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Site Value Tax, Tom Dunne 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Site Value Tax, Tom Dunne

Articles

Tom Dunne discusses some of the issues surrounding property taxation in Ireland


Bolivia's Coca Headache: The Agroyungas Program, Inflation, Campesinos, Coca And Capitalism In Bolivia, John D. Roberts 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Bolivia's Coca Headache: The Agroyungas Program, Inflation, Campesinos, Coca And Capitalism In Bolivia, John D. Roberts

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Bolivia in the 1980s was wracked by monetary inflation approaching levels of the German Weimar Republic. Immediately following this time of great financial crisis in Bolivia, the U.N. founded a project through the U.N.D.P. to encourage peasant farmers in Bolivia to switch from growing coca (the plant used manufacture cocaine) to growing other cash crops for market. This crop substitution and development program, called the Agroyungas Project, lasted from 1985 to 1991 and is the focus of this study. While many U.N. pundits and journalists considered the program’s initial small successes promising, it has ...


The Impact Of Government Ownership And Institutions On The Reporting Behavior Of Local Auditors In China, Koon Hung CHAN, Zhenpin, Kenny LIN, Yeuk Ha, Brossa WONG 2010 Lingnan University

The Impact Of Government Ownership And Institutions On The Reporting Behavior Of Local Auditors In China, Koon Hung Chan, Zhenpin, Kenny Lin, Yeuk Ha, Brossa Wong

Staff Publications

This paper updates and extends the study of Chan et al. (2006) by investigating whether regional differences in the political and institutional environment in China have a significant impact on auditor reporting behavior. Adopting a within-country setting, which precludes cross-country confounding factors, we find that in regions with a low level of institutional development, local auditors are more likely than non-local auditors to issue standard unqualified opinions to listed companies controlled by local governments. In addition, compared with local auditors in institutionally strong regions, those in institutionally weak regions are more likely to issue unqualified opinions to these companies. We ...


Lawyers, Guns & Public Monies: The U.S. Treasury, World War One, And The Administration Of The Modern Fiscal State, Ajay K. Mehrotra 2010 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Lawyers, Guns & Public Monies: The U.S. Treasury, World War One, And The Administration Of The Modern Fiscal State, Ajay K. Mehrotra

Articles by Maurer Faculty

The First World War was a pivotal event for American political and economic development, particularly in the realm of public finance. For it was during the war years that the federal government ended its traditional reliance on regressive import duties and excise taxes as principal sources of revenue and began a modern era of fiscal governance, one based primarily on the direct and progressive taxation of personal and corporate income. Like other aspects of war mobilization, this fiscal revolution required an enormous infusion of national administrative resources. Nowhere was this more evident than within the corridors of the U.S ...


What Are The Consequences Of Consequentiality?, Joseph Herriges, Catherine L. Kling, Chih-Chen Liu, Justin Tobias 2010 Iowa State University

What Are The Consequences Of Consequentiality?, Joseph Herriges, Catherine L. Kling, Chih-Chen Liu, Justin Tobias

Economics Publications

We investigate the extent to which dichotomous choice referenda responses are shaped by whether the individual believes the survey itself will ultimately impact policy. Using survey data from the Iowa Lakes Project, we test this supposition. Specifically, we employ a Bayesian treatment effect model in which the degree of perceived consequentiality, measured as an ordinal response, is permitted to have a structural impact on willingness to pay (WTP) for a hypothetical environmental improvement. We test whether the estimated WTP distributions are the same for each value of the ordinal response.

In our survey data, a subsample of individuals were randomly ...


The Beginning Of The End? Agricultural Modernization And Dissolution Of The Peasantry In Contemporary China, Qian Forrest ZHANG, John A. DONALDSON 2010 Singapore Management University

The Beginning Of The End? Agricultural Modernization And Dissolution Of The Peasantry In Contemporary China, Qian Forrest Zhang, John A. Donaldson

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

No abstract provided.


Anger, Irony, And The Formal Rationality Of Professionalism, Ajay K. Mehrotra 2010 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Anger, Irony, And The Formal Rationality Of Professionalism, Ajay K. Mehrotra

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Political Economy, Sandra J. Peart, David M. Levy 2010 University of Richmond

Political Economy, Sandra J. Peart, David M. Levy

Jepson School of Leadership Studies articles, book chapters and other publications

Political economy describes how human societies are organized by exchange. The critical issue for political economists is the interaction between self-directed decision making and the incentives that turn decisions into approved outcomes. In this interaction, political economists see a key role for leadership, a role that depends upon our common concern for others (Robbins, 1981). There are three roles, then, for leadership in the political economist’s model: self-directed decision making, incentive making, and establishing the criteria for approved outcomes.


