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Extraordinary Episodes Of Ancient Money, Francis Louis Kailey 2018 Union College

Extraordinary Episodes Of Ancient Money, Francis Louis Kailey

Honors Theses

The spread of coins, which occurred throughout the archaic and classical periods of Greece, was a foundational advancement toward forms of the modern economy. Modern theory has sought to explain the invention of coins with a variety of narratives. Generally, these narratives fall into two broad categories: market-driven monetization or state-driven monetization. On the one hand, some theory argues that coins developed from reducing private transaction costs. On the other hand, some theorists argue that the state benefitted from reductions in administrative costs from the use of coins and therefore undertook the cost of minting them. This thesis problematizes these ...


Christian Political Economy And Economic Science: A Pathway For Interdisciplinary Dialogue, Nathan McLellan 2018 Southern Methodist University

Christian Political Economy And Economic Science: A Pathway For Interdisciplinary Dialogue, Nathan Mclellan

Religious Studies Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation considers two intellectual impediments to interdisciplinary dialogue between Christian theologians, ethicists, and economists: scarcity and the status of economics as a wertfrei science. Using the landmark methodological work of Lionel Robbins, An Essay on the Nature and Significance of Economics Science, to frame the discussion, this dissertation seeks to remove these two intellectual impediments to interdisciplinary dialogue by considering three nested questions. They are:

(1) Is scarcity—as defined by Robbins—an accurate description of the world?

(2) If scarcity, as defined by Robbins, is an accurate description of the world, how is this to be justified theologically ...


Female Labor Force Participation And Tertiary Education: A Case Study Of India And Brazil, Consuelo Alina Bills 2018 Fordham University

Female Labor Force Participation And Tertiary Education: A Case Study Of India And Brazil, Consuelo Alina Bills

Senior Theses

Female labor force participation (FLFP) is important for the socio-economic development of a nation because it promotes efficiency and equity. Generally, high female participation in the labor market implies: advancement in the economic and social standings and empowerment of women. These things promote equality and utilize all available human capital, which create a greater capacity for economic growth and poverty reduction. Understanding women's decision to partake in the labor market, as well as the factors that encourage to either participate in or refrain from the workforce, is imperative for policy makers to create legislation to help an economy develop ...


The Fisheries Crisis And Its People: An Econometric Sustainable Livelihoods Application For Low-Income Artisanal Fishers In Sierra Leone, Nathan Brock 2018 University of Wyoming

The Fisheries Crisis And Its People: An Econometric Sustainable Livelihoods Application For Low-Income Artisanal Fishers In Sierra Leone, Nathan Brock

Honors Theses AY 17/18

The global fisheries crisis is a topic of significant research across fields, including economics. It is evident that the current global fish stocks are declining, which has motivated environmental protection measures to be implemented. Low-income countries and their inhabitants are unevenly harmed by these environmental impacts, as artisanal fishing villages are dependent on fisheries for subsistence and livelihood. This case is particularly true in Sierra Leone, where poverty is evident, artisanal fishing communities exist, and dependence on fisheries is high (Kassam, et al. 2017; Teh, et al. 2016). Policy makers in these countries are faced with the challenge of mitigating ...


The Significance Of Mongolia's Foreign Policy And Security Apparatus On A Global And Regional Scale, Bolor Lkhaajav 2018 University of San Francisco

The Significance Of Mongolia's Foreign Policy And Security Apparatus On A Global And Regional Scale, Bolor Lkhaajav

Master's Projects and Capstones

Mongolia, land-locked between two politically, economically, and militarily powerful nations — Russia and China — often must balance its foreign and security policies with its two neighbors and countries beyond. When discussing Mongolia’s foreign policy and security apparatus, historians and scholars look at the international relations of East Asia as a whole. This is the case not because Mongolia’s foreign policy is insignificant but because greater powers impose greater influence on smaller states. Mongolia’s partial involvement in World War II (WWII), and the Cold War introduced new challenges as well as opportunities for Mongolia to modernize its foreign policy ...


China As A Low-Carbon Energy Leader: Successes And Limitations, Philip Andrews-Speed, Sufang Zhang 2018 National University of Singapore, Singapore

China As A Low-Carbon Energy Leader: Successes And Limitations, Philip Andrews-Speed, Sufang Zhang

Journal of Asian Energy Studies

China has come to be seen as a global clean energy champion on account of its success in building the world’s largest fleet of renewable energy – wind power and solar photovoltaics (PV), as well as hydro-electricity. In addition, it has become a major player in international renewable energy markets. In other words, it has shown a remarkable ability to adapt to environmental challenges and market opportunities. In this way, China provides a counter-example to the neo-institutional argument that limited-access social orders possess less adaptive capacity than open-access orders. This paper briefly examines the central government’s efforts to promote ...


