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Finding Meaning For Food Deserts: Food Retail Establishments In Colorado Counties, Brianna Huynh 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Finding Meaning For Food Deserts: Food Retail Establishments In Colorado Counties, Brianna Huynh

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores food retail establishments in Colorado in an attempt to discover if food deserts are a meaningful concept in the current literature. By examining Colorado county demographics and count of food retail establishments, we determine the main drivers of food retail establishment change. This thesis finds that race has an effect on food retail establishments consistent with what the literature contends, but income has an opposite effect.


The Medicaid Expansion And Cost-Sharing Requirements, Trevor Heinrichs 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

The Medicaid Expansion And Cost-Sharing Requirements, Trevor Heinrichs

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study examines how the Medicaid expansion has affected health coverage, medical care utilization, financial well-being, and self-reported health. This study distinguishes itself from prior literature in that it also examines how the effect of the Medicaid expansion depends upon state cost-sharing requirements. Further, the study leverages a natural experimental design based on the introduction of a policy intervention (i.e. the Medicaid expansion in 2014). A difference-in-difference regression model is first used to compare states that did and did not expand Medicaid. A second difference-in-difference regression model is then used to compare states that did not expand Medicaid, states ...


The Effect Of Water And Sanitation Privatization On Child Mortality Rates In Guayaquil, Ecuador, Brian Lambert 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

The Effect Of Water And Sanitation Privatization On Child Mortality Rates In Guayaquil, Ecuador, Brian Lambert

Undergraduate Honors Theses

A strong debate continues in economics over whether privatization of water and sanitation resources is beneficial in developing countries. This paper analyzes mortality and census data in the years 1990- 2010 from the Ecuadorian National Institute of Statistics and Censuses to determine how the privatization of water and sanitation in Guayaquil, Ecuador has affected water-related mortality rates in the city. In this analysis, I conduct a difference-in-difference regression analysis with the under-three, under-five, and under-ten water-related mortality rate as my dependent variable, and the event of water privatization as my independent variable. In this investigation, I find that water privatization ...


Accounting For Agent Heterogeneity In Market And Policy Analysis, Konstantinos Giannakas 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Accounting For Agent Heterogeneity In Market And Policy Analysis, Konstantinos Giannakas

Zea E-Books

doi:10.13014/K2416V8V

This book presents a multi-market framework of market and policy analysis that explicitly accounts for the empirically relevant heterogeneity in consumer preferences and producer characteristics. The explicit consideration of consumer and producer heterogeneity represents a significant departure from the representative consumer and producer that have been at the center of most of the literature on market and policy analysis, and enables the distributional impacts of changes in market conditions and policies to be fully identified. The framework is used to analyze the system-wide market and welfare impacts of a number of changes in market conditions (like ...


Innovación Social En Colombia “Caso De Emprendimiento” Fundación Acción Interna, Lina María Muñoz Luengas, Heidi Lorena Medina Franco 2019 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Innovación Social En Colombia “Caso De Emprendimiento” Fundación Acción Interna, Lina María Muñoz Luengas, Heidi Lorena Medina Franco

Administración de Empresas

El presente artículo de investigación es de índole cualitativo y tiene como objetivo desde la perspectiva de la innovación social analizar las variables de innovación proactiva, reactiva y el tipo de emprendedor. Este artículo propone la necesidad de relacionar la revisión de literatura conceptual, con el fin de entender la relación entre innovación social y emprendimiento femenino, se busca profundizar en conceptos como lo son Innovación Social Vs Emprendimiento Social, Emprendimientos Femeninos en Colombia y Estado actual de las cárceles en Colombia. Donde se da a conocer el caso de “Fundación Acción Interna”, esta busca la inclusión, reconciliación y resocialización ...


The Efficient Corruption Hypothesis And The Dynamics Between Economic Freedom, Corruption, And National Income, Joshua Hall, John Levendis, Alexandre R. Scarcioffolo 2019 West Virginia University

The Efficient Corruption Hypothesis And The Dynamics Between Economic Freedom, Corruption, And National Income, Joshua Hall, John Levendis, Alexandre R. Scarcioffolo

Economics Faculty Working Papers Series

Income, economic freedom, and corruption interact in complex ways as all three variables are arguably endogenous. We explicitly model this endogeneity using a panel VAR framework. The pVAR models we estimate are able to explicitly model this endogeneity better than the single-equation panel data models previously used in the literature. Using data on corruption and income from the World Bank and economic freedom from the Fraser Institute, we provide evidence that corruption and the absence of economic freedom have a negative effect on national income.


Food Assistance Programs In The Us And Their Impact On Childhood Obesity, Jannatul Kawsar 2019 South Dakota State Univeristy

Food Assistance Programs In The Us And Their Impact On Childhood Obesity, Jannatul Kawsar

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Numerous food assistance programs (FAP) aim to ensure food security among low income American households. However, the literature suggests that participation in food assistance programs may be associated with the US childhood obesity epidemic. The goal of this study is to analyze the association between the number of major food assistance programs children participate in and childhood obesity. The major food assistance programs considered are the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), the National School Lunch Program (NSLP), and the School Breakfast Programs (SBP). This is the first study to ...


