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Realistic Local Job Multipliers, Timothy J. Bartik, Nathan Sotherland 2019 W.E. Upjohn Institute

Realistic Local Job Multipliers, Timothy J. Bartik, Nathan Sotherland

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Destruction: A Macroeconomic Story, Kara Riesing 2019 University of Kentucky

The Effects Of Destruction: A Macroeconomic Story, Kara Riesing

Theses and Dissertations--Economics

Destructive events such as natural disasters and terrorist attacks occur not only in developing economies but also developed economies. Consequently, the response of these economies has been observed in case of both type of events. This dissertation is a collection of essays regarding natural disasters, terrorist attacks and the macroeconomy. Specifically, I examine the response of local labor markets that reflect a wide spectrum of economies, but also have a safety-net in the form of being part of a developed country in the aftermath of a violent tornado. Further, I explore the heterogeneity in the economies response to natural disasters ...


The Distributional And Countercyclical Effects Of Public Capital Investment In Transportation Infrastructure, Matthijs B. Schendstok 2019 University of Kentucky

The Distributional And Countercyclical Effects Of Public Capital Investment In Transportation Infrastructure, Matthijs B. Schendstok

Theses and Dissertations--Economics

While the long run productivity of federal highway infrastructure spending has been well researched, their short run effects and effects on income inequality. This dissertation explores those under-researched unconventional effects.

In the first chapter, I investigate the effects of federal infrastructure grants on income inequality. I find that grants reduce inequality in both recipient and neighboring states. The reduction is driven by greater income among the bottom three income quintiles. I explore two mechanisms using person level data and find that the reduction in inequality is attributable to higher income for low-skilled workers and workers working in low-skilled industries.

In ...


Brain Drain And Emigration: How Do They Affect Source Countries?, Nicholas Chura 2019 The University of Akron

Brain Drain And Emigration: How Do They Affect Source Countries?, Nicholas Chura

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This paper examines the effect of different skill levels of emigration on a country’s labor market, from high skill brain drain to low skill emigration. By utilizing an IADB Brain Drain data set to measure emigration rates among those with low, medium, and high educational attainment in a country, the effect of brain drain vs. low skill emigration on productivity and unemployment is examined. These data span from 1980 to 2010 with measurements every five years for 195 World Bank countries. By utilizing two two-way fixed effects models with GDP per capita and unemployment rate as the dependent variables ...


Essays On Child Well-Being And The Social Safety Net, Cody N. Vaughn 2019 University of Kentucky

Essays On Child Well-Being And The Social Safety Net, Cody N. Vaughn

Theses and Dissertations--Economics

This dissertation consists of three essays examining the role of two particular social safety net programs, the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), on the well-being of children from disadvantaged households. While the impact of these programs on the adults and parents of the household have been studied extensively, less is known about their effect on children. This is true for both their immediate impact on child well-being and any long-run impacts on children who grow up under these programs. Given the demonstrated importance of child well-being on later life adult outcomes ...


Three Essays On The Economics Of Public Libraries, Amir Borges Ferreira Neto 2019 West Virginia University

Three Essays On The Economics Of Public Libraries, Amir Borges Ferreira Neto

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

This dissertation explores empirical issues concerning public libraries in the United States. In particular, it analyzes the direct and indirect effects to and from public libraries, on different issues such as charitable donations, labor market outcomes, institutions and technical efficiency. Chapter 1 discusses the economics of public libraries and its relevance. In addition, it provides an outline of the dissertation and its main contribution to the literature. Chapter 2, analyzes the determinants of donations to public libraries testing the crowding effect from government funding of public libraries. I find suggestive results of a crowd in effect with an inverted U ...


The Effect Of Universal Public Preschool On Male Labor Supply, Sarah Papich 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

The Effect Of Universal Public Preschool On Male Labor Supply, Sarah Papich

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this paper, I examine the impact of universal preschool programs on male labor supply. By lowering the cost of child care, universal preschool programs could affect fathers’ decisions of how much to work. While an extensive literature studies the effects of policies that lower the cost of child care on female labor supply, those policies’ effects on male labor supply have barely been explored. I use data from six states that implemented universal preschool programs between 1995 and 2006, as well as data from 12 states that do not provide any funding for preschool. I use a variation of ...


