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Where Should We Go From Here? Inflation, Regulation, And Debt, Warren Coats 2010 Ph.D. University of Chicago

Where Should We Go From Here? Inflation, Regulation, And Debt, Warren Coats

Warren Coats

A review of where the U.S. is and/or should be going over the next few years with regard to monetary policy, financial regulatory reform, and the debt bomb.


Macroeconomic Effects Of Foreign Currency Exchange Rates On Savings Attitudes In Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2010 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Macroeconomic Effects Of Foreign Currency Exchange Rates On Savings Attitudes In Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

The impacts of fluctuations of exchange rates of foreign hard currencies are well documented in economics literature. There are measures taken over by countries to absorb their impacts on income, employment and national economies ability to function and produce. However, distortions are observed in underdeveloped and developing countries. Sudan is among those where impacts of fluctuations in exchange rates versus national currencies are strongly observed and felt on its economy. In the past three decades they represented the highest effects on real money's value, had macroeconomic impacts, affect the prices of productive inputs, produced commodities and the economy's ...


Financial Frictions, Propagation Of Shocks, And Macroeconomic Volatility, Cristina Fuentes-Albero 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Financial Frictions, Propagation Of Shocks, And Macroeconomic Volatility, Cristina Fuentes-Albero

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

I study the evolution of aggregate volatility in the US during the postwar period by assessing the relative role played by financial shocks, technological progress, and changes in the financial system. Balance-sheet variables of firms have been characterized by greater volatility since the early 1970s. This Financial Immoderation has coexisted with the so-called Great Moderation, which refers to the slowdown in volatility of real and nominal variables since the mid 1980s. In the second chapter, I study the moderation in real variables calibrating a real business cycle model with two technology shocks. I consider several statistical specifications for technological progress ...


Essays On The Macroeconomics Of Labor Markets, Sergiy Stetsenko 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Essays On The Macroeconomics Of Labor Markets, Sergiy Stetsenko

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation consists of two essays studying macroeconomics questions about labor markets. The research in this document is separated into chapters that study distinct features of aggregate labor market outcomes.

The first essay documents the change in behavior of fertility rate at business cycle frequencies in the United States between the 1970s and 1990s and shows how the cyclical and secular properties of fertility can be used to distinguish among several proposed theories that account for the rise in labor force participation of married mothers. The model, in which households make fertility, female labor force participation and asset accumulation decisions ...


Essays In Estimation Of Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium Models, Maxym Kryshko 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Essays In Estimation Of Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium Models, Maxym Kryshko

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Dynamic factor models (DFM) and dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models are widely used for empirical research in macroeconomics. The empirical factor literature argues that the co-movement of large panels of macroeconomic and financial data can be captured by relatively few common unobserved factors. Similarly, the dynamics in DSGE models are often governed by a handful of state variables and exogenous processes such as latent preference and/or technology shocks. A general topic of this dissertation is the estimation of DSGE models on a rich panel of macroeconomic and financial data by combining a DSGE with a dynamic factor model ...


Essays In Information Economics, Jonathan T. Pogach 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Essays In Information Economics, Jonathan T. Pogach

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation is composed of three essays considering the role of private information in economic environments. The first essay considers efficient investments into technologies such as auditing and enforcement systems that are designed to mitigate information and enforcement frictions that impede the provision of first best insurance against income risk. In the model, the principal can choose a level of enforceability that inhibits an agent's ability to renege on the contract and a level of auditing that inhibits his ability to conceal income. The dynamics of the optimal contract imply an endogenous lower bound on the lifetime utility of ...


Essays On The Macroeconomics Of Incomplete Information, Leonardo Melosi 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Essays On The Macroeconomics Of Incomplete Information, Leonardo Melosi

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

In the first chapter, I develop and estimate a dynamic general equilibrium model with imperfectly informed firms in the sense of Woodford (2002). The model has two aggregate shocks: a monetary policy shock and a technology shock. Firms observe idiosyncratic noisy signals about these shocks and face strategic complementarities in price setting. In this environment, agents' "forecasting the forecasts of others" can produce realistic dynamics of model variables, with associated highly persistent real effects of monetary shocks and delayed effects of such shocks on inflation. The paper provides a full Bayesian analysis of the model, revealing that it can capture ...