Mass Atrocities And Their Prevention, Charles H. Anderton, Jurgen Brauer 2019 College of the Holy Cross

Mass Atrocities And Their Prevention, Charles H. Anderton, Jurgen Brauer

Economics Department Working Papers

Counting conservatively, and ignoring physical injuries and mental trauma, data show about 100 million mass atrocity-related deaths since 1900. Occurring in war and in peacetime, and of enormous scale, severity, and brutality, they are geographically widespread, occur with surprising frequency, and can be long-lasting in their adverse effects on economic and human development, wellbeing, and wealth. As such, they are a major economic concern. This article synthesizes very diverse and widely dispersed theoretical and empirical literatures, addressing two gaps: a “mass atrocities gap” in the economics literature and an “economics gap” in mass atrocities scholarship. Our goals are, first, for ...


Missing Girls In The United States: Literature Review And Some Analysis, Bryan Jackson 2019 Iowa State University

Missing Girls In The United States: Literature Review And Some Analysis, Bryan Jackson

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


Visions Of The Future In Budgetary Discourse, Ewan MacDonald, Brendan O'Rourke, John Hogan 2019 Technological University Dublin

Visions Of The Future In Budgetary Discourse, Ewan Macdonald, Brendan O'Rourke, John Hogan

Conference papers

Whilst there is ample precedent to argue against the common-sense notion that the ideological leanings of political parties are congruent with their implementation of fiscal policy (Boix, 2000; Garrett & Lange, 1991; Hibbs, 1977; Liargovas & Manolas, 2007), there is a relative dearth of research on the role of discourse in shaping fiscal policy with one notable exception by Maatsch (2014). With this in mind, we approach the issue of examining fiscal policy through a fixed, contested and subverted within particular texts” (Howarth, 2005, p. 341). This paper examines how the future is constructed in Irish budget speeches delivered between 1970-2015 using a combination ...


The Legalization Of Street Vending In Los Angeles: Exploring The Impact On Vendors And Their Livelihoods, Karen Alpuche Caceres 2019 Claremont Colleges

The Legalization Of Street Vending In Los Angeles: Exploring The Impact On Vendors And Their Livelihoods, Karen Alpuche Caceres

Pomona Senior Theses

This thesis aims to unpack the impact the legalization of street vending and the subsequent regulation had on sidewalk vendors. Although legalization occurred state-wide through Senate Bill 946 in September of 2017, the rules and regulations for vending were passed at a city-level, and I am focusing on the City of Los Angeles specifically. Through interviews with government officials, non-profit partners and advocates, and vendors from different parts of the City, I analyze information around the policy itself, its history, and the impact it has and is expected to have on vendors and their businesses. While vendors have been central ...


Post-Crisis Economic And Social Policy: Some Thoughts On Structural Reforms 2.0., Philomila Tsoukala 2019 Georgetown University Law Center

Post-Crisis Economic And Social Policy: Some Thoughts On Structural Reforms 2.0., Philomila Tsoukala

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Managing the euro crisis has been a process of institutional transformation for the EU. The European Semester has emerged as a powerful tool for economic policy coordination between the Member States. Beyond the new enforcement tools that the Semester affords the Commission and Council in case of non-compliance with country-specific recommendations, the management of the crisis has given the Commission experience in structural reforms. The Commission now regularly uses this experience in formulating its yearly country-specific recommendations to Member States. Far from a stalwart of untethered neoliberalism, the Commission has been fashioning itself as the manager with a human face ...


A Study Of The Effects Of Certificate Of Need Law On Inpatient Occupancy Rates, Jomon Aliyas Paul, Huan Ni, Aniruddha Bagchi 2018 Selected Works

A Study Of The Effects Of Certificate Of Need Law On Inpatient Occupancy Rates, Jomon Aliyas Paul, Huan Ni, Aniruddha Bagchi

Aniruddha Bagchi

Increasing healthcare costs and the deterioration of healthcare quality have always been major concerns to policy makers in the United States, and Certificate of Need (CON) Law has been implemented as one way to curb wasteful healthcare resource use. Theoretically, CON can lead to a reduction in the number of beds as well as in the number of inpatient days (possibly by shortening the length of patient stay). However, these two effects impact inpatient occupancy rate in opposite directions. We test empirically to find out which of these two effects dominate. In this study, we investigate the impact of CON ...