Short Term Strategies For Long Term Power: The Rise And Potential Fall Of Hugo Chávez, Linden E.S. Schult 2010 Claremont McKenna College

Short Term Strategies For Long Term Power: The Rise And Potential Fall Of Hugo Chávez, Linden E.S. Schult

CMC Senior Theses

This thesis explores the route to power of Venezuela's President Hugo Chávez and the methods by which he has remained in power throughout his presidency. Also, it explores the potential for Chávez to lose power, given the current economic and political situation in Venezuela. The importance of the oil industry, Chávez's suppression of the opposition and control of the media, and constitutional changes and reforms are all discussed as keys to Chávez's continuance in power.


Beyond National “Varieties”: Public-Service Contracting In Comparative Perspective, Ian Greer, Ian Greenwood, Mark Stuart 2010 Cornell University

Beyond National “Varieties”: Public-Service Contracting In Comparative Perspective, Ian Greer, Ian Greenwood, Mark Stuart

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In this chapter, we will explore how work in contracted-out public services, including that in the voluntary sector, maps onto the broader international political economy of work. Comparative scholars often write about society correcting the excesses of the market, and it is hard to imagine a more relevant phenomenon to this than the voluntary sector. Yet this sector is itself subject to market forces, ironically perhaps, due to its ever-closer relationship with the state. Our study of employment in welfare-to-work services in the UK and Germany, whose findings are summarised below, shows how this relationship works and what its ...


The Gettysburg Economic Review, Volume 4, Spring 2010, 2010 Gettysburg College

The Gettysburg Economic Review, Volume 4, Spring 2010

Gettysburg Economic Review

No abstract provided.


Von Der Avantgarde Zu Den Verlierern Des Postkommunismus: Gewerkschaften Im Prozess Der Restrukturierung Der Stahlindustrie In Mittel- Und Osteuropa, Aleksandra Sznajder Lee, Vera Trappmann 2010 University of Richmond

Von Der Avantgarde Zu Den Verlierern Des Postkommunismus: Gewerkschaften Im Prozess Der Restrukturierung Der Stahlindustrie In Mittel- Und Osteuropa, Aleksandra Sznajder Lee, Vera Trappmann

Political Science Faculty Publications

Der Beitrag analysiert die Gründe für die Schwächung der Gewerkschaften in Mittel- und Osteuropa auf betrieblicher Ebene. Am Beispiel der Stahlindustrie in Polen, Rumänien und der Slowakei zeigt er, dass die Gewerkschaften Legitimität und Unterstützung bei den Belegschaften aufgrund ihrer Verwicklung in die Restrukturierung der Unternehmen verloren haben, und zwar aus je unterschiedlichen Gründen. In der Slowakei und Rumänien haben sich die betrieblichen Gewerkschaftsvertreter zusammen mit Regierungsangehörigen an den Betrieben privatwirtschaftlich bereichert und die Unternehmen so in den Bankrott geführt, während in Polen die Gewerkschaften versucht haben, die Profitabilität der Unternehmen zu erhalten, auf Kosten der Arbeitsplätze. Der neoliberale Kurs ...


Contribution Of Tertiary Education To Human Capital Development, Labour Market And Skills In The State Of Victoria, Australia, Ellen Hazelkorn 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Contribution Of Tertiary Education To Human Capital Development, Labour Market And Skills In The State Of Victoria, Australia, Ellen Hazelkorn

Articles

This chapter examines how effectively TAFE Institutes and universities in the State of Victoria contribute to meeting the social and economic needs of the population in terms of opportunities to study and relevance of the qualifications offered. It identifies some key achievements and areas for improvement. The chapter closes with a series of recommendations that include the need for a greater system approach to tertiary education in order to support sustainable regional development and the role that the State of Victoria can play in this strategy.


The Effects On A State When They Lose Their Senior Senator, Adam J. Morris 2010 Claremont McKenna College

The Effects On A State When They Lose Their Senior Senator, Adam J. Morris

CMC Senior Theses

The Primary purpose of this paper is to examine the role and importance of Senior Senators in the US Senate. Many states rely on Senators to bring in federal spending in the form of pork. When states lose their Senior Senator and the power they accumulated through increased tenure, they risk losing certain benefits in terms of pork. We use federal expenditures per dollar of tax and analyze how it is affected by Seniority in the Senate. Population, Income, and unemployment rates in each state were controlled for in our regression analysis. It is concluded that increased tenure significantly increases ...


