John Rawls's Difference Principle And The Strains Of Commitment: A Diagrammatic Exposition, Greg Hill
No abstract provided.
Some Wittgensteinian Reservationas About Neuroeconomics, 2010 SelectedWorks
Some Wittgensteinian Reservationas About Neuroeconomics, Greg Hill
Abstract: In Economic Theory and Cognitive Science, Don Ross proposes a radical reconstruction of neoclassical economics, retaining its rational-choice framework while substituting neural networks and other “mechanisms” for people as the prototypical decision-making agents. This essay describes some of the difficulties that arise when concepts belonging to what Wittgenstein called the human “form of life” are invoked to explain the behavior of such sub-personal “agents” as parts of the brain. The result is a misbegotten conception of “agency” and a “cyborg economics” the subject matter of which bears little relation to what economists and ordinary people mean by “making a ...
2010 American Incentive System Almanac, 2010 Harding University
2010 American Incentive System Almanac, Don P. Diffine Ph.D.
Belden Center Monographs
No abstract provided.
Political Economy, 2010 University of Richmond
Political Economy, Sandra J. Peart, David M. Levy
Jepson School of Leadership Studies articles, book chapters and other publications
Political economy describes how human societies are organized by exchange. The critical issue for political economists is the interaction between self-directed decision making and the incentives that turn decisions into approved outcomes. In this interaction, political economists see a key role for leadership, a role that depends upon our common concern for others (Robbins, 1981). There are three roles, then, for leadership in the political economist’s model: self-directed decision making, incentive making, and establishing the criteria for approved outcomes.
Beyond National “Varieties”: Public-Service Contracting In Comparative Perspective, 2010 Cornell University
Beyond National “Varieties”: Public-Service Contracting In Comparative Perspective, Ian Greer, Ian Greenwood, Mark Stuart
Articles and Chapters
[Excerpt] In this chapter, we will explore how work in contracted-out public services, including that in the voluntary sector, maps onto the broader international political economy of work. Comparative scholars often write about society correcting the excesses of the market, and it is hard to imagine a more relevant phenomenon to this than the voluntary sector. Yet this sector is itself subject to market forces, ironically perhaps, due to its ever-closer relationship with the state. Our study of employment in welfare-to-work services in the UK and Germany, whose findings are summarised below, shows how this relationship works and what its ...
Bolivia's Coca Headache: The Agroyungas Program, Inflation, Campesinos, Coca And Capitalism In Bolivia, 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Bolivia's Coca Headache: The Agroyungas Program, Inflation, Campesinos, Coca And Capitalism In Bolivia, John D. Roberts
Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014
Bolivia in the 1980s was wracked by monetary inflation approaching levels of the German Weimar Republic. Immediately following this time of great financial crisis in Bolivia, the U.N. founded a project through the U.N.D.P. to encourage peasant farmers in Bolivia to switch from growing coca (the plant used manufacture cocaine) to growing other cash crops for market. This crop substitution and development program, called the Agroyungas Project, lasted from 1985 to 1991 and is the focus of this study. While many U.N. pundits and journalists considered the program’s initial small successes promising, it has ...
Diy Media: Movement Perspectives On Critical Moments, Produced By Mark Read. A Dvd Series From Deep Dish Tv (1988-2010), 2010 University of Maine - Main
Diy Media: Movement Perspectives On Critical Moments, Produced By Mark Read. A Dvd Series From Deep Dish Tv (1988-2010), Martin Wallace
Library Staff Publications
This is part one of a two-part review of the DVD Series DIY Media: Movement Perspectives on Critical Moments, produced by Mark Read. This part of the review covers the following parts of the video series: Expression = Life – ACT UP, Video, and the AIDS Crisis; Many Yeses, One No – Confronting Corporate Globalization; and Resistencia Y Solidaridad – El Salvador, Colombia, and the U.S. Solidarity Movement. Both the technical quality of the series and its content are reviewed. The second part of this review, covering other parts of the series, was written by another reviewer and is not included here.
The Effects On A State When They Lose Their Senior Senator, 2010 Claremont McKenna College
The Effects On A State When They Lose Their Senior Senator, Adam J. Morris
CMC Senior Theses
The Primary purpose of this paper is to examine the role and importance of Senior Senators in the US Senate. Many states rely on Senators to bring in federal spending in the form of pork. When states lose their Senior Senator and the power they accumulated through increased tenure, they risk losing certain benefits in terms of pork. We use federal expenditures per dollar of tax and analyze how it is affected by Seniority in the Senate. Population, Income, and unemployment rates in each state were controlled for in our regression analysis. It is concluded that increased tenure significantly increases ...
The Impact Of Government Ownership And Institutions On The Reporting Behavior Of Local Auditors In China, Koon Hung Chan, Zhenpin, Kenny Lin, Yeuk Ha, Brossa Wong
This paper updates and extends the study of Chan et al. (2006) by investigating whether regional differences in the political and institutional environment in China have a significant impact on auditor reporting behavior. Adopting a within-country setting, which precludes cross-country confounding factors, we find that in regions with a low level of institutional development, local auditors are more likely than non-local auditors to issue standard unqualified opinions to listed companies controlled by local governments. In addition, compared with local auditors in institutionally strong regions, those in institutionally weak regions are more likely to issue unqualified opinions to these companies. We ...