Promesa, Puerto Rico And The American Empire, Pedro Caban 2018 University at Albany, State University of New York

Promesa, Puerto Rico And The American Empire, Pedro Caban

Latin American, Caribbean, and U.S. Latino Studies Faculty Scholarship

As the United States ascended to hyper-power status during the late 1970s, it changed colonial policy in Puerto Rico. The change, which included the elimination of favorable tax legislation and demilitarization, devastated Puerto Rico’s economy. Puerto Rico borrowed heavily in a failed effort to offset the dramatic decline in capital inflows. The federal government enacted PROMESA after Puerto Rico announced it could not repay the debt. The law was designed to restore Puerto Rico to financial solvency by imposing oppressive austerity measures. PROMESA was a watershed event because it stripped Puerto Rico of the limited sovereignty the federal government ...


An Environmentalist View Of Kentucky And Its Natural “Suitors” By Literary Analysis, Samuel C. Kessler 2018 Western Kentucky University

An Environmentalist View Of Kentucky And Its Natural “Suitors” By Literary Analysis, Samuel C. Kessler

Sierpinski’s Square

An Environmentalist view of Kentucky and its Natural “Suitors” by Literary Analysis

Abstract

In the book “Divine Right’s Trip”, by Gurney Norman, the author provides a more modern, psychedelic-age epic, where the traditional theme of homecoming, often witnessed in Greek epics like the Odyssey, makes a connection with environmentalism. One reason for the unique combination of these themes is the effect created by a specific appeal for environmental support accompanied with the return of the main character, Divine Right (D.R.), to his small hometown in Eastern Kentucky where coal mining remains the prevalent employer. Upon his homecoming to ...


Political Accountability And Determinants Of Governance Under Principal-Agent Theory, Matthew Bluem 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi

Political Accountability And Determinants Of Governance Under Principal-Agent Theory, Matthew Bluem

Dissertations

This study examines the theory that quality of governance is largely dependent upon political accountability, and that the effect of political accountability on governance varies based on three main determinants: level of democracy, level of information available to the public, and diversification of the economy (Adserà et al. 2003). With quality of governance, represented by the World Bank’s World Governance Indicators (WGI), as the dependent variable, this study considers how these three independent variables, and several control variables, affect governance quality. Incorporating data from 2010 – 2015 for 143 countries in both cross-sectional OLS and fixed effects panel regression analysis ...


Critical Theory And Social Media: Alternatives And The New Sensibility, Philippe E. Becker Marcano 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Critical Theory And Social Media: Alternatives And The New Sensibility, Philippe E. Becker Marcano

Honors Theses (PPE)

Social media platforms are technological communication tools that dominate our social relationships. As we increasingly notice how little control we have over these platforms and how much influence they have on our behavior, the search for alternatives becomes even more pressing. Critical theory is a practical and theoretical framework we can use to develop a qualitative critique of social media platforms, in extension to the large body of work that addresses the quantitatively measurable effects of the platforms. The internet was originally conceived as a space that would open a more communitarian future, but now it has been reduced to ...


Perceived Corruption In Ukraine: A National Analysis Using Individual Level Data From 2012-2014, Cody X. Weglinski 2018 CUNY Hunter College

Perceived Corruption In Ukraine: A National Analysis Using Individual Level Data From 2012-2014, Cody X. Weglinski

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This study examines the relationship of perceived corruption in Ukraine and the factors that influence that perception. In particular, this paper investigates the idea that an influential Russian presence affects the perception of governmental corruption amongst Ukrainian business owners and managers.


Interactions Between Non-Discrimination Laws And Socioeconomic Status Of Sexual Minorities, Nicholas Carrino 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Interactions Between Non-Discrimination Laws And Socioeconomic Status Of Sexual Minorities, Nicholas Carrino

Honors Theses (PPE)

At its core, this project analyzes the interactions between state non-discrimination laws and the socioeconomic status of same-sex households in the United States. There is a large body of work examining the earnings gap for sexual minorities, but there is a dearth in studies looking at the effect of such protective laws. Using annual American Community Survey (ACS) data from 2000 to 2016, we examine the personal total income, household income, and unemployment in the ten states experiencing relevant reform. This study has two main findings. First, we confirm that sexual minorities experience substantial earnings differences, finding that lesbian women ...


Speech Excerpts: Tax Cuts For Families And The Forgotten Middle Class, 2018 University of North Florida

Speech Excerpts: Tax Cuts For Families And The Forgotten Middle Class

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

Excerpt from speeches by Governor Bill Clinton regarding his position on tax cuts for families and the middle class. Printed on Bill Clinton for President Committee letterhead. No date given.