Preparing U.S. Workers And Employers For An Autonomous Vehicle Future, Erica L. Groshen, Susan Helper, John Paul MacDuffie, Charles Carson 2019 Cornell University ILR School and Upjohn Institute

Preparing U.S. Workers And Employers For An Autonomous Vehicle Future, Erica L. Groshen, Susan Helper, John Paul Macduffie, Charles Carson

Upjohn Institute Technical Reports

No abstract provided.


Trauma And Religiosity, Abdullah Helal 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Trauma And Religiosity, Abdullah Helal

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This research explores the impact of six different adverse life events on religiosity by utilizing a nationally representative dataset of the entire Australian population, combining information on religious importance, religious attendance, and a variety of adverse life events. We exploit the longitudinal dimension of the dataset by using fixed-effects estimations to account for time and individual variations. We found that the importance of religious beliefs increases in response to within the past year occurrence of the death of a friend, death of a relative, and personal injury. Being a victim of physical violence cause a higher increase in the importance ...


Finding Meaning For Food Deserts: Food Retail Establishments In Colorado Counties, Brianna Huynh 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Finding Meaning For Food Deserts: Food Retail Establishments In Colorado Counties, Brianna Huynh

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores food retail establishments in Colorado in an attempt to discover if food deserts are a meaningful concept in the current literature. By examining Colorado county demographics and count of food retail establishments, we determine the main drivers of food retail establishment change. This thesis finds that race has an effect on food retail establishments consistent with what the literature contends, but income has an opposite effect.


Body Mass Index And Earnings: A Fixed Effects Approach, James Freeman 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Body Mass Index And Earnings: A Fixed Effects Approach, James Freeman

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper examines the effect of body mass index (BMI) on annual earnings using an individual fixed effects approach to control for time-invariant endogeneity. Heterogeneous effects of BMI on earnings are also explored for different races and education levels. This research also conducts a preliminary investigation into relationship between BMI and job mobility as a potential mechanism mediating the effect of BMI on earnings. My findings show that white women incur a 4% annual earnings penalty per one-point increase in BMI. Overall, black and Hispanic women are insulated from this penalty. Both of these findings are relatively consistent with previous ...


Feminización De Las Ocupaciones Y Diferencias Salariales Por Género Para Colombia Urbana: 2008-2016, Maria Camila Palacios Riaño 2019 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Feminización De Las Ocupaciones Y Diferencias Salariales Por Género Para Colombia Urbana: 2008-2016, Maria Camila Palacios Riaño

Economía

Evidencia empírica sugiere que, como resultado de la segregación ocupacional en la brecha salarial de género, las ocupaciones mayoritariamente desarrolladas por mujeres ofrecen salarios más bajos para ambos sexos. La concentración constante en grupos de trabajo con salarios bajos perpetúa al mismo tiempo el fenómeno de segregación y la desventaja salarial por género. El presente trabajo sigue la metodología utilizada por Isaza Castro (2013), donde se realiza una clasificación de las ocupaciones para el caso colombiano y una estimación de ecuaciones de salarios para hombres y mujeres controlando por la proporción de mujeres existente al interior de cada ocupación como ...


Strategies For Using Analytics To Improve Human Resource Management, Rosaline Uduak Etukudo 2019 Walden University

Strategies For Using Analytics To Improve Human Resource Management, Rosaline Uduak Etukudo

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The use of analytics in human resource (HR) management has proven successful in improving company performance by reducing workforce costs, improving the quality of recruitment, improving talent management and employee engagement, and generally improving productivity. The purpose of this qualitative, multiple-case study was to explore how HR managers use analytics to improve company performance using the contextually based human resource theory as the conceptual framework. The target population comprised a purposeful sample of 5 HR managers in Washington DC; the United States; and Lagos, Nigeria, who had experience using analytics for HR management. Data were collected through semistructured interviews using ...