Impacts Of Southern Sudan Secession: Case Study Of Hawazma Nomads Of Kordofan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2010 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Impacts Of Southern Sudan Secession: Case Study Of Hawazma Nomads Of Kordofan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Tribal interactions between groups of Southern Kordofan and the Southern provinces of Bahr al Ghazal and Upper Nile are wide and old. The old coexistence habits that previously dominated a one country structure were torn down by a de facto status secession by the Southern region of Sudan. The South Kordofan represents a region where tribal groups live in. Now it represents a region of future candidate for war. The decision of secession of Southern Sudan for independence involved delayed drawing borders and arguments of conflicts on specific regions bordering the two parts of Sudan. In South Kordofan many tribes ...


The 1905 Einstein Equation In A General Mathematical Analysis Model Of Quasars, Byron E. Bell 2010 DePaul University and Columbia College Chicago

The 1905 Einstein Equation In A General Mathematical Analysis Model Of Quasars, Byron E. Bell

Byron E. Bell

The 1905 wave equation of Albert Einstein is a model that can be used in many areas, such as physics, applied mathematics, statistics, quantum chaos and financial mathematics, etc. I will give a proof from the equation of A. Einstein’s paper “Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper” it will be done by removing the variable time (t) and the constant (c) the speed of light from the above equation and look at the factors that affect the model in a real analysis framework. Testing the model with SDSS-DR5 Quasar Catalog (Schneider +, 2007). Keywords: direction cosine, apparent magnitudes of optical light; ultraviolet ...


Mezzogiorno E Italia. Produttività, Accumulazione E Divario Territoriale, Giuseppe Travaglini 2010 Università degli Studi di Urbino "Carlo Bo"

Mezzogiorno E Italia. Produttività, Accumulazione E Divario Territoriale, Giuseppe Travaglini

Giuseppe Travaglini Prof.

No abstract provided.


The Drivers And Dynamics Of Illicit Financial Flows From India: 1948-2008, Dev Kar 2010 Global Financial Integrity

The Drivers And Dynamics Of Illicit Financial Flows From India: 1948-2008, Dev Kar

Dev Kar

This study examines the magnitude of illicit financial flows from India, analyzing the drivers and dynamics of these flows in the context of far-ranging reform. In the process, it represents perhaps the most comprehensive study on the subject matter, both in terms of the range of issues involved and the time span covered. At its heart is a dynamic simulation model which seeks to capture the complex interplay of economic, structural, and governance issues that underlie the generation and cross-border transfer of illicit capital. Due to the random nature of illicit flows, this model cannot be used to forecast such ...


中国地区专业化水平测度与评价, 路征, 邓翔 2010 School of Economics, Sichuan University

中国地区专业化水平测度与评价, 路征, 邓翔

Zheng Lu (Chinese: 路征)

本文在区位商的基础上,提出了考虑产业地区规模的CVIRSFLQ系数,并用该系数对1987~2007年我国地区专业化水平的演变进行了实证分析。结论认为:(1)CVIRSFLQ能够较准确的反映中国地区专业化水平;(2)1987~2007年间,我国地区专业化水平总体上呈上升趋势;(3)东部沿海地区专业化水平相对较低,中西部地区专业化水平相对较高。


Voluntary Return In The Comprehensive Peace Agreement Of Northern And Southern Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2010 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Voluntary Return In The Comprehensive Peace Agreement Of Northern And Southern Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

The date of South secession is coming soon at the 9th July 2011. However, there is the problem of people from the south who live in the north. Some of them where behaving as natural citezens and had jobs or education or even lived for decades and centuries in the north. Others were internally displaced people, but both are compelled to return to their homes in the south as the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed by the twp parties, North and South have stressed on. That created inevitable another displacement or uprooting for them and definitely another human tragedy. This paper ...