Essays On Energy Economics And Environmental Policies, Janak R. Joshi 2018 Central Michigan University

Essays On Energy Economics And Environmental Policies, Janak R. Joshi

Economics ETDs

This dissertation contains three distinct empirical chapters in applied energy and environmental economics. Each chapter focuses on a unique set of research questions, methods, and data. The unifying motivation therein concerns the development of renewable or alternative low-carbon energy sources as a policy response to the challenges of climate change mitigation, local and regional environmental quality issues, and energy security concerns. Economic and environmental evaluation of the energy policies coupled with understanding energy use patterns is of paramount importance. Together, the empirical chapters focus on demand, supply, and policy aspects of energy markets in the United States (US).

First, Chapter ...


Should Schools Have Teachers Carry Guns?, John R. Lott Jr 2018 Crime Prevention Research Center

Should Schools Have Teachers Carry Guns?, John R. Lott Jr

Health Behavior Research

With 20 states having teachers and staff carrying guns to varying degrees on school property, we don’t need to guess how the policy would work. Fears of teachers carrying guns in terms of accidents or other problems have not materialized.Letting teachers carry is the only effective way to overcome the strategic advantages of mass public killers.The other alternatives to preventing mass public shootings have real limits.


Sports Arenas, Teams And Property Values: Temporary And Permanent Shocks To Local Amenity Flows, Yulia Chikish, Brad Humphreys, Adam Nowak 2018 West Virginia University

Sports Arenas, Teams And Property Values: Temporary And Permanent Shocks To Local Amenity Flows, Yulia Chikish, Brad Humphreys, Adam Nowak

Economics Faculty Working Papers Series

Professional sports facilities and teams generate local amenity flows in cities that may affect property values. Previous research shows evidence of important positive and negative local amenity flows based on case studies of changes in residential property values in specific cities. We analyze changes in residential property values in Oklahoma City over a period, 2000 to 2016, where both temporary and permanent exogenous shocks to local sports-related amenities occurred. Results from hedonic price models and repeat sales regression models show that nearby residential property prices increased after the opening of a new arena and the arrival of a new, permanent ...


Professional Sports, Hurricane Katrina, And The Economic Redevelopment Of New Orleans: Revisited, Victor Matheson, Robert Baade, Callan Henderschott 2018 College of the Holy Cross

Professional Sports, Hurricane Katrina, And The Economic Redevelopment Of New Orleans: Revisited, Victor Matheson, Robert Baade, Callan Henderschott

Economics Department Working Papers

Hurricane Katrina devastated the city of New Orleans in late August 2005, resulting in damage to much of the city’s sports infrastructure and the temporary departure of both of New Orleans’ major league professional sports teams, the National Football League Saints and the National Basketball Association Hornets. The city spent over $500 million restoring the sports infrastructure in New Orleans, and both teams subsequently returned to the city. In addition, New Orleans has since hosted numerous mega-sporting events including the Super Bowl, NCAA Men’s Basketball Final Four, and several college football national championships. This paper examines the economic ...


The Rise And Fall (And Rise And Fall) Of The Olympic Games As An Economic Driver, Victor Matheson 2018 College of the Holy Cross

The Rise And Fall (And Rise And Fall) Of The Olympic Games As An Economic Driver, Victor Matheson

Economics Department Working Papers

This paper traces the economic history of major sporting events focusing on the Olympics. Historically, the Olympic Games as well as other major sporting events have been considered costly events that place a burden on host cities. Only in relatively recent years, coinciding with the massive increases in the cost of hosting these events, have event organizers begun to claim that these events bring with them large economic benefits.


Point/Counterpoint: Is There A Case For Subsidizing Sports Stadiums?, Victor Matheson 2018 College of the Holy Cross

Point/Counterpoint: Is There A Case For Subsidizing Sports Stadiums?, Victor Matheson

Economics Department Working Papers

In recent decades, governments have committed enormous public resources to subsidize construction of new stadiums, and the dollar value of taxpayer contributions for these subsidies continues to climb. Spending of taxpayer dollars includes both direct subsidies from state and local governments, as well as indirect subsidies from the use of tax-exempt bonds to finance construction. In granting stadium subsidies, governments claim that the stadiums are a public good that attracts tourists and businesses, thereby generating increased spending and job creation—benefits that flow to the community rather than to team owners. But do such benefits exist, and are they large ...


Burning Waters To Crystal Springs? U.S. Water Pollution Regulation Over The Last Half Century, David A. Keiser, Joseph S. Shapiro 2018 Iowa State University

Burning Waters To Crystal Springs? U.S. Water Pollution Regulation Over The Last Half Century, David A. Keiser, Joseph S. Shapiro

Economics Working Papers

In the half century since the founding of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. has spent nearly $5 trillion ($2017) to provide cleaner rivers, lakes, and drinking water, or annual spending of 0.8 percent of U.S. GDP in most years. Yet over half of rivers and substantial shares of drinking water systems violate standards, and polls for decades have listed water pollution as Americans’ number one environmental concern. We assess the history, effectiveness, and efficiency of the Clean Water Act and Safe Drinking Water Act, and obtain four main conclusions. First, water pollution has fallen ...


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