Labor Market Effects Of U.S. Sick Pay Mandates, Nicolas R. Ziebarth, Stefan Pichler 2019 Cornell University

Labor Market Effects Of U.S. Sick Pay Mandates, Nicolas R. Ziebarth, Stefan Pichler

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


[Job] Locked And [Un]Loaded: The Effect Of The Affordable Care Act Dependency Mandate On Reenlistment In The U.S. Army, Michael S. Kofoed, Wyatt J. Frasier 2019 United States Military Academy

[Job] Locked And [Un]Loaded: The Effect Of The Affordable Care Act Dependency Mandate On Reenlistment In The U.S. Army, Michael S. Kofoed, Wyatt J. Frasier

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Medical Innovation And The Employment Of Cancer Patients, R. Vincent Pohl 2019 University of Georgia

Medical Innovation And The Employment Of Cancer Patients, R. Vincent Pohl

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Mass Atrocities And Their Prevention, Charles H. Anderton, Jurgen Brauer 2019 College of the Holy Cross

Mass Atrocities And Their Prevention, Charles H. Anderton, Jurgen Brauer

Economics Department Working Papers

Counting conservatively, and ignoring physical injuries and mental trauma, data show about 100 million mass atrocity-related deaths since 1900. Occurring in war and in peacetime, and of enormous scale, severity, and brutality, they are geographically widespread, occur with surprising frequency, and can be long-lasting in their adverse effects on economic and human development, wellbeing, and wealth. As such, they are a major economic concern. This article synthesizes very diverse and widely dispersed theoretical and empirical literatures, addressing two gaps: a “mass atrocities gap” in the economics literature and an “economics gap” in mass atrocities scholarship. Our goals are, first, for ...


Search And Multiple Jobholding, Etienne Lalé 2019 Universite du Quebec a Montreal

Search And Multiple Jobholding, Etienne Lalé

Upjohn Institute Working Papers

A search-theoretic model of the labor market with idiosyncratic fluctuations in hours worked, search both off- and on-the-job, and multiple jobholding is developed. Taking on a second job entails a commitment to hold onto the primary employer, enabling the worker to use the primary job as her outside option to bargain with the secondary employer. The model performs well at explaining multiple jobholding inflows and outflows, and it is informative for understanding the secular decline in multiple jobholding. While some worry that this decline heralds a less-flexible labor market, the model reveals that it has contributed to reducing search frictions.


Do Snap Work Requirements Work?, Timothy F. Harris 2019 Illinois State University

Do Snap Work Requirements Work?, Timothy F. Harris

Upjohn Institute Working Papers

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act waived Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) work requirements nationally in 2010 and broadened the eligibility for receiving waivers in subsequent years for Able-Bodied Adults without Dependents (ABAWD). From 2011 to 2016, many states voluntarily imposed work requirements, while other areas became ineligible for waivers because of improved economic conditions. Did the work requirements increase employment as intended, or did the policy merely remove food assistance for ABAWD who—despite an improving economy—still could not find employment? Using data from the American Community Survey from 2010 to 2016, I analyze the influence of work ...


Relationship Between Perceived Contribution, Professional Respect, And Employee Engagement, Rafael Eustacio Guarin 2019 Walden University

Relationship Between Perceived Contribution, Professional Respect, And Employee Engagement, Rafael Eustacio Guarin

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Disengaged employees are a threat to a company's survival in a highly competitive world. Despite employee engagement benefits, the mediation of interactions between leaders and followers and the specific drivers of engagement remain poorly understood. This correlational study was grounded on leader member exchange (LMX) theory and examined the relationship between 2 dimensions of LMX (perceived contribution and professional respect) and employee engagement. In this study, 68 manufacturing employees from the southern region of the United States responded to 2 surveys to measure the LMX dimensions and the level of employee engagement. Using multiple regression analysis, the existence of ...


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