Document: A National Economic Strategy, 2018 University of North Florida

Document: A National Economic Strategy

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

A position paper describing the Clinton administration’s proposed National Economic Strategy regarding a new covenant for economic change in America. An agreement stating we need a President who will revolutionize government to invest more in the future with education, job training making work pay by expanding the Earned Income Tax Credit, Tax fairness, Radically Changing Government, a National Health Care Plan, A Revolution in the Workplace and No Deductibility for Irresponsibility. It also addresses his Global Economy Strategy with Incentives for Productivity, Expanding Trade for a Strong America and Getting Products to Market. Printed on Bill Clinton for President ...


Speech Excerpts: Investing In Jobs And Economic Growth, 2018 University of North Florida

Speech Excerpts: Investing In Jobs And Economic Growth

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

Excerpt from speeches by Governor Bill Clinton regarding his position on economic growth and investing in jobs. Printed on Bill Clinton for President Committee letterhead. No date given.


Full Circle: Building A Local Economy Through Pollinator Enterprises In The Food System, Catherine M. DeMets 2018 University of Montana, Missoula

Full Circle: Building A Local Economy Through Pollinator Enterprises In The Food System, Catherine M. Demets

Graduate Student Portfolios

As the alternative food movement gains traction in mainstream American society, it is essential to document how enterprises in the movement are building robust local economies. As Eric Holt-Giménez (2010: 1) points out, the movement “has successfully shone the spotlight on hunger and food access in the US, created a drive for more local food, and gotten better policy from the federal to the local level,” yet no assurance exists that our society’s interest in food issues is not a passing fad. Rather, we should ask: “how do we turn initial reforms into lasting food system transformation?” (Holt-Giménez 2010 ...


A Martin Luther King Jr. Amendment To The U.S. Constitution: Toward The Abolition Of Poverty, Theodore Walker 2018 Southern Methodist University

A Martin Luther King Jr. Amendment To The U.S. Constitution: Toward The Abolition Of Poverty, Theodore Walker

Perkins Faculty Research and Special Events

Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. prescribed that we add an economic bill of rights to the U.S. Constitution. A King-Inspired bill of rights should include a constitutional amendment that enumerates a natural human right to be free from economic poverty, and appropriate enforcement legislation.

For the sake of abolishing slavery, the Thirteenth Amendment says:

(Section 1) Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

(Section 2) Congress shall have power to enforce this article ...


¿La Migración Causa Desigualdad De Ingresos?, Pia M. Orrenius, Madeline Zavodny 2018 Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas

¿La Migración Causa Desigualdad De Ingresos?, Pia M. Orrenius, Madeline Zavodny

Mission Foods Texas-Mexico Center Research

La desigualdad ha aumentado en décadas recientes a lo largo del mundo. Latinoamérica ha sido una excepción a lo que, por lo demás, parece ser la tendencia prevalente en los Estados Unidos, Europa y Asia. En los Estados Unidos, la acentuación de la desigualdad desde los años 1970 ha coincidido con el aumento de la migración mexicana. En México, la desigualdad ha disminuido desde mediados de la década 1990, periodo durante el que la emigración a los Estados Unidos se elevó, primero a niveles nunca antes visto, para luego declinar de manera abrupta.

Nuestra revisión bibliográfica sugiere que la inmigración ...


Does Migration Cause Income Inequality?, Pia M. Orrenius, Madeline Zavodny 2018 Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas

Does Migration Cause Income Inequality?, Pia M. Orrenius, Madeline Zavodny

Mission Foods Texas-Mexico Center Research

Inequality has been rising across the world in recent decades. Latin America has been an exception to what otherwise seems to be the prevalent trend in the U.S., Europe and Asia. In the U.S. the rise in inequality since the 1970s has coincided with the rise in Mexican immigration. In Mexico, inequality has been declining since the mid-1990s, a period during which emigration to the U.S. first increased to historic highs and then declined steeply.

Our review of the literature suggests that low-skilled immigration to the U.S., much of it from Mexico, has only played a ...


The Influence Of Regional Power Distributions On Interdependence, Michael A. Allen 2018 Boise State University

The Influence Of Regional Power Distributions On Interdependence, Michael A. Allen

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Political economy debates about the influence of power configurations in expanding and maintaining global liberalization ebb and flow with the wax and wane of the concentration of power in the international system. This article engages the debate in a novel way from previous scholarship. Employing a series of econometric models that account for regional power, I argue that the global power concentration is ill fit to be the primary predictor of trade liberalization, but instead, regional power fluctuations can dampen and enhance global trends. By incorporating sub-systemic power configurations, we gain a better understanding of the regional variation in states ...


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