loopholes. In this ...
Connecticut Economic Outlook For 2018-2020: A Perspective From Sacred Heart University Students In Business Economics, 2018 Sacred Heart University
Connecticut Economic Outlook For 2018-2020: A Perspective From Sacred Heart University Students In Business Economics, Jack Welch College Of Business
WCBT Student Publications
The United States economy has been through its fair share of struggles in recent years. Following the 2008 Financial Crisis, many people were uncertain of how it was going to impact the future of American business, policies, and individual states economic potential. After the election of President Donald Trump, it is evident that there has been a great amount of growth in the United States economy, and the growth that has been made can be reflected in multiple ways. Using the tools and knowledge we have obtained in our Economic and Financial Forecasting course at Sacred Heart University, we are ...
Can Risk Models Extract Inflation Expectations From Financial Market Data? Evidence From The Inflation Protected Securities Of Six Countries, 2018 Highfield Campus, University of Southampton
Can Risk Models Extract Inflation Expectations From Financial Market Data? Evidence From The Inflation Protected Securities Of Six Countries, Arben Kita, Daniel L. Tortorice
Economics Department Working Papers
We consider an arbitrage strategy which exactly replicates the cash of a sovereign inflation-indexed bond using inflation swaps and nominal sovereign bonds. The strategy reveals a violation of the law of one price in the G7 countries which is largest for the eurozone. Testing the strategy's exposure to deflation, volatility, liquidity, economic and policy risks suggests that the observed pricing differential is an economic tail risk premium which is more pronounced in the eurozone. We conclude that inflation expectations implied by models that view this pricing differential as compensation for risk are likely to be accurate and useful for ...
Investigating Treatment Effects Of Participating Jointly In Snap And Wic When The Treatment Is Validated Only For Snap, Helen H. Jensen, Brent Kreider, Oleksandr Zhylyevskyy
Economics Working Papers
USDA operates several food assistance programs aimed at alleviating food insecurity. Little is known about how they interact. We focus on SNAP and WIC, two of the largest means-tested programs that provide resources to low-income households to purchase food and differ in several respects. Our question is the extent to which participation in both programs alleviates food insecurity compared with participation in SNAP alone. We bound underlying causal effects by applying nonparametric treatment effect methods that allow for endogenous selection and underreported program participation to data from the National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS). FoodAPS contains administrative data ...
Nebraska Business And Consumer Confidence Indexes: March 9, 2018, 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Nebraska Business And Consumer Confidence Indexes: March 9, 2018, Eric Thompson
Leading Economic Indicator Reports
Nebraska consumer and business confidence fell during February 2018, dropping from the near-peak levels seen in January. The Consumer Confidence Index – Nebraska (CCI-N) fell to 101.6 in February from a value of 115.2 in January. The February value remains above the neutral level of 100.0. The Business Confidence Index – Nebraska (BCI-N) fell to 107.4 In February from 112.2 in January. Both monthly readings were well above the neutral value of 100.0 suggesting that business confidence remains strong. When asked about the most important issue facing their business, customer demand was mentioned by 38 percent ...
Entrepreneurship Education Empowers Youth To Change Their Lives, 2018 Foundation for Economic Education
Entrepreneurship Education Empowers Youth To Change Their Lives, Marianna Brashear, Jason Riddle
National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah
The Foundation for Economic Education (FEE) aims at equipping Title 1 schools with free, hands-on, engaging materials that any teacher can facilitate either individually or in a classroom setting with no background in entrepreneurship necessary. These versatile lessons, courses, and workshops teach the entrepreneurial mindset optimizing opportunities for grades 8-12 students no matter which life/career path they choose.
Minimum Wages And Occupational Skills Acquired During High School, 2018 Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Minimum Wages And Occupational Skills Acquired During High School, Benjamin Meier, Kyrstin Shadle, Brent E. Kreider, Peter F. Orazem
Economics Working Papers
The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 Geocode sample and the O*NET Occupational Database are used to generate estimates of skills acquired on jobs held by youth during high school. The types of jobs firms offer high school students change with the minimum wage. Jobs offered in high minimum wage states involve less skill acquisition. These same skills are shown to be important for income, employment and occupational skills later in life. Additional schooling substitutes for job skills acquired in high school, implying lost on-the-job training in high school is most costly for youth who do not go to ...
Cases, Regulations And Statutes, 2018 Iowa State University
Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr
Agricultural Law Digest
No abstract provided.
After Repeal Of The “Small Partnership” In 2015, What Next?, 2018 Iowa State University
After Repeal Of The “Small Partnership” In 2015, What Next?, Neil E. Harl
Agricultural Law Digest
After a shocking and unannounced repeal of the “small partnership” provision in late 2015, as part of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015,1 which was enacted as part of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility of 1982, the stunned users of that part of the 1982 Act began to raise questions. When does it go into effect? Will I end up with partnership status? Will I have a choice on what I can shift to? Will that shift be automatic or will it be an election? In the 27 months which have elapsed since enactment, not one word has ...