Autonomía Del Ministerio Público Y La Procuración De Justicia En México, Max Garcia 2010 "El Colegio de Mexico, A.C." & UNAM

Autonomía Del Ministerio Público Y La Procuración De Justicia En México, Max Garcia

Max Garcia Sanchez

No abstract provided.


Country Report-Intellectual Property Rights, Johansein L. Rutaihwa Mr. 2010 East Africa Secretariet

Country Report-Intellectual Property Rights, Johansein L. Rutaihwa Mr.

Johansein Rutaihwa

No abstract provided.


Trade Liberalization And Employment Performance Of Textile And Clothing Industry In Tanzania, Johansein L. Rutaihwa Mr., Wumi K. Olayiwola Dr 2010 Senior Lecturer

Trade Liberalization And Employment Performance Of Textile And Clothing Industry In Tanzania, Johansein L. Rutaihwa Mr., Wumi K. Olayiwola Dr

Johansein Rutaihwa

The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of trade liberalization on employment performance of textile industry in Tanzania. The basic issue of concern is that the implementation of trade liberalization has differential impact on employment and wage in many African countries. In addressing this issue as well as achieving the objective, econometric models of employment and wage are estimated using co-integration method of analysis. The analysis shows that effective rate of protection and export intensity have an insignificant positive impact on demand for labour, but import penetration has a significant negative impact on employment. Also, only import ...


Earthquake Anxiety May Be Indicator Of Future Trouble, Cari Bourette 2010 Western Kentucky University

Earthquake Anxiety May Be Indicator Of Future Trouble, Cari Bourette

Cari Bourette

No abstract provided.


Impacts Of Banks' Reserves Restrictions On Macroeconomic Parameters Of Sudan (2007-2009), Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2010 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Impacts Of Banks' Reserves Restrictions On Macroeconomic Parameters Of Sudan (2007-2009), Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

The paper analyzes the impacts of Islamic and conventional Banks reserves' restrictions in Sudan. Comprehensively, those restrictions are necessary for health banks, performance and the viability of the macroeconomic performance in any country. The selected period of the analysis (2007-2009) is vital to study impacts of the Global Financial Crisis on the Sudanese economy. The paper introduces available data on banks institutions, macroeconomic policies and the central Bank of Sudan considering its part on controlling money supply and demand besides drawing policies for banks behaviors. It is conceivable from my conclusions here that there are conflicts between conventional and Islamic ...


Financial Stability, The Trilemma, And International Reserves, Maurice Obstfeld, Jay C. Shambaugh, Alan M. Taylor 2010 University of California - Berkeley

Financial Stability, The Trilemma, And International Reserves, Maurice Obstfeld, Jay C. Shambaugh, Alan M. Taylor

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

The rapid growth of international reserves, a development concentrated in the emerging markets, remains a puzzle. In this paper, we suggest that a model based on financial stability and financial openness goes far toward explaining reserve holdings in the modern era of globalized capital markets. The size of domestic financial liabilities that could potentially be converted into foreign currency (M2), financial openness, the ability to access foreign currency through debt markets, and exchange rate policy are all significant predictors of reserve stocks. Our empirical financial-stability model seems to outperform both traditional models and recent explanations based on external short-term debt.


The Financial Crisis, Rethinking Of The Global Financial Architecture, And The Trilemma, Joshua Aizenman, Menzie David Chinn, Hiro Ito 2010 University of California, Santa Cruz

The Financial Crisis, Rethinking Of The Global Financial Architecture, And The Trilemma, Joshua Aizenman, Menzie David Chinn, Hiro Ito

Economics Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper extends our previous paper (Aizenman, Chinn, and Ito 2008) and explores some of the unexplored questions. First, we examine the channels through which the trilemma policy configurations affect output volatility. Secondly, we investigate how trilemma policy configurations affect the output performance of the economies under severe crisis situations. Thirdly, we look into how trilemma configurations have evolved in the aftermath of economic crises in the past. We find that trilemma policy configurations and external finances affect output volatility mainly through the investment channel. While a higher degree of exchange rate stability could stabilize the real exchange rate movement ...


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