Short Term Strategies For Long Term Power: The Rise And Potential Fall Of Hugo Chávez, 2010 Claremont McKenna College
Short Term Strategies For Long Term Power: The Rise And Potential Fall Of Hugo Chávez, Linden E.S. Schult
CMC Senior Theses
This thesis explores the route to power of Venezuela's President Hugo Chávez and the methods by which he has remained in power throughout his presidency. Also, it explores the potential for Chávez to lose power, given the current economic and political situation in Venezuela. The importance of the oil industry, Chávez's suppression of the opposition and control of the media, and constitutional changes and reforms are all discussed as keys to Chávez's continuance in power.
Three Essays In Political Economy, 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder
Three Essays In Political Economy, David Pinto Quintero
Economics Graduate Theses & Dissertations
Chapter 1. The Effects of Political Competition on the Feasibility of Economic Reform
This chapter shows that democracies may fail to enact desirable economic reforms even when such reforms Pareto dominate the status quo and there are no informational asymmetries. The key insight is that, even when reforms entail economic gains for all agents, electoral political losses cannot be compensated politically. Consequently, when the majority party has strong electoral support, minority parties pursue both low-gain reforms and high-gain reforms. Intermediate-gain reforms are harder to enact, since the electoral costs dominate welfare gains. In highly contested environments, only high-gain reforms succeed ...
Von Der Avantgarde Zu Den Verlierern Des Postkommunismus: Gewerkschaften Im Prozess Der Restrukturierung Der Stahlindustrie In Mittel- Und Osteuropa, Aleksandra Sznajder Lee, Vera Trappmann
Political Science Faculty Publications
Der Beitrag analysiert die Gründe für die Schwächung der Gewerkschaften in Mittel- und Osteuropa auf betrieblicher Ebene. Am Beispiel der Stahlindustrie in Polen, Rumänien und der Slowakei zeigt er, dass die Gewerkschaften Legitimität und Unterstützung bei den Belegschaften aufgrund ihrer Verwicklung in die Restrukturierung der Unternehmen verloren haben, und zwar aus je unterschiedlichen Gründen. In der Slowakei und Rumänien haben sich die betrieblichen Gewerkschaftsvertreter zusammen mit Regierungsangehörigen an den Betrieben privatwirtschaftlich bereichert und die Unternehmen so in den Bankrott geführt, während in Polen die Gewerkschaften versucht haben, die Profitabilität der Unternehmen zu erhalten, auf Kosten der Arbeitsplätze. Der neoliberale Kurs ...
The Virtual Debt Factory: Towards An Analysis Of Debt And Abstraction In The American Credit Crisis, 2010 University of Windsor
The Virtual Debt Factory: Towards An Analysis Of Debt And Abstraction In The American Credit Crisis, Vincent Manzerolle
Communication, Media & Film Publications
Emanating from the United States, the ongoing global credit crisis has provided important insights into a shady new area of capitalist exploitation: the consumer debt factory. In an effort to speed up and quantifiably increase the circula-tion of consumer credit to match the consumption needs of post-Fordist accumulation, this industry—comprising financial institutions, consumer database companies, and credit rating agencies—has created a highly detailed body of information to stand-in for the corporeal self. This paper therefore examines this industry’s conceptualization of the self as a disembodied mechanism for mass-producing debt, creating a highly volatile informational commodity divorced from ...
What Are The Consequences Of Consequentiality?, 2010 Iowa State University
What Are The Consequences Of Consequentiality?, Joseph Herriges, Catherine L. Kling, Chih-Chen Liu, Justin Tobias
We investigate the extent to which dichotomous choice referenda responses are shaped by whether the individual believes the survey itself will ultimately impact policy. Using survey data from the Iowa Lakes Project, we test this supposition. Specifically, we employ a Bayesian treatment effect model in which the degree of perceived consequentiality, measured as an ordinal response, is permitted to have a structural impact on willingness to pay (WTP) for a hypothetical environmental improvement. We test whether the estimated WTP distributions are the same for each value of the ordinal response.
In our survey data, a subsample of individuals were randomly ...
Firms As Social Actors, 2010 Wesleyan University
Firms As Social Actors, Richard Adelstein
Division II Faculty Publications
A close look at what firms are and how they act.
Organizations And Economics, 2010 Wesleyan University
Organizations And Economics, Richard Adelstein
Division II Faculty Publications
A contribution to a symposium on a paper by Richard Posner.
The Beginning Of The End? Agricultural Modernization And Dissolution Of The Peasantry In Contemporary China, 2010 Singapore Management University
The Beginning Of The End? Agricultural Modernization And Dissolution Of The Peasantry In Contemporary China, Qian Forrest Zhang, John A. Donaldson
Research Collection School of Social Sciences
No abstract provided.
The Gettysburg Economic Review, Volume 4, Spring 2010, 2010 Gettysburg College
The Gettysburg Economic Review, Volume 4, Spring 2010
Gettysburg Economic Review
No abstract provided.
Contribution Of Tertiary Education To Human Capital Development, Labour Market And Skills In The State Of Victoria, Australia, 2010 Technological University Dublin
Contribution Of Tertiary Education To Human Capital Development, Labour Market And Skills In The State Of Victoria, Australia, Ellen Hazelkorn
This chapter examines how effectively TAFE Institutes and universities in the State of Victoria contribute to meeting the social and economic needs of the population in terms of opportunities to study and relevance of the qualifications offered. It identifies some key achievements and areas for improvement. The chapter closes with a series of recommendations that include the need for a greater system approach to tertiary education in order to support sustainable regional development and the role that the State of Victoria can play in this strategy.
Site Value Tax, 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology
Site Value Tax, Tom Dunne
Tom Dunne discusses some of the issues surrounding property taxation in Ireland