Health Disparities Among Health Care Workers, Barbara Mawn, Carlos Siqueira, Ainat Koren, Craig Slatin, Karen Melillo, Carole Pearce, Lee Ann Hoff 2009 University of Massachusetts Boston

Health Disparities Among Health Care Workers, Barbara Mawn, Carlos Siqueira, Ainat Koren, Craig Slatin, Karen Melillo, Carole Pearce, Lee Ann Hoff

C. Eduardo Siqueira

In this article we describe the process of an interdisciplinary case study that examined the social contexts of occupational and general health disparities among health care workers in two sets of New England hospitals and nursing homes.

A political economy of the work environment framework guided the study, which incorporated dimensions related

to market dynamics, technology, and political and economic power. The purpose of this article is to relate the

challenges encountered in occupational health care settings and how these could have impacted the study results.

An innovative data collection matrix that guided small-group analysis provided a firm foundation from ...


Health Survey Instrument Development Through A Community-Based Participatory Research Approach:Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (Hplp-Ii) And Brazilian Immigrants In Greater Boston, Mansoureh Tajik, Heloisa Galvão, Carlos Siqueira 2009 University of Massachusetts Boston

Health Survey Instrument Development Through A Community-Based Participatory Research Approach:Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (Hplp-Ii) And Brazilian Immigrants In Greater Boston, Mansoureh Tajik, Heloisa Galvão, Carlos Siqueira

C. Eduardo Siqueira

Brazilians are among the fastest growing segment of immigrant populations in several states of the United States. Culturally appropriate and validated health survey instruments do not exist to adequately assess the health needs of this population. Through a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, a cross-cultural pilot project was conducted to develop and test a culturally-adapted Brazilian Portuguese-version of the health-promoting lifestyle profile II (HPLP-II) instrument with a convenience sample of 60 bilingual and bicultural Brazilian immigrants using a combined quasi experimental and focus group design. The project evaluated HPLP-II instrument's psychometric properties of equivalency, reliability, and score distribution in ...


Firms As Social Actors, Richard Adelstein 2009 Wesleyan University

Firms As Social Actors, Richard Adelstein

Richard Adelstein

A close look at what firms are and how they act.


Does Patronage Still Drive Politics For The Rural Poor In The Developing World? A Comparative Perspective From The Livestock Sector, Sophal Ear, David Leonard, Jennifer Brass, Michael Nelson, Dan Fahey, Tasha Fairfield, Martha Gning, Michael Halderman, Brendan McSherry, Devra Moehler, Wilson Prichard, Robin Turner, Tuong Vu, Jeroen Dijkman 2009 Occidental College

Does Patronage Still Drive Politics For The Rural Poor In The Developing World? A Comparative Perspective From The Livestock Sector, Sophal Ear, David Leonard, Jennifer Brass, Michael Nelson, Dan Fahey, Tasha Fairfield, Martha Gning, Michael Halderman, Brendan Mcsherry, Devra Moehler, Wilson Prichard, Robin Turner, Tuong Vu, Jeroen Dijkman

Sophal Ear

Is the analysis of patron–client networks still important to the understanding of developing country politics or has it now been overtaken by a focus on ‘social capital’? Drawing on seventeen country studies of the political environment for livestock policy in poor countries, this article concludes that although the nature of patronage has changed significantly, it remains highly relevant to the ways peasant interests are treated. Peasant populations were found either to have no clear connection to their political leaders or to be controlled by political clientage. Furthermore, communities ‘free’ of patron–client ties to the centre generally are not ...


China's Strategic Interests In Cambodia: Influence And Resources, Sophal Ear, Sigfrido Burgos 2009 Occidental College

China's Strategic Interests In Cambodia: Influence And Resources, Sophal Ear, Sigfrido Burgos

Sophal Ear

Cambodia is pivotal to China’s strategies to project greater influence in Southeast Asia, buffer longstanding rivals, and potentially tame America’s hegemony. China’s transformation from regional backwater into influential global actor raises concerns for many countries. As expected, the rise of a powerful regional player makes traditional hegemonic countries anxious.


Black Tuesday And Graying The Legitimacy Line For Governmental Intervention: When Tomorrow Is Just A Future Yesterday, Donald J. Kochan 2009 Chapman University School of Law

Black Tuesday And Graying The Legitimacy Line For Governmental Intervention: When Tomorrow Is Just A Future Yesterday, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

Black Tuesday in October 1929 marked a major crisis in American history. As we face current economic woes, it is appropriate to recall not only the event but also reflect on how it altered the legal landscape and the change it precipitated in the acceptance of governmental intervention into the marketplace. Perceived or real crises can cause us to dance between free markets and regulatory power. Much like the events of 1929, current financial concerns have led to new, unprecedented governmental intervention into the private sector. This Article seeks caution, on the basis of history, arguing that fear and crisis ...


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